基础写作训练
一. 基础写作基本要求
基础写作考我们什么能力? I. 基础写作考我们什么能力? 信息处理或整理的能力;[ ;[如 A. 信息处理或整理的能力;[如:信息之间 能否合并为逻辑关系或处理先后顺序等] 能否合并为逻辑关系或处理先后顺序等] 组词造句能力;[ ;[如内容和语言表达的准确 B. 组词造句能力;[如内容和语言表达的准确 性和合适性] 性和合适性] 连句成文能力;[信息内容的完整性和连贯性 能力;[信息内容的完整性和连贯性] C. 连句成文能力;[信息内容的完整性和连贯性]
A. 如何处理或整理信息?
  1. 存在问题
(
  1) I am quite satisfied with the travel agency and the local tour guide John was very enthusiastic and considerate to all tourists, , especially to the older people…. 错误诊断: 错误诊断:总体信息和细节信息不能合并 I am quite satisfied with the travel agency. First of all, the local tour guide John was very enthusiastic and considerate to all tourists, , especially to the older people. …
写作 (
  1).doc
The Benefit of Reading Books

  1. 世人都说金银好,而我认为读书才 世人都说金银好, 是无价宝. 是无价宝.
  2. 读书使人充实,完美,知识使社会 读书使人充实,完美, 进步. 进步.
  3. 要坚持活到老,学到老. 要坚持活到老,学到老.
Some people say that money is the best thing in the world. But I consider( think) reading books ( ) as the best and the most precious thing one can ever have.
Reading books is very important. First of all, it is knowledge that makes society develop and by reading books you can get all kinds of knowledge. Furthermore, reading books makes you a qualified person and makes your life enjoyable.
One is never too old to learn. No matter what time you realize the importance of reading books, you can enjoy it during the rest of your life time. Love books, for they are your best friends.
总体信息(主题句) 总体信息(主题句)
For a start, we can, freely, search desired information at any moment. Little by little, our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened. Additionally, we can get huge recreations online by chatting, playing games, or delivering email.
(
  2) However, the food provided in the restaurant didn't agree with many of us. Quite a few of us had to buy extra food. 错误诊断: 错误诊断:因果关系的信息合并 However, the food provided in the restaurant didn't agree with many of us and quite a few of us had to buy extra food. (He had a high fever and went to see the doctor.)
(
  3) I am quite satisfied with the travel agency, the local tour guide John was very enthusiastic, he could concern old men in our group. 错误诊断: ''一逗到底 一逗到底" 错误诊断: ''一逗到底"的中式英语表达导 致信息表达出现问题, 致信息表达出现问题,不能用多个简单句表达 多个不同类型的信息内容. 多个不同类型的信息内容. I am quite satisfied with the travel agency. The local tour guide John was very enthusiastic and he could concern old men in our group.
II. 如何处理或整理信息? 一,按信息内容或逻辑关系分为五大信息块; who what why when where 二,一个完整的信息用一个句子来表达; 三,信息之间如果存在逻辑关系就应该合并, 但如果它们之间没有逻辑关系就不能随便 合并. 四,总体信息和细节信息不能合并; 五,要正确使用标点符号避免影响信息的正确 表达
B. 组词造句能力;[如内容和语言表达的准确性和 合适性]
  1. 旅行社 travel agency
  2. 食物不合味口 the food didn't agree with us
  3. 他讲解清晰 生动. 他讲解清晰,生动 生动. He explained everything about the places in a clear and lively way. His explanation about those places of interest was very clear and vivid.

  4. 货真价实的购物场所 the shops where we could buy good bargains the shops where we could buy nice things with reasonable prices
错句修正

  1. 我表示对旅行社提供的服务总体感到满意. 我表示对旅行社提供的服务总体感到满意. travel agency. I am quite satisfied with the travelling company. I am quite satisfied with the traveleragency. travel centre.
  2.当地导游对游客非常热情,体贴,耐心照顾团中 当地导游对游客非常热情, 当地导游对游客非常热情 体贴, 的老人. 的老人. John, who was the travel leader, was get along with everybody and he was took good care of the older.
The local tour guide John was very enthusiastic and considerate to all tourists,especially to , the older people.

  3.导游对游地讲解清晰,生动,增长了我们的见 导游对游地讲解清晰,生动, 导游对游地讲解清晰 闻. The interview of the view is clear and funny and it's clearly that we improve knowledge for John's direction.
The local tour guide explained everything about the places we visited in a clear and lively way, which helped us broaden our horizons.

  4. 饭馆提供的膳食不合口味. 饭馆提供的膳食不合口味. 我们有些人不得不自买食物. 我们有些人不得不自买食物. The diet provided in the restaurant didn't fit us so many of us and quite a few of us had to buy extra food.
However, the food provided in the restaurant didn't agree with many of us and quite a few of us had to buy extra food.

  5.建议应该多提供货真价实的购物场所. 建议应该多提供货真价实的购物场所. 建议应该多提供货真价实的购物场所 I suggest you can offer more and more shops.
we wanted to be taken to the shops where we could buy good bargains but were not.
错句修正例: 错句修正例:

  1) We are don't like the food. We are don't like the food.
  2) We don't satisfied with the food. We don't weren't satisfied with the food.
  3) People had to bought some food. People had to bought some food. buy
  4) Guide's spoken is very lively. Guide's spoken speech is very lively.
连句成文信息内容的完整性和连贯性 信息内容的完整性和连贯性] C. 连句成文信息内容的完整性和连贯性] 存在问题 I I am quitesatisfied with the travel agency. The am quite satisfied with the travel agency. First oftour the local tour guide John was very local all, guide John was very enthusiastic and enthusiastic andall tourists,especially to the considerate to all tourists, , considerate to , especially to the older people. The explained local tour older people. The local tour guide guide explained everything about the places we everything about the places we which helped us visited in a clear and lively way,visited in a clear and lively horizons. However, the our broaden ourway, it helped us broaden food provided in horizons. The food provided in the many of us and the restaurant didn't agree with restaurant didn't agree with many of extra food. In addition, quite a few of us had to buyus, quite a few of us had to buy extra food. We wanted to be taken could we wanted to be taken to the shops where we to the shops where we could buy good buy good bargains but were not. bargains but were not. 错误诊断: 错误诊断:内容缺乏连贯
如何在写作中避免句式单一
1
方法一. 方法一 使用非谓语动词使句子简洁高档
Rewrite the sentences

  1. They arrived at the school. They felt the happy atmosphere. When they arrived at the school, they felt the happy atmosphere. Arriving at the school, they felt the happy atmosphere.
  2. I will be given another chance. I will succeed. If I am given another chance, I will succeed. Given another chance, I will succeed.
  3. He wants to improve his English. He studies hard. In order to improve his English, he studies hard.
方法一. 方法一 使用非谓语动词使句子简洁高档
Complete the sentences with non-predicate (非谓语动 非谓语动 词)

  1. 听到这个消息 他们变的很激动. 听到这个消息,他们变的很激动 他们变的很激动 the news, they got excited. Hearing
  2. 尽管被告知许多遍 他仍然重复这个错 尽管被告知许多遍,他仍然重复这个错 他仍然重复这个错. many times, he still repeated the Having been told
mistake.

  3.除非被邀请发言 你应该在会议上保持沉默 除非被邀请发言,你应该在会议上保持沉默 除非被邀请发言 你应该在会议上保持沉默.
invited Unless to speak, you should keep silent at the meeting.
Translate the following sentences by using nonpredicate (非谓语动词 非谓语动词) 非谓语动词
1,面对困难时,他从不放弃. 1,面对困难时,他从不放弃. 面对困难时
Faced with/Facing difficulties, he never gives up.
2,引入市场后,该产品大获成功. 引入市场后,该产品大获成功.
Introduced to the market, the product made a great success.
3,做完作业后,他回家了. 做完作业后,他回家了
Having finished his homework, he returned home.
方法二. 方法二 巧用倒装结构增强句子的表现力 Complete the sentences

  1. He didn't realize his foolishness until he returned home. Not until he returned home did he realize his foolishness.
  2.We can save the earth by changing the way we live. Only by changing the way we live can we save the earth.
  3.He is clever but he does not work hard. Clever as/though he is, he does not work hard.
  4. The clock tower stands on the other side of the street. On the other side of the street stands the clock tower.
方法二. 方法二 巧用倒装结构增强句子的表现力
Translate the sentences by using Inverted Sentences(倒 倒 装句) 装句

  1. 他从不说关于他家庭的事 他从不说关于他家庭的事.
Never did he speak about his own family.

  2. 只有我们每个人都意识到水的重要性 我们才能生活得更好 只有我们每个人都意识到水的重要性, 我们才能生活得更好.
Only when each of us realizes the importance of water, can we live a better life.

  3.只有用这种方式 我们才能有足够的精力好好学习 只有用这种方式, 我们才能有足够的精力好好学习. 只有用这种方式
Only in this way can we have enough energy to study better.
方法二. 方法二 巧用倒装结构增强句子的表现力

  4. Describe the character by using Inverted Sentence(倒装句 倒装句) 倒装句
Poor as/though he was, he was happy.
方法二. 方法二 巧用倒装结构增强句子的表现力
他是个孩子,却知道很多.
  5. 他是个孩子,却知道很多. Child as/though he is, he knows a lot.
  6. 墙上有个通知,上面写着"请节约用水". 墙上有个通知,上面写着"请节约用水" On the wall is a notice saying "Please Save Water".
方法三. 方法三 尝试多样化表达方式
Use different ways to describe the picture
一…就受到欢迎 就受到欢迎
As soon as Lien Chan and his wife arrived at the airport, they were warmly welcomed . On arriving at the airport , Lien Chan and his wife… Lien Chan and his wife were warmly welcomed directly/ the moment they arrived at the airport. No sooner had Lien Chan and his wife arrived at the airport than they were … Hardly had Lien Chan and his wife arrived at the airport when they were …
方法三. 方法三 尝试多样化表达方式
In recent years, Beijing has been advancing very fast. All these make people's lives convenient, pleasant and colorful. In recent years, Beijing has been advancing very fast, which makes people's lives convenient, pleasant… Beijing, people's lives are With the development of becoming more and more convenient, pleasant and colorful. so fast thatlives Nowadays, Beijing is developing people's are getting more convenient, pleasant and colorful.
Translate the sentences:
我校是一所省重点中学, 位于太原东郊. 我校是一所省重点中学, 位于太原东郊. 校园很美,绿树成荫 绿树成荫. 校园很美 绿树成荫. East of Taiyuan lies our school, which is a key school of Shanxi province. It is beautiful, surrounded with many trees/with many trees.
一. 使用非谓语动词使句子简洁高档 句式多样
二. 巧用倒装增强句子表现力 文章增" 文章增"靓"
三. 尝试多样化表达方式
 

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