高中英语习惯用法汇总
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要点点拨】 【要点点拨】
  1. It’s the first time that……….(从句中用现在完成时 从句中用现在完成时) 从句中用现在完成时 It was for the first time that………(强调句,对状语 for the first time 进行强调 强调句, 进行强调) 强调句 It’s (high) time that……..(从句中用过去时或 should do) 从句中用过去时或
  2. It’s the same with sb. / So it is with sb.表示某人也如此 用于前句中既有肯定又有否定或 表示某人也如此 ( 两个不同类的谓语动词) 两个不同类的谓语动词)
  3.…be about to do / be doing……when…….正要做 正在做 正要做/正在做 就在那时……. 正要做 正在做……就在那时 就在那时 4 A is twice / three times as +原级 原级+as B 原级 A is twice / three times the n. of B. A is twice / three times +比较级 比较级+than B 比较级
  5. It’s a waste of time / money doing / to do… It’s no use / good doing……… It’s possible / probable / (un) likely that………. It makes great / no sense to do……做某事很有 没意义 做某事很有/没意义 做某事很有
  6. There’s no use / good doing……. There’s no sense / point (in) doing…… There is no need for sth. / to do……. There is (no) possibility that…………(同位语从句) (同位语从句)
  7.The+比较级 比较级…….., the+比较级 比较级………越…….., 越……. 比较级 比较级 越 注意:前半句为从句,用一般现在时代替将来时; 注意:前半句为从句,用一般现在时代替将来时;
  8. It seems / appears ( to sb. ) that sb…….在某人看来某人 在某人看来某人……… 在某人看来某人 .= Sb. seems / appears to be / to do / to be doing / to have done…….. It seems / looks as if……….好象 似乎 好象/似乎 好象 似乎……..
  9.It (so) happened that sb. ……..某人碰巧 某人碰巧…….. 某人碰巧 = Sb. happened to be / to do / to be doing / to have done…..
  10.It is said / thought / believed / hoped / supposed …….that sb……… =Sb. is said to be / to do / to be doing / to have done……….(注意:这种句型里如带动词 注意: 注意 hope 则不能变成简单句,因为无 hope sb. to do 结构 则不能变成简单句 单句, 结构) 12 …….such…….that…….如此 如此…….以致于(引导结果状语从句) 以致于( 如此 以致于 引导结果状语从句) …….such……..as……像……..的这种 的这种……(as 为关系代词,引导定语从句,在从句里 为关系代词,引导定语从句, 像 的这种 充当主、 充当主、宾、表)
  13. Do you mind if I do sth.? / Would you mind if I did sth.?
  14. The chance is that……../ (The )Chances are that……….很可能 很可能……. 很可能
  15.Check / Make sure / See to it / See that……..(从句中常用一般现在时 确信 务必 从句中常用一般现在时) 务必…….. 从句中常用一般现在时 确信/务必
  16. depend on it that……..取决于 取决于 see to it that…….负责 设法做到 负责/设法做到 负责 设法做到……. 注意: 从句, 注意:除了 except / but / in 等介词可以直接接 that 从句,其它介词后必须用 it 做形式宾 语;
  17. It is / was +介词短语 从句 名词 代词等 介词短语/ 代词等+that……… . 介词短语 从句/ 名词/代词等 How / When / Where / Why is / was it that………..? 注意:此句型为强调句,当被强调的为表示人的词时, 连接;强调主语时, 注意:此句型为强调句,当被强调的为表示人的词时,还可用 who 连接;强调主语时,从 句后的谓语动词应与前面的主语保持一致;注意与定语从句的区别) 句后的谓语动词应与前面的主语保持一致;注意与定语从句的区别) 18 .How is it that……..(这几个句型都表示 怎么会 怎么会…….?” “怎么发生的?”) 怎么发生的? (这几个句型都表示“怎么会 怎么发生的 ) How come+从句? 从句? 从句 How does / did sth. come about? ( How did it come about that…….?) 如:How come you are late again?
  19. There seems / appears / happens to be / must be / can’t be / is (are, was, were) said to be / is (are, was, were) thought to be……. 似乎有/碰巧有 一定有/不可能有 认为有……..” 表示 “.似乎有 碰巧有 一定有 不可能有 据说有 认为有 似乎有 碰巧有/一定有 不可能有/ 据说有/认为有 介词( 介词(如 of )there being want / wish / expect there to be 要/希望 期待有…….. 希望/期待 希望 期待有
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adj. / adv. enough for there to be…….足够 足够…….会有 会有……. 足够 会有 注意: there being / there to be 为 there be 的非谓语形式; is said / thought that there 的非谓语形式; It 注意: is / are……=There is / was / are / were said (thought) to be……. 如: I have never dream of there being such a good chance for me. It won’t be cold enough for there to be a frost tonight.
  20. 疑问词 插入语 陈述语序? 疑问词+插入语 陈述语序? 插入语+陈述语序 Who do you think he’ll have attend the meeting?
  21. But for + n. / pron., sb. / sth. would (not) have done…..要不是 要不是……., 某人早就 某人早就……(表 要不是 表 示虚拟语气)=If it had not been for…..,……./ If there had not been ……., …….. 示虚拟语气
  22. It won(’t) be long before +从句(从句中用一般现在时)不久 很久就要 从句( 很久就要……. 从句 从句中用一般现在时)不久/很久就要 It was (not) long before+从句(从句中用一般过去时)不久 很久才 从句( 很久才…….. 从句 从句中用一般过去时)不久/很久才
  23. Those who………….(从句及主句中谓语动词用复数形式 从句及主句中谓语动词用复数形式). 从句及主句中谓语动词用复数形式 Anyone who…………= Whoever………..(从句及主句中谓语动词用单数形式 从句及主句中谓语动词用单数形式) 从句及主句中谓语动词用单数形式 24…….主句(一般现在时或过去时)…...when 从句 主句( 从句….(might / should do 或 might / should 主句 一般现在时或过去时) have done) 表示 对比 意思为 “本该 表示”对比 对比”,意思为 本该 本该……(可)而却 主句中为陈述语气 从句里为虚拟语气 而却”,主句中为陈述语气 从句里为虚拟语气, 可 而却 主句中为陈述语气,从句里为虚拟语气 如: Why are you here when you should be in school?你本该上学的怎么在这儿 你本该上学的怎么在这儿? 你本该上学的怎么在这儿 He stopped trying when he might have succeeded .本该已成功了他却停止努力了 本该已成功了他却停止努力了. 本该已成功了他却停止努力了
  25. There is ./ Sb. have no doubt that………(同位语从句 同位语从句,that 不可省略 不可省略) 同位语从句 There is / Sb. have some doubt whether……..(同位语从句不可用 if) 同位语从句不可用 Sb. doubt if / whether……. Sb. don’t doubt that……… 26 . immediately / directly / instantly / the moment +从句 从句 on / upon + n. / doing No sooner had sb. done than …….(过去时 过去时) 过去时 Hardly had sb. done when……..(过去时 过去时) 过去时 注意:这几个结构都表示“一 注意:这几个结构都表示 一…….就”; 就 ; every time / each time / the last time / the first time / next time +从句 名词性短语引 从句 ( 导一个时间状语 句) anywhere / everywhere +从句(相当于 wherever 引导的地点状语从句) 从句( 引导的地点状语从句) 从句 You can go anywhere you like. Next time you come, please bring your son along.
  28.If only / I wish +从句 用过去类时态 表示虚拟语气 “要是 从句(用过去类时态 要是…….就好了 “但愿 就好了” 但愿……就 从句 用过去类时态) 表示虚拟语气, 要是 就好了 但愿 就 好了!” 好了 29 .Considering + n. 或 pron. 或 that 从句 / Seeing that……….考虑到 鉴于 考虑到/鉴于 考虑到 鉴于……. Given + n. / pron 作状语 表示 “在有 作状语,表示 在有 在有……的情况下 “如果有 “假定 有时也表示 考 的情况下” 如果有” 假定”,有时也表示 的情况下 如果有 假定 有时也表示”考 虑到” 虑到 Seeing (that) he refused to help us, there is no reason why we should help him now. Given good health, I hope to finish the work this year. Given their inexperience / that they are inexperienced, they’ve done a good job.
  30.There was a time when…….曾经有那么一度 曾经有那么一度………. 曾经有那么一度
  31.other than 与 no, not, none 等否定词连用 表示肯定意思 如: 等否定词连用,表示肯定意思 表示肯定意思,如 It was none other than Mr. Smith.这正是 Smith 先生 先生. 这正是
  32. Not until…….did / do/ does / will sb. do…… It was / is not until ……that sb………
  33.It’s (un) like sb. to do / to have done……做某事很像某人 做某事可不像某人 做某事很像某人/ 做某事很像某人
  34.It remains to be seen Wh--words ……..是否 是否…….还有待于看 不用 that, if 作连接词 还有待于看.(不用 作连接词) 是否 还有待于看
  35.It only remains for sb. to do……剩下的只是要某人做某事 剩下的只是要某人做某事. 剩下的只是要某人做某事 We’ve got everything ready. It only remains for you to come to dinner.
  36.One moment……., and now………刚才一会儿还在做 刚才一会儿还在做……而现在却 而现在却…….. 刚才一会儿还在做 而现在却
  37.Not all / both / everyone………表示部分否定 表示部分否定
  27.
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  38. Such is / are……..这(些)就是 就是…….(谓语动词单复数由后面名词决定 谓语动词单复数由后面名词决定) 这 些 就是 谓语动词单复数由后面名词决定
  39. I’d rather (not) do / have done……我宁愿 我宁愿….. 我宁愿 I’d rather +从句(从句中用过去时或过去完成时) 从句( 从句 从句中用过去时或过去完成时)
  40. It’s important / necessary / strange / surprising….+that……(用陈述语气或 should do) 用陈述语气或
  41. I like / hate / appreciate it that / when 等从句 (it 表示后面从句的这种情况 表示后面从句的这种情况) I appreciate it if you will give me a hand.
  42. By the time +从句(一般现在时 过去时) 主句(将来完成时 过去完成时) 从句( 过去时) ,主句 过去完成时) 从句 一般现在时/过去时 ,主句(将来完成时/过去完成时 43………., as is often the case with sb. / as is usual with sb.(as 引导非限制性定语从句 引导非限制性定语从句) 44 in case / lest / for fear that…….(从句中用陈述语气或 should do) 从句中用陈述语气或
  45.While 置于句首可表示 As long as 或 Although While there is life there is hope. While I admit his good points, I can see his bad ones.
  46. can not ( never) ……too +adj. (adv. ) / adj. (adv.) + enough “越……越好 非常 越好”“非常 越 越好 非常” too + adj. ( anxious / eager / willing / ready / glad 等)+to do….表示肯定意思 表示肯定意思 I can’t thank you enough.我非常感激你 我非常感激你. 我非常感激你 He was too glad to see his father.=He was very glad to see his father.
  47. not / neve 等表示否定的词与比较级连用表示最高级,如: 等表示否定的词与比较级连用表示最高级, Do you agree with his suggestion? I can’t agree more.
  48. What if……..要是 要是…….怎么办? 怎么办? 要是 怎么办 What if he doesn’t come tomorrow?
  49. more……..than 与其 与其…….不如 不如…….. 不如 He is more nervous than frightened.
  50. It is / has been +一段时间 一段时间+since 从句 从句中如为延续性动词 则实际表示的意思相反 从句(从句中如为延续性动词 则实际表示的意思相反) 从句中如为延续性动词,则实际表示的意思相反 一段时间 It is two years since he drank.他不喝酒已两年了 他不喝酒已两年了. 他不喝酒已两年了 各个击破】 【各个击破】
  1. Mr. Smith didn’t understand made his son so upset this morning. A. what was it B. why it was this C. how that was D. what it was that
  2. Did you have a good sleep last night? Yes, never sleep . A. badly B. better C. worse D. best
  3. We are only glad to do anything we can her. A. too; to help B. very; help C too; help D. very; helping
  4. How come you are late for class again? . A. Because I missed the bus B. By bus and then on foot C. Please excuse me D. It’s quite wrong
  5. more than 3,000 languages in the world. A. There are thought to be B. There is thought to be C. They are thought to be D. It is thought to be
  6. George is a wise person. But in my opinion, he is than wise. A. cleverer B. braver C. more bra
 

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