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一. 概念 动名词由动词原形+ING 构成,是一种非谓语动词形式 相关知识点精讲: 二. 相关知识点精讲: 作主语。例如:
  1.作主语 Fighting broke out between the South and the North. 南方与北方开战了。
  2.作宾语 a. 有些动词可以用动名词作宾语。例如: admit 承认 appreciate 感 avoid 避免 complete 完成 consider 认 delay 耽误 激 为 deny 否认 detest 讨厌 endure 忍受 enjoy 喜欢 escape 逃脱 fancy 想象 finish 完成 imagine 想象 mind 介意 miss 想念 postpone 推 practice 训 迟 练 resume 继续 resist 抵抗 risk 冒险 suggest 建 recall 回忆 resent 讨厌 议 face 面对 include 包括 stand 忍受 understand 理解 forgive 宽 keep 继续 恕 例如:Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please? 你把收音机音量调小一点,好吗 The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught. 这松鼠幸运得很,刚逃避了被逮住的厄运。 b. 有些结构后面可以用动名词作宾语或其他成分。例如: admit to prefer…to be used to lead to devote object to oneself to stick to no good no use be fond of look forward be proud of to stick to no good no use be fond of look forward be proud of to be busy can't help be tired of be capable be afraid of think of of burst out keep on insist on count on set about put off be good at take up give up be successful in 作表语,对主语说明、解释。例如:
  3.作表语 Her job is washing, cleaning and taking care of the children. 她的工作是洗刷、清扫和照顾孩子。 比较:She is washing, cleaning and taking care of the children. 作定语,一般表示所修饰名词事物的用途。例如:
  4.作定语 a writing desk=a desk for writing 写字台 a swimming pool=a pool swimming 游泳池 有些动名词作定语,与所修饰的名词关系比较复杂。例如: boiling point=a temperature point at which something begins to boil 沸点 a walking tractor=a tractor which a driver can operate while he or she is walking behind it 手扶拖 拉机 三.巩固练习
  1. I was work last week, but I changed my mind. a. to start b. to have started c. to be starting d. to have been starting
  2. I intended the matter with you, but I had some guests hen. a. discuss b. discussing c. having discussed d. to have discussed
  3. Don’t let me catch you .
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a. do that again b. to do that again c. doing that again d. done that again
  4. There are many kinds of metals . a. each has its special properties b. one has its special properties c.each having its special properties d. having its special properties
  5. It’s pay-day, and they’re waiting . a. for paying b. to be paid c. to be paying d. to have paid
  6. trouble, I’m going to forget the whole affair. a. Then rather cause b. Rather causing c. Rather than cause d. Rather than caused
  7. The brilliance of his satires was make even his victims laugh. a. so as to b. such as to c. so that d. such that
  8. Children with parents whose guidance is firm, consistent, and rational are inclined high levels of self-confidence. a. possess b. have possessed c. to possess d. possessing
  9. The worker is in repairing the machine to notice my coming. a. too busy b. enough busy c. busy too d. busy enough
  10. “What did you do in the garden?” “I watched my father his motorbike.” a. to repair b. repaired c. repairing d. repairs 四.答案 BDCCBCBCAC
选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库
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一.概念: 概念: 分词分为现在分词和过去分词两种,是一种非谓语动词形式 相关知识点精讲: 二.相关知识点精讲:
  1.现在分词的用法 现在分词的用法:
  1.现在分词的用法:
  1) 做表语: He was very amusing. That book was rather boring. 很多动词的现在分词都可以作表语: exciting, interesting, encouraging, disappointing, confusing, touching, puzzling.
  2) 作定语: 上面所出现的现在分词都可以用作定语, 修饰一个名词: That must have been a terrifying experience. I found him a charming person. 现在分词短语还可以放在名词的后面修饰名词, 相当于一个定语从句: There are a few boys swimming in the river.
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There is a car waiting outside.
  3) 作状语: 现在分词短语可以表示一个同时发生的次要的或伴随的动作: Following Tom, we started to climb the mountain. Opening the drawer, he took out a box. Taking a key out of his pocket, he opened the door. 现在分词短语还可以表示原因, 相当于一个原因状语从句: Not knowing her address, we couldn’t get in touch with her. Being unemployed, he hasn’t got much money. 现在分词短语还可以表示时间, 相当于一个时间状语从句: Hearing the news, they all jumped with joy. Returning home, he began to do his homework. Jim hurt his arm while playing tennis. Be careful when crossing the road. Having found a hotel, we looked for somewhere to have dinner. Having finished her work, she went home.
  4)作宾补: 现在分词在一些动词之后可以做宾语的补语: 例如, see, hear, catch, find, keep , have 等. I see him passing my house every day. I caught him stealing things in that shop. I smelt something burning. She kept him working all day.
  2.过去分词的用法 过去分词的用法:
  2.过去分词的用法:
  1) 作表语: We were so bored that we couldn’t help yawning. She felt confused, and even frightened. They were very pleased with the girl. I’m satisfied with your answer. He is not interested in research.
  2) 作定语: She has a pleased look on her face. The teacher gave us a satisfied smile. cooked food a written report fried eggs boiled water frozen food armed forces required courses fallen leaves finished products a forced smile the risen sun new arrived visitors What’s the language spoken in that country? They’re problem left over by history. The play put on by the teachers was a big success. Is there anybody injured? Do you know the number of books ordered?
  3)作状语: Seen from the hill, the city looks magnificent.
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Given good health, I hope to finish the work this year. They came in, followed by some children. Depressed, he went to see his elder sister. When treated with kindness, he was very amiable.
  4)作宾补: 过去分词也同样可以作宾语的补语, 接在某些动词后面 I will have the clothes washed tomorrow. When they get back home, they found the room robbed. 三.巩固练习
  1. with the best students, I still have a long way to go. A. Having compared B. To compare C. Compared D. Compare ( )
  2. The music of the film by him sounds so . A. playing, exciting B. played, excited C. playing, excited D. played, exciting ( )
  3. against the coming hurricane, they dared not leave home. A. Warned B. Having warned C. To warn D. Warn ( )
  4. In countries, you can’t always make yourself by speaking English. A. English-speaking, understand B. English-spoken, understand C. English-speaking, understood D. English-speaking, understood ( )
  5. After the old man, the doctor suggested that he a bad cold. A. examining, should catch B. examined, had caught C. examining, had caught D. examined, catch ( )
  6. , Tom jumped into the river and had a good time in it. A. Be a good swimmer B. Being a good swimmer C. Having been good swimmer D. To be a good swimmer ( )
  7. how to read the new words, I often look them up in the dictionary. A. Having not known B. Not to know C. Don’t know D. Not knowing ( )
  8. As his parent, you shouldn’t have your child such a book. A. read B. to read C. reading D. be reading ( )
  9. He returned from abroad that his mother had been badly ill. A. heard B. having been heard C. having phoned D. having been phoned 答案: 四.答案:
  1. C
  2. D
  3. A
  4. C
  5. C
  6. B
  7. D
  8. C
  9. D
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选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库
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选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库
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选校网(www.xuanxiao.com)是为高三同学和家长提 供高考选校信息的一个网站。国内目前有 2000 多 所高校,高考过后留给考生和家长选校的时间紧、高校多、专业数量更是庞大,高考选校信息纷繁、复 杂, 高三 同学在面对高考选校时会不知所措。 选校网就是为考生整理高考信息, 这里有 1517 专业介绍, 近 2000 所高校简介、图片、视频信息。选校网,力致成为您最 强有力的选校工具! 产品介绍:
  1.大学搜索(http://gaoxiao.xuanxiao.com ):介绍近 2000 所高校最详细的大学信息,包括招生简 章,以及考生最需要的学校招生办公室联系方式及学校地址等.
  2.大学专业(http://zhuanye.xuanxiao.com/ ):这里包含了中国 1517 个专业介绍,考生查询专业一 目了然,同时包含了专业就业信息,给考生报考以就业参考。
  3.图片搜索(http://image.xuanxiao.com ):这里有 11 万张全国高校清晰图片,考生查询学校环境、 校园风景可以一览无余。4 视频搜索:视频搜索包含了 6162 个视频信息,大学视频、城市视频、访谈视 频都会在考生选校时给考生很大帮助。
  5.问答:对于高考选校信息或者院校还有其他疑问将自己的问题写在这里,你会得到详尽解答。6 新闻: 高考新闻、大学新闻、报考信息等栏目都是为考生和家长量身定做,和同类新闻网站相比更有针对性。
  7.千校榜(http://bang.xuanxiao.com ):把高校分成各类,让考生选校时根据类别加以区分,根据排 名选择自己喜欢的高校。8 选校课堂:这里全部的信息都是以考生选校、选校技巧、经验为核心,让专 家为您解答高考选校的经验和技巧。
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  11.选校社区(http://www.xuanxiao.com ):注册您真是的信息,在这里可以和大家分享您所在城市的 到校信息,读到好的选校文章也可以拿到这里,让大家共同品尝,您还可以加入到不同的大学、专业、 城市群组,和大家一起讨论这些话题分享信息。 选校网,为你整合众多高考选校信息,只为考生、家长能够从中受益。让我们共同为考生的未来,努力! 我们在不断完善,以更加符合家长和同学们的需求。 陆续我们将推出城市印象频道,让大家了解学校所在城市的详细情况;预报名系统(yubaoming.com), 为您更加准确地根据高考分数填报
 

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