Grammar and usage
成分 主语
所指 指人 指物
that/who that/which (that/who/whom) (that/which) whose/of whom whose/of which
指人 指物
指人 指物
只用that 不用which的情况
在不定代词,如:anything, nothing, all, none, much, few, any, little等作先行词时 先行词有the only, the very修饰时 先行词为序数词、 形容词最高级时 先行词既有人,又有物时 当主句是以which开头的特殊疑问句时
Fill in the blanks with the proper relative words

  1.The most important thing we should that pay attention to is the first thing I have that said.
  2.This is the very dictionary I am that looking for.
  3. There is nothing can prevent him that from doing that.
  4. Who is the person is standing at the that gate?
引导非限定性定语从句时 介词后不能用
  6. I am looking for a box in I can put all my things. which
  7. Football, is a very interesting game, is played all over the world.
Are these two sentences right?
The man to who/whom you spoke is our headmaster. The city in that/which she lives is far away. 注意: 注意 介词+which(指物 不可省 介词 (指物),不可省 介词+whom (指人 不可省 指人),不可省 介词 介词后不用who、that 介词后不用 、
to The man whom you spoke is our headmaster.
in The city which she lives is far away.
on A. The farm which we worked ten years ago is beautiful.
B. This is the tree which we used under to play games.
preposition+which(指物) ( preposition+whom (指人) 指人)
How to choose the right prepositions

  1. 介词的确定方法 ①根据先行词来确定
?The money which you were to with buy dog food is gone. ?He will never forget the day on which he failed in the exam.
②根据定语从句中的谓语动词或形容词确定 We thought you were a person from whom we could expect good decisions. for The West Lake, which Hangzhou is famous, is a beautiful place.
③根据定语从句所表达的意义来确定 Air, which man can’t live, is really without important.
with The pen which he is writing now was bought yesterday.

  2. 介词的位置
①一般情况下,介词一般放在关系代词which和 一般情况下,介词一般放在关系代词 和 whom之前,也可放在动词后。 之前, 之前 也可放在动词后。 (who/whom/that) This is the man I learned the news from. from whom This is the man I learned the news.
(that/which) This is the room we lived in last year. in which This is the room we lived last year.
下面两句中的介词能提前吗? 下面两句中的介词能提前吗
Is this the watch that you are looking for? The old man whom I am looking after is better .
②固定搭配的动词短语中的介词一般不能 提前. 提前 常见的这类动词短语有: 常见的这类动词短语有 look for/after/forward to, care for(照顾,喜欢) 照顾, 照顾 喜欢) hear of/about/from, take care of等. 等 This is the right place I’m looking for. The girl whom he is looking after is his sister.
介词+关系代词的使用 介词 关系代词的使用
on which
  1. Do you like the book she spent $10? for which
  2. Do you like the book she paid $10? from which
  3. Do you like the book she learned a lot? about which
  4. Do you like the book she often talks?

  5. The man I spoke on the to whom phone last night is very good at writing.
  6. Glasses, I can’t see without which clearly, are really important for me.
  7. China is a beautiful country, of which we are proud. on which
  8. Do you remember the day you joined our club?

  1.名词 介词 关系代词 名词+介词 名词 介词+关系代词 This is the teacher whose daughter is a famous doctor. the daughter of whom =This is the teacher is a famous doctor.
Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase(花瓶), was very reasonable(合理的). A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose
  2.数词 介词 关系代词(含基数词,序数词,分数 数词+介词 含基数词, 数词 介词+关系代词 含基数词 序数词,
和百分数) 和百分数)
We have three foreign teachers, two of whom are from Canada. (其中的两个)
The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80% are sold abroad. A. of which B. which of C. of them D. of that

  3. 代词 介词 关系代词(代词有 both, 代词+介词 介词+关系代词 代词有all,
none, neither, either, some, any等) 等
The old woman has two sons, both of whom are teachers.(两个都是) (两个都是)
Last week, two persons came to see the house, wanted to buy it. A. both of they B. neither of whom C. both of them D. all of whom

  4. 形容词最高级 介词 关系代词 形容词最高级+介词 介词+关系代词
China has thousands of islands, the largest of which is Taiwan Island. 其中最大的) (其中最大的)
There are two buildings, stands nearly a hundred feet high. A. the larger B. the larger of them C. the larger one that D. the larger of which

  5.介词 关系代词 名词 介词+关系代词 介词 关系代词+名词
He spent four years in college, during which time he studied medicine. (在那段时间内)
In the office, I never seem to have time until after 5:30 p.m., time many people have gone home. A. whose B. that C. on which D. by which
Whether to use a relative pronoun or a relative adverb?
要确定使用关系代词还是关系副词完全取决 从句中的谓语动词: 于从句中的谓语动词: (
  1)及物动词后面无宾语,用关系代词. (
  1)及物动词后面无宾语,用关系代词. 及物动词后面无宾语 常见的及物动词有visit, 常见的及物动词有visit, spend, expect, etc,; explain, etc,; (
  2)不及物动词后无介词时,用关系副词. (
  2)不及物动词后无介词时,用关系副词.常见 不及物动词后无介词时 的不及物动词有work, 的不及物动词有work, live, come, go,etc.
This is the factorywhere/in which I worked before. This is the factory I visited before. (which/that) This is the factory (which/that) I worked in. This is the factory in I worked. which
I will never forget the days when/during which we worked together. (that/which) I will never forget the days we spent together. which I will never forget the days during we worked together.
This is the reason I was late. why/for which (that/which) The reason he gave us was reasonable(合理的 reasonable(合理的). 合理的).
所指 时间
地点 原因
the when time/day/week/moment/ =at/in/on/during period/occasion which the place/room/situation where /case/point/activity =in/at/on which the reason why =for which
Look at the following sentences
Shakespeare is a famous writer, as we all know. She is very patient, as is known in her work. Einstein, as is well known, is a famous scientist. As can be seen, oceans cover more than 70% of the earth. I bought the same dictionary as you borrowed. They had such a fierce dog as I had never seen. They had such a fierce dog no one dare to that go near their house. as He is such a clever boy everyone likes. everyone likes him. that
Look at the following sentences
The child had a fever every night, which worried his parents very much. You pretended not to know me, which I didn’t understand. He admires everyone in the class, which I find quite strange.
As is known to all; as we all know; as is well-known; as anybody can see As we had expected; as often happens As is often the case As has been said before; as is mentioned above ; as (it ) appears; as is expected As is reported; as is announced
Practice makes perfect!
May you succeed in your studies!
Test yourself
  1. American women usually identify (表明)their best friend as someone 表明) 表明 they can talk frequently. A. who B. as C. about which ★ with whom D.
  2. The English play my students acted at the New Year’s Party was a great success. A. for which B. at which ★ in which D. on which9 C.

  3. In the office I never seem to have time until after 5:30 p.m., many people have gone home. A. whose B. that C. on which D. ★ by which time
  4. Tell me your reason you are against my program. A. which B. for that C. what ★ why D.
  5. I will give the gift to the student I think is honest in our class. A. whom B. which C. that ★ who D.

  6. She is the one of the girls who passed the examination. A. was B. were ★ has D. have C.
  7. It is the third time late this month. A. that you arrived B. when you arrived ★ C. that you’ve arrived D. when you’ve arrived

  8.The journey around the world took the old sailor 9 months, the sailing time was 226 days. A. of which B. during which
C. from which D. for which

  9. There are 62 students in our class, 26 are girls. D A. more than C. less than B. in which D. of whom

  10.Next month, you’ll spend in B your hometown, is coming. A. when B. which C. where D. that
  11. Water boils at 100℃, ℃ B temperature it changes to gas. A. on which C. which B. at which D. when

  12. Do you know the street Mr. A Wang once lived? A. on which B. that C. which D. in that
  13.The reason he got a bad cold is A that he was caught in a heavy rain. A. why B. when C. which D. in which
  14.I received C nice a gift my boyfriend promised. A. the same , as B. such, as C. as, as D. the same, that

  15. He is the only one of the students want to follow the teacher’s advice. C A. that don’t B. that do C. who doesn’t D. who don’t
  16.It is an island A name I’ve forgotten. It is an island the name I’ve… B A. whose B. of which C. which D. whom
  17.I can still remember the sitting room my mother and I used to sit in the B evening. A. what B. where C. which D. that

  18. I’ll never forget the days I spent my B holiday in Guangzhou. I’ll never forget the days I spent with A you in Guangzhou. A. which B. when C. on which D. for which
  19.There was a time there were slaves in D the USA. A. that B. which C. what D. when
  20.Word came of his success abroad, D filled the parents’ heart with pride. A. that B. whom C. who D. which

  21.How do you like the book? C It’s quite different from I read last month. A. that B. which C. the one D. the one what A
  22. I will hire the man they say is a good English speaker. A. who B. that C. which D. whom
  23. What surprised me was not what he said but A he said it. A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which C
  24. He hated the way the whites treated the blacks. A. which B. in that C. that D. by which
  25. The book , the cover is broken, is not mine. A. of it B. for which C. whose D. of which
  26. is known to the world, Mark Twain is a C great American writer. A. That B. Which C. As D. It
  27.I don’t know about Zhang Yimou, I saw a C week ago. A. one of his films B. one film of his C. one of whose films D. one of which films
  28. There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, C five are mine. A. on which B. in which C. of which D. from which
  29. John said he had been working in the office, C was true. A. he B. this C. which D. as

  30.Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no A longer it was 20 years ago, it was so poorly equipped. A. what, when B. that, which C. what, which D. which, that
  31. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by B floods, from effects the people are still suffering. A. that B. whose C. those D. what
  32.Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003, A he studied very hard and was made Chairman of the Students’ Union. A. during which time B. for which time C. during whose time D. by that time



   The Attributive Clause(一) 一 (定语从句 定语从句) The Attributive Clause (定语从句) 定义:在复合句中, 定义:在复合句中,修饰前面某一名词或代词的 从句叫定语从句。 从句叫定语从句。 结构: 结构: 先行词 + 关系词 关系词 + 句子 关系代词: that,which, who,whom,whose 关系代词 关系副词: 关系副词 when, where, why 指物: 指物:that which 指人: 宾格) 宾格) 指人:wh ...


   Grammar and usage 定语从句 成分 主语 所指 指人 指物 关系词 that/who that/which (that/who/whom) (that/which) whose/of whom whose/of which 宾语 指人 指物 定语 指人 指物 只用that 不用which的情况 在不定代词,如:anything, nothing, all, none, much, few, any, little等作先行词时 先行词有the only, the very修饰时 ...


   Grammar and usage 定语从句 成分 主语 所指 指人 指物 关系词 that/who that/which (that/who/whom) (that/which) whose/of whom whose/of which 宾语 指人 指物 定语 指人 指物 " A “Model Worker(劳 劳 Do you think XiaoShengyang should be considered a “Model Worker”? 动模范)" 动模范 should ...


   林南仓中学英语组 王玉海 定语从句 The Attributive Clause 定语从句:是指在复合句中, 定语从句:是指在复合句中,修饰 名词或代词的从句 的从句. 名词或代词的从句.被定语从句所修 饰的名词或代词叫做“先行词” 饰的名词或代词叫做“先行词”.引 导定语从句的词叫“关系词” 导定语从句的词叫“关系词” 1.从句的位置 从句的位置: 从句的位置 2.构成: 构成: 构成 先行词 之后 关系词 关系代词 关系副词 How many kinds of Attributive c ...


   (定语从句 定语从句) 定语从句 Which baby is Jack? Jack Jack 穿红裤子的baby是Jack。 The baby whose trousers are red is Jack. The baby who is wearing red trousers is Jack. Which house is mine? My house 房顶是棕色的房子是我的。 The house whose roof is brown is mine. 定语从句 用作定语的从句叫定语从 ...


   The Attributive Clause(一) 一 The Attributive Clause (定语从句) (定语从句) 定语从句 定义:在复合句中, 定义:在复合句中,修饰前面某一名词或代词的 从句叫定语从句。 从句叫定语从句。 结构: 结构: 先行词 + 关系词 关系词 + 句子 关系代词: that,which, who,whom,whose 关系代词 关系副词: 关系副词 when, where, why 指物: 指物:that which 指人: 宾格) 宾格) 指人:wh ...


   定语从句 ◆定义及其作用: 定义及其作用: 定义及其作用 ◆定语从句是中学阶段英语语法中十分重要的 一个语法项目,它在句子中出现的频率很高。 对正确理解句子的意义起着举足轻重的作用。 定语从句可分为:限制性定语从句和非限制性 定语从句。 ◆定语从句一般都紧跟在它所修饰名词后面, 所以如果在名词或代词后面出现一个从句,根 据它与前面名词或代词的逻辑关系来判断是否 是定语从句。 先行词的作用 被定语从句所修饰的名词或 代词叫做“先行词”。引 导定语从句的词叫“关系词”。关系词有两个作用: 一、引 ...


   Tips 1. When talking about people, we use who, whom, whose, that; 2. When talking about things, we use which, that, whose. Attributive Clause: 定语从句指在从句中起定语作用, 定语从句指在从句中起定语作用, 并修饰主句中的某一名词或代词的句子。 并修饰主句中的某一名词或代词的句子。 被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。 被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行 ...


   The Object Clause (Revision) Li Xiaoping 宾语从句是主从复合句的一种.主从复合句是 由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成的. 主句是复合句的主体,从句仅仅是主句的一个 成分,它从属于主句,不能独立.从句在全句中 充当什么成分,就叫什么从句.宾语从句当中的 从句在全句中作宾语. 一,教学任务 复习宾语从句 二,重点和难点 1,由不同引导词引导的宾语从句 2,直接引语和间接引语 3,宾语从句中时态的变化 由从属连词that引导的宾语从句 由从属连词that ...


   Revision of Junior English 初三英语复习 Adjectives and Adverbs 形容词,副词 形容词, 区别几组易混淆的副词, 区别几组易混淆的副词,形容词 ★ already 常用于肯定句,个别疑问句 常用于肯定句, yet 常用于否定句,疑问句 常用于否定句, * The train has already gone. * They haven't come back yet. yet. 修饰形容词, ★ such 修饰名词 so 修饰形容词,副词 *I ...



   2009 学年第二学期初三学业模拟考试 2009 学年第二学期初三学业模拟考试英语试卷 参考答案 I-Ⅳ. 听力(满分 20 分) Ⅳ 1-5 BAABC 6-10 ABBCC 11-15 ACABC 16-20 BABCB 单项填空( 小题; Ⅴ. 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21-25 BDBDB 26-30 CDCDC 31-35 ABBBA 小题; Ⅵ. 完形填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 36?50 ACCDB CBDCA ...


   英语语法讲义 进入讲义主目录 说明: 学习英语语法的目的 学习英语语法的范围 学习英语语法的方法 学习英语语法的目的: 学习英语语法的目的: 要回答这个问题,先简要讨论一下要不要学习英 语语法的问题。这个问题,答案也许是很清楚的。 主张英语语法可以不学的人往往这样说:我们中 国人,如果智力正常,从小就会说汉语,能遣词 造句,没见过哪个小孩先学语法再学话的。再说, 英语讲得多了,有了语感,语法还不是水到渠成 的事。这种实践出真知的说法,绝对是正确的。 但我仍主张学一点英语语法。 返回说明 在我 ...


   Go out " 1. 外出 She's gone out for a walk. 她外出散步了。 " 2. 熄灭 His cigarette has gone out. 他的香烟灭了。 " 3. 过时 This method went out long ago. 这种方法早就过时了。 " 4. 过完 The year went out slowly. " 这一年慢慢过去了。 Go off(1) " 响起 The alarm went off. 警铃骤然响起。 " 2. 变质 This ...

九年级英语 Unit7 where would you linke to visit_SectionB 3a-3b课件 人教新目标版

   Unit 7 Where would you like to visit? Section B reading and writing Go for it J9 New words Ace Travel 文中指一旅行社名 eastern 东部的 provide firm spot 提供,供应, 提供,供应,供给 公司 地点, 地点,场所 An e-mail message. What are S.T. Zhang’s requirements on vacation spot ? Fill ...


   英语面试四大秘籍 现在,不管是国企还是外企在招聘时都非常看重应聘者的英语交际能力,公司往往通过英语面 试,对应聘者的英语交际能力进行考查. 资深人力资源专家给参加英语面试的应聘者提出四个建议. 建议一:精心设计一个自然的开场白. 例如:C(考官):May I come in?(我能进来吗?) I(应聘者):Yes, please. Oh, you are Jin Li, aren't you?(请进.哦,你是李劲吧?) C:Yes, I am. (对,我是.) I:Please sit he ...