,只有通读全文后,仔细思考、归纳总结才会找出主题或中心来, 从而进一步看清作者的目的、意图及心情。
  2. 说明文 说明文:说明文通常是用来对事物的情况进行描绘或对某种观点、理论进行解释,从而使人们明白事理或掌握某 种方法技巧。在文章中,作者一般是首先提出一个要说明的对象,然后从时间先后、空间顺序、用途、方法、手段、 事例或进行的步骤等各方面进行描绘或解释。
  3. 议论文:议论文就是用来对人或事物的好坏、是非发表意见和看法。作者总是先提出一个论点,接着对这个论点 议论文: 进行正反分析,逻辑推理或列举事例加以论证,然后得出结论。它一般分为立论和驳论两种,在立论中,摆事实、 讲道理,论证其观点的可行性、正确性;在驳论中,作者首先提出一个不正确的论点,然后用事实、道理对它逐点 进行驳斥,来证明它是错误的、行不通的,再得出正确的结论。
  4. 应用文:应用文是日常生活中用来传播信息的一种文体。这类文章除用文字外,有的用图形,有的用表格。如: 应用文: 通知、广告、海报、书信、启事、便条、收据、借条和物品说明书等。这类文章有 3 个显著的特点:一是词汇较 偏僻;二是语言也不规范;三是句子结构不完整,阅读起来的确困难。但是,它们一般属于应用文,告诉人们消息、 方法、途径等内容。
五、文化背景知识
文化背景包括政治、经济、社会、科学技术、天气情况、地理环境、人物的性格特点及知识水平等各个方面。如果 背景知识丰富,阅读起来轻而易举;如果背景知识贫乏,阅读起来就感到困难,甚至理解不了。例如让同学们阅读 一篇关于“水门汀事件”或“伊朗门事件”方面的英语文章,如果同学们对这两件事情的背景不清楚,阅读起来就 会摸不着头脑。由此可见,文化背景知识是进行阅读理解的助手,考生一定要注意平时的积累。
六、生活经验常识
阅读理解的能力一般随着生活经验的丰富而不断提高。例如由于小孩还没有成年人的知识和经验,他们还看不懂成 年人的文章,他们自然也就不喜欢成年人的读物;人们对于自己所经历的事情一看就能明白,读起来也就有兴趣, 而对于陌生领域的文章就感到困难。因此,同学们在平时要多积累生活经验。
七、习语及固定搭配知识
每一种语言都有自己的习惯用语和固定搭配。一般情况下,这些用语和固定搭配是不能单从字面上来理解的,英语 也是如此。如 eat one’s words 的意思并不是“食言,说话不算数”而是“收回前言,为说错话而道歉”;break one’
爱心教育辅导 圆您上大学梦 3
机构总部地址:梅江二路大园二巷 8 号(江南同仁堂药店往里 100 米;学艺中学附近); 分部地址:江北侨新路月亮湾小区 C 区 9 号(春晓超市后面)
辅导宗旨:一对一,巩固基础,超前学习,赢在未来! 报名、咨询热线:0753??8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229
s words 的意思才是“食言,失言”。又如,如果把 have words with sb 理解为“跟某人谈话”,那么就错了,它的 意思是“跟某人吵嘴”;而 have a word / talk with sb 的意思才是“跟某人谈话”。因此,这就要求同学们在平日的 英语学习中必须进行广泛的阅读,积累、掌握英语中的习语及固定搭配。
八、学科综合知识
高考英语阅读理解方面的短文不仅包括社会生活、政治经济、文化教育各方面的知识,而且也包括历史、地理、物 理、化学、生物、电脑技术、音乐、美术等各学科方面的知识。如果某学科的知识贫乏,势必会影响对这方面的短 文的理解。因此,学好各学科的知识,对各学科知识的综合运用,是提高英语阅读理解能力的有效途径。 A Once upon a time, there were two sheep. One was a small sheep, so small. It has a soft voice?baa! The other was a big sheep, so big. It has a loud voice?BAA! The two sheep are brothers. Every day, Big Sheep and Small Sheep would go out to the fields to play together and to look for grass to eat. One morning,as always, two sheep went out. Big Sheep the and Small Sheep gambolled (跳跃) out to the fields to look for grass to eat. Now it has not been raining for many days and most of the grass had dried up. Big Sheep and Small Sheep gambolled for a long time but they could not find any green grass to eat. Their feet were tired and they could no longer gambol. So they walked. They walked and walked from morning until afternoon but there were no green grass. As far as they could see all the green grass had become brown. The sun was getting hotter. Big Sheep and Small Sheep were tired, hungry and thirsty. But they continued walking and soon they came to a river. They lowered their heads and lapped up some water with their tongues. When Big Sheep lifted his head, he saw a small green patch under a tree. He gambolled over to the tree. It was a patch of green grass.“BAA, BAA!” he shouted to Small Sheep to come over. Both Big Sheep and Small Sheep were very excited. But the small patch of grass was a very small patch. It was just enough for one sheep. What should they do? Who should eat the small batch of green grass? “BAA, BAA! Go ahead and eat it. I am not very hungry. said Big Sheep and he began to move away. ” “ Baa! Let us share the green grass said Small Sheep. So Big Sheep and Small Sheep shared the small patch of small grass. They were very gay and they “ gambolled all the way home.
  1. What should be the best title for the passage? A. Big Sheep and his grass C. Sheep like grass B. Sharing with one another D. Looking for grass

  2. What can we learn from last sentence in the second paragraph? A. It has rained for long. C. The two sheep like to eat dry grass. B. The grass is dry. D. It is hard for the two sheep to find green grass.

  3. What did the two sheep do when coming to a river?
爱心教育辅导
圆您上大学梦
4
机构总部地址:梅江二路大园二巷 8 号(江南同仁堂药店往里 100 米;学艺中学附近); 分部地址:江北侨新路月亮湾小区 C 区 9 号(春晓超市后面)
辅导宗旨:一对一,巩固基础,超前学习,赢在未来! 报名、咨询热线:0753??8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229
A. They had a good rest and went home. B. They got tired and slept. C. They lowered their heads and drank some water. D. They ate some brown grass.
  4. What did Big Sheep do when he found the green grass? A. He asked Small Sheep to eat the green grass by excusing that he was not hungry. B. He asked Small Sheep to share the green grass. C. He ate the green grass by himself. D. He told Small Sheep to take the green grass home.
  5. What does the underlined word “gay” mean in the last paragraph? A. envious C. happy B. sad D. bitter B It was indeed an exciting news on the mountain. The tortoise(乌龟)and the hare(野兔) were going to have another race, and they had asked the most authoritative yellow ox to be their judge this time. Years ago, when the tortoise and the hare held their first race, because the hare run so fast that he was far ahead of the tortoise, hare took a rest on the midway the and unexpectedly overslept. When the hare woke up, he was surprised to find that the tortoise had already reached the destination. The hare was judged a loser. Losing to a slow crawling tortoise was the hare‘s biggest shame in his life and he was often laughed at by all the other animals on the mountain. The hare swore that he would wipe out the disgrace someday. On the eve of race, in order to keep enough energy not to need a rest on the midway again, the hare specially went to bed much earlier than usual. The next morning, the hare arrived at the place of race very early. Soon, the tortoise also slowly crawled over. Under the watching of many guest animals, the yellow ox gave an order to start, then the hare immediately rushed forward. As the hare had enough sleep the night before, he hoped to reach the destination much earlier to surprise everyone, so he ran just as fast as the flight of an arrow. Suddenly he discovered that he was chased by the highway patrolman deer. The deer caught up with him and said coldly: “You are speeding.” Then he quickly took the hare to the expressway patrol office. When the hare was set free next morning, the race judge yellow ox told him that the tortoise had reached the destination last night,therefore, the hare once again lost the race to the tortoise. The stupid hare never understood that while he went to bed earlier the night before, the tortoise and the deer had a big dinner and the tortoise paid the bill.
  1. The yellow ox was asked to be the judge because he was considered.
爱心教育辅导 圆您上大学梦 5
机构总部地址:梅江二路大园二巷 8 号(江南同仁堂药店往里 100 米;学艺中学附近); 分部地址:江北侨新路月亮湾小区 C 区 9 号(春晓超市后面)
辅导宗旨:一对一,巩固基础,超前学习,赢在未来! 报名、咨询热线:0753??8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229
A. hardworking
B. clever
C. modest
D. fair

  2. When the hare was told he once again lost the race to the tortoise, he would probably feel. A. unexpected B. shameful C. angry D. ridiculous

  3. We can learned from the passage that. A. the tortoise is as strong-minded as before B. the hare is as proud as before C. the tortoise can adapt himself to the times D. the tortoise has bought off the deer
  4. The most suitable title would be . A. a race between tortoise and hare C. two races between tortoise and hare B. another race between tortoise and hare D. stories between tortoise and hare C A man was tired of living in his old house in the country and wanted to sell it and buy a better one. He tried to sell it for a long time, but was not successful, so at last he decided to solve the problem by using as real estate agent.(房地产代 理人) The agent decided at once to advertise the house, and a few days later, the owner saw a very attractive photograph of it, with a wonderful description of its gardens, in an expensive magazine. After the house owner had read the advertisement through, he hurriedly telephoned the real estate agent and said to him,“I'm sorry, Mr. Jones, but I've decided not to sell my house after all. After reading your advertisement in that magazine, I can see that it's just the kind of house I've wanted to live in all my life.”
  41.What problem did the man have? A.He couldn't find his house C.He was unsuccessful at buying a house B.He was unsuccessful at selling his house D.He was unsuccessful at finding a real estate agent

  42.It's easier to sell house through agents because . A.they have a magazine C.they are good at better advertising B.they are better at writing articles D.they are better looking

  43.Which of the following best states the main idea?
爱心教育辅导
圆您上大学梦
6
机构总部地址:梅江二路大园二巷 8 号(江南同仁堂药店往里 100 米;学艺中学附近); 分部地址:江北侨新路月亮湾小区 C 区 9 号(春晓超市后面)
辅导宗旨:一对一,巩固基础,超前学习,赢在未来! 报名、咨询热线:0753??8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229
A.You don't know what you have until you have lost it. B.It's hard to sell a house C.No one likes to live in the country. D.There is no place like home.
  44.In the passage the word“attractive”most nearly means . A.perfect B.complete C.modern D.pleasant to look at D In the United States many have been told that anyone can become rich and successful if he works hard and has some good luck. Yet, when one becomes rich, he wants people to know it. And even if he does not become very rich, he wants people to think that he is. That is what Keeping up with the Joneses” about. It is the story of someone who tries to look as “ is rich and as successful as his neighbors. The expression was first used in 1913 by a young American by the name of Arthur Momand. He told this story about himself: He began earning $125 a week at the age of
  23. That was a lot of money in those days. Young Momand was very proud of his riches. He got married and moved with his wife to a very wealthy neighborhood outside New York Ciry. But just moving there was not enough. When he saw that rich people rode horses. Momand went horseback riding every day. When he saw that rich people had servants, Momand and his wife also hired a servant and gave big parties for their new neighbors. It was like a race, but one could never finish this race because one was always trying to keep up. Momand and his wife could not do that. The race ended for them when they could no longer pay for their new way of life. They left their wealthy neighborhood and moved back
 

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