2009 年高考英语试题分类解析 完形填空
北京卷) 一,(2009 北京卷) ,( 第二节 完形填空 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项. James's New Bicycle James shook his money box again. Nothing! He carefully __36__ the coins that lay on the bed. $
  24.52 was all that he had. The bicycle he wanted was at least $90! __37__ on earth was he going to get the __38__ of the money? He knew that his friends all had bicycles. It was __39__ to hang around with people when you were the only one without wheels. He thought about what he could do. There was no __40__ asking his parents, for he knew they had no money to __41__. There was only one way to get money, and that was to __42__ it. He would have to find a job. __43__ who would hire him and what could he do? He decided to ask Mr. Clay for advice, who usually had __44__ on most things. "Well, you can start right here," said Mr. Clay. "My windows need cleaning and my car needs washing." That was the __45__ of James's odd-job 零工) business. For three months he worked every ( day after finishing his homework. He was amazed by the __46__ of jobs that people found for him to do. He took dogs and babies for walks, cleared out cupboards, and mended books. He lost count of the __47__ of cars he washed and windows he cleaned, but the __48__ increased and he knew that he would soon have __49__ for the bicycle he longed for. The day __50__ came when James counted his money and found $
  94.
  32. He __51__ no time and went down to the shop to pick up the bicycle he wanted. He rode __52__ home, looking forward to showing his new bicycle to his friends. It had been hard __53__ for the money, but James knew that he valued his bicycle far more __54__ he had bought it with his own money. He had __55__what he thought was impossible, and that was worth even more than the bicycle.
  36. A. cleaned 【答案】C. 答案】 【解析】为了买自行车,作者在数自己的钱.count 数符合题意. 解析】 B. covered C. counted D. checked

  37. A. How 【答案】A. 答案】
B. Why
C. Who
D. What
【解析】表示方式,他到底怎么样才能得到购买自行车的其余的钱呢? 解析】
  38. A. amount 【答案】D. 答案】 【解析】作者已经有了
  24.52 美元,在这里用 rest 指购买自行车的其余的钱. 解析】
  39. A. brave 【答案】B. 答案】 【解析】作者的朋友都有自行车,这样的话他和他们一起出去的话就会觉得很难. 解析】
  40. A. point B. reason 【答案】A. 答案】 【解析】句型:there be no point in doing sth,做什么是没有意义的. 解析】
  41. A. split 【答案】C. 答案】 【解析】作者知道自己的父母抽不出任何钱让他去买自行车.spare sb. sth,给某人抽出 解析】 某种东西,该物多为时间或金钱.
  42. A. borrow B. earn 【答案】B. 答案】 【解析】作者认识到实现自己梦想的唯一方式是自己挣钱.earn 挣钱;collect 收集,筹 解析】 集;raise 筹集.所以正确答案为 B.
  43. A. Or B. So C. For D. But C. raise D. collect B. spend C. spare D. save C. result D. right B. hard C. smart D. unfair B. part C. sum D. rest
【答案】D. 答案】 【解析】上下文是转折关系,虽然他知道要自己挣钱,但是谁会雇佣他呢? 解析】
  44. A. decisions B. experience 【答案】C. 答案】 【解析】Mr. Clay 对大多数事情都有自己的见解.opinions 见解. 解析】
  45. A. beginning B. introduction 【答案】A. 答案】 【解析】那是 James 零工的开始,beginning 开始. 解析】
  46. A. similarity B. quality C. suitability D. variety C. requirement D. opening C. opinions D. knowledge
【答案】D. 答案】 【解析】为了凑够买自行车的钱,他做了各种各样的零工.variety 种类,符合题意. 解析】
  47. A. brand 【答案】B. 答案】 【解析】为了购买自行车,他为别人刷了很多车,他自己都已经记不清刷过的车的数 解析】 量了.
  48. A. effort 【答案】C. 答案】 【解析】随着自己做零工的增加,钱也越来越多,C 项符合题意. 解析】
  49. A. all B. enough C. much D. some B. pressure C. money D. trouble B. number C. size D. type
【答案】B. 答案】 【解析】他知道自己不久就会有足够多的钱去买自己梦想中的自行车了. 解析】
  50. A. finally B. instantly C. normally D. regularly 【答案】A. 答案】 【解析】能够买起自行车的那一天终于到来了,finally 终于符合句意. 解析】
  51. A. gave 【答案】D. 答案】 【解析】当他数过自己的钱后,他立刻去买自行车了,没有浪费一分钟的时间. 解析】
  52. A. patiently B. proudly 【答案】B. 答案】 【解析】经过自己的努力,他终于实现了自己的愿望,所以当然是自豪地 proudly. 解析】
  53. A. applying 【答案】D. 答案】 【解析】为挣钱而工作当然是辛苦的, 解析】
  54. A. since B. if 【答案】A. 答案】 【解析】该句话的意思是:James 知道他的自行车意义重大,因为他是用自己的钱购买 解析】 的.
  55. A. deserved B. benefited 【答案】C. 答案】 C. achieved D. learned C. than D. though B. asking C. looking D. working C. silently D. tiredly B. left C. took D. wasted
【解析】他通过自己的努力实现了自己的梦想.achieve 实现,符合句意.
福建卷) 二,(2009 福建卷) ,( 完形填空( 小题: 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题:每小题
  1. 5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. Children find meanings in their old family tales. When Stephen Guyer's three children were growing up, he told them stories about bow his grandfather, a banker, one of the darkest times 36 37 all in the 1930s, but did not lose sight of what he valued most. In his strong-minded grandfather was nearly 39 38 , he loaded
his family into the car and 40
them to see family members in Canada with a
,"there are more important thins in life than money. " The 41 took on a new meaning recently when Mr. Guyer downsized to a 42
house from a more expensive and comfortable one. He was 43 15, and twins, 22, would be upset. To his surprise, they weren't echoed (共鸣) their great-grandfather's. What they the house and how 46 45
that his children ,a daughter, 44 , their reaction
was how warm the people were in
of their heart was accessible. 47
Many parents are finding family stories have surprising power to help children hard times. Storytelling expects say the phenomenon reflects a growing evidenced by a rise in a storytelling events and festivals. A university Ks50 49 48
in telling tales,
of 65 families with children aged from 14 to 16 found kids' ability to
parents' stories was linked to a lower rate of anger and anxiety. is telling the stories in a way children can 53 52 . We're not talking here
The 51
about the kind of story that
, "When I was a kid, I walked to school every day uphill ,
both ways, barefoot in the snow. " Instead, we should choose a story suited to the child's 54 and make eye contact (接触) to create "a personal experience",. We don't have to tell children 55 they should take from the story and what the moral is . " B. lost B. while B. worthless C. forgot C. how C. penniless D. ignored D. why D. homeless

  36. A. missed
  37. A. when
  38. A. friendless

  39. A fetched
  40. A. hope
  41. A. tale
  42. A. large
  43. A. surprised
  44. A. Therefore
  45. A. talked about
  46. A. much
  47. A. beyond
  48. A. argument
  49. A. study
  50. A. provide
  51. A. trouble
  52. A. perform
  53. A. means
  54. A. needs
  55. A. that 【解析】文章大意 解析】
B. allowed B. promise B. agreement B. small B. annoyed B. Besides B. cared about B. many B. over B. skill B. design B. retell B. gift B. write B. ends B. activities B. what
C. expected C. suggestion C. arrangement C. new C. disappointed C. Instead C. wrote about C. little C. behind C. interest C. committee C. support C. fact C. hear C. begins C. judgments C. which
D. took D. belief D. report D. grand D. worried D. Otherwise D. heard about D. few D. through D. anxiety D. staff D. refuse D. trick D. question D. proves D. habits D. whom
文章通过 Stephen Guyer 给他的三个孩子讲述他们祖父艰苦创业的故事而未引起孩子们 的共鸣的例子说明了一个观点: 在给孩子们讲故事时, 要采用眼神的交流和孩子们易于接受 的形式,不要只是一味的讲道理.
  36. B 根据后一分句中的动词 lose 可知此处选 B.
  37. A 引导定语从句,先行词是 times,指时间,也可指物,关系词做从句的状语,用 when,选 A.
  38. C 根据本句中的 darkest times 可知此处选 C.
  39. D 由本句中的 he loaded his family into the car 可以推断出此处选 D.
  40. D 根据后文的直接引语可以推断出所填词意思是:信念,选 D.
  41. A 由文章首句可知此处选 A.
  42. B 根据 downsize 可知此处选 B.
  43. D 句子意思是:他担心他 15 岁的女儿和 22 岁的双胞胎儿子会沮丧.选 D.

  44. C 此处用副词,表转折,意思是:而是,选 C.
  45. B talk about:谈论,讨论;care about:注意,关心;对……感兴趣;write about:写 关于…的事;hear about:听说.由句意可知此处选 B.
  46. A how+ 形容词修饰 heart,由其修饰词 their 可知此处 heart 是不可数名词,故选 A.
  47. D 所填介词与 hard times 构成搭配,意思是:度过艰难时期,选 D.
  48. C 本句意思是:故事专家们说此现象反映了人们对讲述家庭故事越来越大的兴 趣,…….选 C.
  49. A 根据上下文意思可知此处所填词意思是:研究,选 A.
  50. B 句子意思是:一项大学对于 65 个有 14 到 16 岁孩子的家庭的研究表明:的孩子们 复述父辈艰苦故事时,能体验到父辈困境的几率很低.所填词意思是:复述,选 B.
  51. D 由句子意思可知所填词意思是:技巧,计谋,选 D.
  52. C 句子意思是:讲这种故事的技巧是用一种孩子们能容忍的方式来讲.选 C.
  53. C 由后文的直接引语可知这是故事的开头,故此处选 C.
  54. A 由本句的谓语动词 suit 可以推断出此处选 A.
  55. B 所填词引导宾语从句,引导词在从句中做 take 的宾语,指物,选 B. 三,(广东卷) ,(广东卷) 广东卷 第一节 完形填空(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 21~30 各题所给的 A,B,C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. Alfred Nobel became a millionaire and changed the ways of mining,construction,and warfare as the inventor of dynamite(炸药). On April 12,1888, Alfred's brother Ludwig died of heart attack. A major French newspaper _21_ his brother for him and carried an article _22_ the death of Alfred Nobel. "The merchant of death is dead."The article read. "Dr. Alfred Nobel,who became _23_ by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before, diedyesterday. "Nobel was _24_ to find out not that he had died,but that,when his time was up, he would be thought of only as one who profited from _25_ and destruction. To make sure that he was _26_ with love and respect. Nobel arranged in his _27_ togive the largest part of his money to _28_ the Nobel prizes,which would be awarded to peoplewho made great _29_ to the causes of peace,literature,and the sciences. So _30_ ,Nobelhad to die before he realized what his life was really about.

  21. A. found
  22. A. introducing
  23. A. famous
  24. A. upset
  25. A. death
  26. A. repaid
  27. A. book
  28. A. establish
  29. A. additions
  30. A. generally
B. misunderstood B. announcing B. sick B. anxious B. disease B. described B. article B. form B. sacrifices B. basically
C. mistook C. implying C. rich C. excited C. trouble C. supported C. will C. develop C. changes C. usually
D. judged D. advertising D. popular D. pleased D. attack D. remembered D. contract D. promote D. contributions D. certainly
本文记叙了阿尔佛雷德诺贝尔决定设立诺贝尔奖金的经过.
  21. 【答案】C. 答案】 【解析】因 mistake A for B (将 A 误以为 B)是固定搭配. 解析】
  22. 【答案】B. 答案】 【解析】由常识可知,报社应是"发布"消息,故用 announce (give information about). 解析】
  23. 【答案】C. 答案】 【解析】由首句 became a millionaire 可知. 解析】
  24. 【答案】A. 答案】 根据常识, 看到自己本来死却报道死了这样的消息, 特别是说自己通过 kill more 【解析】 解析】 people faster 来发财的评论,应当是"不高兴,苦恼(unhappy or annoyed)",不可能是"兴奋 的(excited)""高兴的(pleased)""渴望的(anxious)".
  25. 【答案】A. 答案】 【解析】与 destruction(毁灭)并列并且上文 death 原词复现故选出 A. 解析】
  26. 【答案】D. 答案】 【解析】由后文设立奖金可知,是为了改变自我形象,要设法"被别人充满爱与尊敬地 解析】 铭记(be remember with love and respect)".
  27. 【答案】C. 答案】 【解析】由最后一句 Nobel had to die before he realized…可知,是在"遗嘱(will)"中作 解析】 的安排.

  28. 【答案】A. 答案】 【解析】根据与名词 the Nobel prizes 的搭配,又结合常识,应当是"设立"诺贝尔奖金. 解析】
  29. 【答案】D. 答案】 【解析】奖金应当是将给那些为世界和平,文学和科学等领域做出过巨大贡献的
 

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