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高一英语阅读理解专讲专练含答案及解析六 扩大视幅: 扩大视幅: 扩大视幅是高效阅读的一种技巧,它是指在阅读过程中,我们要扩大眼睛在阅读材料上 每停留一次所能感知的文字的广度.阅读的过程,实际上是一个积极思维,迅速将文字符号 转换为词义的过程.一般说来,我们的视幅总长度可达到 4-5 厘米.所以我们在阅读过程 中,要尽可能扩大视线在文章每一行的覆盖范围,将尽可能多的单词收入视线范围之内.眼 睛所注视的范围越大,输入大脑的文字内容也就越多,我们的阅读速度自然也就越快. 我们平时在阅读时,不能逐词阅读,要不断训练自己从"点读"过渡到"句读","段读", 让我们的识别幅度覆盖一个完整的思维单位,学会整体认读,整体理解句子意思,并要熟悉 句子的结构和词语的搭配习惯,切忌读破句. Passage A 阅读理解 Different countries and different people have different manners. We must find out their customs, so that they will not think us illmannered. Here are some examples of the things that a wellmannered person does or does not do. If you visit a Chinese family you should knock at the door first. When the door opens, you'll not move before the host says "Come in, please!". After you enter the room, you wouldn t sit down until the host asks you to take a seat. When a cup of tea is put on a teatable before you or sent to your hand, you ll say "Thank you"① and receive it with your two hands, not one hand, or they'll think you are illmannered. Before entering a house in Japan, it is good manners to take off your shoes. In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very dirty, this is not done.② In a Malay (马来西亚的) house, a guest never finishes the food on the table. He leaves a little to show that he has had enough. In England, a guest always finishes a drink or the food to show that he has enjoyed it. This will make the host, especially (尤其) the hostess pleased. 根据文章内容,选择正确答案:
  1. In China, when the host opens the door, before he says "Come in, please!" A. you won't leave B. you won't walk C. you won't stand in front of him D. you won't get in
  2. In European countries, when you get into a house. A. you needn't take off your shoes B. you must take off your dirty shoes
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C. you are not allowed to wear dirty shoes D. you should put on clean shoes
  3. In a Malay house, a guest leaves a little food to show that . A. he has enjoyed itB. he is quite full C. he is not hungry at allD. he needs some drink 难句注释 ① When a cup of tea is put on a teatable before you or sent to your hand, you ll say "Thank you". 当一杯茶摆到你面前的茶几上或递到你手里时,你要说"谢 谢". Total words:204 Reading time: Reading speed: ② In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very dirty, this is not done. 在欧洲国家,有时即使鞋子脏也不用脱下来. Passage B 阅读理解 Do you love holidays but hate the increase of weight (体重) that follows? You are not alone. Holidays are happy days with pleasure and delicious foods. Many people, however, are worried about the weight that comes along with these delicious foods.① With proper planning, though, it is possible to control your weight. The idea is to enjoy the holidays but not to eat too much. You don't have to turn away from the foods that you enjoy. The following suggestions may be of some help to you.② Do not miss meals. Before you leave home for a feast (宴会), have a small, lowfat snack (小吃).This may help to keep you from getting too excited before delicious foods. Begin with clear soup and fruit or vegetables. A large glass of water before you eat may help you feel full. Use a small plate; a large plate will encourage you to have more than enough. Better not have highfat foods. Dishes that look oily or creamy have much fat in them.
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Choose lean meat (瘦肉). Fill your plate with salad and green vegetables. If you have a sweet tooth,③ try mints(薄荷)and fruits. They don t have fat content (含量) as cream and chocolate. Don't let exercise take a break during the holidays. A 20minute walk after a meal can help burn off extra calories (卡路里). 根据文章内容,选择正确答案:
  1. Holidays are happy days with pleasure but they may . A. bring weight problems B. bring you much trouble in your life C. make you worried about your foods D. make you hate delicious foods
  2. In order to really enjoy your holidays without putting on weight, you d better . A. drink much water and have vegetables only B. not eat much food in high fat C. not accept invitations to feasts D. turn away from delicious foods
  3. According to the passage, is a necessary part to stop you from putting on weight. A. vegetables B. water C. calories of energy D. physical exercise 难句注释 ① Many people, however, are worried about the weight that comes along with these delicious foods. 然而,很多人担心体重会随着这些美味的食物而增加. Total words:231 Reading time: Reading speed: ② The following suggestions may be of some help to you.
阳光家教网 西安家教 阳光家教网 www.ygjj.com 西安家教 青岛家教 郑州家教 家教 下面的建议也许对你有所帮助. ③ have a sweet tooth 吃甜食. Passage C 阅读理解
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This year 2,300 teenagers ( young people aged from 13-19 ) from all over the world will spend about ten months in U.S. homes. They will attend U.S. schools, meet U.S. teenagers, and form impressions (印象) of the real American teenagers. American teenagers will go to other countries to learn new languages and have a new understanding of the rest of the world. Here is a twoway student exchange in action.① Fred, nineteen, spent last year in Germany with George's family. In return, George's son, Mike, spent a year in Fred's home in America. Fred, a lively young man, knew little German when he arrived, but after two months study, the language began to come to him. School was completely different from what he had expected ? much harder ②. Students rose respectfully (尊敬地) when the teacher entered the room. They took fourteen subjects instead of the six that are usual in the United States. There were almost no outside activities (活动). Family life, too, was different. The family's word was law, and all activities were around the family rather than the individual (个人). Fred found the food too simple at first. Also, he missed having a car. "Back home, you pick up some friends in a car and go out and have a good time. In Germany, you walk, but you soon learn to like it." At the same time, in America, Mike, a friendly German boy, was also forming his idea. "I suppose I should criticize (批评) American schools." he says. "It is far too easy by our level (水准). But I have to say that I like it very much. In Germany we do nothing but study. Here we take part in many outside activities. I think that maybe your schools are better in training for citizens (市民). There ought to be some middle ground between the two.③" 根据文章内容,选择正确答案:
  1. The whole exchange program is mainly to . A. help teenagers in other countries know the real America B. send students in America to travel in Germany C. let students learn something about other countries D. have teenagers learn new languages
  2. What did Fred and Mike agree on? A. American food tasted better than German food.
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B. German schools were harder than American schools. C. Americans and Germans were both friendly. D. There were more cars on the streets in America.
  3. What is particular (特别的) in American schools? A. There is some middle ground between the two teaching buildings. B. There are a lot of afterschool activities. C. Students usually take 14 subjects in all. D. Students go outside to enjoy themselves in a car.
  4. What did Mike think after experiencing the American school life? A. A better education should include something good from both America and Germany. B. German schools trained students to be better citizens. C. American schools were not as good as German schools. D. The easy life in the American school was more helpful to students. 难句注释 ① Here is a twoway student exchange in action. 这里就有一个正在运作的两地学生互派活动. in action 意为"在运转;在操作;在某项活动中". Total words:318 Reading time: Reading speed: ② School was completely different from what he had expected?much harder. 学校完全不同于他原本料想的那样,要辛苦得多. ③ There ought to be some middle ground between the two. 在两国学校之间应该要平均一下. Passage D 完形填空
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I spent two months with an American family last year when I studied in America. It is said, "The best house is in America, the best wife is in Japan, and the best food is in China." So I took pride (自豪) and 1 to 2 "the best food" for my American family. Each day, regardless of my poor skill of cooking,① I would do something in 3 way: changing the dishes colour, the meat s type or the soup s style (风味). Thus, my American friends could discover the 4 of eating Chinese food. Because of my " 5 " job, I was often rewarded(奖励)by their 6 of appreciation(感激)such as "very delicious","excellent", etc. But the joke was here: yesterday, I cooked Sichuanstyle 7 for dinner. I was 8 at my achievement (成就). When all the family members arrived at the table, they first looked 9 at the fish, then looked at me. "Why do all the fish have their10 ?" they asked,"It s terrible!" Terrible or beautiful?I don't know. But I 11 know that fish heads are delicious. The 12 is the best part of fish; in 13 only the respectable(受敬重 的)guest can have the special honour of 14 it. Another 15 thing is: the American friends often said to me" 16 "as they 17 fruits or other things. According to Chinese tradition I would simply smile in answer to their kindness② 18 actually helping myself to any of the food. 19 , I said "help yourself" to them whenever I brought home fruits. Dear me, no matter how much or how often I brought home food, as long as it was nice to their taste, they 20 hesitated (犹豫)to use their hands to "help themselves" until all was finished. 根据文章内容,选择正确答案:
  1. A. worryB. attentionC. delightD. pleasure
  2. A. buy B. fetch C. cook D. leave
  3. A. their B. a new C. the sameD. a simple
  4. A. way B. joy C. trouble D. importance
  5. A. hard B. daily C. good D. new
  6. A. expressions B. flowers C. talk D. smile
  7. A. meat B. fish C. soup D. egg
  8. A. praised B. pleased C. good D. surprised
  9. A. happily B. excitedly C. surprisedlyD. worriedly
  10. A. bones B. skins C. tails D. heads
  11. A. do B. will C. want toD. should
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  12. A. tail B. head C. soup D. flesh
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  13. A. fact B. China C. USA D. the West
  14. A. enjoying B. looking at C. playing withD. cooking
  15. A. real B. exciting C. interestingD. easy
  16. A. please help us B. excuse me C. help yourself D. eat them please
  17. A. brought home B. wanted C. were buying D. were eating
  18. A. not B. but not C. withoutD. nor
  19. A. At last B. Above all C. After allD. In return
  20. A. usual B. often C. never D. had 难句注释 ①regardless of my poor skill of cooking 不顾我差劲的厨艺. ②According to Chinese tradition I would simply smile in answer to their kindness. 根据中国的传统,我只是对他们的好意报以微笑. in answer (to sth.)意为" 作为回应". Passage A 本文主要讲述了不同的国家有不同的礼仪,并通过几个例子来说明这一点.
  1. D. 从文章第二段第二句话可以得出答案.
  2. A. 从最后一段 "In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very dirty, this is not done."可以得出答案.
  3. B. 文中提到在马来西亚"He leaves a little to show that he has had enough.". Passage B 人们喜欢假日美食,但又怕发胖.本文提出了一些既能享受美食又不会增重
 

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