B. when C. before D. as
  2. (04福建 Scientists say it may be five or six years 福建) 福建 it is possible to test this medicine on C human patients. A. since B. after C. before D. when
  3. (06四川 -Why didn't you tell him about the 四川)- 四川 meeting? A -He rushed out of the roomI could say a word. A. before B. until C. when D. after
  4. (05北京春 It is almost five years we saw 北京春) 北京春 B each other last time. A. before B. since C. after D. because
  1. We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land. "……才"
  2. We hadn't run a mile before he felt tired. "不到……就"
  3. Please write it down before you forget it. "趁……" "还没来得及"
  4.Before I could get in a word, he had measured me. 二.Before从句中谓语不用否定式.如: Before they reached the station, the train had gone. 三.
  1)句型It will be/was+段时间+before…"还要过多久才……" 如:It will be two years before he leaves the country.
  2)句型It will be/was not+一段时间+before…"不多久就……" 如: It wasn't two years before he left the country.
  3)句型It is+段时间+since…时间的计算一律从since从句的 动作完成或状态结束时算起.如: It is three years since she was in
the army. It is three years since she joined the army.
2,条件状语从句 ,
问题1: 问题 :1,The WTO cannot live up to its name it does not include C A.as long as B.while C.if D.even though a country that is home to one fifth of mankind. (2000全国)
2, It is known to all that you exercise regularly, you A won't keep good health. (05重庆卷) B. whenever A. unless C. although D. if
unless 相当于 if not,意思是"除非…""如果不…就…".这 也是高考的热点之一.复习时也应给予高度重视.
问题2: 问题 :1, I can see, there is only one possible way to keep , B away from the danger. (04北京春季) 北京春季) 北京春季 A. As long as B. As far as C. Just as D. Even if 2,I always take something to read when I go to the , doctor's I have to wait. (05全国卷 ) 全国卷
  3) 全国卷 A A.in case . B.so that . C.in order .
D.as if .
as long as 与 as far as 都可引导条件状语从句,as long as 表示"只要…",as far as 表示"就…而论(而言)". 题1根据题意应该选用B.in case 表示"以防",根据题 2的句意,不难作出选择.
3,让步状语从句 ,
问题1: 问题 :1, I accept that he is not perfect, I do actually like the A person. (04江苏) A. While B. Since C. Before D. Unless 2,Allow children the space to voice their opinions, they B are different from your own. (05湖南卷) (05 A. until B. even if C. unless D. as though
while 是高考中的高频词,它既可引导时间状语从句,又可 引导并列句,还可引导让步状语从句,表示"尽管". even if 等于 even though,表示"即使,尽管".as though 等于 as if,引导方式状语从句,表示"好像,似 乎".
问题2: 问题 :1, He tried his best to solve the problem, difficult it was. A (05天津卷) A. however B. no matter C. whatever D although 2,The old tower must be saved, the cost. (05浙江) B A.however B.whatever C.whichever D.wherever no matter wh- 与 wh-ever 的联系及区别: 的联系及区别: no matter wh- 只引导让步状语从句,此时与 wh-ever通用. 如: No matter when / Whenever he comes back, he should be invited to the party. wh-ever又可引导名词性从句, No matter wh-不能.如: Whatever I can do for you will be nothing but paying a debt. Whoever can help us will be welcome.

  4. 状语从句的时态问题
问题1: 问题 :1,The house could fall down soon if no one some C quick repair work. (04全国IV) A has done B is doing C does D had done 2,It is almost five years we saw each other last time. B (05北京春季) A. before B. since C. af【mbook.net.cn】ter D. when
在条件,时间和让步从句中,用一般现在时表示一般将 来时,用现在完成时表将来完成时,用一般过去时表过去将 来时.在 since 引导的时间状语从句中,动词一般都用一般 过去时,而主句常用现在完成时.
5,状语从句的倒装问题 ,
问题1: 问题 :1,So difficult it to live in an English-speaking country D that I determined to learn English. (01 上海) A. I have felt B. have I felt C. I did feel D. did I feel 2,Not until all the fish died in the river how serious the pollution was. (95 NMET)
A. did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized C. the villagers did realize D. didn't the villagers realize
状语从句的倒装一般有下面几种情况:① 否定词开头; ② so 加 adj. 开头;③ as / though引导的让步状语从句.
特别注意: 特别注意:Hardly … when … No sooner … than … Child as he is, … Hardly had he got to the station when the train left. No sooner had he got to the station than the train left. Child as he is, he can speak seven foreign languages.
6,状语从句与并列句的区别 ,
问题1: 问题 :1,Though he is in his sixties, he works as hard as a A young man A. yet B. but C. and D. and yet 2, Excuse me for breaking in, I have some news C for you. (NMET
  02) A. so B. and C. but D. yet
题1是主从复合句,所以中间不能使用并列连词 and; or; but; so 等.yet 是副词,只有 yet 可以与 though 连用.题2为 并列句,而"Excuse …, but …"为一固定搭配.在复习中需 要 细心的分析句子结构和成分.
对比训练 1 A
  1. he heard this, he got very angry. B
  2. I met Lucy I was walking along the river. C
  3. a child, he lived in the countryside. A. when B. while C. as
对比训练 2 A
  1. We were about to leave it began to rain.
  2. She thought I was talking about her son, B , in fact, I was talking about my son.
  3. Hardly had I finished my composition A the bell rang. A. when B. while C. as D. during
对比训练 3 B
  1. Child she is, she know a lot. B
  2. He did the experient he was told.
  3. The pianos in the other shop will be E cheaper, but not good. A. during B. as E. both B and C C. so D. though
对比训练 4
  1. He would have a look at the bookstores A he went to town. C
  2. We decide to finish the work on time, happens.
  3. If we work with a strong will, we overcome D any difficulty, great it is. B
  4. I'll give the book to likes English. A. whenever B. whoever C. whatever
D. however
对比训练 5 C
  1. It will be years we meet again. D
  2. It is ten years I came to this town. B
  3. It is ten years ago I came to this town. A. when B. that C. before D. since
对比训练 6 D
  1. it rains, the game will be played on time. B
  2. I was twenty, I had never been away from my hometown. A
  3. he were there, he couldn't help us. A. Even if B. Untill C. Till D. Unless
对比训练 7 B
  1.Go and get your coat. It is you left it. C
  2. You are free to go you like. A. there C. wherever B. where D. when
对比训练 8
  1. The article is written in such easy EnglishA A all of us can read it.

  2. The article is written in such easy English C all of us can read. A. that B. which C. as D. so that
对比训练 9
  1. If we work hard, we can overcome any B difficulty, no matter great it is.
  2. If we work hard, we can overcome any C difficulty, great it is.
  3. If we work hard, we can overcome any D difficulty, difficulty it is.
  4. If we work hard, we can overcome any difficulty, no matter difficulty it is. A A. what B. how C. however D. whatever
非谓语动词功能比较 to do的复合结构 do的复合结构 form的复合结构 -ing form的复合结构 非谓语动词的否定式 -ing form 与 pp 的区别 by liu xiaoyu
主动语态 一般式 进行式 完成式to do to be doing
被动语态to be done
to have done to have been done
不定式与谓语同时发生 不定式比谓语先发生
进行式 完成式

  1.He is too young to have seen the old society.
  2.The book is said to have been translated into Russian.
  3.Come, I am supposed to be calling you to lunch.
  4.You are too young to be meeting young man.
ing-form 的基本形式
主动语态 一般式 doing
被动语态 being done having been done
完成式 having done
ing-form与/比谓语的动作同时,先发生,后发生 与 比谓语的动作同时 先发生, 比谓语的动作同时, 一般式 ing-form比谓语的动作先发生 完成式(强调先后关系) 比谓语的动作先发生 完成式(强调先后关系)

  1.Going down town I met a friend. 同时
  2.Martin insisted on going to work in spite of his illness. 后
  3.I shall never forget seeing the Great Wall for the first time. 先

  4.Allan repented having shot the bird. 先
  5.Having noted down her name,the man went away. 先
主 语 to do -ing form pp
表 语
宾 语
定 语
补 语
状 语
主语,表语, 主语,表语,宾语
  1. to do 表示具体的动作,-ing form表示泛指的动作.
like skating,but I don't like to skate today. Playing with fire is dangerous. Look out!To play with fire is dangerous.
  2."there is no +主语"句型中,多用-ing form. is no joking about such matters.
  1.从时态上看,-ing form表示正在进行的动作 pp表示已经完成的动作,to do表示将来的动作.
attends the meeting being held in the room now. He attended the meeting held yesterday. He will attend the meeting to be held tomorrow.

  2.表示被修饰词的内容时, 用to do. has a strong wish to go to college.
补语-ing form与宾语为主动关系,强调动作正在进行; pp与宾语为被动关系,强调动作已经完成; to do只单纯表示一个事实,强调动作的全过程.
eg. I found him cooking supper. I found supper cooked when I got home. It is true ? I saw Henry cook supper.
作状语时的区别: 作状语时的区别:-ing form,pp表示时间,原因,条件,方式,伴随情况等等 表示时间, 表示时间 原因,条件,方式,伴随情况等等, to do表示 目的 表示
  1.目的 表示 目的;
  2.结果 表示出人预料的情况或结果.常用only强调. 结果?表示出人预料的情况或结果.常用 强调. 结果 表示出人预料的情况或结果 强调
  3.原因 表示造成情感变化的原因. 原因?表示造成情感变化的原因 原因 表示造成情感变化的原因.
worked hard to pay for the necklace. 目的 I went to see him only to find him out. 结果 I am glad to see you.原因
Not + to do / -ing formHe decided not to do it. She wished never to see him again. I fancy it has done you a lot of good not going. Not seeing John,I asked where he was. Not having done it right, I tried again.
-ing form 与 pp 的区别form表示主动 正在进行,pp表示被动, 表示主动, ,pp表示被动 -ing form表示主动,正在进行,pp表示被动,已经完成 作表语时或定语时, 表示" 作表语时或定语时,-ing form表示"令人" ,pp表 表示 令人" 表 感到" 常见的有下列感官动词: 示"感到",常见的有下列感官动词: move ,surprise,astonish,delight,comfort,disappoint, puzzle,frighten 作宾补时, 作宾补时,比较对象为宾语 作定语时, 作定语时,比较对象为被修饰词 作状语时, 作状语时,比较对象为句中主语

  1.The story was ,we were all . A.moving,moving B.moved,moved C.moving,moved D.moved,moving

  2.There is a expression on his the problem is too difficult for him. A.puzzled B.puzzling C.puzzle D.to puzzle
  3.With his son too, the father was sad. A.disappointed B.disappointing
  4.She let out a voice and we ran to her hurriedly. A.frightened B.frightening

  1.I could feel the
wind on my face from an open window. A.to blow B.blowing C.blown D.to be blowing
  2.We'll meet , as a famous scientist. A.knowing B.
to be known C.known D.being known
  3. more time, we could do it better. A.Giving B.To give C.Given D.To be given
  4.A young man __ novels came to us yesterday. A.to write B.writing C.written D.wrote
  5.All the things,his proposal is of greater value than yours. A.considered B.considering C.consider D.to consider
  6.__Sunday, the students are at home. A.Being B.To be C.It is D.It being
to do的复合结构 do的复合结构

  1.for sb. to do sth.
  2.of sb. to do sth.
→ do sth. 常见的形容词有:good=nice/bad, kind/cruel=rude, clever=wise/stupid=silly, right /wrong,sensible
form的复合结构 ing form的复合结构?主语
  1.形容词性物主代词/名词所有格+ing form →表语
  2.代词宾格/名词+ing form →宾语 ?宾语
说出To do动作的执行者时,须用复合结构
  1.To do the job is impossible. =It is impossible to do the job. ?For a child to do the job is…
  2.It is necessary to study a foreign language. ?It is necessary for students to study a…
  3.To do such a thing is stupid. =It is stupid to do such a thing. ?It is stupid of you to do such a thing. ?You are stupid to do such a thing.
  4.It is wrong to tell a lie. ?It is wrong of him to tell a lie. ?He is wrong to tell a lie.
说出- form动作的执行者时 动作的执行者时, 说出-ing form动作的执行者时,须用复合结构
  1.Do you mind opening the door? →Do you mind me/my opening …
  2.Going there saved us a good deal of trouble. →Tom's going there saved us a good …
  3.Being late again made the teacher angry. →His being late again made…

  1.Crossing the street,he was knocked down by a bus. 时间
  2.Being sick I stayed at home. 原因
  3.Seen in the light, it is not as serious as people suppose.条件
  4.Knowing all



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