Unit 1 ArtⅠ. Phrases.
  1. in the abstract abstract sth. from sth.
  2. as well as
  3. aim at sth. aim to do sth. aim at doing sth. with the aim of
  4. focus on=concentrate on
  5. convince sb. Of
  6. a great deal
  7. in the flesh
  8. take the place of sb. = replace take one's place
  9. break away from
  10. at the same time
  11. would rather do sth would rather sb. did sth. would rather sb. had done sth. 带有……的目的 的目的 带有 集中 使某人信服 大量 活着的 本人 代替,取代 代替,取代;入座; 代替,取代;入座;就位 脱离,摆脱, 脱离,摆脱,放弃 同时; 同时;但是 (主语)宁愿做某事 主语) 宁愿某人做某事(现在或将来 宁愿某人做某事 现在或将来) 现在或将来 宁愿某人做某事(过去 宁愿某人做某事 过去) 过去 抽象地, 抽象地,理论上 中提取… 从…中提取 中提取 也,同,和;同…一样 一样 瞄准 意欲,企图做某事 意欲,

  12. as a consequence =in consequence = as a result 结果 as a consequence of =in consequence of =as a result of 由于 的原因 由于…的原因
  13. in possession of 拥有… 拥有
in the possession of sb =in one's possession 为某人所拥有 take/ have possession of
  14. consider doing consider sb./sth. to be/as consider that-clause consider it adj./n.+to do sth. +
  15. be well worth doing
  16. be contemporary with
  17. convince sb. of sth 值得…(表被动 值得 表被动) 表被动 与…属同时期 属同时期 使某人确信/明白某事 使某人确信 明白某事 认为, 认为,看待 拥有(占有) 拥有(占有) 考虑做某事
convince sb. +that clause convince sb.to do sth.
  18. attempt to do sth.
  19. on one hand…… on the other hand……
  20. scores of
  21. not only……but also
  22. every two years every second year every other year
  23. be (well) worth n./doing(主动表被动 主动表被动) 主动表被动
使某人相信… 使某人相信 说服某人做某事 企图做某事 一方面…另一方面 一方面 另一方面… 另一方面 许多, 许多,大量 不但……而且 而且 不但 每两年
…值得 Ⅱ.Sentences 值得… 值得

  1. Art is influenced by the way of life and beliefs of the people.艺术受人们生活方 艺术受人们生活方 式和信仰的影响. 式和信仰的影响.
  2. If the rules of perspective had not been discovered, people would not have been able to paint such realistic pictures.如果没有发现透视法 人们就不可能画出如此 如果没有发现透视法,人们就不可能画出如此 如果没有发现透视法 逼真的画. 逼真的画
  3. Among the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting were the impressionists who lived and worked in Paris.那些脱离传统绘画风格的印象 那些脱离传统绘画风格的印象 派画家们在巴黎生活工作. 派画家们在巴黎生活工作
  4. When people first saw his paintings they were convinced they were looking through a hole in the wall at a real scene.当人们第一次看到他的画时 他们确信他 当人们第一次看到他的画时,他们确信他 当人们第一次看到他的画时 们是从墙上的一个孔看一个真实的场面. 们是从墙上的一个孔看一个真实的场面
  5. The garden of this lovely mansion is also well worth a visit.这座可爱的花园大厦 这座可爱的花园大厦 也是很值得一看的. 也是很值得一看的
  6. In the Renaissance, new ideas and values took the place of those that were held in the Middle Ages.在文艺复兴时期 新的想法和价值观取代了中世纪的想法和价 在文艺复兴时期,新的想法和价值观取代了中世纪的想法和价 在文艺复兴时期 值观. 值观
  7. People became focused more on humans and less on religion.人们的注意力更多 人们的注意力更多 地集中在人类本身,而对宗教的注意力减少了 地集中在人类本身 而对宗教的注意力减少了. 而对宗教的注意力减少了
  8. They paid famous artists to paint pictures of themselves, their houses and other possessions, as well as their activities and achievements.他们高价聘请著名艺术家 他们高价聘请著名艺术家 来为自己画相,画自己的房屋和其它财物,以及他们的活动和成就. 来为自己画相,画自己的房屋和其它财物,以及他们的活动和成就.

  9. Nowadays, there are scores of modern art styles, but without the impressionists many of these painting styles would not exist.如今,现代艺术风格已经有好几十 如今, 如今 种,然而如果没有印象派,那么这许多不同的风格就不可能存在. 然而如果没有印象派,那么这许多不同的风格就不可能存在. 多不同的风格就不可能存在
  10. Its art collection covers more than 5,000 years of civilization from many parts of the world, including America, Europe, China, Egypt, Africa and South America.它的艺术品收藏涵盖了 它的艺术品收藏涵盖了5,000多年来世界上众多国家的文明史, 期中包 多年来世界上众多国家的文明史, 它的艺术品收藏涵盖了 多年来世界上众多国家的文明史 括美洲,欧洲,中国,埃及,非洲和南美洲. 括美洲,欧洲,中国,埃及,非洲和南美洲.
  11.(一句多译)这个地方值得参观. (一句多译)这个地方值得参观. This place is worth visiting/a visit. This place is worthy of being visited/a visit. This place is worthy to be visited. It is worthwhile visiting this place/ to visit this place.
Unit 2 Poems I. Phrases
  1. go over 复习,检查 复习,
  2. make sense 有意义,说得通 有意义, 理解…… (Sb.) make sense of sth 理解 (Sth.) make sense to sb. 有意义,说得通 有意义, 给某人背诵/读 解释……
  3. recite / read / explain sth. to sb. 给某人背诵 读 / 解释
  4. couvey one`s emotions 表达情感
  5. bow to … 向鞠躬 / 屈服
  6. stay/sit up 熬夜
  7. take it easy = take things easy 放轻松,别紧张 放轻松, take one`s time 别着急 慢慢来 别着急,慢慢来
  8. (Sb.) run out of sth. 用完,耗尽(及物) 用完,耗尽(及物) (Sth.) run out 用完(不及物) 用完(不及物)
  9. make up 组成 / 编造 / 化妆 / 弥补 / 和解 be made up of = consist of … 由……组成 组成
  10. a few more minutes 再多几分钟
  11. be popular with … = be well received by … 很受欢迎
  12. be brimful of = be full of … 充满
  13. translate A into B 把A翻译成B 翻译成B
  14. week in ,week out 一周又一周 day by day 一天又一天
  15. on and on 继续不停地
  16. by chance / accident 碰巧
  17. hold on 继续 / 别挂断 电话 别挂断(电话 电话)

  18. (Sb. / Sth.) be likely to do sth.有可能 有可能….. 有可能
  19. try out 试验 try on 试穿 发出(声音 声音) 放宽(衣服 衣服)
  20. let out 泄漏 / 发出 声音 / 释放 / 放宽 衣服
  21. look forward to 盼望 II. Sentences
  1. There are various reasons why people write poetry. Some poems tell a story or describe something in a way that will give the reader a strong impression. Others try to convey certain emotions. 人们写诗有各种各样的原因.有些诗是为了叙事, 人们写诗有各种各样的原因.有些诗是为了叙事,或描叙某事给读者以强烈的 印象.而有些是为了传达某种感情. 印象.而有些是为了传达某种感情.
  2. They delight small children because they have strong rhyme and rhythm and have a lot of repetition. 这些童谣能使孩子们快乐,因为它们节奏感强,又押韵,而且重复多遍. 这些童谣能使孩子们快乐,因为它们节奏感强,又押韵,而且重复多遍.
  3. We would have won if Jack had scored that goal.(对过去的虚拟 对过去的虚拟) 对过去的虚拟 如果杰克踢进了那个球的话 我们就赢了. 踢进了那个球的话, 如果杰克踢进了那个球的话,我们就赢了.
  4.It is not a traditional form of English poetry but it is very popular with . English speakers. 它不是英诗的传统形式,但在说英语的人们中间,这种诗是很流行的. 它不是英诗的传统形式,但在说英语的人们中间,这种诗是很流行的.
Unit 3 Healthy Life I. Phrases
  1. due to 由于;归功于 由于;
  2. be/become addicted to 对……有瘾 有瘾
  3. decide on 对……做出决定 做出决定
  4. be/become/grow accustomed to sth./doing sth.习惯于某事 做某事 习惯于某事/做某事 习惯于某事
  5. feel like (doing) 想要(做) 想要(
  6. in spite of 不管;不顾 不管;
  7. stand for 支持;代表 支持;
  8. get (sb.) into (sth.)陷入;染上坏习惯;进入 陷入; 陷入 染上坏习惯; get into the way/habit of doing sth.学成做某事的方法 养成做某事的习惯 学成做某事的方法/养成做某事的习惯 学成做某事的方法
  9. be ashamed of/that.…为……感到惭愧 羞愧 感到惭愧/羞愧 为 感到惭愧 be ashamed to do sth.羞于做某事 羞于做某事
  10.take off 开除/脱衣 起飞 取消/休假 开除 脱衣/起飞 取消 休假 脱衣 起飞/取消

  11.quit (doing) sth.停止做某事 停止做某事
  12.at risk 处在危险之中
take risks(a risk)冒险 冒险
  13.manage to do sth.设法做好 设法办到某事 设法做好/设法办到某事 设法做好
  14.so far 到目前为止(与现在完成时连用) 到目前为止(与现在完成时连用)
  15.make sure 确定;查明;弄明白 确定;查明;
  16.prevent sb. (from) doing sth.阻止某人做某事 阻止某人做某事
  17.every time 每次;每当 每次;每当……时 时 II. Sentences
  4. It's amazing that at my age I am still fit enough to cycle 20 kilometers in an afternoon. 感到惊奇吧,向我这样的年纪,身体健康,能在一个下午骑车跑20公里 公里. 感到惊奇吧,向我这样的年纪,身体健康,能在一个下午骑车跑 公里.
  5. I think my long and active life must be due to the healthy life I live. 我想我之所以长寿而且精力充沛,要归功于我的健康生活 于我的健康生活. 我想我之所以长寿而且精力充沛,要归功于我的健康生活.
  3. As you know, if you do the same thing over and over again you begin to do it automatically. 正如你所知道的,如果你反复的做同一件事情,你就会开始机械的地做它. 正如你所知道的,如果你反复的做同一件事情,你就会开始机械的地做它.
  4. I didn't know it could do terrible damage to your heart and lungs or that it was more difficult for smoking couples to become pregnant. 我不知道抽烟会严重损害人的心脏和肺, 我不知道抽烟会严重损害人的心脏和肺,也不知道吸烟的夫妇的生育能力会下 降.
  5. I also noticed that I couldn't run as fast any more and I wasn't enjoying sport as much.. 我同时也意识到我不能再和以前跑得一样快乐,而且我也不那么喜欢运动. 我同时也意识到我不能再和以前跑得一样快乐,而且我也不那么喜欢运动.
  6. I do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I live. 我的确希望这样,以为我想让你过上和我一样长寿而又健康的生活. 我的确希望这样,以为我想让你过上和我一样长寿而又健康的生活.
  7. You can have HIV in your blood for a long time, but eventually it damages your immune system so much that your body can no longer fight disease. 在你的血液里, 病毒可以长期存在, 在你的血液里,HIV 病毒可以长期存在,但是它最终会使你的免疫系统严重受 以至使你的身体不再能抵抗疾病. 损,以至使你的身体不再能抵抗疾病.
  8. It is only when the disease has progressed to AIDS that a person begins to look sick. 只有当这种病毒发长成艾滋病时,人才会显出病态. 只有当这种病毒发长成艾滋病时,人才会显出病态. Unit 4 Global warming I. Phrases
  5. global warming 全球气候变暖 a supply of /supplies of 大量的 depend on 依靠 human activity 人类活动 a natural phenomenon 自然现象

be trapped in...被困在 被困在…… 被困在 a quantity of/quantities of + n.大量的 大量的

  8. result in 导致 导致.. result from 原因是 原因是..
  9. as a result = in consequence 因此 as a result of =in consequence of 由于 的缘故 由于…的缘故
  10. build up 逐渐建立
  11. keep on 保持
  12. make a difference 有影响;有关系 有影响; make no difference 对……没有影响;不重要 没有影响; 没有影响
  13. put up with…忍受 忍受
  14. as/so long as 只要
  15. and so on 等等
  16. glance at…很快地看 很快地看……一眼 一眼.. 很快地看 一眼
  17. on the whole 大体上
  18. compare…to.../compare….with 与…相比 相比
  19. come about 发生 不及物 发生(不及物 不及物) come across 偶遇 穿过 偶遇;穿过 come back 回来 come down 降下 减低 降下;减低 come in 进来 到达 进来;到达 come out 出来 出版 出来;出版 come up 上来 被提出讨论 发芽 上来;被提出讨论 被提出讨论;发芽 come up with 追上 赶上 追上;赶上 come to 结果达到 苏醒 结果达到;苏醒
  20. heat up 受热
  21. up to 多达 比得上 多达;比得上
  22. in the years ahead 今后一些年里
  23. carry out 执行
  24. decrease by 下降了 下降了…… decrease (from …) to(从……)下降到 ( )
  25. greenhouse effect 温室效应
II. Sentences
  1. That probably doesn't sound very much to you or to me but it is a rapid increase compared to most natural changes. 这对你我来说很可能是无所谓的,但


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