高中英语选修 6 短语,重点句子 Unit 1 Art Ⅰ. Phrases.
  1. in the abstract abstract sth. from sth.
  2. as well as
  3. aim at sth. aim to do sth. aim at doing sth. with the aim of
  4. focus on=concentrate on
  5. convince sb. Of
  6. a great deal
  7. in the flesh 带有……的目的 集中 使某人信服 大量 活着的 本人 代替,取代 抽象地,理论上 从…中提取… 也,同,和;同…一样 瞄准 意欲,企图做某事

  8. take the place of sb. = replace take one's place
  9. break away from
  10. at the same time
  11. would rather do sth would rather sb. did sth. would rather sb. had done sth.
代替,取代;入座;就位 脱离,摆脱,放弃 同时;但是 (主语)宁愿做某事 宁愿某人做某事(现在或将来) 宁愿某人做某事(过去) 结果

  12. as a consequence =in consequence = as a result
as a consequence of =in consequence of =as a result of 由于…的原因
  13. in possession of 拥有…
in the possession of sb =in one's possession 为某人所拥有 take/ have possession of
  14. consider doing consider sb./sth. to be/as consider that-clause consider it adj./n.+to do sth.
  15. be well worth doing
  16. be contemporary with 值得…(表被动) 与…属同时期 认为,看待 拥有(占有) 考虑做某事

  17. convince sb. of sth convince sb. +that clause convince sb.to do sth.
  15. attempt to do sth.
使某人确信/明白某事 使某人相信… 说服某人做某事 企图做某事 一方面…另一方面…

  16. on one hand…… on the other hand……
  17. scores of
  18. not only……but also
  19. every two years every second year every other year
  20. be (well) worth n./doing(主动表被动) Ⅱ.Sentences
许多,大量 不但……而且 每两年
…值得…

  1. Art is influenced by the way of life and beliefs of the people. 艺术受人们生活方式和信仰的影响.
  2. If the rules of perspective had not been discovered, people would not have been able to paint such realistic pictures. 如果没有发现透视法,人们就不可能画出如此逼真的画.
  3. Among the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting were the impressionists who lived and worked in Paris. 那些脱离传统绘画风格的印象派画家们在巴黎生活工作.
  4. When people first saw his paintings they were convinced they were looking through a hole in the wall at a real scene. 当人们第一次看到他的画时,他们确信他们是从墙上的一个孔看一个真实的场面.
  5. The garden of this lovely mansion is also well worth a visit. 这座可爱的花园大厦也是很值得一看的.
  6. In the Renaissance, new ideas and values took the place of those that were held in the Middle Ages. 在文艺复兴时期,新的想法和价值观取代了中世纪的想法和价值观.
  7. People became focused more on humans and less on religion. 人们的注意力更多地集中在人类本身,而对宗教的注意力减少了.
  8. They paid famous artists to paint pictures of themselves, their houses and other possessions, as well as their activities and achievements.
他们高价聘请著名艺术家来为自己画相,画自己的房屋和其它财物,以及他们的活动和成就.
  9. Nowadays, there are scores of modern art styles, but without the impressionists many of these painting styles would not exist. 如今, 现代艺术风格已经有好几十种, 然而如果没有印象派, 那么这许多不同的风格就不可能存在.
  10. Its art collection covers more than 5,000 years of civilization from many parts of the world, including America, Europe, China, Egypt, Africa and South America. 它的艺术品收藏涵盖了 5,000 多年来世界上众多国家的文明史, 期中包括美洲,欧洲,中国,埃 及,非洲和南美洲.
  11. (一句多译)这个地方值得参观. This place is worth visiting/a visit. This place is worthy of being visited/a visit. This place is worthy to be visited. It is worthwhile visiting this place/ to visit this place. Unit 2 Poems I. Phrases
  1. go over 复习,检查
  2. make sense 有意义,说得通 (Sb.) make sense of sth 理解……
(Sth.) make sense to sb. 有意义,说得通
  3. recite / read / explain sth. to sb. 给某人背诵/读 / 解释……
  4. couvey one`s emotions 表达情感
  5. bow to … 向鞠躬 / 屈服
  6. stay/sit up 熬夜
  7. take it easy = take things easy take one`s time 别着急,慢慢来
  8. (Sb.) run out of sth. 用完,耗尽(及物) 放轻松,别紧张
(Sth.) run out 用完(不及物)
  9. make up 组成 / 编造 / 化妆 / 弥补 / 和解 be made up of = consist of … 由……组成
  10. a few more minutes 再多几分钟
  11. be popular with … = be well received by … 很受欢迎
  12. be brimful of = be full of … 充满

  13. translate A into B
把A翻译成B

  14. week in ,week out 一周又一周 day by day 一天又一天
  15. on and on 继续不停地
  16. by chance / accident 碰巧
  17. hold on 继续 / 别挂断(电话)
  18. (Sb. / Sth.) be likely to do sth.有可能…..
  19. try out 试验 try on 试穿
  20. let out 泄漏 / 发出(声音) / 释放 / 放宽(衣服)
  21. look forward to 盼望 II. Sentences
  1. There are various reasons why people write poetry. Some poems tell a story or describe something in a way that will give the reader a strong impression. Others try to convey certain emotions. 人们写诗有各种各样的原因.有些诗是为了叙事,或描叙某事给读者以强烈的印象.而有些是为了 传达某种感情.
  2. They delight small children because they have strong rhyme and rhythm and have a lot of repetition. 这些童谣能使孩子们快乐,因为它们节奏感强,又押韵,而且重复多遍.
  3. We would have won if Jack had scored that goal.(对过去的虚拟) 如果杰克踢进了那个球的话,我们就赢了.
  4.It is not a traditional form of English poetry but it is very popular with English speakers. 它不是英诗的传统形式,但在说英语的人们中间,这种诗是很流行的. Unit 3 Healthy Life I. Phrases
  1. due to 由于;归功于
  2. be/become addicted to 对……有瘾
  3. decide on 对……做出决定
  4. be/become/grow accustomed to sth./doing sth. 习惯于某事/做某事
  5. feel like (doing) 想要(做)

  6. in spite of 不管;不顾
  7. stand for 支持;代表
  8. get (sb.) into (sth.) 陷入;染上坏习惯;进入 get into the way/habit of doing sth. 学成做某事的方法/养成做某事的习惯
  9. be ashamed of/that.… 为……感到惭愧/羞愧 be ashamed to do sth. 羞于做某事
  10.take off 开除/脱衣/起飞/取消/休假

  11.quit (doing) sth. 停止做某事
  12.at risk 处在危险之中 take risks(a risk) 冒险
  13.manage to do sth. 设法做好/设法办到某事
  14.so far 到目前为止(与现在完成时连用)
  15.make sure 确定;查明;弄明白
  16.prevent sb. (from) doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
  17.every time 每次;每当……时 II. Sentences
  4. It's amazing that at my age I am still fit enough to cycle 20 kilometers in an afternoon. 感到惊奇吧,向我这样的年纪,身体健康,能在一个下午骑车跑 20 公里.
  5. I think my long and active life must be due to the healthy life I live. 我想我之所以长寿而且精力充沛,要归功于我的健康生活.
  3. As you know, if you do the same thing over and over again you begin to do it automatically. 正如你所知道的,如果你反复的做同一件事情,你就会开始机械的地做它.
  4. I didn't know it could do terrible damage to your heart and lungs or that it was more difficult for smoking couples to become pregnant. 我不知道抽烟会严重损害人的心脏和肺,也不知道吸烟的夫妇的生育能力会下降.
  5. I also noticed that I couldn't run as fast any more and I wasn't enjoying sport as much.. 我同时也意识到我不能再和以前跑得一样快乐,而且我也不那么喜欢运动.
  6. I do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I live. 我的确希望这样,以为我想让你过上和我一样长寿而又健康的生活.

  7. You can have HIV in your blood for a long time, but eventually it damages your immune system so much that your body can no longer fight disease. 在你的血液里,HIV 病毒可以长期存在,但是它最终会使你的免疫系统严重受 损,以至使你的身 体不再能抵抗疾病.
  8. It is only when the disease has progressed to AIDS that a person begins to look sick. 只有当这种病毒发长成艾滋病时,人才会显出病态. Unit 4 Global warming I. Phrases
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7. global warming 全球气候变暖 a supply of /supplies of 大量的 depend on 依靠 human activity 人类活动 a natural phenomenon 自然现象 be trapped in... 被困在…… a quantity of/quantities of + n. 大量的

  8. result in 导致.. result from 原因是..
  9. as a result = in consequence 因此 as a result of =in consequence of 由于…的缘故
  10. build up 逐渐建立
  11. keep on 保持
  12. make a difference 有影响;有关系 make no difference 对……没有影响;不重要
  13. put up with… 忍受
  14. as/so long as 只要
  15. and so on 等等
  16. glance at… 很快地看……一眼..
  17. on the whole 大体上
  18. compare…to.../compare….with 与…相比
  19. come about 发生(不及物) come across 偶遇;穿过 come back 回来
come down 降下;减低 come in 进来;到达 come out 出来;出版 come up 上来;被提出讨论;发芽 come up with 追上;赶上 come to 结果达到;苏醒
  20. heat up 受热
  21. up to 多达; 比得上
  22. in the years ahead 今后一些年里
  23. carry out 执行
  24. decrease by 下降了…… decrease (from …) to (从……)下降到
  25. greenhouse effect 温室效应 II. Sentences
  1. That probably doesn't sound very much to you or to me but it is a rapid increase compared to most natural changes. 这对你我来说很可能是无所谓的,但是跟多数自然变化相比较而言,这却是一种快速的增长.
  2. There is no doubt that the earth is becoming warmer but there is fierce debate over whether it is human activity that has caused this global warming or whether it is just a natural phenomenon. 毋庸质疑的是地球正在变暖,但关于它变暖的原因是由于人类活动所致还是一种自然现象还存在激 烈的争论.
  3. Without the "greenhouse effect", the earth would be about thirty-three degrees Celsius cooler than it is. 如果没有这种 "温室效应",地球的温度将比现在的温度还要低 33 摄氏度左右.
  4. Some people think future global warming would cause the sea level to rise by several meters; others predict severe storms, droughts, famines, the spread of diseases, and the destruction of species. 有人认为全球变暖会导致海平面上升好几米;也有人预言会出现严重的风暴,干旱,饥荒,疫病和 物种的灭绝.
  5. It is the greenhouse effect that gives the earth's surface the average temperature of 15℃ .
温室效应使得地球表面的平均气温达到了 15℃.
  6. Together, individuals make a difference. 众人拾柴火焰高.
  7. Your contribution counts. 你的贡献很有价值. Unit 5 The power of nature I. Phrases
  1. a volcano erupting 一次火山爆发
  2. an active / a live volcano 活火山
  3. compare…with / to… 把……和……进行比较 compare…to… 把……比作……
  4. imagine doing sth. 设想做某事
  5. take risks / a risk 冒险 at risk 处于危险之中 at the risk of doing sth.…冒……危险 risk doing sth.冒险做某事
  6. meet with sb. 碰到,遇到某人
  7. excite sb./oneself 使某人/自己激动
  8. protect sb. / sth. from… 保护……免遭……
  9. be warned (not) to do sth. 被警告(不要)去做某事 warn sb. of danger 警告某人有危险
  10. move sth. out of the way 把……搬离……
  11. burn to the ground 全部焚毁
  12. far more (=much more) 多得多,多很多
  13. the first sight of… 第一次看见……
  14. be fast asleep 睡得很熟
  15. be about to do sth. … when… 正要做某事……就在这时……
  16. as bright as day 亮如白昼
  17. in the distance 在远处(大范围的)
at a / some distance (有间隔的)在远处(的具体某地)
  18. in the side of the mountain 在山的一边
  19. have a much closer look ( at sth.) 近距离的观看(某物)
  20. be in a panic 陷入恐慌(状态) get into a panic 陷入恐慌(动作)

  21. make one's way to … 前往…….
  22. climb down into… 爬进……
  23. be enthusiastic about… 对……怀着热情
  24. be amazed at … 对……感到惊讶
  25. take sb. by surprise 使某人大吃一惊 take sth. by surprise 突袭
  26. make an effort to do sth. 努力做某事
  27. be out of work 失业
  28. (the) Lake of Heaven 天上的湖(天池)
  29. thick forest 茂密的森林
  30. nature reserve 自然保护区
  31. vary from … to … 由……到……不等
  32. a great diversity of 多种多样
  33. take a bath 沐浴
  34. give birth to sb. 生小孩
  35. glance through 匆匆看一遍
  36. be bored with sb. / sth. 对某人/某物厌烦
  37. cancel one's appointment with sb. 取消和某人的约会 II. Sentences
  1. Have you ever considered how weak humans are compared with a volcano , hurricane or earthquake? 你有没有想过,与火山,飓风和地震比起来,人类是多么软弱?
  2. Having collected and evaluated the information , I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast it will flow . 收集和评估这些信息之后,我就帮助其他科学家一起预测熔岩接着将往
 

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