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高中英语语法复习(全套 配套练习参考答案 高中英语语法复习 全套)配套练习参考答案 全套
语法复习一:句子成分;简单句、并列句和复合句 练习一: 一、
  1、主语,定语;
  2、间接宾语;
  3、谓语,状语;
  4、定语;
  5、状语,状语;
  6、定语, 表语;
  7、宾语,状语;
  8、谓语,主语;
  9、谓语;
  10、主语,表语;
  11、谓语,宾语;
  12、状语;
  13、形式宾语,真正宾语;
  14、宾语、定语;
  15、插入语,状语;
  16、宾语(间 宾+直宾);
  17、状语,状语;
  18、形式主语,表语,宾补;
  19、宾补;
  20、表语 二、略 三、略 四、1~5 CBDBB 6~10 ACBAB 练习二: 一、
  1、简单句;
  2、复合句;
  3、简单句;
  4、简单句;
  5、并列句;
  6、复合句;
  7、并列 句;
  8、复合句;
  9、简单句;
  10、简单句 二、 I hope you are very well (复合句) I'm fine, but tired 简单句) Right now it is the summer . ( . vacation and I'm helping my Dad on the farm(并列句). August is the hottest month here(简 单句). It is the time of year for the rice harvest, so every day I work from dawn until dark.(并 列句) Sometimes we go on working after dark by the lights of our tractors 简单句) We grow ( . rice in the south of the States, but in the north where it is colder they grow wheat 并列复合句) ( . We have a lot of machines on the farm(简单句). Although the farm is large, my Dad has only two men working for him(复合句). But he employs more men for the harvest(简单句). My brother takes care of the vegetable garden (简单句) It doesn't often rain in the summer here . (简 单句). As a result, we have to water the vegetable garden(简单句). Every evening we pump water from a well(简单句). It then runs along channels to different parts of the garden(简单 句). Most Saturday evenings there is a party, even at harvest time (简单句) These parties often . make us very happy(简单句). We cook meat on an open fire outside(简单句). It's great( 简单句)! Americans eat a lot of meat ? too much in my opinion(简单句). Some of my friends drink beer(简单句). I don't, because I have to drive home after the party(复合句). In your letter you asked about the time in different areas of the States(简单句). There are five different time areas in the States(简单句). In my state we are fourteen hours behind Beijing time(简单句). How many different time areas do you have in China(简单句)? Well, I must stop and get some sleep(简单句). Please give my best regards to your parents(简单句). 三、 ACADD 6~10 BCBDC 11~15 ADBCC 16~20 ABADB 21~25 DDDCD 26~30 1~5 ADDBD 四、
  1. He doesn’t dare to tell the truth. 或 He dare not tell the truth.
  2. How long have they lived here?
  3. won’t there
  4. Be careful with your pronunciation.
  5. Did they go for a walk after supper yesterday evening?
  6. What an interesting story (it is)! 或 How interesting the 1
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story is!
  7. How often does this magazine come out?
  8. could they
  9. How brightly the moon is shining!
  10. Who is always encouraging us to speak English in class? 语法复习二:主谓一致 1~5 AAACA 6~10 CBDAD 11~15 ACABA 16~20 AABDB 21~25 ADCBC 26~30 BCAAA 31~35 ACAAB 36~40 CABBA 41~45 BCCCA 46~50 ADBBC 51~55 BACDA 56~60 BDAAB 语法复习三:名词性从句 一、
  1、表语从句;
  2、同位语从句;
  3、不是;
  4、主语从句;
  5、同位语从句;
  6、不是;
  7、表语从句;
  8、宾语从句;
  9、不是;
  10、宾语从句 二、 which;
  2. why;
  3. how;
  4. What;
  5. that;
  6. when, where;
  7. who(m);
  8. what;
  9. where;
  10.
  1. whether 三、1~5 DBABD 6~10 DBBCA 11~15 CABCC 16~20 BADAB 21~25 CDAAA 26~30 CCCDB 31~35 ABCDB 36~40 BDACD 41~45 BCDBB 46~50 ADBAC 51~55 CCBDA 56~60 ADABB 61~65 ACDBA 语法复习四:定语从句 一、
  1. The fan that you want is on the desk.
  2. The man who brought our textbooks here yesterday is in next room.
  3. The magazine which he has taken away is mine.
  4. The students who don’t study hard will not pass the exam.
  5. The woman you saw in the park is our geography teacher.
  6. The letter I received yesterday is from my sister.
  7. The play that we saw last night was wonderful.
  8. The train which was going to Nanning was late.
  9. The boy who was here a minute ago is my brother.
  10. The tree he is climbing is quite tall.
  11. Here is the girl whose brother works in this shop.
  12. That’s the child whose drawing we were looking at just now.
  13. This is the boy whose sister is a favous singer.
  14. I want to talk to the boy whose homework hasn’t been handed in.
  15. Is that the woman whose daughter is in my class?
  16. He used to live in a big house, in front of which grew many banana trees.
  17. They passed a factory, at the back of which there were rice fields.
  18. The soldier ran to the building, on the top of which flew a flag.
  19. In the evening they arrived at a hill, at the foot of which there was a temple.
  20. She came into a big room, in the middle of which stood a large table. 二、
  1. to whom;
  2. wiht which;
  3. with whom;
  4. about which;
  5. in which;
  6. of which 三、1~5 ABACD 6~10 CDCCA 11~15 CCADA 16~20 ACCAB 21~25 ABBDC 26~30 ADABD 31~35 BBDCA 36~40 CABCC 41~45 AADCD 46~50 BBDAB 51~56 BAABAD 2
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语法复习五:强调句、It 语法复习五:强调句、 的用法、省略和插入语 练习一、1~5 CBADB 6~10 ADADC 11~15 DBDBA 16~18 CBA 练习二、1~5 ACDBA 6~10 DCABD 11~15 CBCAB 练习三、1~5 CBADB 6~10 CADAD 11~15 DACBD 16~20 ACBDC 21~23 ACA 语法复习六:状语从句 一、
  1. Child as she is, she knows a lot of things. 让步
  2. The more I can do for the class, the happier I’ll be.比较
  3. He talks as if (as though) he knew all about it.方式
  4. He is such a good teacher that the students love and respect him.结果
  5.I shall go to the park unless it rains.条件
  6. No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.时间
  7. Where there is water, there is life.地点
  8. He studied hard so that he could catch up with his classmates.目的
  9. Since you are very busy, I won't trouble you.原因
  10. Even if (though) I fail, I’ll never lose heart.让步
  11. Once you begin the work, you must continue.时间
  12. I will find her wherever she may be. 让步
  13. Now that you've come, you'd better have dinner with us.原因
  14. He was so excited that he couldn't fall asleep.结果
  15. We must do everything as he tells us.方式
  16. India is much bigger than Japan.比较
  17. No matter when you come, you are warmly welcome.让步
  18. As (So) long as you work hard, you can catch up with the other classmates.条件 二、
  1. when;
  2. as soon as;
  3. as;
  4. though;
  5. Whwerever;
  6. because;
  7. Since;
  8. whenever;
  9. Since;
  10. because;
  11. so that;
  12. though;
  13. as;
  14. that;
  15. than;
  16. Even if;
  17. that;
  18. as 三、1~5 CADAC 6~10 ABCBA 11~15 DDCAB 16~20 DABAD 21~25 CABBA 26~30 BCCBD 31~35 BACDD 36~40 ADCDD 41~45 CCBAD 46~50 DBCBD 51~53 CDD 语法复习七:倒装句 语法复习七:倒装句 1~5 BDACA 6~10 CBBCC 11~15 BDDBA 16~20 BADBC 21~25 DCABC 26~30 ADABA 31~35 CBDAD 36~40 DBADD 41~45 CBCCB 46~49 CDAC
3
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语法复习八:动词时态和语态 练习一、1~5 CCBCB 6~10 ABCAB 11~15 CBADA 16~20 BBDCD 21~25 DBBCA 26~30 DBABD 31~35 BAAAD 36~40 CAAAB 41~45 ACCAC 46~50 ADBBB 51~52 BC 练习二、53~55 BAB 56~60 BDADC 61~65 DCDDB 66~70 ACCCA 71~75 DACAA 76~80 CABAB 81~85 CADCD 86~90 BBDBB 91~94 CCCC 语法复习九:动词词义辨析 1~5 DBBDA 6~10 CAABA 11~15 CBBAA 16~20 CDBDB 21~25 AADAC 26~30 AACAB 31~35 CDCBC 36~40 ADCBA 41~45 DBDAD 46~50 BDCAD 语法复习十:动词的语气??虚拟语气 语法复习十:动词的语气??虚拟语气 ?? 1~5 BADAB 6~10 CDABC 11~15 CCDDB 16~20 ADAAC 21~25 DCDAD 26~30 BDDAA 31~35 DABBD 36~40 DABDC 语法复习十一:助动词与情态动词 1~5 ABDDD 6~10 CBBBC 11~15 BACBC 16~20 ADAAC 21~25 ACBBB 26~30 ABBCC 31~35 DDBAB 36~40 ADBAA 语法复习十二:非谓语动词(一)??动词不定式 语法复习十二:非谓语动词(一)??动词不定式 ?? 1~5 DDACC 6~10 BCCAD 11~15 CABAA 16~20 BBAAB 26~30 DBAAC 31~35 DBBCD 36~38 BBC 21~25 ADBAA
语法复习十三:非谓语动词(二)??动词-ing 形式 语法复习十三:非谓语动词(二)??动词 ??动词 1~5 CDDAB 6~10 BAACB 11~15 BCADC 16~20 BCCDB 21~25 CDDAD 26~30 DAAAB 31~35 ABCBB 36~40 CADDD 语法复习十四:非谓语动词(三)??过去分词 语法复习十四:非谓语动词(三)??过去分词 ?? 1~5 BCBBD 6~10 CCBCB 11~15 CDCBC 16~20 ABAAC 21~25 ADABA 26~30 ADBAD 31~35 ACABC 36~40 AABDD 41~46 ABBBDB
4
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语法复习十五:形容词和副词
  1.C.原题中的 three sisters 这一信息词语暗示考生要用最高级的形式。clever 的最高级有 两种:the most clever,the cleverest
  2. mostly 是副词, C. 意思是: "主要地", 修饰整个句子。 most 时应为 most of the students; 用 用 almost 通常说 almost all+n.
  3.A.such 与 so 修饰名词时可这样使用。 so+形容词+a/an+可数名词的单数 so many/few 十可数名词复数 so much/little+不可数名词
  4.A.few 修饰可数名词的复数;much 修饰不可数名词。
  5.D.A、C 项是语法错误。as…as 之间不能用比较级形式。B 项也是语法错误,than 前 没有比较级,把 than 变成 as 就对了。实际上 not as…as=not more than.
  6.D.sound 是"听起来"的意思。它是系动词,其后接形容词做表语。类似的系动词还有 look seem taste smell fell.
  7.A.some 常用在肯定句中,而 any 常用在否定、疑问和条件句中。
  8.C.grain 是不可数名词。A 项是语法错误,as…as 之间用原级,B 项 few 不修饰 grain, D 项也如此。
  9.C.表示倍数的词与其他表示程度的副词修饰 as…as 结构时,应放在其前面。
  10.C.该题考查了考生是否掌握形容词比较级的两种形式,该句可理解为:The pianos in the other shop will be cheaper,but not as good as those in this shop.
  11.D.此处可理解为 the box is too heavy for you to carry.
  12.D.no longer 强调时间;no more 强调数量和次数。
  13.C.better 这一信息词可暗示考生用比较级形式,less 修饰不可数名词,fewer 修饰可 数名词的复数。
  14.C.what 与 how 修饰名词引起的感叹句: what+a/an+形容词十单数可数名词 what+形容词+可数名词复数 what +形容词+不可数名词 How+形容词+a/an+可数名词单数 注意 what 的用法与 sach 相似,how 与 so 相似。且 give s B. a surprise 是惯用法。
  15.A.用来修饰比较级的副词有:a little,a bit;even still;far,by far;a lot,a great deal; much,any(用于否定、疑问);rather.
  16. 用比较级表示最高级的意思, than+any other+单数名词(包括主语在内)或用 any+ A. 用 单数名词(比较范围不包括主语在内)。 因加拿大不属亚洲。 把 Asia 改为 North America, 如, 则 B 正确。
  17.A.taste 是系动词,后接形容词做表语。B 项 well 如果是形容词,表示"身体好"。但 Things are well with me.属于特殊情况。参看 6 题。
  18.C.参看 15 题。
  19.D.参看 14 题。
  20.B.where 引导表语从句,且 where 在表语从句中做地点状语。
  21.A.当 open 做宾补时,一般用它的形容词,不用它的现在分词。又如:with his eyes open/closed
  22.B.any 修饰比较级时,一般用于疑问句和否定句中。
  23. 表示两者中"最…"的意思, the+比较级。 D. 用 此句可理解 Canada is the larger of the two countries.
  24. no more 与 no longer 变成 not…any more 或 not…any longer 时 any more 和 any longer D. 5
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要置于句尾,可参看 12 题。 25 B.how often 表示频率,与题意不符。how long 句中的谓语动词应用延续性动词,是" 多久"的意思。D 项 rapid 是形容词不能修饰动词。How soon 的回答词用 in+时间,因此, 全句的意思是:"在多长时间之内(或以后)你能画完画?"且句中谓语是瞬间动词。
  26.D.可参看 14 题。weather 是不可数名词。
  27.D.此处可理解为 It's quicker to go by road than by train.
  28.D.参看 14 题。
  29. 原题中的 but 与 excellent 两个信息词可暗示考生, not as…as 相当于 not more than, A. 且 因此,该句的意思是:"她讲的不如朋友的好,但她的笔头好。"
  30.C.well 是形容词"身体好"的意思。这是 It's+adj+enoush to do sth 句型。该句意思是: "我身体已好,可以返回学校了。"
  31.B.形容词的比较级修饰可数名词的单数时,前面不要忘了加 a,泛指比较…的-个。 例如,This shirt is a little larger.Could you show me a smaller one?
  32.B.是 29 题的创新。该句的意思是:"如果不比 David 好的话,那么会跟 David 踢的 一样好。"if not better than 为插入语。
  33. 从 even when there's not much to say 这一信息句可知。 and then 相当于 some
 

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