英语写作讲解
高考作文类型: 高考作文类型:
A. 数据说明类文章 B. 提示议论文类文章 C. 看图说话类文章
影响高考英语书面表达得分的几个 因素
  1.语篇信息是否完整 语篇信息是否完整
  2.行文是否连贯流畅,语言是否得体。 行文是否连贯流畅,语言是否得体。 行文是否连贯流畅
  3.是否使用高级词汇
  3.是否使用高级词汇
  4.是否使用复杂句 是否使用复杂句 5 .卷面整洁 书写工整 卷面整洁,书写工整 卷面整洁
写作基本步骤: 写作基本步骤:
1.仔细审题,列举大纲。 仔细审题,列举大纲。 2.围绕要点,写出句子。 围绕要点,写出句子。 3.添加过度,确保连贯。 添加过度,确保连贯。 4.先求正确,再求灵活。 先求正确,再求灵活。 5.认真眷写,卷面整洁。 认真眷写,卷面整洁。
现在正是春暖花开的春游时节。你校学生以“ 现在正是春暖花开的春游时节。你校学生以“高三学生要不 要参加春游活动”展开了讨论。请根据以下讨论结果, 要参加春游活动”展开了讨论。请根据以下讨论结果,写一 篇短文。 篇短文。 65% 65%的学生认为 1.应该春游 2.接触大自然,呼 接触大自然, 吸新鲜空气, 吸新鲜空气,有利健 康 35% 35%的学生认为 1.不应该春游 2.高考临近,没有心 高考临近, 情玩
3.活动是精神放松, 3.春游耽误学习 活动是精神放松, 大脑休息, 大脑休息,有利于学 习
Introduction (topic)
Conclusion
Body (supporting ideas)
The outline of the writing: Introduction paragraph: Point 1… Body Point 2… …
supporting idea 1 supporting idea 2 supporting idea 1 supporting idea 2
Conclusion paragraph: …
? Key words:
  1.introduction(topic): 高三学生(senior 3 students) 春游(go spring outing) 讨论(discussion)
  2.body(supporting ideas): 接触自然(be close to nature) ) 呼吸新鲜空气( breathe some fresh air ) 精神放松(relax themselves ) 大脑休息(rest their brains ) 高考临近( with college entrance examination drawing near ) 没心情玩(don’t feel like going ) 耽误学习(waste the time)
  3.conclusion: in my opinion…
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Key words:中学生middle school students 身体差in a poor state of health In bad condition 充足的睡眠enough sleep 加强锻炼,增加户外活动 take more exercise and do more outdoor activities 定时吃饭少吃零食 have three meals regularly,eat less non-staple food. 讲卫生
? Form/develop the habit of hygiene
主题句的内容要明确具体,语言简洁, 主题句的内容要明确具体,语言简洁, 开门见山, 开门见山,句式力争多样性
How will you start you passage? 问句: … … 问句: 从句: … … 从句: Introduction:(sample) Whether or not should Senior 3 students go spring outing? We have had a heated discussion.
巧用过渡句,过渡词, 巧用过渡句,过渡词,理顺文章的逻辑 关系
Pay special attention to the transition sentences: Opinions are divided on the question.
The body part
Point1: 65%的人认为应该春游(亮明观 的人认为应该春游( 的人认为应该春游 点)
Sentence pattern: Most of us (about 65%) hold the opinion that…,since it tends to…,which is unfavorable to … Most students, about 65%, are for the idea that Senior 3 students should go spring outing.
Reason
  1:接触大自然, Reason
  1:接触大自然,呼吸新鲜空 气,有利健康
Sentence pattern: They think it good to do sth……/ sth do good to sth In their opinion, it is of great benefit to do sth…… Eg:They think it good for their health to be close to nature and breathe some fresh air
Reason 2:活动是精神放松,大脑休 活动是精神放松, 活动是精神放松 息,有利于学习
(注意:两个观点之间的连接) 递进 what’s more ;besides ; moreover ; in addition;furthermore ; Eg: they can relax themselves for a while and rest their brains so that they will be more energetic.
小段总结, Conclusion: 小段总结,进一步亮 明观点,前后呼应。 明观点,前后呼应。 ? Eg: They think it will do good to their students.
? Point 2:35%的学生认为不应该 35% 35 春游(亮明观点) 春游(亮明观点)
? 注意:使用过渡句,自然衔接句子和段落 注意:使用过渡句, 承上启下) (承上启下)
? Sentence pattern: ? However, others prefer to… ? Some others have just the opposite opinion….. ? On the other hand…. ? Eg: On the other hand, about 35% students are against the idea.
? Reason 1:高考临近,没有心情玩 1:高考临近, 高考临近
? Sentence pattern: ? They say/believe/hold the opinion… that…. ? Eg: They say that with college entrance
examination drawing near, they don’t feel like going anywhere.
? Reason 2:春游耽误学习 春游耽误学习
? (注意:两个观点之间的连接) 注意:两个观点之间的连接)
Eg:Besides, they think going spring outing will take at least a day off. They can’t afford the time. They think they should fix their attention on their studies
Whether or not should Senior 3 students go spring outing? We have had a heated discussion. Opinions are divided on the question. Most students, about 65%, are for the idea that Senior 3 students should go spring outing. They think it good for their health to be close to nature and breathe some fresh air and what’s more, they can relax themselves for a while and rest their brains so that they will be more energetic. They think it will do good to their students. On the other hand, about 35% students are against the idea. They say that with college entrance examination drawing near, they don’t feel like going anywhere. Besides, they think going spring outing will take at least a day off. They can’t afford the time. They think they should fix their attention on their studies
表示观点对比类写作套语
A.总起 总起: 总起 Opinions are divided on this question. Different people hold different / opposite opinions. People have taken/adopted different attitudes towards … People have different opinions on this problem. People take different views on this question. B.表达观点一 表达观点一: 表达观点一 …of them hold the opinion that …. …of them are in favor of the idea that… People who are for the idea think …
C.表达不同观点之间的衔接 表达不同观点之间的衔接: 表达不同观点之间的衔接 However, …of them hold a different view. / …of them hold the opposite opinion. People who are against it don’t think so. However, every coin has two sides. Different from those…., …people think …. On the other hand, … people think ….
D.结尾常用套语 结尾常用套语: 结尾常用套语 In my opinion/Personally, … As far as I’m concerned, … In short/ in brief/ in a word, …
Whether or not should Senior 3 students go spring outing? We have had a heated discussion. Opinions are divided on the question. Most students, about 65%, are for the idea that Most students, about 65%, are for the idea that Senior 3 students should go spring outing. They think it good for their health to be close to nature and breathe some fresh air and what’s more, they can relax themselves for a while and rest their brains so that they will be more energetic. They think it will do good to their students. On the other hand, about 35% students are On the other hand, about 35% students are against the idea. They say that with college against the idea. entrance examination drawing near, they don’t feel like going anywhere. Besides, they think going spring outing will take at least a day off. They can’t afford the time. They think they should fix their attention on their studies.
表列举说明的关联词: 表列举说明的关联词 ? Firstly/ First of all/ To begin with, .... Secondly… Thirdly… ? In the first place… In the second place… In the third place… ? Finally/ Last but not least/, .... 表示递进、 表示递进、强调的关联词 ? .... Besides/Apart from/ What’s more/ In addition/ Furthermore/ Moreover/worse still/ to make matters worse…
Whether or not should Senior 3 students go spring outing? We have had a heated discussion. Opinions are divided on the question. Most students, about 65%, are for the idea that Most students, about 65%, are for the idea that Senior 3 students should go spring outing. They think it good for their health to be close to nature and breathe some fresh air and what’s more, they can relax themselves for a while and rest their brains so that they will be more energetic. They think it will do good to their students. On the other hand, about 35% students are On the other hand, about 35% students are against the idea. They say that with college against the idea. entrance examination drawing near, they don’t feel like going anywhere. Besides they think going Besides, spring outing will take at least a day off. They can’t afford the time. They think they should fix their attention on their studies.
亮点点拨
A、运用高级词汇或短语 B、增加形容词或副词 C、灵活运用各种句型
Whether or not should Senior 3 students go heated spring outing? We have had a heated discussion. Opinions are divided on the question. Most students, about 65%, are for the idea that Senior 3 students should go spring outing. They think it good for their health to be close to nature and breathe some fresh air and what’s more, they can relax themselves for a while and rest their energetic brains so that they will be more energetic. They think it will do good to their students. On the other hand, about 35% students are against the idea. They say that with college feel entrance examination drawing near, they don’t feel like going anywhere. Besides, they think going like going spring outing will take at least a day off. They can’t afford the time. They think they should fix their afford fix their attention on their studies. attention on
Homework:
Finish and improve your composition and hand it in tomorrow.
 

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