【词条
  1】apply 【点拨】apply 意为"申请",为不及物动词。常构成短语 apply for sth."申请……";apply to do sth. "申请做某事"。如: We advertised three positions and over 50 people applied for them. He has applied for a scholarship to Harvard University. Why don’t you apply to be admitted to the club? 【拓展】
  1. apply 还可意为"应用,运用;适用;有关,涉及"。常构成短语:apply to"适用于;运用到; 关系到";apply sth. to sth. "把……运用于……";apply oneself to"致力于"。如: The new method can’t be applied in every case. The rules just apply to the kids under twelve years old. The experience can be applied to other fields. She applies herself to helping children in the poor areas.
  2. application n. 申请;应用,运用 applicant n. 申请人 【词条
  2】require 【点拨】require vt. 需要,要求,后面可接不同的宾语形式。requirement 为其名词形式。
  1. 接名词或代词。如: As a primary teacher, it requires great patience to teach children.
  2. 接动词-ing 的主动式或不定式的被动式。如: The old house requires repairing / to be repaired.
  3. 接不定式的复合结构。如: They required people not to smoke in the room.
  4. 接宾语从句(从句常用虚拟语气)。如: We required that people present at the meeting (should)arrive on time. 【拓展】辨析:require, demand&request 这三个词都有"要求"之意,具体区别如下:
  1. require 强调根据需要或纪律、法律等提出的要求。如: The situation there requires that I should take effective measures.
  2. demand 一般指理直气壮地提出强烈要求(或不允许对方拒绝的要求)。不用于 demand sb. to do sth.结构。此外,demand 还可用作名词。如: He demanded an immediate answer from me.
  3. request 是正式用语,指非常正式有礼貌地请求或恳求(多含担心种种原因导致对方不能答应 的意味)。request 还可用作名词。如: In the invitation, he requested that my family should attend his wedding. 【词条
  3】suffer 【点拨】suffer vt.遭受,经历,后常跟 defeat, hunger, loss, pain, poverty 等词作宾语。如: They have been suffering poverty since their unemployment. The enemy has suffered a sharp defeat and huge losses. vi. 受损失;受痛苦 If you break your promise, your reputation will suffer a lot. He suffered terribly when his parents died in the accident.
【拓展】suffer from 意为"受……折磨,受……之苦"。如: Workers in this factory suffered from overwork. A lot of old people suffer from heart disease. suffering n. 疼痛,痛苦, 常用作复数,表示"种种痛苦(苦难)"。如: He died without much suffering. She keeps complaining about all her sufferings.
经典短语透视 【短语
  1】take...for granted 【点拨】 take ... for granted 想当然,认为……理所当然,对……不予重视。 take 之后可接 sth. / it 作宾语:take sth. for granted 视某事为理所当然;take it for granted that 认为…… 理所当然, it 为形式宾语,真正的宾语为 that-clause。如: He takes everything his parents do for him for granted. Mother often tells me not to take things for granted. You can’t take it for granted that they’ll behave themselves. 【短语
  2】in response to 【点拨】in response to 回答,作为对……的回应。如: The president visited the country in response to an invitation. She opened the door in response to the knock. 【拓展】respond vi. 回应,响应;回答。构成短语:respond to 回答,回应。如: Many young people eagerly respond to the Party’s call to work in the border regions. I offered him a drink but he didn’t respond.
热点语法聚焦 由于一般过去时、过去完成时、过去进行时三种时态的基本用法大家已经非常熟悉,本单元 我们主要讲解各时态的特殊用法。
  1. 一般过去时 (
  1)一般过去时表示现在的情形,在这种情况下,常用的动词有:know, think, expect, hope, plan, mean, intend 等。如: Oh, it’s you. I didn’t know you were here. (事实上,你现在就在这里) I didn’t expect to be offered the post.(现在被给予了这个职位) I thought you were busy.(其实你现在不忙) (
  2)在时间或条件状语从句中,主句用过去将来时,从句用一般过去时表示过去将来。如: He said he would phone me when he decided to visit me. (
  3)表示过去经常发生的动作时常用 used to 或 would +动词原形。如: The boy would / used to go to the forest alone.
  2. 过去完成时 (
  1)和另一个动词的过去时连用,表示两个过去动作发生的先后。如: He had worked for three years before he went abroad for further education. (
  2)表示从过去某一时间开始,一直延续到过去另一时间的动作,常与以下时间状语连用:by
then, by the time, by the end of 等。如: By the end of last year, we had been friends for five years. (
  3)It was / had been +一段时间+ since 从句。since 从句用过去完成时。如: It was at least three years since I had enjoyed a good drink. (
  4)That / It was the first / second ... time + that 从句。that 从句的谓语用过去 完成时。如: It was the third time that he had mentioned the person. (
  5)表示过去未曾实现的愿望、 打算或意图,常用动词有 hope, expect, want, mean, intend, plan, think, suppose 等。如: I had intended to attend the ceremony, but I had to prepare a plan. We had hoped to get together last weekend, but we were just too busy.
  3. 过去进行时 (
  1)过去进行时表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作。如: We were talking about the famous stars when the teacher came in. (
  2)过去进行时也可表示过去某一时间段正在进行的动作。如: Those days he was helping with my maths. (
  3)表示按计划、安排,过去某时将发生的动作。如: They were leaving for Paris three days later. (
  4)与 always, usually, frequently, often, all the time 等连用,表示说话人的赞美、 厌烦等情绪。如: She was always complaining about lacking money.
 

相关内容

高中英语知识点讲解 (1)

   【词条 1】occupy 【点拨】occupy 为动词,可意为"占领"。如: Germany occupied a lot of countries during the Second World War. 【拓展】 1. occupy 还可意为"占或充满(时间,空间);担任(职务);占据(头脑,思想)"。常用于结构: ①occupy oneself in doing sth. / with sth. /忙于,从事于 ②be occupied in d ...

高中英语知识点讲解 (12)

   【词条 1】compare 【点拨】compare 意为"比较"。常见搭配为:compare ... with ...意为"把……和……比较"; compared with / to ...意为"和……比起来",在句中常用作状语。如: If you compare the two books, you will see that this one is better. Compare your answers with those ...

高中英语知识点讲解 (3)

   【词条 1】combine 【点拨】combine vi. / vt. 联合,结合,合并。常用作结构 combine ... with ..."把……与…… 结合"。如: The two countries combined against their common enemy. He combined his scientific knowledge with his friend’s business skill and started a company. His ...

高一英语必修4知识点讲解

   高一英语必修4知识点讲解 必修4 Unit1 Women of achievement知识点讲解 重点词汇 1. achieve 【课文原句】She has achieved everything she wanted to do… (P3) 【名师点拨】achieve v. 意为“完成;达到”,指经过长期努力而达到某目标、地位或标准等。其名词形式为achievement,意为“成就;功绩”,a sense of achievement可指“成就感”。如: He had finally ach ...

高中英语必修4知识点讲解(新人教版)_免费的

   Unit1 Word: achievement 成就; 功绩 project 项目; 工程; 规划 connection 连接; 关系 organization 组织; 机构 团队 shade 荫; 阴凉处; 遮住光线 worthwhile 值得的; 值得做的(worth) observe 观察;观测;遵守(n. observation)respect 尊敬;尊重;敬意 entertainment 款待;娱乐; 娱乐表演 argue 讨论;辩论;争论(argument) crowd n.人群 ...

小学英语知识点归纳

   小学英语知识点归纳 1、话题 、 (1) 字母 字母:(大小)辨认、书写顺序 : Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm N n Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz. 元音字母:A a , Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu 半元音字母: Yy 书写容易错误的字母:E , F , G, M, N, d, i, p, q, x, y. (2) 数字 数字:基数词和序数词的运用,如计算、购物等. 基数词: One, two, t ...

中考英语知识点总结

   中考英语知识点总结 中考英语知识点总结 初一年级(上) 【知识梳理】 I. 重点短语 1. Sit down 2. on duty 3. in English 4. have a seat 5. at home 6. look like 7. look at 8. have a look 9. come on 10. at work 11. at school 12. put on 13. look after 14. get up 15. go shopping II. 重要句型 1. h ...

初一英语知识点(上册)

   初一英语知识点 二○○四年十二月 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Zero One Two Three four five S i x seven eight nine t e n 1 11 21 31 41 51 61 71 81 9 Eleven Twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen Nineteen 1. 特殊疑问句 What’s your name? I’m Liu Ying. My na ...

初中英语知识点大全

   初中英语知识点集大全 Unit 1. My name’s Gina (1)特殊疑问句 ?What’s your name? 及回答 ?My name’s Jenny. 或?I’m Jenny. 或?Jenny. 肯定句变特殊疑问句:疑问词置换掉要提问部分并前提,首字母大写,结尾变问号。 (2)主系表结构,系动词 be 的人称及数的对应,am, is , are. Be 在缩写时的规则: 1.常和其前面的词缩写,一般不与后面的词缩写:What’s this? 但在否定回答中则与后面的词缩写:N ...

初中英语知识点总结

   初一年级(上) 【知识梳理】 I. 重点短语 1. Sit down 2. on duty 3. in English 4. have a seat 5. at home 6. look like 7. look at 8. have a look 9. come on 10. at work 11. at school 12. put on 13. look after 14. get up 15. go shopping II. 重要句型 1. help sb. do sth. 2. W ...

热门内容

英语专业技能课实施微格教学的体会

   英语专业技能课实施微格教学的体会 ●马雅彬 微格教学在东北院校引入较晚,作为民族师范院 校,我们是从 1995 半开始进行研究、探讨和实践的。 一、我们是在什么情况下开展微格教学的 作为边远地区的民族院校,因各方面条件限制, 对外界的有关教育信息了解的有限,五年前我们对微 格教学的概念几乎一无所知。当时,有些毕业生在教 学岗位上知识有余,但教学基本功不行。有个别学生 的专业技能甚至不如中专师范生。为此,学院要求必 须彻底改变这一现象,并采取了加大基本功、专业技 能训练等一系列措施,但学生自己 ...

外事接待英语常用词汇120句

   外事接待 W??j_X4 j_X4大j 候j_大^ UO??U 起??B?? bz?TfB?? 登j_卡 安全j⒉ 海? 海?芄ぷ魅? 通?N海??⒉ 海???定 海???例 海?苁???n?RG ??砗?芾惺?? X1表 外^c申X1表 a???物品 往返票 入境|=?< 出境|=?< ?N境|=?< ?N境旅客 入境手~? |!化手~? 一次性|=?< 多次入境|=?< 再入境|=?< 旅?J|=?< ?w照 外交?w照 公R?w照 出示?w照 免z商店 免z物品 免zU 行李提取?U ...

初一上册英语语法知识小结

   初一上册英语语法小结 1.there be 句型 “有”指 “某地有某物”形式 :there is, there are 例:There is some food in the fridge。冰箱里有一些食物。 There are many books on the desk. 桌上有许多书。 区分:there is 用于修饰单数名词和不可数名词 ,例如:a book , an egg, milk, ice-cream ....... there are 用来修饰可数名词复数 如果要表达某处 ...

专升本英语翻译

   汉语长句/短文汉译英是对考生英语综合应用能力的一项测验。要求译文“忠实原文”,表 达“基本正确”,短文内容主要涉及政治、经济、社会、文化和科普等领域的一般性知识或 科学常识。考以往所熟悉的把单句译成英语相比,把一篇短文译成英语,无疑要求更高,难 度更大。因为就翻译而言,忠实原文绝非两种文字之间的简单代替,短文翻译还要考虑上下 文和逻辑关系等,忠实原文,除了要求保留原有的信息外,还应体现原文的文体风格(如议 论文表述的紧凑性和较强的逻辑性),行文要合乎英语的表达习惯,译文应当通顺、自然、 流畅 ...

怎样提高英语听说能力[1]

                        Foreign L anguage W orld No. 1 2008 ( General Serial No. 124 ) 怎样提高英语听说能力 杨惠中 提要 : 我国大部分大学生在进入大学时已经学了近十年的英语 。他们掌握了英语基本语法和一定量的英语 单词 ,具备了初步的英语阅读能力 ,但是英语听说能力相对较弱 ,尚不能从连贯的英语口语语流中获取信息 , 更难用英语准确 、 流利 、 得体地表达自己的思想 。为了适应改革开放的需要 ,他们提高英语 ...