Inversion(倒装)
Ⅰ.句子结构
Normal sentence order:正 常语序 S+V Inverted sentence order:倒 装句 V+S
Ⅱ.分类

  1.完全倒装:
  1.完全倒装:将全部谓语放在主语之前 完全倒装 Eg: There is a book on the desk. Away fly the bird.
  2.部分倒装 部分倒装:
  2.部分倒装:将助动词或者情态动词 放在主语之前 Only by changing the way we live can we save the earth.
Ⅲ.引起全部倒装的一些主要结构

  1.用于there be句型中
  2.用于so, nor, neither 开头的句 子,表示前者的情况同样适用于后 者.(有时as也可以这么用)
I like playing basketball. So does my brother. Helen doesn’t like milk. Neither do I.

  3.表语放在句首,
表+系+主
Eg: Among the speakers was China’s then Premier Zhu Rongji. Gone are the days when they would like to do whatever they wanted to the Chinese people.

  4.用于here(there, now, then等)+不及物动 词+主语的句型或者以out,in, up,down,away 等副词开头的句子里,以示强调
Here comes the bus. 注: 代词作主语,主谓语序不变. Now comes your turn.
Here it is.
Out they rushed.

  5.介词短语放在句首作地点状语时
Eg: To the north of the city lies a big department store. From the empty house came a cry for help.
Ⅳ.引起部分倒装的句型

  1.疑问句 Is this your handbag?
  2.虚拟语气中,条件句如有were, had 或 should,可以省略if,将were, had 或 should 提前,引起倒装
  3.用于由never, hardly, seldom, little, scarcely, barely等表示否定意义的词放在 句首

  4.在由not only, at no time, not once等 引导的句子中, 需要倒装. Not only was the city polluted, but the streets were crowded.
  5. 当only+副词/介词短语/状语从句结构,并 放在句首,需要倒装. Only in this way can we make progress in English. Only now can we breathe freely. Only when you have lost something will you know how precious it is.

  6. 用于 no sooner than, hardly when 和not until的句型中,并放在句首. Eg: No sooner had he finished his talk than he was surrounded by the workers. Not until the early years of the 19th century did man know what heat is.

  7.在sothat句型中,当so放在句首,也要 倒装.
So shallow is the lake that no fish can live in it.
Exercises: A
  1.Out . A. rushed the children C. the children rushed
B. did the children rush D. rushed the children did
B
  2.Round the corner . A. a large policeman walked B. walked a large policeman C. did a large policeman walk D. did walk a large policeman
C
  3.Only after the New China, to go to school. A. was founded; he was able B. was found; was he able C. was founded; was he able D. was found; he was able
C
  4.Only if he helps us . A. We may succeed B. we succeeded C. can we succeed D. we can succeed

  5.I’m going to the meeting, and . B A. so does Dave B. so is Dave C. so goes Dave D. Dave is so
D
  6.Tom couldn’t go to school, find a job.
A. either he could C. neither he could B. either could he D. neither could he
I didn’t invite Susan to my party.
C
A. so didn’t I C. Neither did I B. Nor I didn’t D. I didn’t so
A
  8.that even people in the next room could hear him. A. So loudly did he speak B. Such loudly did he speak C. So loudly he spoke D. Such loudly he spoke D
  9.We are lucky, for no sooner home it rained. A.we returned; and B. did we return; when C. after we returned; and D. had we returned; than
A
  10.Hardly the police ran towards it.
A. had the plane landed when B. had the plane landed than C. the plane had landed when D. the plane was landing than C
  11.it rain, the crops would be saved. A. Were to B. Would C. Should D. Could
Translate the following into English,using inversion

  1. 只有通过努力学习我们才能达到目标 (Only) Only by working hard can we reach our goals.
  2. 他们刚到汽车站汽车就开走了。 (Hardly) 他们刚到汽车站汽车就开走了。 Hardly had they got to the bus stop when the bus pulled away.
  3. 如果我接受了你的建议,现在工作就不会有麻烦了。 如果我接受了你的建议,现在工作就不会有麻烦了。 Had I taken your advice , I would have no trouble with the work now.
  4.这对老夫妇结婚40年,从来没有一次吵过架.(Never)
  4.这对老夫妇结婚 年 从来没有一次吵过架.(Never) 这对老夫妇结婚40 The old couple have been married for 40 years and never once had they quarreled with each other.
 

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