高中英语语法: 高中英语语法 名词性从句精讲精析 名词性从句精讲精析(
  1) ??主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句 名词性从句是由 if, whether, that 和各种疑问词充当连接词所引导的从句,其功能同名词 一样。 一.主语从句 主语从句是在复合句中充当主语的从句,通常放在主句谓语动词之前或由形式主语 it 代 替,而本身放在句子末尾。
  1. It 作形式主语和 it 引导强调句的比较 It 作形式主语代替主语从句,主要是为了平衡句子结构,主语从句的连接词没有变化。而 it 引导的强调句则是对句子某一部分进行强调,无论强调的是什么成分,都可用连词 that。 被强调部分指人是也可用 who/whom。例如: It is a pity that you didn’t go to see the film. It doesn’t interest me whether you succeed or not. It is in the morning that the murder took place. It is John that broke the window.
  2. 用 it 作形式主语的结构 (
  1) It is +名词+从句 It is a fact that … 事实是… It is an honor that …非常荣幸 It is common knowledge that …是常识 (
  2) it is +形容词+从句 It is natural that… 很自然… It is strange that… 奇怪的是… (
  3) it is +不及物动词+从句 It seems that… 似乎… It happened that… 碰巧… (
  4) it +过去分词+从句 It is reported that… 据报道… It has been proved that… 已证实…
  3. 主语从句不可位于句首的五种情况 (
  1) if 引导的主语从句不可居于复合句句首。 (
  2) It is said , (reported) …结构中的主语从句不可提前。例如:
It is said that President Jingo will visit our school next week. (right) That President Jiang will visit our school next week is said. (wrong) (
  3) It happens…, It occurs… 结构中的主语从句不可提前。例如: It occurred to him that he failed in the examination. (right) That he failed in the examination occurred to him. (wrong) (
  4) It doesn’t matter how/whether …结构中的主语从句不可提前。例如: It doesn’t matter whether he is wrong or not. (right) Whether he is wrong or not doesn’t matter. (wrong) (
  5) 含主语从句的复合句是疑问句时,主语从句不可提前。例如: Is it likely that it will rain in the evening? (right) Is that will rain in the evening likely? (wrong)
  4. What 与 that 在引导主语从句时的区别 What 引导主语从句时在句时在从句中充当句子成分,如主语、宾语、表语,而 that 则不 然。例如:
  1) What you said yesterday is right.
  2) That she is still alive is a consolation. 二.宾语从句 宾语从句就是在复合句中作宾语的名词性从句,通常放在主句谓语动词(及物动词)或 介词之后。
  1. 作动词的宾语 (
  1) 由 that 引导的宾语从句(that 通常可以省略),例如: I heard that he joined the army. (
  2) 由 what, whether (if) 引导的宾语从句,例如:
  1) She did not know what had happened.
  2) I wonder whether you can change this note for me. (
  3) 动词+间接宾语+宾语从句。例如: She told me that she would accept my invitation.
  2. 作介词的宾语 例如:Our success depends upon how well we can cooperate with one another.
  3. 作形容词的宾语 例如:I am afraid (that) I’ve made a mistake. That 引导的从句常跟在下列形容词后作宾语: anxious, aware, certain, confident, convinced, determined, glad, proud, surprised, worrie d, sorry, thankful, ashamed, disappointed, annoyed, pleased, hurt, satisfied, content 等。
也可以将此类词后的 that 从句的看作原因状语从句。
  4. It 可以作为形式宾语 It 不仅可以作为形式主语,还可以作为形式宾语,而真正的宾语 that 从句则放在句尾, 特别是在带复合宾语的句子中。 例如: We heard it that she would get married next month.
  5. 后边不能直接跟 that 从句的动词 这类动词有 allow, refuse, let, like, cause, force, admire, condemn, celebrate, dislike, love, help, take, forgive 等。这类词后可以用不定式或动名词作宾语,但不可以用 that 引导的宾语从句。例 如: I admire their winning the match. (right) I admire that they won the match. (wrong)
  6. 不可用 that 从句作直接宾语的动词 有些动词不可用于“动词+间接宾语+that 从句”结构中,常见的有 envy, order, accuse, refuse, impress, forgive, blame, denounce, advise, congratulate 等。 例如: He impressed the manager as an honest man. (right) He impressed the manager that he was an honest man. (wrong)
  7. 否定的转移 若主句谓语动词为 think, consider, suppose, believe, expect, fancy, guess, imagine 等, 其后的宾语从句若含有否定意义,一般要把否定词转移到主句谓语上,从句谓语用肯定式。 例如: I don’t think this dress fits you well.(我认为这件衣服不适合你穿。) 三.表语从句 表语从句在复合句中作表语的名词性从句,放在系动词之后,一般结构是“主语+连系动 词+表语从句”。可以接表语从句的连系动词有 be, look, remain, seem 等。引导表语从句的 that 常可省略。另外,常用的还有 the reason is that… 和 It is because 等结构。例如:
  1) The question is whether we can make good preparation in such a short time.
  2) This is why we can’t get the support of the people.
  3) But the fact remains that we are behind the other classes.
  4) The reason he is late for school is that he missed the early bus. 四.同位语从句 同位语从句就是在复合句中作名词的同位语的名词性从句。
  1. 同位语从句的功能
同位语从句对于名词进一步解释,说明名词的具体内容,一般由 that 引导,例如:
  1) The king’s decision that the prisoner would be set free surprised all the people.
  2) The order that all the soldiers should stay still is given by the general.
  2. 同位语在句子中的位置 同位语从句有时可以不紧跟在它所说明的名词后面,而是被别的词隔开。例如: He got the news from Mary that the sports meeting was put off.
  3. 同位语从句与定语从句的区别 (
  1) 定语从句中的 that 既代替先行词,同时可以在从句中作某个成分(主语或宾语),而同 位语从句中的 that 是连词,只起连接主句与从句的作用,不充当句中任何成分。 (
  2) 定语从句是形容词性的,其功能是修饰先行词,对先行词加以限定,描述定的性质或特 征;同位语从句是名词性的,其功能是对名词进行补充说明。例如:
  1) The news that he told me is that Tom would go abroad next year. (他告诉我的消息是汤 姆明年将出国。)(第一个 that 引导的从句是定语从句,that 在从句中作宾语)
  2)The news that Tom would go abroad is told by him. 汤姆将出国的消息是他讲的。 (同 ( ) 位语从句,that 在句中不作任何成分)
 

相关内容

高中英语语法大全

   更多您最实用, 更多您最实用,最需要的资源 http://www.letsgo86.cn/ 高中英语语法大全 高中英语语法大全 高中英语语法大全总结 高中英语语法大全总结 大全 组成句子的各个部分叫句子成分。英语句子成分有主语,谓语,表语,宾语, 宾语补足语,定语,状语等。 顺序一般是主语,谓语,宾语,宾语补足语,而表语,定语,状语的位置要 根据情况而定。 1、主语 主语表示句子主要说明的人或事物,一般由名词,代词,数词,不定式等充 当。 Helikeswatch'ingTV.他喜欢看电视。 ...

高中英语语法大全

   名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange . 4、数词(num.): 表示数目或事物的顺序。如:one, two, three, fi ...

11.3高中英语语法系列

   11.3 一些半情态动词的用法 11.3.1 need 的用法: a.用于否定结构中,表示“不必” : You needn’t make two copies. One will do. They needn’t send me a receipt. "靠捎迷诒鲇锎泳渲小<词怪饔锒?适枪ナ剑?钥捎 need: st He said(say) I needn’t pay till the 31 . b.用在带有否定意思的句子中: I need hardly tell you that job ...

高中英语语法总结大全之分词

   高中英语语法总结大全之分词 分词作定语 分词前置 We can see the rising sun. 我们可以看到东升的旭日 He is a retired worker.他是位退休的工人 分词后置 (i.分词词组;ii. 个别分词如 given, left; iii. 修饰不定代词 something 等) There was a girl sitting there.有个女孩坐在那里 This is the question given. 这是所给的问题 There is nothin ...

高中英语语法专题训练题--定语从句练习新人教版必修1

   练习、 练习、定语从句 一、把下列每对句子合并成含有定语从句的主从复合句: 1. The fan is on the desk. You want it. 2. The man is in the next room. He brought our textbooks here yesterday. 3. The magazine is mine. He has taken it away. 4. The students will not pass the exam. They don’t ...

初中英语语法总结

   1 (see ,hear ,notice ,find ,feel ,listen to , look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump 2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样 3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易) 4 agree with sb 赞成某人 5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样 6 all over the world = the whole world 整 ...

初中英语语法大全

   初中英语语法大全 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange . 4、数词(n ...

初中英语语法大全

   A) 、名词的数 我们知道名词可以分为可数名词和不可数名词, 而不可数名词它没有复数形式, 但可数名词 却有单数和复数之分,复数的构成如下: 一)在后面加 s。如:fathers, books, Americans, Germans, apples, bananas 二)x, sh, ch, s, tch 后加 es。如:boxes, glasses, dresses, watches, wishes, faxes 1) baby-babies, family-families, duty- ...

初中英语语法总结

   初中英语语法总结 1 一般现在时的用法 1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用。时 间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday。例如: I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 每天早上我七点离开家。 2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。例如: The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳转动。 Shanghai lies in the east of China. ...

初中英语语法大全

   Revision English for Mid?exam Mid? 正贤英语中考英语复习 形容词、 形容词、副词 形 名+动 副 特例: 系动词+形 特例: 系动词+ 易混淆的副词、形容词 易混淆的副词、 ★ alone(客观独自一人) =by oneself 客观独自一人) lonely(心情孤独)可作表语、定语 心情孤独)可作表语、 He lived alone, but he didn’t feel lonely. 努力地) ★ hard(努力地) hardly(几乎不)否定副词 几 ...

热门内容

七年级英语下Unit2 Where's the post office教案

   Unit2 Where’s the post office? Teaching Aims: 1.learn to ask for and give directions on the street . 2.learn some names of buildings Topic: the neighborhood Teaching guide: 1.Language goals: learn to ask for and give directions on the street . lear ...

江苏省启东中学高三强化训练试题(英语之非谓语动词)

   上高考资源网 下精品高考试题 非谓语动词训练试题 牛津 牛津版 江苏省启东中学高三英语 非谓语动词训练试题-牛津版 1. The great hall was crowded with many people, many children on their parents' laps. A. including; seated B. including; seating C. included; sat D. included; sitting 2. for a long time, mos ...

英语诗歌鉴赏

   英语诗歌鉴赏 通082 王烁臣 中文诗歌名句 卞之琳的《断章》 你站在桥上看风景, 看风景的人在楼上看你, 明月装饰了你的窗子, 你装饰了别人的梦。 蹴罢秋千, 起来慵整纤纤手。 露浓花瘦,薄 汗轻衣透。 见有人来,袜R,金钗溜。 和羞走, 倚门回首, 却把青梅嗅。 Night Thoughts I wake, and moonbeams play around my bed, Glittering like hoar-frost to my wandering eyes; Up towar ...

英语动词词组

   高考英语常见动词词组自我检测 一、add (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) If you add 5 to 5,you get 10. Five added to five is/makes 10. The bad weather added to our hopelessness. The fire cracks added to the festival atmosphere. His whole school education added up to no more t ...

高考英语作文万能模板【必背】

   2010 年高考英语作文万能模板 一、英语书信的常见写作模板 开头部分: How nice to hear from you again. Let me tell you something about the activity. I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th. I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit. I’m writing to thank ...