新课标人教版课件系列
《高中英语》
选修(模块) 选修(模块)8-
  1.1
USA This is the map of the .
Warming up ( 5m)
Look at the map of the USA with your group. Write on the map the names of as many of the following as you can.
Ocean on the east coast Atlantic Ocean Ocean on the west cost Pacific Ocean Country to the north of USA Canada Country to the south of USA Mexico Mountains range in the west Rocky Mountains
Great Lakes : Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario Longest river in the USA : Mississippi River Some important cities: New York, Washington D C, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, New Orleans
California (one of the 50 states of the USA)
Pacific CALIFORNIA (the Golden State) west
Lying on the Ocean, California is on the coast of the United States, which is diverse in topography(地形),climate and ecological environment. It has an area of 411 square kilometers, and it is one of the largest US states of the population, with the most developed economy. Meanwhile ,its pleasant weather, long beach, and graceful natural landscape make the prosperous.
tourism
Pre-reading(2 m)
Native California Indians
California gold miners around 1849
Chinatowns in California
A land of diversity
Skimming: answer the following questions:
  1. Who were the first to arrive in California to rush for gold?
  2. When and why did the large number of Chinese immigrate to California?
  3. What attracted people from different parts of the world to immigrate to California?
Keys:
  1. Who were the first to arrive in California to rush for gold? South Americans and people from the United States.
  2. When and why did the large number of Chinese immigrate to California? During the gold rush period, many Chinese immigrated to California to achieve their dream of becoming rich, and in the 1860s, a large number of Chinese went there to build the railway from the west to east coast.
Keys:

  3. What attracted people from different parts of the world to immigrate to California? The temperate climate, the modern lifestyle and its diverse cultures attracted immigrates to California.
Detailed reading I
Read paragraph 1 to paragraph 5 again and try to fill in the form, you can have a discussion in group of four.
Stage Native Americans Spanish
People Asians Natives Spanish
Time 15000
Event Arrived first
1600s Suffered by Europeans 1600s 1800s 1821 Took native’s land Ruled by Spain Became part of Mexico
1846 Declared war;give back Russians Russians 1800s Settled in Discovered&rush for gold Became a state
1848 Gold miners South Americans Europeans 1850 Asians

  1. California is the third largest state in the … 序数词可以修饰形容词的最高级 The Yellow River is the second longest river in China. 可以修饰形容词最高级的词: 可以修饰形容词最高级的词:far / by far /much 可以修饰比较的词: 可以修饰比较的词:no / a little / a bit / any / slightly You ‘re standing too near the camera . Can you move ? A a bit far B a little farther C a bit of farther D a little far

  2. population un / cn. 人口 is The population of China large. And 70% of the population of China are peasants. 表示整体人口时谓语动词用单数, 表示整体人口时谓语动词用单数,表示部 分人口时谓语动词用复数。 分人口时谓语动词用复数。 而形容人口的多 少通常用large / small. 少通常用
对人口的多少进行疑问时, 对人口的多少进行疑问时,可用 What’s the population of ….? What’s the population of Guangdong? have a population of …. 有多少人口 China has a population of
  1.3 billion. an increase / growth in population 人口
  3. multicultural adj. multi- 多、多方面、多方向的 多方面、 multi-coloured 多色的 multi-racial 多种族的 multi-media 多媒体

  4. When the first people arrived in what we now know as California,…宾语从句 宾语从句 = the place that we now know as California. 定语从句 D George Washington was born in is now the state of Virginia. A.which B. where C. that D. what = George Washington was born in the place that is now the state of Virginia.

  1.Pudong Development Zone is no longer a C rural area it used to be. 定语从句, 先行词是, 定语从句 先行词是 作关系词
  2. Pudong Development Zone is no longer A it used to be. A. what 表语从句 B. where C. that D. there
1 However, it is likely that Native Americans were living in California at least fifteen thousand years ago. It is likely/possible/probable that … sb/sth is likely to do sth 某人/ 某人/物有可能做某事
注意: 注意 likely 比较级为 likelier, 最高级为 likeliest likely e.g. She is to succeed. 她有可能会成功. 她有可能会成功 = It is likely that she will succeed. likely This is a story. 这是一个有可能发生的故事. 这是一个有可能发生的故事 辨析: 辨析 likely, possible, probable 按可能性程度,probable可能性最大 其次为 可能性最大,其次为 按可能性程度 可能性最大 likely, 最小为 最小为possible.但需要注意的是 但需要注意的是,likely的主语 但需要注意的是 的主语 可以是人,但 可以是人 但possible, probable却只能用形式主语 却只能用形式主语 it.

  5. by means of…: by using … 用……办法,借助 办法, 办法 He crossed the river by means of a raft. We express out feelings by means of words. 小偷想从一条暗道逃走,但被捉住了。 小偷想从一条暗道逃走,但被捉住了。 The thief had wanted to escape by means of a secret tunnel, but was caught. means 单复数同形。 单复数同形。 All possible means have been tried. The quickest means of travel is by plane.

  2.In addition, many died from the disease brought by Europeans. in addition to: 除此之外 另外 加之 除此之外,另外 另外,加之 e.g. I met my past teacher and some former in addition classmates in the supermarket. 我在超市里遇见了我以前的老师,还有些同班同学 还有些同班同学. 我在超市里遇见了我以前的老师 还有些同班同学 In addition to cakes and candies, guests were also provided with fruits. 除了有蛋糕和糖果,还给客人们准备了水果 除了有蛋糕和糖果 还给客人们准备了水果. 还给客人们准备了水果

  2.In addition, many died from the disease brought by Europeans. in addition to: 除此之外 另外 加之 除此之外,另外 另外,加之 e.g. I met my past teacher and some former in addition classmates in the supermarket. 我在超市里遇见了我以前的老师,还有些同班同学 还有些同班同学. 我在超市里遇见了我以前的老师 还有些同班同学 In addition to cakes and candies, guests were also provided with fruits. 除了有蛋糕和糖果,还给客人们准备了水果 除了有蛋糕和糖果 还给客人们准备了水果. 还给客人们准备了水果
brought by Europeans 为过去分词作定语 相 为过去分词作定语,相 当于which were brought by Europeans, 注意 当于 单个分词作定语放在所修饰的词前面,分词短语 单个分词作定语放在所修饰的词前面 分词短语 作定语需放在所修饰的词之后. 作定语需放在所修饰的词之后 widely used English is a language. 英语是一种被广泛使用的语言. 英语是一种被广泛使用的语言 built This is one of the schools in 1980s. 这是八十年代所建的学校之一. 这是八十年代所建的学校之一

  3. However, some survived these terrible times today there are more Native Americans living in California than in any other state. survive
  1) to not die in an accident, on war or from an illness.幸免 幸免于难 幸免,幸免于难 幸免 survived e.g. Only 12 of the 140 passengers 名乘客中只有12人幸免于难 在140名乘客中只有 人幸免于难 名乘客中只有 人幸免于难.

  2)to continue to live normally and not be too Upset by the problems. 挺过来 挣扎过下去 挺过来,挣扎过下去 could survive e.g. I don’t think I another Year as a teacher; just too stressful.
  3)To live longer than someone else, usually someone closely related to you 某人)长寿 通常指亲人)活的更长 比(某人 长寿 比(通常指亲人 活的更长 某人 长寿,比 通常指亲人 survived e.g. Harry his wife by three months. 哈里比他妻子多活了三个月. 哈里比他妻子多活了三个月
living in California 为现在分词短语作定语 相当 为现在分词短语作定语,相当 于定语从句who live in California. 现在分词一般 于定语从句 表示经常性的动作或现在的状态,也可以表示动作现在 表示经常性的动作或现在的状态 也可以表示动作现在 正在发生或者与谓语动词所表示的的动作同时发生. 正在发生或者与谓语动词所表示的的动作同时发生 e.g. There are three types of tiger living in China (that live in China). 目前中国有三种虎. 目前中国有三种虎 The picture hanging (that is hanging) on the wall is painted by my nephew. 墙上挂着的那幅画是我侄儿画的. 墙上挂着的那幅画是我侄儿画的

  4. Of the first Spanish to go to California, the majority were religious men who came to teach the Catholic region to the natives. majority : most of the people or things in a Particular group. e.g. Those who favor the proposal are . in the majority 赞成该提案者占多数. 赞成该提案者占多数 The great majority approved the policy. 大多数的人赞同该提案. 大多数的人赞同该提案

  7. majority n. 大多数 大多数… The majority for the budget. was / were are The majority of students hard-working. is The majority of the damage easy to repair. 单独做主语时,若强调整体,谓语动词用单数, 单独做主语时,若强调整体,谓语动词用单数, 强调个体时, 强调个体时,谓语动词用复数 。 the majority of + n. 后可用不可数名词,也可用 后可用不可数名词, 可数名词复数, 谓语动词由后面的名词决定。 可数名词复数 谓语动词由后面的名词决定。 minority 少数的 少数的……

  8. declare vt.
  1)To make known publicly or officially 宣布 宣告 宣布,宣告 ) The chairman declared the results of the election. War was declared on the enemy. 警方现在已经对这个地区的毒贩宣战了. 警方现在已经对这个地区的毒贩宣战了 The police have declared war on drug dealers in this area.
  2)To state with great forces so that there is no ) doubt about the meaning. 宣称 声称 断言 宣称,声称 声称,断言 She solemnly declared that she knew nothing about it. 他郑重声明此事属实. 他郑重声明此事属实 He declared that it was true.

  9. Russian- Americans 美籍俄罗斯人 Chinese ? Americans 美籍华人
  10. make a life 开始新生活,习惯于新的生活方式 开始新生活, Many farmers go to the big cities to make a life. It’s not easy to make a life in a new country.
  11. …it was the building of the railway from the west to the east coast that brought even larger numbers to California in the 1860s. 强调句

  12. immigrant: who immigrates 移民者 immigrate : come as a settler 移民 Lots of the rich choose to immigrate to another country, nowadays.
  13. percentage: -- What percentage of students in your school go to college ? -- 97 percent . percentage 百分比,百分率, 前面不能用具体 百分比,百分率, 前面不能用具体 的数据。 的数据。 percent 百分之 百分之……, 通常有具体的数据。 , 通常有具体的数据。

  14.It is believed that… It is said that … It is hoped that… It is supposed that… It is suggested that… It is reported that 主语从句 It is reported that some European countries are flooded severely . It is hoped that the cost of medical care can be cut down.

  15. mix 混合 n. We have to come up with a mix of policies to please the voters. v. You can mix yellow and blue together to make green. We can not mix work with pleasure. mixture n. 混合物 混合体 混合物,混合体 The drink is a mixture of 3 different sorts of drinks.

  16.nationality 国籍 She has American nationality but lives in China. --What’s your nationality? --Chinese.
Detailed reading II
Read paragraph 6 to paragraph 8 again and try to fill in the form, you can have a discussion in group of four.
Stage
People Indians Pakistanis
Time 1970s
Event Worked in computer industry
Recent arrivals
Cambodians Recent Koreans decades Immigrated Vietnamese
Future
Different parts of the world
Future
Immigrated
Stage
People Africans Chinese
Time 1800s 1860s
Event Moved from Mexico Built the railway Farmed Established a town Developed industry Fished and made wine Worked in ship& aircraft industry
Later arrivals
Japanese Early 1900 Denmark Jewish Italians Africans 1911 By 1920s Late 1900s 1942~ 1945
Discussion
What do you think California is like after your reading the passage? Discuss with you partners and try t
 

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