一,先读问题,弄清考查要点,以便能带着问 先读问题,弄清考查要点, 题看文章,这样会心中有数,有的放矢. 题看文章,这样会心中有数,有的放矢. 快速浏览全文,掌握全貌, 二,快速浏览全文,掌握全貌,注意发现与问 题有关的信息,如果时间紧, 题有关的信息,如果时间紧,至少要扫视一下起 首段和尾段. 首段和尾段.再把标题和文章内容结合起来想一 这样全文大意便清楚了.此时, 想,这样全文大意便清楚了.此时,不要忙于答 题.
三,细读原文,捕捉相关信息词,掌握短文细 细读原文,捕捉相关信息词, 节内容.这是解题的关键,应特别注意以下几点: 节内容.这是解题的关键,应特别注意以下几点: 和一个"H",就是边读边用
  1. 抓住四个 . 抓住四个"W"和一个 和一个 , 铅笔做些标记, 事件), 铅笔做些标记,把What (事件 ,When(时间), 事件 (时间), Where(地点), ),Why(原因), ),How(经过) (地点), (原因), (经过) 划出来.抓住了四个" 和一个 和一个" , 划出来.抓住了四个"W"和一个"H",就抓住 了文章的全貌,一些直接性的问题便可解决. 了文章的全貌,一些直接性的问题便可解决.
  2.抓住连接词及起关键作用的副词,代词, .抓住连接词及起关键作用的副词,代词, 介词,插入语等.因为这些词具有因果,让步, 介词,插入语等.因为这些词具有因果,让步, 递进,转折,指代, 递进,转折,指代,列举及承上启下等各种连接 上下文的特殊功能.这对考生分清文章层次, 上下文的特殊功能.这对考生分清文章层次,辨 明各种关系,了解人物心理,推断作者意图, 明各种关系,了解人物心理,推断作者意图,进 行逻辑推理等手段来分析难点, 行逻辑推理等手段来分析难点,都具有举足轻重 的作用. 的作用.
  3. 注意领会文章的寓意. . 注意领会文章的寓意.

  4.根据题意,初选答案.这一步须仔细审题, .根据题意,初选答案.这一步须仔细审题, 领会测试要求,确定解题方法.对那些明显的, 领会测试要求,确定解题方法.对那些明显的, 有把握的题可以断然确定, 有把握的题可以断然确定,不必把其余三个答案 再作推敲而浪费时间:有些略难的题, 再作推敲而浪费时间:有些略难的题,应再查阅 短文(不是重读一遍),迅速找出依据,予以排 短文(不是重读一遍),迅速找出依据, ),迅速找出依据 除.常用的解题方法有如下几种: 常用的解题方法有如下几种: 直接解题法.即从原文中直接找出答案. ① 直接解题法.即从原文中直接找出答案. 归纳解题法. ② 归纳解题法.对于不能从原文中直接找出答 案的可在把握全文中心和线索的前题下进行概括, 案的可在把握全文中心和线索的前题下进行概括, 归纳得出正确答案. 归纳得出正确答案.
综合推理法.读者需统观全文,认真分析, ③ 综合推理法.读者需统观全文,认真分析, 综合推理及至计算,最后归纳出正确答案. 综合推理及至计算,最后归纳出正确答案. 题干中有"suggest, conclude, conclusion, 题干中有 probably, reason, because, according to"等字眼 等字眼 属于推断概括型,考查内容着眼于全篇, 时,属于推断概括型,考查内容着眼于全篇,考 生应具备一定的分析归纳,推理等逻辑思维能力. 生应具备一定的分析归纳,推理等逻辑思维能力. 捕捉关键词. ④ 捕捉关键词.在阅读时应该注意与问题相关 的同义词,近义词, 的同义词,近义词,反义词或同位词等信息词来 得出正确答案. 得出正确答案. 转换解题法.即原文这么说, ⑤ 转换解题法.即原文这么说,而在问题和所 给选项中则用另外的词去转换一种说法, 给选项中则用另外的词去转换一种说法,但仍表 示同一含义. 示同一含义. 排除法.根据语言,句法结构, ⑥ 排除法.根据语言,句法结构,信息词和常 在没有把握的选项中用排除法得出正确答案. 识,在没有把握的选项中用排除法得出正确答案.
四,重读原文,仔细斟酌核对答案.在解完最 重读原文,仔细斟酌核对答案. 后一道题后,如果时间允许,再将原文读一遍; 后一道题后,如果时间允许,再将原文读一遍; 用全文的主题思想统率各思考题, 用全文的主题思想统率各思考题,研究其内在联 系和逻辑关系,目的在于对所做答案进一步审查, 系和逻辑关系,目的在于对所做答案进一步审查, 推出未解答的题,以便减少失误. 推出未解答的题,以便减少失误.
典型例题分析 根据内容,从短文后每题的四个选项中选择最佳的一项. 根据内容,从短文后每题的四个选项中选择最佳的一项. Mr Brown first went to look at the underground fire when he was seven. "Through the hole(洞)in the ( earth you could see the orange fire, but you had to look fast because it was so hot," said Mr Brown. In 1898, he saw the fire once more(再一次). (再一次) Now, we can only see the smoke. The fire Mr Brown saw is not the underground - fire. In fact, there are 260 coal(煤)fires in the world. They are harmful ( 有害) (有害)and dangerous. Then how to put them out? Scientists have tried to set(放置)fire to (放置) underground coal to speed up(加速)the fires. In this (加速) way, the burning(燃烧)of underground coal would be (燃烧) soon finished.(被烧完). (被烧完).
A
  1. Mr Brown first saw the underground - fire . A. at the age of seven B. seven years old C. in the year of 1898 D. more than(超过) (超过) 80 years ago
  2. Mr Brown said that we had to take a fast look at the fire because . B A. it was in the hole B. it was very hot C. it was orange D. it was harmful
  3. How many coal fires are there in the world? C A. There's only one. B. It's hard to say. C. There are 2
  60. D. The article(文章)doesn't tell us. (文章)

  4. What's one of the best ways to put out(扑灭)the (扑灭) underground fire? B A. To cover(覆盖)the holes with stones(石块). (覆盖) (石块) B. To speed up the fires. C. To see the fires burning. D. To do some experiments(试验). (试验)
  5. What is the best title(标题)for the article? B (标题) A. Watching the Underground - Fire. B. A Way to Put Out the Coal Fires. C. The Burning Earth. D. Coal and Coal Fires.
[分析
  1. 在文章的第一段的第一句里可以找到依据.at 分析] 在文章的第一段的第一句里可以找到依据 找到依据. 分析 the age of seven 等于 等于when he was seven,故正确答案为 , A.
  2.这一题可以在第一段里直接找到答案,属于直接 .这一题可以在第一段里直接找到答案,属于直接 回答题. 回答题.正确答案为 B. .
  3.这一题可以在第二段里直接找到答案,属于直接 .这一题可以在第二段里直接找到答案,属于直接 回答题. 回答题.正确答案为 C. .
  4.在文章的最后一段提到了扑灭火的最好方法,那 最后一段提到了扑灭火的最好方法 .在文章的最后一段提到了扑灭火的最好方法, 就是使火加速燃烧. 就是使火加速燃烧.正确答案为 B. . 归纳,
  5.完成这道题需作一定的归纳,因为文章中没有给 .完成这道题需作一定的归纳 因为文章中没有给 出直接的回答.文章从Mr Brown两次看火,然后说出地 两次看火, 出直接的回答.文章从 两次看火 下火的危害,最后提出如何灭火的方法. 下火的危害,最后提出如何灭火的方法.文章的前两段 是给为什么要灭火和如何灭火铺垫, 是给为什么要灭火和如何灭火铺垫,如何灭火才是文章 的中心. 的中心.故正确答案为 B. .
一,根据文章内容判断正误 Fred telephoned his wife. "I've got two free tickets for the theatre tonight," he told her. "Meet me outside the office. We'll have something to eat and then go on to the theatre." Fred's wife was very pleased. They hadn't been to the theatre for a long time. She met her husband as he told her. They had dinner and got to the theatre just in time. At the entrance Fred took out his wallet to get the tickets. "It's very strange," he said. "They aren't here!" "Try your pockets," said his wife. But the tickets weren't there, either. Then Fred looked very embarrassed (尴尬 "What's the 尴尬). 尴尬 matter?" asked his wife. "Well," Fred said, "I remember what I did with my tickets. I put them in my bag. But because I wasn't going home, I left it in the office!"
( )
  1. One day, Fred was given the tickets for the theatre. ( )
  2. Fred and his wife went to the theatre quite often. ( )
  3. Fred wanted to meet his wife in a restaurant. ( )
  4. They reached the theatre neither late nor early. ( )
  5. Then Fred couldn't find his tickets and remembered what he had done with the tickets.
因为第一段中提到Fred 1,T 因为第一段中提到Fred told his wife "I've got two free tickets tickets…" "free 此处是免费的意思. free" I ve free 此处是免费的意思. 第二段中提到" hadn't 2,F 第二段中提到"They hadn t been to the theater time." for a long time. 第一段中Fred Fred说 office." 3,F 第一段中Fred说"Meet me outside the office. 第二段中" time"是及时的意思 是及时的意思. 结尾处提到的. 4,T 第二段中"in time 是及时的意思.5T 结尾处提到的.
David McConnell sold books from door to door. Housewives(家庭主妇 家庭主妇)were not interested in the books. 家庭主妇 Usually before he had enough time to say anything about his books, the women closed their doors. But he didn't give up. McConnell decided to bring each of them a present, a small bottle of perfume(香水 香水)made by himself. 香水 He soon found that the women liked the perfume better than the books. He stopped selling books to sell perfume instead and started his own company "Avon", which is a great success. When you do nothing, you learn nothing. But when you try, even though you are not successful, you will learn what doesn't work and that puts you closer to what will work. It doesn't matter how many times you are not successful. It does matter that you will be successful one day.
Edison was not on the way to success until people bought his first invention. Success once is enough for Edison. And the same for you?success once is enough. ( )
  1. McConnell was successful as a book-seller. ( )
  2. McConnell hoped those women would buy his books if he brought them each a present. ( )
  3. If you do nothing at all, you will never be successful. ( )
  4. Edison was successful at the very beginning. ( )
  5. The writer encouraged us to try as much as we can.
FTTFT
1,F 从第一段"He stopped selling books to 从第一段" stead.", sell perfume stead. ,可以判断出他在推销书方 面并不成功. 面并不成功. 第一段第三行提到" 2,T 第一段第三行提到"McConnell decided to present,…". bring each of them a present, . 3,T 这句是第二段前两句的解释. 这句是第二段前两句的解释. 最后一段,第一句说明Edison 4,F 最后一段,第一句说明Edison 的发明被人 们认可后才走上了成功之路. 们认可后才走上了成功之路. 第二段中作者提出了自己的观点. 5,T 第二段中作者提出了自己的观点.
Sociologists(社会学家), Sociologists(社会学家), working in western 社会学家 countries, have found that a large number of women wished they had been born men. The number is said to be as high as 60% in Germany. "Women often wish they had the same chances as Women men's world," men have, and think it is still men s world, said Dr James Helen, one of the sociologists who did study. the study. Many men say that they have more duties than support(养 women. A man has to make money to support(养 活)his family and to make the important decision, so it is right for men to be paid more. Some are more. even against their wives working at all. When wives go out to work, they say, the home and children cannot be
taken good care of. If women take full-time fullwon't jobs, they won t be able to do what they are doing: best at doing: making a nice home and bringing up the children. Some women disagree. They say they want to get out of their homes and to have freedom(自由) to freedom(自由) 自由 choose between work and home life. Women have chances(平等机 the right of equal pay and equal chances(平等机 会). Anne Harper has a very good job. She also Women's 解放). believes in "Women s Liberation(解放). "I Women Liberation(解放)." I don't man, she don t wish I were a man, "she says, "and I and don't don t think many women do. But I do wish people treating(对待 对待) second?class would stop treating(对待) us like second class people.
At work, for example, we usually do the work that men do but get paid less. There men? are still a lot of jobs only to men usually they are the best ones. If you are a man, you have a much better chance of living a wonderful life. How many women there…or engineers?" scientists are there or engineers?
(
)
  1. many men think. can't A. women can t do what men can B. men have to work much harder than women C. men can make money more easily than women women's D. women s duty is mainly to do housework at home
这是一道概括主旨的题, 1,D 这是一道概括主旨的题,答此题的
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湖南省2011届高三12校联考第一次考试(英语试卷)

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