高三英语复习教案(
  5)
(SB I?Units 9-
  10)
单元考点提示
  1. 词汇: although, believe, necessary, greatly, correct, form, repair, complete, information, improve, a waste of time, make a decision, bring down, thanks to, keep a record of, at one time, make a plan for, go up, the information on the computers, prefer to travel by air, shooting, gold, unusual, prize, have sports, horse-riding, in modern times,take part in, hand in, every four days, more and more, do one's best to do sth .
  2.句型: (
  1)And it's bigger, although it's more expensive. (
  2)Can you try to get them to bring down the price? (
  3)You might not be able to...until three days... (
  4)It's much easier to make plans for your trips. (
  5)I prefer horse-riding to shooting. (
  6)After that more and more countries joined in the game. (
  7)They do their best to win medals. (
  8)The place I used to go to is 7 kilometres away. (
  9)the same as.../the same... as...
  3.交际用语: (
  1)In my opinion, we should... (
  2)What's your opinion? (
  3)I believe we should... (
  4)I don't think it's necessary to buy. (
  5)We must decide... (
  6)I hope we can make a decision. (
  7)Which do you prefer,...or... (
  8)I prefer...to... (
  9)Do you often have sports at school? (
  10)Would you please let me know when...
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(
  11)My favourite sport is... 考点精析与拓展
  1.bring 短语归纳 bring down(风)刮倒,降低(降落) ;bring up 养大,呕吐;bring about 带来,引起;bring along 捎来,带来,bring back 归还;bring out 拿出;bring in 赚(钱) ,带进,传入;bring on 端上(饭菜) ,引起(火 灾) ,使……成长; [应用]副词填空 ①He felt terribly ill and brought what he ate. ②Surely the new railway will bring many changes in this less developed area. ③Next time you come to China, be sure to bring your friends. ④All the library books must be brought before June
  20. ⑤Selling newspapers brings enough money for my schooling. ⑥Enough water can bring the rice . Key: ①up ②about ③along ④back ⑤in ⑥on
  2.动词 + up go up(物价等)上涨,上升;build(up)one's health 使身体强壮; turn up 出席,到场,开大音量;divide up 分配;分给;set up 建立; come up 走近,发芽;pick up 拾起,用车接,收听(节目);send up 发 射;get up 起床;grow up 长大;look up 仰望,查阅;eat up 吃光; drink up 喝光;use up 用光;stay/sit up 熬夜;give up 放弃;take up 占空间,从事,开始干;keep up 保持,继续;put up 举起,建起;hang up 挂起来;hold up 举起;join up 连接起来;rise up 奋起反抗;move up 向前移动;lift up 扶起;do up 包,捆;hurry up 赶快;call up 打电话; break up 拆散,破裂;make up 组成,化妆,编造;bring up 抚养大;dress up 打扮;add up 加起来;warm up 变暖,热身. [应用]完成句子 ①物价在天天上涨. Prices are day after day. ②衣服常常挂在火炉附近. The clothes are often near a fire. ③妈妈的把孩子扶起来,领走了. The mother the baby and took him away.
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④他到乡下呆了一段时间,身体好了起来. He went and stayed in the countryside for a period of time and . Key: ①going, up ②hung, up ③lifted, up ④built, up, his, health
  3.否定转移 I/We think, believe,suppose, imagine 接宾语从句时,通常否定 主句谓语;但变反意问句时,却必须和从句的人称,谓语保持一致,而且 要考虑主句中有无 not.如:I don't think she is right,isn't?/I believe that they will win the match, won't they? [应用]汉译英 ①我猜今天夜里不会有雨. ②我们认为美国不会赞同我们的和平计划. Key: ①I don't suppose there will be rain this night. ②We don't think America will agree to our peace plan.
  4.change
  1)用作动词 ①表示"改换,更改" change one's clothes 换衣服; Change places with me, please. 请和我换一下座位. ②表示"换车" Passengers to London will change at this station into another train. 到伦敦的游客在此站换车. ③表示"兑换钱" She changed her money before going abroad. 出国前她已将钱兑换妥当. ④表示"改变" I have made up my mind and nothing will change it. 我主意已定,什么也无法改变. ⑤用于 change into,表示"变成" Ice changes into water rapidly on a hot day. 热天里冰很快就化成水.
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⑥用于 chang...into,表示" 把……变成" We can change water into steam by heat. 我们可以通过加热把水变成蒸气. ⑦用于 change...for,表示"把……换成(替代) "change it for a bigger one 把它换成大一点的; change his old car for a new one. 把旧车换成新的. ⑧用于 change from...to, 表示"由……变成" change from ice to water 由冰变成水.
  2)用作名词: ①用于 make a change,表示"修改,改变" 可换成 any,some,no. ,a 如: We have made some changes in our plan for travel. 我们把旅行计划作了一些修改. The poem seems perfect. We won't make any change. 这首诗看来很完美,我们不会再作任何修改. ②与 take place 连用,表示"发生变化" Great changes have taken place in my hometown. 我的家乡发生了很大的变化. ③表示"零钱" ,不可数 Do you have any change on you? 你身上有零钱吗? [应用]单句改错 ①I seldom carry changes with me. You've to change your note in a bank. ②Your coat is too old. Change it into a new one ,please. ③In autumn the leaves change green to brown. ④Some change are to be made in the report. Key: ①改 changes 为 change ②改 into 为 for ③在 change 后加 from ④改 change 为 changes
  5.improve
  1)用作及物动词,意为"改善,使更好,增进,提高" .如: improve one's English/the living conditions/one's method of study/oneself in maths 提高英语水平/改善居住条件/改进学习方法/提
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高教学水平.
  2)用作不及物动词,意为"变得更好,增加. "如: After two days' rest his health is improving. 经过两天的休息,他的健康状况在好转.
  3)用作名词:improvement of soil 土壤改良;make improvement in 在某方面作出改进 [应用]一句多译 ①他的中文水平在不断提高. ②这篇文章你最好有所改进. Key: ①His Chinese is improving./He is improving his Chinese. ②You'd better improve your article./You'd better make improvement in your article.
  6.常用的单位量词 a piece of diary 一则日记;a sheet of paper 一张纸;a suit of clothes 一套服装;an article of clothing 一件衣服;a crowd of people 一群人;a basin of water 一盆水;a block of wood 一块木 头;a cake of soap 一块肥皂;a bottle of ink 一瓶墨水;a grain of sand 一粒沙子;a group of tall trees 一片高树;a team of players 一队运动员;a copy of China Youth 一分《中国青年》 drop of oil ;a 一滴油;a loaf of bread 一块面包;a pack of cigarettes 一包烟;a pair of socks 一双短袜;a tin of beer 一罐啤酒;a set of equipment 一套 设备;a bucket of water 一桶水;a couple of eggs 两个鸡蛋;a pile of old books 一堆旧书;a bowl of rice 一碗米饭;a handful of sand 一把(少量的)沙 注意:上述单位量词本身具有复数形式,亦可被具体数字修饰,句 中的谓语多用复数形式. [应用]汉译英 ①搬家时成堆的旧书被卖掉. ②三条重要新闻刊登在头版. Key: ①Piles of old books were sold when we moved. ②Three pieces of important news were printed in the front page.
  7.complete, finish 二个词都有"完成"之意,但 complete 更突出使一切完备,没有欠 缺, 多指完成工程, 设计等. finish 是一般用语. 而 常用短语有: complete
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the work 完成工作; complete the new railway 修完铁路; complete one's collection of stamps 完 备 集 邮 ; finish one's homework/middle school/writing the article 完成作业/中学毕业/写完文章. 注意:complete 还可用作形容词,意为"完全的,彻底的,完成了 的 " completely 是 副 词 , 完 全 地 , 彻 底 地 " 如 : a complete . " . sentence/strange/success/failure 完整的句子/完全陌生/完全成功/彻 底的失败.This job is completely new to me.这项工作对我来说是完 全陌生的. [应用]单句改错 ①You have to finish to read the whole passage in five minutes. ②Professor Smith has been complete successful in working out the problem. Key: ①改 to read 为 reading,因为 finish 后只能接动名词. ②改 complete 为 completely.
  8.necessary necessary 主要用于两种句型:①It's necessary for sb. to do sth.某人有必要做某事②It's necessary that…有必要……. 注意: that 从句中谓语用 should + 动词原型,should 可省略.另外:不能使用 sb. is necessary to do 结构,因为通常是"某事或做某事有必要" ,而非人 有必要.误:He is necessary to return home this afternoon. 正: It's necessary for him to return home this afternoon. [应用]汉译英 ①他有必要改进自己的学习方法. ②有必要的话,我们可以多雇几个人收庄稼. Key: ①It's necessary for him to improve his method of study:/It's necessary that the should improve his method of study. ②If necessary,we'll employ more men for the harvest.
  9.repair
  1)用作名词,表示"修理,维修" . ①可用单数和复数形式,但不和数词或不定冠词连用.This car needs a lot of repairs before you can use it. 这部汽车需要大修之 后才能使用./The repair of the ship cost much money.这艘轮船的修 理花了很多钱. ②短语:make repairs/do repairs 修理(必须用复数) ;under
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repair 在修理;be out of repair 失修
  2)用作动词,仍作"修理,维修"解. 注意:repair,mend,fix 三者的区别. ①repair 多指修理的物体较庞大,构造较复杂或损坏严重的东西. 如:repair a bridge/house/car/TV set/watch 修桥/房子/汽车/电视/ 手表. 习惯上可用于指补鞋,但不用于指补衣服. ②mend 多用于指修理的物体较小,结构较简单的日常用具,或缝补 衣服,袜子等.如:mend a shoe/sock/basket/box/pen 补鞋/袜子/篮球/ 修补箱子/修钢笔. ③ fix 是 美 国 英 语 , 可 与 repair 替 换 . 如 : fix a machine/chair/typewriter 修机器/椅子/打字机. [应用]完成句子 ①游泳池今天不开放,因为正在维修. The swimming pool won't be open today because they are. ②这座房子已经是年久失修了. This house has been for many years. ③你过不去,大桥正在维修. You can't go through because the bridge is . Key:①making, repairs ②out,of, repair ③under repair 或:being, repaired
  10.表示"决心,决定做"的几个用法
  1)decide to do 决定做 We decided to put off the trip to the U.S.我们决定推迟美国 之行.
  2)make a decision to do : He has made a decision to buy a new computer. 他已决定买一台新电脑.
  3)make up one's mind to do The doctor made up his mind to go abroad for further education. 那位医生决定出国深造.
  4)determine to do We have determined to get the work done before National Day. 我们已决定国庆节前完成这项工作.
  5)be determined to do He is determined to give up smoking. 他决心戒烟.
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  6)decide that……(从句中动词用 should + 动词原形) We decided that we should widen the road. 我们决定拓宽这条路. [应用]一句多译:这位年轻科学家决心继续自己的研究. Key: The young scientist was determined to go on with his research./He determined to go on with his research./He decided that he should go on with his research./He made up his mind to go on with his research./He made a decision to go on with his research./He decided to go on with his research.
  11.welcome
  1)welcome sb.warmly/give sb.a warm welcome 热烈欢迎某人;have a rather cold welcome 受到冷遇
  2)You are welcome to …欢迎光临某地;Welcome to China.欢迎 到中国来;You are welcome. 不用谢,别客气(回答感谢) . [应用]完成句子 ①我们没料到他们会如此热烈地欢迎我们. We didn't expect that they us such a warm . ②欢迎你们到我们学校来. You are our school. Key: ①gave, welcome ②welcome,to
  12.疑问词 +不定式 what ,how, when,where,whether,which 等疑问词 + 不定式构成的 短语相当于名词从句, 多用在 ask,decide,know, tell, explain, find out, consider, wonder 后作宾语,可以改换成相应意义的宾语从句对比: ①Please show us how to use it./Please show us how we will use it. 请为我们示范一下如何使用. ②We don't know whether to accept his invitation./We don't know whether we should accept his invitation. 我们不知道是否应该接受他的邀请. [应用]填空 ①There're so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can't make up my mind to buy.(MET'
  92) A what B.which C.how D.where ②Last summer I took a course on .(MET'
  90)
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A.how to make dresses B.how dresses be made C.how to be made dresses D.how dresses to be made Key:①B ②A
  13.hold 短语归纳 hold one's hand 抓住某人的手;hold me by the arm 抓住我的胳 臂;hold one's breath 屏住气;hold back one's tears 忍住泪水; hold a meeting 开会;hold 100 passengers 容纳 100 名乘客;hold a position 守住阵地;hold back 阻止;hold one's head high 昂首,趾 高气扬;hold up the wounded part 抬高受伤的部位; hold it tight 抓 紧;hold everything in secret 对一切都保密;catch/get/take hold of a rope 抓住绳子;hold a child in one's arms 怀抱孩子;hold a final examination 举行期末考试 [应用]介,副
 

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