,只有通读全文后,仔细思考、归纳总结才会找出主题或中心来, 从而进一步看清作者的目的、意图及心情。
  2. 说明文 说明文:说明文通常是用来对事物的情况进行描绘或对某种观点、理论进行解释,从而使人们明白事理或掌握某 种方法技巧。在文章中,作者一般是首先提出一个要说明的对象,然后从时间先后、空间顺序、用途、方法、手段、 事例或进行的步骤等各方面进行描绘或解释。
  3. 议论文:议论文就是用来对人或事物的好坏、是非发表意见和看法。作者总是先提出一个论点,接着对这个论点 议论文: 进行正反分析,逻辑推理或列举事例加以论证,然后得出结论。它一般分为立论和驳论两种,在立论中,摆事实、 讲道理,论证其观点的可行性、正确性;在驳论中,作者首先提出一个不正确的论点,然后用事实、道理对它逐点 进行驳斥,来证明它是错误的、行不通的,再得出正确的结论。
  4. 应用文:应用文是日常生活中用来传播信息的一种文体。这类文章除用文字外,有的用图形,有的用表格。如: 应用文: 通知、广告、海报、书信、启事、便条、收据、借条和物品说明书等。这类文章有 3 个显著的特点:一是词汇较 偏僻;二是语言也不规范;三是句子结构不完整,阅读起来的确困难。但是,它们一般属于应用文,告诉人们消息、 方法、途径等内容。
五、文化背景知识
文化背景包括政治、经济、社会、科学技术、天气情况、地理环境、人物的性格特点及知识水平等各个方面。如果 背景知识丰富,阅读起来轻而易举;如果背景知识贫乏,阅读起来就感到困难,甚至理解不了。例如让同学们阅读 一篇关于“水门汀事件”或“伊朗门事件”方面的英语文章,如果同学们对这两件事情的背景不清楚,阅读起来就 会摸不着头脑。由此可见,文化背景知识是进行阅读理解的助手,考生一定要注意平时的积累。
六、生活经验常识
阅读理解的能力一般随着生活经验的丰富而不断提高。例如由于小孩还没有成年人的知识和经验,他们还看不懂成 年人的文章,他们自然也就不喜欢成年人的读物;人们对于自己所经历的事情一看就能明白,读起来也就有兴趣, 而对于陌生领域的文章就感到困难。因此,同学们在平时要多积累生活经验。
七、习语及固定搭配知识
每一种语言都有自己的习惯用语和固定搭配。一般情况下,这些用语和固定搭配是不能单从字面上来理解的,英语 也是如此。如 eat one’s words 的意思并不是“食言,说话不算数”而是“收回前言,为说错话而道歉”;break one’
爱心教育辅导 圆您上大学梦 3
机构总部地址:梅江二路大园二巷 8 号(江南同仁堂药店往里 100 米;学艺中学附近); 分部地址:江北侨新路月亮湾小区 C 区 9 号(春晓超市后面)
辅导宗旨:一对一,巩固基础,超前学习,赢在未来! 报名、咨询热线:0753??8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229
s words 的意思才是“食言,失言”。又如,如果把 have words with sb 理解为“跟某人谈话”,那么就错了,它的 意思是“跟某人吵嘴”;而 have a word / talk with sb 的意思才是“跟某人谈话”。因此,这就要求同学们在平日的 英语学习中必须进行广泛的阅读,积累、掌握英语中的习语及固定搭配。
八、学科综合知识
高考英语阅读理解方面的短文不仅包括社会生活、政治经济、文化教育各方面的知识,而且也包括历史、地理、物 理、化学、生物、电脑技术、音乐、美术等各学科方面的知识。如果某学科的知识贫乏,势必会影响对这方面的短 文的理解。因此,学好各学科的知识,对各学科知识的综合运用,是提高英语阅读理解能力的有效途径。 A Once upon a time, there were two sheep. One was a small sheep, so small. It has a soft voice?baa! The other was a big sheep, so big. It has a loud voice?BAA! The two sheep are brothers. Every day, Big Sheep and Small Sheep would go out to the fields to play together and to look for grass to eat. One morning,as always, two sheep went out. Big Sheep the and Small Sheep gambolled (跳跃) out to the fields to look for grass to eat. Now it has not been raining for many days and most of the grass had dried up. Big Sheep and Small Sheep gambolled for a long time but they could not find any green grass to eat. Their feet were tired and they could no longer gambol. So they walked. They walked and walked from morning until afternoon but there were no green grass. As far as they could see all the green grass had become brown. The sun was getting hotter. Big Sheep and Small Sheep were tired, hungry and thirsty. But they continued walking and soon they came to a river. They lowered their heads and lapped up some water with their tongues. When Big Sheep lifted his head, he saw a small green patch under a tree. He gambolled over to the tree. It was a patch of green grass.“BAA, BAA!” he shouted to Small Sheep to come over. Both Big Sheep and Small Sheep were very excited. But the small patch of grass was a very small patch. It was just enough for one sheep. What should they do? Who should eat the small batch of green grass? “BAA, BAA! Go ahead and eat it. I am not very hungry. said Big Sheep and he began to move away. ” “ Baa! Let us share the green grass said Small Sheep. So Big Sheep and Small Sheep shared the small patch of small grass. They were very gay and they “ gambolled all the way home.
  1. What should be the best title for the passage? A. Big Sheep and his grass C. Sheep like grass B. Sharing with one another D. Looking for grass

  2. What can we learn from last sentence in the second paragraph? A. It has rained for long. C. The two sheep like to eat dry grass. B. The grass is dry. D. It is hard for the two sheep to find green grass.

  3. What did the two sheep do when coming to a river?
爱心教育辅导
圆您上大学梦
4
机构总部地址:梅江二路大园二巷 8 号(江南同仁堂药店往里 100 米;学艺中学附近); 分部地址:江北侨新路月亮湾小区 C 区 9 号(春晓超市后面)
辅导宗旨:一对一,巩固基础,超前学习,赢在未来! 报名、咨询热线:0753??8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229
A. They had a good rest and went home. B. They got tired and slept. C. They lowered their heads and drank some water. D. They ate some brown grass.
  4. What did Big Sheep do when he found the green grass? A. He asked Small Sheep to eat the green grass by excusing that he was not hungry. B. He asked Small Sheep to share the green grass. C. He ate the green grass by himself. D. He told Small Sheep to take the green grass home.
  5. What does the underlined word “gay” mean in the last paragraph? A. envious C. happy B. sad D. bitter B It was indeed an exciting news on the mountain. The tortoise(乌龟)and the hare(野兔) were going to have another race, and they had asked the most authoritative yellow ox to be their judge this time. Years ago, when the tortoise and the hare held their first race, because the hare run so fast that he was far ahead of the tortoise, hare took a rest on the midway the and unexpectedly overslept. When the hare woke up, he was surprised to find that the tortoise had already reached the destination. The hare was judged a loser. Losing to a slow crawling tortoise was the hare‘s biggest shame in his life and he was often laughed at by all the other animals on the mountain. The hare swore that he would wipe out the disgrace someday. On the eve of race, in order to keep enough energy not to need a rest on the midway again, the hare specially went to bed much earlier than usual. The next morning, the hare arrived at the place of race very early. Soon, the tortoise also slowly crawled over. Under the watching of many guest animals, the yellow ox gave an order to start, then the hare immediately rushed forward. As the hare had enough sleep the night before, he hoped to reach the destination much earlier to surprise everyone, so he ran just as fast as the flight of an arrow. Suddenly he discovered that he was chased by the highway patrolman deer. The deer caught up with him and said coldly: “You are speeding.” Then he quickly took the hare to the expressway patrol office. When the hare was set free next morning, the race judge yellow ox told him that the tortoise had reached the destination last night,therefore, the hare once again lost the race to the tortoise. The stupid hare never understood that while he went to bed earlier the night before, the tortoise and the deer had a big dinner and the tortoise paid the bill.
  1. The yellow ox was asked to be the judge because he was considered.
爱心教育辅导 圆您上大学梦 5
机构总部地址:梅江二路大园二巷 8 号(江南同仁堂药店往里 100 米;学艺中学附近); 分部地址:江北侨新路月亮湾小区 C 区 9 号(春晓超市后面)
辅导宗旨:一对一,巩固基础,超前学习,赢在未来! 报名、咨询热线:0753??8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229
A. hardworking
B. clever
C. modest
D. fair

  2. When the hare was told he once again lost the race to the tortoise, he would probably feel. A. unexpected B. shameful C. angry D. ridiculous

  3. We can learned from the passage that. A. the tortoise is as strong-minded as before B. the hare is as proud as before C. the tortoise can adapt himself to the times D. the tortoise has bought off the deer
  4. The most suitable title would be . A. a race between tortoise and hare C. two races between tortoise and hare B. another race between tortoise and hare D. stories between tortoise and hare C A man was tired of living in his old house in the country and wanted to sell it and buy a better one. He tried to sell it for a long time, but was not successful, so at last he decided to solve the problem by using as real estate agent.(房地产代 理人) The agent decided at once to advertise the house, and a few days later, the owner saw a very attractive photograph of it, with a wonderful description of its gardens, in an expensive magazine. After the house owner had read the advertisement through, he hurriedly telephoned the real estate agent and said to him,“I'm sorry, Mr. Jones, but I've decided not to sell my house after all. After reading your advertisement in that magazine, I can see that it's just the kind of house I've wanted to live in all my life.”
  41.What problem did the man have? A.He couldn't find his house C.He was unsuccessful at buying a house B.He was unsuccessful at selling his house D.He was unsuccessful at finding a real estate agent

  42.It's easier to sell house through agents because . A.they have a magazine C.they are good at better advertising B.they are better at writing articles D.they are better looking

  43.Which of the following best states the main idea?
爱心教育辅导
圆您上大学梦
6
机构总部地址:梅江二路大园二巷 8 号(江南同仁堂药店往里 100 米;学艺中学附近); 分部地址:江北侨新路月亮湾小区 C 区 9 号(春晓超市后面)
辅导宗旨:一对一,巩固基础,超前学习,赢在未来! 报名、咨询热线:0753??8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229
A.You don't know what you have until you have lost it. B.It's hard to sell a house C.No one likes to live in the country. D.There is no place like home.
  44.In the passage the word“attractive”most nearly means . A.perfect B.complete C.modern D.pleasant to look at D In the United States many have been told that anyone can become rich and successful if he works hard and has some good luck. Yet, when one becomes rich, he wants people to know it. And even if he does not become very rich, he wants people to think that he is. That is what Keeping up with the Joneses” about. It is the story of someone who tries to look as “ is rich and as successful as his neighbors. The expression was first used in 1913 by a young American by the name of Arthur Momand. He told this story about himself: He began earning $125 a week at the age of
  23. That was a lot of money in those days. Young Momand was very proud of his riches. He got married and moved with his wife to a very wealthy neighborhood outside New York Ciry. But just moving there was not enough. When he saw that rich people rode horses. Momand went horseback riding every day. When he saw that rich people had servants, Momand and his wife also hired a servant and gave big parties for their new neighbors. It was like a race, but one could never finish this race because one was always trying to keep up. Momand and his wife could not do that. The race ended for them when they could no longer pay for their new way of life. They left their wealthy neighborhood and moved back
 

相关内容

高中英语阅读技巧及专题训练(含答案)

   辅导宗旨:一对一,巩固基础,超前学习,赢在未来! 报名、咨询热线:0753??8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229 高中英语阅读技巧及专题训练(含答案) 高中英语阅读技巧及专题训练(含答案) 及专题训练 一、题型知识 新课标对高考英语阅读理解(八级)做了具体要求: (1) 能阅读一般的英文报刊杂志,获取主要信息; (2) 阅读一般英文原著,抓住主要情节,了解主要人物; (3) 能读懂各种商品的说明书等非专业性的资料; (4) 能根据情景及上下 ...

高中英语作文写作技巧及专题训练(含答案)

   辅导宗旨:一对一,巩固基础,超前学习,赢在未来! 报名、咨询热线:0753??8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229 高中英语作文写作技巧及专题训练(含答案) 高中英语作文写作技巧及专题训练(含答案) 及专题训练 写英语作文应把握的技巧: 写英语作文应把握的技巧: 写顺全文。 首先,要避免使用汉语式英语,尽量使用自己熟悉的句型。 其次,多用简单句型,记事、写人一般都不需要复杂的句型。可适当多使用陈述句、一般疑问句、祈使句和感叹句。 不用或少用非 ...

四级英语阅读技巧

   " 1.首先解题时要充满自信。由于平时有些同学对做阅读理解时 存在一种畏惧心理,因此考试做题时心理就难免会产生紧张感 ,特别是阅读时再遇到几个生词就头脑发胀,从而使自己的思 路更加模糊不清。其实这是完全没有必要的,因为阅读中遇到 几个生词或几个难以理解的句子是常有的事,也是正常现象。 因为按大纲要求,试卷中允许有不超过3%的生词,只要认真分 析,仔细阅读,这些生词和句子很可能并不影响你的解题。所 以答题之前首先要有必胜的信心。 " 2.扫读全文,理解全文主旨大意。拿到一篇文章,首先要快速 ...

英语阅读技巧攻略

   英语阅读技巧攻 英语阅读技巧攻略 英语四级阅读技巧 你知道是阅读速度和理解阅读两个方面在影响着你的阅读能力吗?除了掌握大量 的词汇量之外,你有没有注意到自己的阅读速度,你的方法正确、合理吗?检查一下你 有没有以下的阅读习惯,新东方的老师在告诉你,改掉它们你的阅读理解就会迎来奇 迹! (1)“指读”,即为了“集中注意力”,用手指或笔尖指着文章细细的逐词阅读。 一遇到生词,便停顿下来,无法在通篇理解的基础上继续进行阅读。也影响整句或整段 的意思的理解。 (2)“唇读”,即有的学生在阅读中寺喜欢读 ...

大学英语六级翻译分项训练(含答案详解)

   本文由紫雨a幽竹贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 中华英语学习网 中华英语学习网 www.100yingyu.com 英语 官方总站: 官方总站:圣才学习网 www.100xuexi.com 大学英语六级翻译分项训练(含答案及详解) 大学英语六级翻译分项训练(含答案及详解) 及详解 一,倍数增减的表示法 1) Force N1 (比力 N2 大 2.5 倍). 2) This substance (反应速度是另外那种 ...

高二英语:阅读专题训练(6)(新人教版必修3)

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 高二英语:阅读专题训练( ) (新人教版必修 ) 高二英语:阅读专题训练(6) 新人教版必修 3) ( A Three blondes (金发碧眼的女人) were being trained to become detectives by a policeman. To test their skills in recognizing a suspect (嫌疑犯), the policeman showed the ...

英语高考阅读技巧

   考试题中,阅读部分所占比例较大, 而学生在这个方面失分又相对较多。因此, 我们怎样在平时的训练中培养学生的解题方法,提高学生的解题能力呢? 一,首先,要了解《考试大纲》对阅读理解的主要要求: 1.掌握所读文章的主旨和大意以及用以说明主旨和大意的事实和细节; 2.既理解具体的事实,也理解抽象的概念; 3.既理解字面意思,也理解根据字面意思可以推断出来的没有明确说出的 深沉含义,包括作者的态度、意图等; 4.既理解某句、某段的意义,也理解全篇的逻辑关系,并据此进行推理和 判断; 5.既能根据文章 ...

英语写作专题训练

   英语写作专题训练??过渡词 英语写作专题训练??过渡词 ?? 众所周知,要写出清晰流畅的文章,需要把文章中各部分巧妙地连接在一起。这样可使文章自然而别 致,并能层层展开主题句,完整地表达中心思想。而过渡词(Transitional Words)是连接这些部分的纽 带。 过渡词是一种关系指引词,一般由副词或起副词作用的短语承担。此外,代词、连词、上下文的近义 词等也可作过渡词。过渡词能使文章启、承、转、合,融会贯通,连成一体。 一、过渡词的分类 1. 根据意思和作用的不同,过渡词可以分为以下十 ...

初中英语专题训练题

   初中英语专题训练题 专题一:词汇部分(名词、数词、冠词) 专题一:词汇部分(名词、数词、冠词) A:名词专项 可修饰名词的常用词: 可修饰名词的常用词: 1) 修饰可数名词与不可数名词:some, any, a lot of, lots of, plenty of 2) 饰可数名词的有:many, (a)few, a large (great) number of ) 3) 只修饰不可数名词的有:much, (a)little, a great deal of ) 2、难点 、 1)名词所有 ...

大学英语四级阅读技巧

   本文由第四百零一天贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 (一)选项中含有不十分肯定的语气词一般是正确答案项。这些语气词有: can, could, ma 一 选项中含有不十分肯定的语气词一般是正确答案项 这些语气词有: 选项中含有不十分肯定的语气词一般是正确答案项。 y, should, usually, might, most(大多数 ,more or less, relatively, be likely to, p 大多数 ...

热门内容

船厂英语学习(一)

   邀你一起学船舶口语之一:船厂生活用语 Life in the Yard 92 句 邀你一起学船舶口语,你是否愿意来? 如果愿意,请回复“YES” ! 千万别只看不回,那样很伤心。 句子简单实用,适合初学。 资料是逐字敲出来的,现做现发。 一起努力,共同进步,我等着你的加入! 推荐等级仅供参考。 ★表示“普通船舶口语” , 推荐理由:以生活口语为基础,并涉及船舶方面的英语。 ★★ 表示“实用船舶口语” 推荐理由:围绕船体或船机,相对专业的船舶英语。 ★★★表示“专业船舶口语” 推荐理由:专业术 ...

2011中石油职称英语考试冲刺试题3

   2011 中石油职称英语考试冲刺试题 三) 中石油职称英语考试冲刺试题(三 职称英语考试冲刺试题 I. Vocabulary Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there ar e fourchoices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the se ntence andmar ...

高考英语书面表达(看图说话)

   英语句子的种类 简单句 (The simple sentence) 并列句 (The compound sentence) 复合句 (The complex sentence) 1. I turned on the TV. I watched it. 并列句 I turned on the TV and watched it. 2. I bought my sister a present. She didn’t like it. I bought my sister a present,b ...

如何摆脱汉语发音习惯对英语语音的影晌

   20 03年 第 3期   总6 0期  辽 宁商 务职 业学 院学 报 ( 社会 科学 版 )   J RNA O   1 0盯NG  『  ES   OU L  F I A 1 Bl s SV0C^ 删 AL C   0U  GE EI   NO 3. 0 3 . 20  Sr 6  ei 0   如 何 摆 脱 汉 语 发 音 习 惯 对 英 语 语 音 的 影 晌  口  刘 瑞 敏   ( 阳大 学 师范学 院 外语 系 , 宁 沈 阳 10 1) 沈 辽 1o5  【 摘 要 】 ...

人教版七年级上册英语单词含音标

   " " " my [mai] pron. 我的 " " " I'm [aim] 我是(=I am) " " " name ['neim] n. 名字,名称 " " " nice [nais] a. 美好的;令人愉快的 " " " is [iz] v. 是(be 的现在式第三人称 " " " to [tu:] prep. 到,向 " " " name's ['neims] 名字是 " " " meet [mi:t] v. 遇见,与…见面 " " " clock [kl?] n ...