高一英语阅读理解专讲专练四 默读: 默读: 专家认为,做阅读理解不应该是读,而应该是看.默读有利于发展阅读者的内部语言, 有利于强化理解,有利于提高阅读速度.测试表明,我们朗读时,一分钟能念 125 个字就已 很不错了,而默读时,每分钟可读 150 个字以上,有人阅读小说时甚至可达每分钟 600 字. 默读时一定要做到如下三点:①全神贯注.这是有效阅读最需要的心理素质.②积极思 维. 默读有利于思维活动的开展, 有利于深层理解. ③减少回视. 回视率高不仅限制了速度, 也会对内容的理解产生支离破碎的影响. 培养默读习惯最好的方法是扩大视幅快读,让你的嘴跟不上你的阅读速度;我们也可用 手指压在嘴上或按住喉部,这样就会逐渐改掉嘴唇抖动的坏习惯. Passage A 阅读理解 As one comes to some crossroads, he or she sees a sign which says that drivers have to stop when they come to the main road ahead.① At other crossroads, drivers have to go slow, but they do not actually have to stop unless, of course, there is something coming along the main road; and at still others, they do not have either to stop or to go slow, because they are themselves on the main road. Mr Williams, who was always a very careful driver, was driving home from work one evening when he came to a crossroad. It had a "SLOW" sign. He slowed down when he came to the main road, looked both ways to see that nothing was coming, and then drove across without stopping completely. At once he heard a police whistle (口哨声), so he pulled into the side of the road and stopped.② A policeman walked over to him with a notebook and a pen in his hand and said, "You didn t stop at that crossing." "But the sign there doesn't say 'STOP'." answered Mr Williams, "It just says 'SLOW', and I did go slow." The policeman looked around him, and a look of surprise came over his face. ③ Then he put his notebook and pen away, scratched (抓) his head and said, "Well, I'm in the wrong street!" 根据文章内容,选择正确答案:
  1. Mr Williams was driving one evening.
1
A. to a partyB. to his office C. home after work D. to work from home
  2. When he was stopped by a policeman, he . A. was driving at a high speedB. was driving onto the main road C. was going to stop his car D. was driving slowly
  3. Though slowly, Mr Williams continued driving at the crossing because . A. he didn't see any "STOP" sign there B. he paid no attention to the traffic rules C. he didn't have to stop D. he was eager to get home
  4. Looking round Mr Williams, the policeman was surprised because . A. he met a mad man B. he realized that he himself was mistaken C. Mr Williams dared to speak to him like that D. Mr Williams would not apologize to him 难句注释 ①a sign which says that drivers have to stop when they come to the main road ahead. 一个让驾驶员到了主干道就得停下来的标牌. Total words:231 Reading time: Reading speed: ②pull into the side of the road and stop 转向路边并停了下来
2
③The policeman looked around him, and a look of surprise came over his face. 这个警察朝他的周围看了看,脸上露出惊讶的表情. Passage B 阅读理解 Accidents happen almost every day. Some accidents are not serious and some are. We read about such accidents nearly every day in the newspapers. It is wrong for people to think that accidents take place only on the roads or highways, or even at work places. Home accidents are just as common. Because very few home accidents are reported, people come to think that there are few accidents which happen in homes. There have been many cases where people fall to their deaths from high rise flats.① Children often fall over while coming down the stairs. Old people may slip (滑跤) on wet floors if they are not careful. Nowadays there are a lot of modern electrical appliances (电器) such as rice cookers which make life easy for the modern house wives. These appliances can kill if they are not used in the proper way. Gas stoves (煤气灶) used for cooking are also dangerous if they are not properly used. They may cause burns or, in more serious cases, even fires.② But all such accidents can be stopped if we are careful and follow simple rules of safety. For example, it is unwise for people to try repairing their own electrical appliances if they do not know how to. It is safer to get them repaired by an electrician (电工). 根据文章内容,选择正确答案:
  1. Accidents take place . A. mostly in homes B. mostly on roads and highways C. mostly in factories D. almost everywhere
  2. Which of the following accidents may NOT happen in homes?
3
A. People may fall to death from high buildings. B. People may be knocked down by cars on the roads. C. Gas stoves may cause burns or even fires. D. People may be killed by an electrical appliance.
  3. People are advised . A. to avoid using electrical appliances B. to repair their own electrical appliances C. not to repair their own electrical appliances D. not to get their electrical appliances fixed 难句注释 ①There have been many cases where people fall to their deaths from high rise flats. 曾有过很多人从高楼摔下而亡的例子. Total words:223 Reading time: Reading speed: ②They may cause burns or, in more serious cases, even fires. 它们会导致烧伤,甚至更严重的会引起火灾. Passage C 阅读理解 Ellen Parker was worried about her health. She could not walk very quickly and it was difficult for her to climb stairs. She was soon out of breath.① "I suppose I had better go to the doctor." she thought.
4
She went to the doctor and told him her problem. "I'm not at all surprised." he said, "I know what your problem is." He examined her and then gave her some advice. "If you don t do what I say, Mrs Parker," he said, "You will have a heart attack (心脏病发作). It could kill you." Ellen was very worried as she left the doctor s. She knew that she had to take his advice but that it would not be easy and it would take time. The next day she went shopping. The first shop she went into was a butcher shop (肉铺). "I'd like ten pounds of steak (牛排), please." she said. "Certainly, madam." the butcher replied and went into the cold room and found a large piece of steak. He brought the huge piece of meat back into the shop and placed it on the scale (称). "That's just ten pounds." he said. "That's big enough." Mrs Parker said. The butcher worked out the price.② "At S|
  4.99 a pound that will be S|
  49.90, please. Would you like me to cut it up into smaller pieces for you?" "Oh, I don't want to buy the meat." Mrs Parker said. "If you don't want to buy it," the butcher replied angrily, "Why did you ask me to get it for you?" "My doctor told me that I am too heavy and have to lose ten pounds. I wanted to see what ten pounds of meat looked like." 根据文章内容,选择正确答案:
  1. Why did Ellen Parker visit the doctor? A. She had a heart attack.
5
B. She had a problem with her health. C. She was unhappy about her weight. D. She could not sleep well.
  2. Why did Ellen Parker ask for ten pounds of steak? A. She wanted to buy some for dinner. B. She wanted to lose weight. C. Her doctor had told her to eat steak. D. She wanted to see what ten pounds of meat looked like.
  3. What was Ellen Parker's real problem? A. She ate too much steak. B. She weighed too much. C. She was often out of breath. D. She could not walk very quickly. 难句注释 ① She was soon out of breath. 她很快就上气不接下气了. Total words:229 Reading time: Reading speed: ② The butcher worked out the price. 肉铺老板算出了价钱. Passage D
6
完形填空 In the middle of the night, Peter's wife suddenly fell ill. She couldn t help crying,① "Oh, my stomach (胃)! Get the 1 !" Peter, awaking from a deep sleep, thought his wife was only having a 2 dream. "Stop that noise." he said to her. He turned over② and tried to go to 3 again, but his wife still cried out, "Oh, help! Help! I'm sure I'm 4 !" Peter got out of bed and started 5 , but he could not find him any clothes. "Where is my shirt?" he asked. His wife was 6 ill to tell him, and she could only cry, "Oh, my 7 stomach!" As soon as he had put his clothes 8 , he said, "Now, my dear, are you quite 9that you need the doctor? Surely you can wait 10 morning, can't you?" "No, I can't. Go, go, go." his wife shouted," 11 you will find me dead 12 the morning." So Peter went out into the dark street. He had only gone a few meters 13 he heard his wife calling him again. "I'm 14 again now, and I shall not want the doctor." she said softly. Hearing this, he started running as 15 as he could towards the doctor's. When he arrived there, he knocked at the door loudly enough to wake 16 around. The doctor put his sleepy head out of the bedroom window and said, "Er? Who's there?" "Oh, Doctor."Peter said to him, "I've very 17 news for you. My wife 18 ill with a terrible stomachache (胃疼). I was on my way to bring you to her, but she called me back to say the trouble had suddenly 19 her. So you need not come. Go back to 20 now,and sleep well!" 根据文章内容,选择正确答案:
  1. A. driverB. nurseC. doctorD. child
  2. A. terrible B. interesting C. surprisingD. wonderful
  3. A. bed B. sleep C. dreamD. hospital
7

  4. A. walking B. dying C. achingD. sleeping
  5. A. dressing B. wearing C. raisingD. working
  6. A. very B. so C. tooD. quite
  7. A. good B. bad C. wrongD. poor
  8. A. down B. off C. onD. up
  9. A. surprised B. afraid C. certainD. worried
  10. A. before B. for C. to D. until
  11. A. And B. But C. SoD. Or
  12. A. after B. in C. beforeD. until
  13. A. after B. when C. beforeD. while
  14. A. good B. wrong C. all rightD. right
  15. A. fast B. slowly C. hurriedlyD. happily
  16. A. everyone B. someone C. no oneD. doctors
  17. A. good B. bad C. necessaryD. ill
  18. A. fell B. stayed C. grewD. failed
  19. A. gone B. missed C. disappearedD. left
  20. A. your home B. your bedroom C. your dreamD. bed 难句注释 ①She couldn t help crying. 她忍不住大叫起来. ②turn over 翻身或翻转.
8
Passage A 本文讲述了一个人明明遵守了交通规则,但由于警察自己站错了街道位置而产生了误会 的故事.
  1. C. 文中第二段提到"...was driving home from work.".
  2. B. 第二段中提到"He slowed down when he came to the main road...".
  3. C. 根据文章意思,Mr Williams 只需要慢行,不必停下来.
  4. B. 根据文中"I'm in the wrong street!"可知警察最后知道是他自己弄错了. Passage B 本文主要讲述了不仅在室外,而且在家里也会发生意外事故,并且举了好几个例子加以 说明.
  1. D. 文章第一段中提到事故不仅会发生在马路或高速公路上,甚至在工作场地,在家 里也会发生,所以几乎到处都有可能发生事故.
  2. B. 四个选项中 B 选项明显不符合问题的要求.
  3. C. 最后一段提到"...it is unwise for people to try repairing their own electrical appliances if they do not know how to.". Passage C 本文是一个幽默小故事.一位女士由于身体不适去看医生,医生让她减肥减掉 10 磅,那 位女士就到肉铺称了 10 磅牛排看看是多大的一块,却没买.
  1. B. 从文章第一段可以明显看出 Ellen Parker 是因为身体不舒服才去看医生的.
  2. D. 文章的最后一句"I wanted to see what ten pounds of meat looked like." 道出了她称肉的目的.
  3. B. 从整个文章不难看出 Ellen Parker 太胖需要减肥. Passage D 本文讲述的是一个妻子半夜突然生了病,而她丈夫在她已经好转之后还到医生家把医生 叫醒的幽默小故事.
9

  1. C. 生了病自然是去请医生.
  2. A. 妻子睡觉时突然大叫,丈夫以为她只是做了个恶梦.
  3. B. 他翻了个身又想睡了.go to sleep 意为" 入睡", go to bed 意为" 去睡觉".
  4. B. 妻子感觉病得很重以致于快死了.
  5. A. 这里肯定是穿衣且强调动作,所以用 dress.
  6. C. 从下文可以得知妻子没有告诉他,因为她病得太厉害了.
  7. D. poor 在这里解释为"可怜的,不幸的",其他三个选项均不符题意.
  8. C. 这里是穿上衣服,故选 put...on.
  9. C. 丈夫想确定一下妻子是否真的需要请医生.
  10. D. 根据句意是"等到早上".
  11. D. 妻子让丈夫赶快去,否则到了早上他会发现她已经死了.
  12. B. 在早上是 in the morning.
  13. B. 他刚走了几米,这时他听到他的妻子又喊他.when 表示"就在这个时候".
  14. C. 下文说不用请医生了,说明她感觉好了.
  15. A. as fast as he could 意为"尽可能快地".
  16. A. 敲门如此之响以致于能吵醒附近的每一个人.
  17. A. 从下文得知医生不用半夜出诊了,他认为这对医生来说是个好消息.
  18. A. 从文章开头能看出答案.fall ill 意为"生病".
  19. D. 后来病痛突然就没了.
  20. D. 既然不用去给他妻子看病,丈夫就让医生回去睡觉.
  1. Children often fall over while coming down the stairs. 小孩子经常在下楼时 摔倒.(Line 7, Passage B) 当 when, while, if, unless, before, as if 等引导的状语从句谓语由 be +V ing
10
形式或 V ed 形式构成, 并且从句的主语和主句的主语一致时, 从句中的主语及 be 动词可 省略. While living in France, he learned some French. 当他在法国生活时,他学了一些 法语.
 

相关内容

高中英语阅读教学中写作技巧的渗透

   高中英语阅读教学中写作技巧的渗透 嵊州市黄泽中学 吴义福(选自无忧无虑作文网 www.5156zuowen.cn ) 【内容摘要 内容摘要】本文从写作的基础、框架、素材和升华四个维度阐述了如何在高中英语阅读教 内容摘要 学中进行写作技巧的渗透。 在平时的阅读教学过程中, 作者把阅读材料的语言 和知识、篇章和结构、话题和体裁、主题和内涵加以分析和运用,结合案例列 举了自己在教学过程中实施的一些教学方法, 努力将阅读教学与写作教学进行 有机的结合,从而达到教学的最优化。 【关 键 词 】阅读教学 ...

英语阅读技巧攻略

   英语阅读技巧攻 英语阅读技巧攻略 英语四级阅读技巧 你知道是阅读速度和理解阅读两个方面在影响着你的阅读能力吗?除了掌握大量 的词汇量之外,你有没有注意到自己的阅读速度,你的方法正确、合理吗?检查一下你 有没有以下的阅读习惯,新东方的老师在告诉你,改掉它们你的阅读理解就会迎来奇 迹! (1)“指读”,即为了“集中注意力”,用手指或笔尖指着文章细细的逐词阅读。 一遇到生词,便停顿下来,无法在通篇理解的基础上继续进行阅读。也影响整句或整段 的意思的理解。 (2)“唇读”,即有的学生在阅读中寺喜欢读 ...

立仁东方MBA英语翻译技巧及练习题

   MBA 培训中心 www.lirenmba.com 010-62751161 Translation Skills and Practice 2010 MBA 英语翻译 一 .MBA 翻译题的特点和趋势 l l l l 特点: 题型: 05,06 之前划线句子,07,08,09 短文翻译 题材: 07 创新,08 计算机,09 经济 重点: 二.翻译的标准 l l l 信(忠诚)faithfulness 达(达意)expressiveness 雅(优雅)gracefulness 三.翻译的译 ...

英语阅读理解技巧

   详细是:阅读的三大层次; 做题九个技巧; 文章的四大总结; 一般来说,阅读一篇文章可以分为三个层次。 第一,从文章的整体结构上来把握文章的大意。这个阶段,需要做 到的事把文章所想要阐述的事物弄清楚, 比如这篇文章说明的什么样的 社会问题, 或者介绍了什么样的风土人情, 或者描述了个什么样的事件。 当然,很多情况下不可能马上就把文章所希望阐述的问题具体搞清楚, 但是起码要找到关键的名词, 也就是说起码要弄清楚文章的目的事物或 目的事件。这样子看文章才能有的放矢。要做到这点其实只需要找到一 两个 ...

英语阅读理解技巧

   公共英语阅读技巧 阅读理解文章基本上是说明文,议论文。而这类体裁的文章少不了用例子,事实来说明观点。因此我们往往会碰到要求猜测文章举例的目的??这些例子要说明什么观点??的题目。如:   The example of … is given to show/illustrate that.   What can be inferred from the author's example of ?   The experiment/study sugge ...

英语高考阅读技巧

   考试题中,阅读部分所占比例较大, 而学生在这个方面失分又相对较多。因此, 我们怎样在平时的训练中培养学生的解题方法,提高学生的解题能力呢? 一,首先,要了解《考试大纲》对阅读理解的主要要求: 1.掌握所读文章的主旨和大意以及用以说明主旨和大意的事实和细节; 2.既理解具体的事实,也理解抽象的概念; 3.既理解字面意思,也理解根据字面意思可以推断出来的没有明确说出的 深沉含义,包括作者的态度、意图等; 4.既理解某句、某段的意义,也理解全篇的逻辑关系,并据此进行推理和 判断; 5.既能根据文章 ...

初三英语阅读完型练习

   初三英语阅读完型练习 练 习 六 I. Reading comprehension (阅读理解) : 阅读理解) (A) Today there are 6 billion people on the earth. By the year 2050 there may be 12.5 billion. There are a lot of people to feed. We need more food. One way to produce more food is by growing ...

英语考试阅读技巧浅谈

   1.考拉的阅读经历 很早的时候就开始读英文的东西了,初中的时候妈妈就跑到新华书店买了整个一套书虫,大家都知道那 套书吧,绿色的磨砂皮的,很薄,基本是外国大部分名著的精简版,词语都很简单。这里要再次感谢妈 妈对我的要求从来都是有求必应,全世界最好的妈妈!所以阅读英文原著的兴趣是从初中培养起来的。 最初开始读的时候,被满篇不认识的生词打击的够呛,现在我翻开这些书,看到自己标的密密麻麻的生 词,都觉得很感动……那个时候劲头那么足呢?!那个时候发现竟然连“excited“这种词都不认识,哈哈~ 初中的 ...

英语四级阅读技巧推荐

      一、阅读理解方法 阅读理解是综合读者各方面知识的过程。要想快捷,准确的理解所阅读的语篇,我们要清具备什么样的能力,理解的过程,阅读的层次,阅读的目的,阅读技能等。 学会阅读意味着我们具备以下的能力: 理解作者的思想和观点。 看出文章的叙事或推论过程。 看出并思考所读文章的细节,获的详细的信息。 把已获得的信息保在大脑中以便随时使用。 看出作者的主要意图和文章的基调。 从有关资料中汲取有用的东西。 对非重要情节或信息一带而过。 根据阅读目的和材料的难 ...

英语四级考试阅读技巧

   大学英语四级考试阅读技巧 Ⅰ. 阅读理解方法 阅读理解是综合读者各方面知识的过程。要想快捷,准确的理解所阅读的语篇,我们要 清具备什么样的能力,理解的过程,阅读的层次,阅读的目的,阅读技能等。 学会阅读意味着我们具备以下的能力: 理解作者的思想和观点。 看出文章的叙事或推论过程。 看出并思考所读文章的细节,获的详细的信息。 把已获得的信息保在大脑中以便随时使用。 看出作者的主要意图和文章的基调。 从有关资料中汲取有用的东西。 对非重要情节或信息一带而过。 根据阅读目的和材料的难易程度调整阅读 ...

热门内容

中考英语单项选择填空题精练

   中考英语单项选择填空题精练 1. Granny looked for her book, but she couldn’t find it . A. anywhere somewhere B. everywhere C. D. nowhere 2.?When did you the book to the library? ?Yesterday afternoon. A. borrow B. lend C. give D. return 3. The man took away the di ...

高中英语重要句型归纳总结

   高考资源网(www.ks5u.com) ,您身边的高考专家 高中英语重要句型归纳总结 1. Only + 状语(单词, 词组, 从句) + 句子(主谓部分倒装). Only then did I realize that I left my wallet at home. Only in this way can you finish the task in such a short time. Only after the war was over was he able to get b ...

右脑王英语学习机怎么样+哪种英语学习机最好(问学堂)

   点击进入右脑王官方网站 右脑王英语学习机 右脑王英语学习机有用吗 你能想象吗?用 100 万倍的记忆力来学习英语,将是怎样的一 种震撼!?也许……你也可以成为这项重大突破的最大受益者 每天 1 小时 30 天流利说英语 目录 一,右脑王学习机适用人群................................................................................ 1 二,右脑王英语学习机功能特点.......................... ...

船舶海运种类的英语词汇英汉对照

   船舶海运种类的英语词汇英汉对照 hovercraft 气垫船 icebreaker 破冰船 launch 艇 take off 起飞 ticket agency 售票代理处 passport 护照 2. Railway Station platform 月台 track/rail 铁轨 time table 列车时刻表 information desk 问讯处 train conductor 列车员 slow train 慢车 express train 快车 seat 座位 hard se ...

五年级第一学期英语复习资料

   五年级第一学期英语复习资料(二) 五年级第一学期英语复习资料( 班别: 班别: 姓名: 姓名: 学号: 学号: 写出中文意思。 一.填上单词所缺的字母,并在下面的( )写出中文意思。 填上单词所缺的字母,并在下面的( 第一册: 第一册: Unit 1 3.p__nc__l? 1.p__n 2.p__nc__l 3.p__nc__l?c__se 4.r__ler 5.er__ser ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 10.sch__ 6.cr__y__n 7.b__ __k 8.b__g ...