高中英语阅读理解 100 篇
一、阅读理解
  1、 分) (1 、 ( O. Henry was a pen name used by an American writer of short stories. His real name was William Sydney Porter. He was born in North Carolina in 18
  62. As a young boy he lived an exciting life. He did not go to school for very long, but he managed to teach himself everything he needed to know. When he was about 20 years old, O. Henry went to Texas, where he tried different jobs. He first worked on a newspaper, and then had a job in a bank, when some money went missing from the bank O. Henry was believed to have stolen it. Because of that, he was sent to prison. During the three years in prison, he learned to write short stories. After he got out of prison, he went to New York and continued writing. He wrote mostly about New York and the life of the poor there. People liked his stories, because simple as the tales were, they would finish with a sudden change at the end, to the reader’s surprise.
  1. In which order did O. Henry do the following things? a. Lived in New York. b. Worked in a bank. c. Travelled to Texas. d. Was put in prison. e. Had a newspaper Job. f. Learned to write stories. A. e. c. f. b. d. a B. c. e. b. d. f. a C. e. b. d. c. a. f. D. c. b. e. d. a f.
  2. People enjoyed reading O. Henry’s stories because A. they had surprise endings B. they were easy to understand C. they showed his love for the poor D. they were about New York City
  3. O. Henry went to prison because . A. people thought he had stolen money from the newspaper B. he broke the law by not using his own name C. he wanted to write stories about prisoners D. people thought he had taken money that was not his
  4. What do we know about O. Henry before he began writing? A. He was well-educated. B. He was not serious about his work. C. He was devoted to the poor. D. He was very good at learning.
  5. Where did O. Henry get most material for his short stories? A. His life inside the prison. B. The newspaper articles he wrote. C. The city and people of New York. D. His exciting early life as a boy.
  2、 分) 、 (1 ( One day a few years ago a very funny thing happened to a neighbour of mine. He is a teacher at one of London’s big medical schools, He had finished his teaching for the summer term and was at the airport on his way to Russia to give a lecture. He had put a few clothes and his lecture notes in his shoulder bag, but he had put Rupert, the skeleton (人体骨骼) to be used in his lecture, in a large brown suitcase (箱子). At the airport desk, he suddenly thought that he had forgotten to buy a newspaper. He left his suitcase near the desk and went over to the shop. When he got back he discovered that someone had taken his suitcase by mistake. He often wonders what they said when they got home and found Rupert.

  1. Who wrote the story? A. Rupert’s teacher. B. The neighbour’s teacher. C. A medical school teacher. D. The teacher’s neighbour.
  2. Why did the teacher put a skeleton in his suitcase? A. He needed it for the summer term in London. B. He needed it for the lecture he was going to give. C. He wanted to take it to Russia for medical research. D. He wanted to take it home as he had finished his teaching.
  3. What happened at the airport? A. The skeleton went missing . B. The skeleton was stolen . C. The teacher forgot his suitcase. D. The teacher took the wrong suitcase .
  4. Which of the following best tells the teacher’s feeling about the incident? A. He is very angry . B. He thinks it rather funny . C. He feels helpless without Rupert.D. He feels good without Rupert .
  5. Which of the following might have happened afterwards? A. The teacher got back the suitcase but not Rupert. B. The teacher got back neither the suitcase nor Rupert. C. The teacher got back Rupert but not the suitcase. D. The teacher got back both the suitcase and Rupert.
  3、 分) 、 (1 ( On the evening of June 21, 1992, a tall man with brown hair and blue eyes entered the beautiful hall of the Bell Tower Hotel in Xi’an with his bicycle. The hotel workers received him and telephoned the manager, for they had never seen a bicycle in the hotel ball before though they lived in “the kingdom of bicycles.” Robert Friedlander, an American, arrived in Xi’an on his bicycle trip across Asia which started last December in New Delhi, India. When he was 11, he read the book Marco Polo and made up his mind to visit the Silk Road. Now, after 44 years , he was on the Silk Road in Xi’an and his early dreams were coming true. Robert Friedlander’s next destinations (目的地) were Lanzhou, Dunhuang, Urumqi, etc. He will complete his trip in Pakistan.
  1. The best headline(标题) for this newspaper article would be A. The Kingdom of Bicycles B. A Beautiful Hotel in Xi’an C. Marco Polo and the Silk Road D. An American Achieving His Aims
  2. The hotel workers told the manager about Friedlander coming to the hotel because . A. he asked to see the manager B. he entered the hall with a bike C. the manager had to know about all foreign guests D. the manager knew about his trip and was expecting him
  3. Friedlander is visiting the three countries in the following order, . A. China, India, and Pakistan B. India, China, and Pakistan C. Pakistan, China, and India D. China, Pakistan, and India
  4. What made Friedlander want to come to China? A. The stories about Marco Polo . B. The famous sights in Xi’an .
C. His interest in Chinese silk. D. His childhood dreams about bicycles .
  5. Friedlander can be said to be . A. clever B. friendly C. hardworking D. strong?minded
  4、 分) 、 (1 ( Mr. Grey was the manager of a small office in London. He lived in the country, and came up to work by train. He liked walking from the station to his office unless it was raining, because it gave him some exercise. One morning he was walking along the street when a stranger stopped him and said to him, “You may not remember me, sir, but seven years ago I came to London without a penny in my pockets, I stopped you in this street and asked you to lend me some money, and you lent me ? 5, because you said you were willing to take a chance so as to give a man a start on the way to success.” Mr. Grey thought for a few minutes and then said, “Yes, I remember you. Go on with your story!” “Well,” answered the stranger, “are you still willing to take a chance?”
  1. How did Mr. Grey get to his office? A. He went up to work by train. B. He walked to his office. C. He went to his office on foot unless it rained. D. He usually took a train to the station and then walked to his office if the weather was fine.
  2. Mr. Grey liked walking to his office because . A. he couldn’t afford the buses B. he wanted to save money C. he wanted to keep in good health D. he could do some exercises on the way
  3. Mr. Grey had been willing to lend money to a stranger in order to A. give him a start in life B. help him on the way to success C. make him rich D. gain more money
  4. One morning the stranger recognized Mr. Grey, and A. wanted to return Mr. Grey the money B. again asked Mr. Grey for money C. would like to make friends with him D. told Mr. Grey that he had been successful since then
  5. In the second paragraph, “…take a chance” means . A. Mr. Gray happened to meet a stranger B. Mr. Grey had a chance to help a stranger C. Mr. Grey helped a stranger by chance D. Mr. Grey took the risk that the stranger would not give back the money which he lent him
  5、 分) 、 (1 ( Even if you are a good high-jumper, you can jump only about seven feet off the ground. You cannot jump any higher because the earth pulls you hard. The pull of the earth is called gravity. You can easily find out the pull of the earth. If you weigh yourself, you will know how much gravity is pulling you. Since there is gravity, water runs down hill. When you throw a ball into the air, it falls back down. Because of gravity, you do not fall off the earth as it whirls (旋转) around.
Then, can we get away from the earth and go far out into space? Now you can do it, because spaceships have been invented. Then spaceship will go so fast that it can escape (逃出) the earth’ s gravity and carry you into space.
  1. In this passage, the word “gravity” means. A. the pull of everything. B. the force of attraction(吸引) among objects. C. the force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth D. the force which attracts the earth towards the sun.
  2. When you slip(滑) you always fall to the ground because A. the earth always turns round. B. the earth has gravity C. the earth’s gravity is greater than your weight. D. you are careless.
  3. Gravity is strong that A. it can throw a ball into the air. B. it makes you jump only seven feet. C. it can let you fly away from the earth. D. it can keep everything on earth.
  4. Because of gravity, A. water flows everything. B. we can go everywhere by ship. C. water always flows downwards. D. fish can live in water.
  5. We can get away from the earth by spaceship because A. the spaceship goes very fast. B. the earth can’t pull the spaceship. C. the spaceship has a strong force. D. the spaceship can jump higher than other things.
  6、 分) 、 (1 ( An expensive car speeding down the main street of a small town was soon caught up with by a young motorcycle policeman. As he started to make out the ticket, the woman behind the wheel said proudly, “Before you go any further, young man, I think you should know that the mayor of this city is a good friend of mine.”The officer did not say a word, but kept writing. “I am also a friend of chief of police Barens,”continued the woman, getting more angry each moment, Still he kept on writing. “Young man,”she persisted, “I know Judge Lawson and State Senator (参议员) Patton.” Handing the ticket to the woman, the officer asked pleasantly , “Tell me, do you know Bill Bronson.” “Why, no,”she answered. “Well, that is the man you should have known,”he said, heading back to his motorcycle, “I an Bill Bronson.”
  1. The policeman stopped the car because A. it was an expensive car B. the driver was a proud lady C. the driver was driving beyond the speed limit D. the driver was going to make trouble for the police
  2. The woman was getting more angry each moment because . A. the policeman didn’t know her friends B. the policeman didn’t accept her kindness C. the policeman was going to punish her D. she didn’t know the policeman’s name
  3. The policeman was .
A. an honourable fellow B. a stupid fellow C. an impolite man D. a shy man
  4. The woman was . A. kind-hearted B. a person who depended on someone else to finish her work C. trying to frighten the policeman on the strength of her friends’ powerful positions D. introducing her good friends’ names to the young officer
  5. The policeman . A. had no sense of humor (幽默) B. had s sense of humor C. had no sense of duty D. was senseless
  7、 分) 、 (1 ( Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission(录取) to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling. In 1849, after graduation from medical school. She decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon(外科医师) , but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea. Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children Besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital , she also set up the first medical school for women.
  1. Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon? A. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school B. She decided to further her education in Paris C. A serious eye problem stopped her D. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States
  2. What main obstacle(障碍) almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming for a doctor? A. She was a woman. B. She wrote too many letters. C. She couldn’t graduate from medical school. D. She couldn’t set up her hospital.
  3. How many years passed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of her hospital? A. Eight years B. Ten years C. Nineteen years D. Thirty-six years
  4. According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blackwell, except that she . A. became the first woman physician B. was the first woman doctor C. and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children D. set up the first medical school for women

  5. Elizabeth Blackwell spent most of her lift in . A. England B. Paris C. the United States
D. New York City

  8、 分) 、 (1 ( In today’s age of fast travel, the world seems a smaller place and to some people, a less exciting place, Fifty years ago only a few English people and holidays abroad, People who didn’t travel thought o
 

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