6.动名词 动名词是非限定动词的一种形式,由动词原形+ing 构成。它既有动词的特征,又 有名词的特征,故称。动名词也有时态和语态的变化,如表所示(以及物动词 write 为例) ,不及物动词没有语态的变化。 时态/语态 主动 被动 一般式 writing being written 完成式 having written having been written
  6.1 动名词作主语、宾语和表语
  1)作主语。例如: Fighting broke out between the South and the North. 南方与北方开战了。
  2)作宾语 a. 有些动词可以用动名词作宾语。例如: admit 承认 appreciate 感激 avoid 避免 complete 完成 consider 认为 delay 耽误 deny 否认 detest 讨厌 endure 忍受 enjoy 喜欢 escape 逃脱 fancy 想象 finish 完成 imagine 想象 mind 介意 miss 想念 postpone 推迟 practice 训练 recall 回忆 resent 讨厌 resume 继续 resist 抵抗 risk 冒险 suggest 建议 face 面对 include 包括 stand 忍受 understand 理解 forgive 宽恕 keep 继续 例如:Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please? 你把收音机音量调 小一点,好吗 The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught. 这松鼠幸运得很, 刚逃避 了被逮住的厄运。 b. 有些结构后面可以用动名词作宾语或其他成分。例如: admit to prefer…to be used to lead to devote oneself to object to stick to no good no use be fond of look forward to be proud of be busy can\'t help be tired of be capable of be afraid of think of burst out keep on insist on count on set about put off be good at take up give up be successful in
  3)作表语,对主语说明、解释。例如: Her job is washing, cleaning and taking care of the children. 她的工作是洗刷、清扫 和照顾孩子。 比较:She is washing, cleaning and taking care of the children.
  4)作定语,一般表示所修饰名词事物的用途。例如: a writing desk=a desk for writing 写字台 a swimming pool=a pool swimming 游泳池 有些动名词作定语,与所修饰的名词关系比较复杂。例如: boiling point=a temperature point at which something begins to boil 沸点 a walking tractor=a tractor which a driver can operate while he or she is walking behind it 手扶拖拉机
  6.2 worth 的用法 worth, worthy, worthwhile 都是形容词,意为\"值得\"。
  1. worth: be worth + n. 当名词为金钱时,表示\"…… 值得……\" 常见的有 It ’s worth while to do./ It ’s worth(someone’s)while doing
be worth doing sth. \"……某事值得被做\" The question is not worth discussing again and again. 这问题不值得反复讨论。
  2. worthy:be worthy of +n. 当名词为抽象名词时表示\"……值得……\" be worthy to be done \"某事值得被做\" The question is not worthy to be discussed again and again.
  3. worthwhile:be worthwhile to do sth \"值得做某事\" It is worthwhile to ask him to join the club.值得邀请他加入俱乐部。 典型例题 It is not to discuss the question again and again. B. worthy C. worthwhile D. worth while A. worth 答案 C. 由 worth 的用法可知,此句只适合词组 be worthwhile to do sth.。选 C。
  6.3 动名词不定式、分词练习
  1.I was work last week, but I changed my mind. a. to start b. to have started c. to be starting d. to have been starting
  2.I intended the matter with you, but I had some guests hen. a. discuss b. discussing c. having discussed d. to have discussed
  3.Don’t let me catch you . a. do that again b. to do that again c. doing that again d. done that again
  4.There are many kinds of metals . a.each has its special properties b. one has its special properties b. each having its special properties d. having its special properties
  5.It’s pay-day, and they’re waiting . a. for paying b. to be paid c. to be paying d. to have paid
  6. trouble, I’m going to forget the whole affair. a. Then rather cause b. Rather causing c. Rather than cause d. Rather than caused
  7. The brilliance of his satires was make even his victims laugh. a. so as to b. such as to c. so that d. such that
  8.Children with parents whose guidance is firm, consistent, and rational are inclined high levels of self-confidence. a. possess b. have possessed c. to possess d. possessing
  9.The worker is in repairing the machine to notice my coming. a. too busy b. enough busy c. busy too d. busy enough
  10.“What did you do in the garden?” “I watched my father his motorbike.” a. to repair b. repaired c. repairing d. repairs
  11.We must have an engineer the workers build the house. a. to see b. see c. seeing d. seen
  12.Induction means a general conclusion from special facts. a. to come to b. to coming c. coming to d. came
  13.I’m not going to ask the teacher why he gave me that grade; I intend . a. to let rest the matter b. the matter to be let resting c. letting the matter to rest d. to let the matter rest

  14.I have tried worrying about it. a. to stop consciously b. to consciously stop c. to conscious stopping d. to stopping consciously
  15.“Do you want to give a talk on that subject?” “I prefer .” a. not want b. not wanting c. to not giving d. not to
  16.I the truth of your remarks, although they go against my interests. a. cannot but admit b. cannot help but to admit c. cannot but admitting d. cannot help but admitting
  17.Since she is angry, we . a. had better leaving her alone b. should leave her alone c. might as well leave her alone d. had rather leave her alone
  18.I don’t allow in my office and I don’t allow my family at all. a. to smoke…smoking b. smoking…to smoke c. to smoke…to smoke d. smoking…smoking
  19.You should remember from the point when you are writing a composition. a. don’t wander b. not to wander c. no wandering d. not wander
  20.Grace advised us to withdraw . a. so as to get not involved b. so as not to get involved c. so that to get not involved d. as not to get involved
  21.He ran all the way up to the station that the train had left fifteen minutes before. a. in order to find b. so as to find c. only to find d. such as to find
  22.George went hunting for a week but still he didn’t find a room . a. to live b. to live in c. for living d. to be living in
  23.You should really avoid at home alone as he is old and ill. a. your father stay b. your father to stay c. your father’s staying d. your father who stays
  24.John didn’t want to risk wet as he had only one suit. a. getting b. to get c. being got d. to be gotten
  25.I’m disappointed with the new officers elected in our club, but there is no point about it. a. to worry b. in worrying c. with us worrying d. if we worry
  26.It won’t be any use to borrow any more money. a. you to try b. of your trying c. trying you d. your trying
  27.The law requires all cars for safety and efficiency. a. being tested regularly b. to be regularly tested c. be regularly tested d. regularly tested
  28.I remember to the zoo by my father when I was little. a. being taken b. taking c. have been taken d. to have taken
  29.I completely forgot the front door last night and feel fortunate that nothing is stolen. a. locking b. being locked c. to lock d. to have locked
  30.I regret you that your application has been refused.
a. informing b. being informed c. to be informed d. to inform
  31.I didn’t mean anything, but these apples looked so good I couldn’t resist one. a. to eat…trying b. to eat…o trying c. eating…to try d. eating…to trying
  32.I know it isn’t important but I can’t help about it. a. but to think b. thinking c. think d. to think
  33.The ship, to a shapeless wreck, was hardly recognizable. a. being reduced b. reducing c. reduced d. having been reducing
  34.The young doctor could not sleep at night, his thoughts him no peace. a. gave b. giving c. being given d. to give
  35.After a long walk on a hot day, one feels . a. exhaustive b. exhausting c. exhaust d. exhausted
  36.Those relatives of his are . I don’t want to have any dealings with them. a. boring people b. bored people c. people having bored d. people having boring
  37.You must follow the directions exactly and if you become , you must take the time to go back again and reread them. a. to confuse b. confusing c. confuse d. confused
  38.There is something wrong with my TV set, I must have it . a. checking b. check c. to check d. checked
  39.He was just about to jump up when he felt something near his feet. a. to move b. move c. moving d. moved
  40. with the corresponding period of last year, the output of chemical fibers in the first quarter rose by 15%. a. Comparing b. To compare c. Compared d. Compare
  41.“Was the rally successful?’ “No, because the number of was smaller than we had expected.” a. people who attend b. attended people c. people attending d. attendance of people
  42.Uncle Dick has already arrive. Do you expect to see him? a. Going b. go c. to go d. that you go
  43.From the electric refrigerator Dick takes a carton of cream, another of fresh milk and a can of orange juice. a.frozen b. froze c. freezing d. freezed
  44.He felt bad for a chance to study abroad. a. having not given b. not having given c. having not been given d. not having been given
  45.In some countries there are already a number of firms computer programming. a. specialize in b. specialized in c. specializing in d. specializes in
  46.The young man who saw the car into the river telephoned the police station. a. plunge b. plunged c. was plunging d. to plunge
  47.While she was shopping, she kept the list to make sure she hadn’t
forgotten anything. a. checked b. checking c. to check d. check
  48.You’d better . a. to have your shoes mended b. to have mended your shoes c. have your shoes mended d. having your shoes mended
  49.The machines are made at full speed. a. work b. working c. to work d. to be worked
  50.It is certain that men will never stop new energy sources to power their growing industry. a. finding b. to find c. having found d. found
  51.It is really quite extraordinary that we should have been at the same college without before. a. met b. being met c. having met d. having been met
  52.Professor Smith is said another important discovery in chemistry. a. having made b. having been made c. to have made d. to make
  53.Without the sun’s light the earth’s surface, it would be so cold that life could not exist on the earth. a. warms b. warmed c. warming d. to warm
  54.The rocket will weigh about 200 tons when . a. being completed b. completed completing d. have been completed
  55.There are plans a number of atomic power station in this regions. a. to build b. to be built c. building d. being built
  56.All of us are looking forward to a trip to the Ming Tombs. a. make b. making c. to making d. have made
  57.I can’t understand a decision until it is too late. a. him to postpone to make b. his postponing to make c. him to postponing making d. his postponing making
  58.I would like that I don’t have a very high opinion of you. a. to have you know b. have you know c. to have your known d. having you know
  59.I had intended him while he was living at Aberdeen. a. visiting b. visit c. to have visited d. having visited
  60.Do you consider better ? a. not doing it again b. not do it again c. not having done it again d. not to do it again
  61.The famous scientist was easy along with. a. to get b. for getting c. getting d. got
  62.The students will have more discussions like this in the weeks . a. coming b. to come c. come d. to be coming
  63.He felt lonely at first, but after a time he got alone and even got it. a. used to living…to like b. used to live… to like c. using to live…liking d. to be used to living…liking
  64.Our master raised his voice so that the could make himself by the pupils in the back of the hall.
a. hear b. heard c. hearing d. to be heard
  65.When he awoke, he found himself in the hospital and by an old woman. a. lying…being looked after b. lying…be looking after c. lie…be looked after d. lie…being looked after
  66. from the hill-top the lake scenery is beyond description. a. To see b. Seeing c. Seen d. Having seen
  67. in the strange forest, the poor girls fell to . a. Lost…crying b. Lost…cry c. To lost…cry d. Having been lost…crying
  68.They’ll have you if you don’t pay your taxes. a. to be arrested b. arrest c. arrested d. being arrested
  69.All flights because of the storm, they decided to take the train. a. having cancelled b. were cancelled c. have been cancelled d. having been cancelled
  70.Although it was very late when John began doing the job, he managed with his friend’s assistance, before the building was locked. a. to be finished b. being finished c. finishing d. to finish
  71.Despite the earnest efforts of various private groups as well as government agencies, many of the problems have not yet been solved, and much remains to . a. have been done b. be done c. have done d. do
  72. that bad weather was on the way, the climbers de
 

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