1】lack 【点拨】lack 动词, 意为"缺乏,没有"。如: He is good at his job but he seems to lack confidence. What he lacks in experience he makes up for in enthusiasm. 【拓展】
  1. lack 的常用短语有:be lacking"欠缺,缺乏";be lacking in"缺乏(某种品质、特点等)"; lack (for) nothing"应有尽有"。如: Money for the project is still lacking. I think the film is lacking in pace. They have got everything ready and they lack for nothing.
  2. lack 还可作名词,常与 of 连用,意为"缺乏,没有"。for lack of "因为缺乏……"。如: The work had to be stopped for lack of funds. The flowers withered for lack of water. 【词条
  2】reply 【点拨】名词,意为"回答,答复",常与介词 to 连用。如: Is it a reply to the first or the second letter? To my anger, she made no reply to my question. 其常用在短语 in reply to 中,意为"作为对……的回答,回复"。如: What did he do in reply to your challenge? 【拓展】reply 也可作动词,意为"回答,答复",reply (to ... / that ...) 。如: The teacher gave me no chance to reply to her question. Lily replied that she knew nothing about it. 【词条
  3】apology 【点拨】apology 名词,意为"道歉,歉意",常用于短语:offer / make an apology to sb."向某 人道歉", accept an apology"接受道歉"。如: It’s impolite of you to leave without a word of apology. In my judgment, we should accept their apology. You’d better make an apology for your absence. 【拓展】其动词形式为 apologize,意为"道歉,表示歉意",常用短语为: apologize to sb.(for sth.)"(因某事)向某人道歉"。如: I must apologize for not being able to meet you that day. I think Tom might have apologized to Jane for what he did.
经典短语透视 【短语
  1】think of 【点拨】think of 可意为"想起,想出"。如: The photo made me think of my child-hood. It was Tom who thought of the good plan. 【拓展】think 的其他常用短语:
  1. think highly / much of 重视,高度赞扬。如: All the teachers think highly of John because he is very smart and kind.

  2. think about 考虑。如: I was thinking about something else and missed your words.
  3. think over 仔细考虑。如: Please think the plan over and let me know your decision tomorrow. 【短语
  2】in addition 【点拨】in addition 意为"另外,此外"。如: I write my own songs and I play the guitar in addition. You need money and time. In addition, you need diligence. 【拓展】in addition to 除……之外(还有),to 为介词,后接名词或动词-ing 形式。如: His brother can speak three foreign languages in addition to English. besides 也意为"除……之外(还有)"。如: The play was badly acted, besides being far too long. 【短语
  3】leave out 【点拨】leave out 意为"省去,删去"。如: In Western countries, people usually leave out No. 13 as the number is thought unlucky. You can leave out the unnecessary words when writing down the notes. 【拓展】
  1. leave out 还可意为"漏掉,遗漏"。如: Decide with you partner which words have been left out.
  2. 与 leave 相关的常用短语:leave behind 遗留,留下 It left behind a long train of problems and difficulties. leave over 剩余,暂不解决 We shall have to leave the question over till the next meeting. leave alone 别管,不理会 If I were you, I’d leave this question alone. 【短语
  4】show off 【点拨】show off 意为"炫耀"。如: Those boys always show off their sports skills to the girls. His brother likes to show off his knowledge in public. 【拓展】与 show 相关的常用短语: show sb. around 领某人参观 The headmaster showed us around the school. show up 出席,到场 The party is about to begin, but Mr. Wang hasn’t shown up.
热点语法聚焦 didn’t need to do 和 needn’t have done 都有"过去不必做某事"的意思,但是 didn’t need to 表示"过去没有必要做某事,事实上也没做";needn’t have done 表示"过去本来不必做 某事,实际上却做了"。如:
I didn’t need to take a taxi from the air-port ?there was a bus all the way into the city. I needn’t have booked in advance; there were plenty of tickets left. 此外,要注意 need 的其它用法: need 可作实义动词,也可作情态动词。
  1. 作实义动词时, need 有人称和数的变化,后可以接名词、 代词、 动词不定式和动名词等, 否定式要在前面加 don’t (doesn’t, didn’t),疑问句用 do (does, did) 提问。如: The company needs some good salesmen. His broken car needs to be repaired. = His broken car needs repairing.
  2. 作情态动词时,need 没有人称和数的变化,后接动词原形,否定式为 needn’t,常用在否 定句和疑问句中。如: You needn’t worry about him. He is very mature now. ?Need I stay another day? ?Yes, you must.


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