人物传记类
写作指导 人物传记也是记叙文体的一种,但人物传记主要是写名人或伟人的生平、事迹。因此, 写人物传记时,要抓住其出生年月、主要事迹、人们的评论等进行叙述。 精选范文 ①
Our English Teacher
Do you know our English teacher? Look! There is a young man standing over there. He isn't tall, and looks very thin. Who is he? He is our English teacher. His name is Sun Feng. Our teacher is strict not only with himself but also with us. We all like him, because he is a good teacher and often helps us with our English. My classmate Wang Haiyan was not good at Eng-lish at first. He often thought: “My
English is poor, what can I do?” Mr Sun knew it and said to him: “Don't be disappointed, keep up with your classmates! I believe, you can. ” With the help of our teacher, he decided to catch up with his classmates. So he began to put his heart into English and did better in English. At last, he took part in the English contest and got a prize.
Our English teacher works hard and he is as busy as a bee. He often prepares lessons and studies until late at night. In Grade three, we often have tests and have more English homework. Mr Sun always goes over it carefully. Mr Sun gets on well with us. He likes singing very much. One day before classes began, he said to us: “Now, let me teach you an English song. ” We all like our English teacher. He is not only teacher but also our good friend. Don't you think so? ②
Zheng leaps into history
In the winter of 1953, a powerful jump from a Chinese woman attracted world attention. Twenty-year-old Chinese athlete Zheng Fengrong shattered the women's high jump world record with a leap of
  1.77 metres in a Beijing athletic meet on November 17, 19
  57. The new record, the first women's world record for the People's Republic of China, was one centimetre higher than the old mark held by American Mildred McDaniel . The jump also made Zheng the first Asian athlete to break a world track and field record since 19
  36. The record jump, although by a tiny margin, was described by the foreign media as “an
explosive jump” because it generated China's first athletic world record.
Dubbed “ a spring swallow (燕子) awakening (唤醒了)Chinese sports, ”
Zheng sent a message to the world that China was Nolonger the “sick man of the East. ”
Born in the spring city of Jinan, Shandong Province, Zheng, who stands at
  1.70 metres, has a good physique and a skillful scissorsharp jump which was seldom seen among top jumpers in the world. She once leapt
  1.78 metres, a national record in 19
  63. She claimed a well-merited place in sporting history when her achievement was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records (吉尼斯世界纪录) . Due to her contribution (贡献) to athletics, Zheng was awarded a series of
honours. She was named among the nation's greatest athletes (运动员) in 19
  84.

Rong is first world champion
When China was hungry for their first world title to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China table tennis player Rong Guotuan made their dream come true.
Rong became New China's first world champion after he won the men's singles title at the 25th World Table Tennis Championships, in former West Germany on April 5, 19
  59. Before the championships, the team had pinned their gold hopes on the men's team. But their dream of a world team title was destroyed by the Hungarian team in the semifinal match, losing three games to five. After a chain of (一系列) unexpected defeats to Chinese favoured for the
title, Rong carried the heavy hopes to make a breakthrough.
Rong's rival in the final was top Hungarian paddler Ferenc Sido. Rong was seen as an underdog for the title as he had just lost to Sido in the team contest. Even the victory flowers were being prepared for Sido. But much to the surprise of the 8000-member audience, Rong won three straight sets with a big margin 21-12, 21-15, and 21-14 after losing the first set 19-
  21. Until that very moment, Rong realized the promise he made one year ago, that was to win a world championship for his motherland. Two years later at the 26th championship for his motherland. Two years later at the 26th championships in Beijing, the team title. Rong led the Chinese men to win
Rong led the team to the winners' podium at the 28th championships(锦标赛)in 19
  65.
练习 ①写一篇说明马丁?路德?金生平的短文。 提示:马丁?路德?金是著名的美国黑人民权运动领袖。他 1929 年 1 月 15 日出生
After becoming the coach(教练) of the Chinese women's team,
于乔治亚州亚特兰大, 1951 年就读于波士顿大学, 1952 年认识了 Coretta Scott, 并相爱,1953 年结了婚。1954 年金离开波士顿,成为阿拉巴马州蒙哥马利基督 教浸礼会牧师,开始领导黑人运动。1963 年成千上万的黑人来到华盛顿听他著 名的演讲。1964 年他获得了诺贝尔和平奖。1968 年 4 月 4 日他在田纳西州孟菲 斯被暗杀。(字数:120 左右)
参考词语 美国黑人民权运动 the black American civil rights movement 波士顿大学 Boston University
爱上……fall in love with 牧师 minister 林肯纪念馆 the Lincoln Memorial 诺贝尔和平奖 the Nobel Peace Prize 被暗杀 to be assassinated ②根据下面提示写篇短文。 a.歇洛克?福尔摩斯是 19 世纪末英国的一位著名侦探; b.他通常在警察到来之前,就把案件侦破了; c.许多人信任他,当他们有麻烦或有危险时来求他帮忙; d.他足智多谋,帮助很多人解决了他们的私事; e.有很多故事都是关于福尔摩斯的,至今他还被人们所怀念。(字数:70 左右) 参考词语 福尔摩斯 Sherlock Holmes 19 世纪末 at the end of 19th century 信任 to believe in 陷入困境 to be in trouble 私事 personal affairs 被怀念 to be remembered ③请以 Madame Curie 为题,写一篇英语短文,要点如下: a. Madame Curie 为世界著名的女科学家, 1867 年出生于波兰一个教师家庭,
卒于 1934 年。
b.从小爱学习并希望成为科学家,16 岁中学毕业,24 岁赴巴黎就读于巴黎
大学,生活简朴,学习刻苦。
c.一生致力于科学研究,于 1903 年和 1911 年两次分别获诺贝尔物理奖和 诺贝尔化学奖。 d.一个女人事业成功不容易,而一生中两次获诺贝尔奖更为困难,居里夫
人将作为一位伟大的女性永远为人们所怀念。(字数:100 左右)
参考词语 波兰 Poland 中学毕业 to finish one's middle school 过着简朴的生活 to live a simple life 科学研究 the study of science 诺贝尔物理奖 the Nobel Prize for physics 成功地干 to succeed in 考入巴黎大学 to enter Paris University ④请按下面所提供的条件用英语写一篇简单的人物传记。 a.保罗?罗伯逊(Paul Roberson)出生于一个贫苦的黑人家庭。 b.12 岁做工,先在农场,后来在工厂。 c.他热爱音乐,虽然每天工作繁忙,但只要有空就练习唱歌。 d.有一副好嗓子。 e.后来成为人民喜爱的歌手。 (字数:100 左右) 参考词语 出生于 to be born 靠……为生 to make a living by doing 充分利 to make full use of 闻名于 to become well-known to
被认为 to be regarded as ⑤雷锋生平事迹 怀特先生在我国某城市参观,问起有关雷锋的事情。假定你是接待人员,向怀特先生 简要介绍雷锋的生平和事迹。现在请你将所介绍的内容写成一篇短文。 a.1940 年出生,干过农活,又当过工人; b.21 岁参军,然后入党; c.热爱祖国,热爱人民,乐于助人; d.为人民做过许多好事,为我们大家树立了好榜样; e.1862 年因公殉职。 (字数:80 左右) 参考词语 在田里 in the fields 参军 to join the army 入党 to become a Party member 乐于……to be happy to do 关心 to care for 做好事 to do good deeds 树立好榜样 to set a good example to ⑥请按下面提供的条件,写一篇奥?亨利生平的短文。 a.奥?亨利(O?Henry)是 Willian Sidney Porter 的笔名(pen-name); b.18
  62~19
  10; c.出身贫穷,没有上过学; d.三年监狱生活中学会写作; e.一生作品 300 多篇;
f.是美国著名短篇小说家。 (字数:80 左右) 参考词语 出生于贫苦的家庭 to be born into a poor family 几乎没受过教育 to have little schooling 释放 to be set free 短篇小说家 a short story writer ⑦马克?吐温是著名的美国作家。请你根据下面提示的内容用英文写一篇人物简介。 马克?吐温(18
  36~19
  10)生于美国密苏里州。 他是美国 19 世纪最著名的作家
之一。
马克?吐温的家乡位于密西西比河畔,成年后,曾在密西西比河的船上当水手。马 克?吐温是他的笔名,由水文测深标上“两个刻度”而得。 马克?吐温写过许多小说,其中最著名的是《汤姆?索亚历险记》。他的作品被译成 多国文字,深为全世界读者所喜爱。(字数:120 左右) 参考词语 著名作者之一 one of the best known American writers 密苏里州 Missouri 密西西比河 the Mississippi River 船上当水手 as a sailor on a river boat 测量水深 to measure the depth of the water 二个刻度 two marks 《汤姆?索亚》Tom Sawyer 杰作 masterpriece
⑧.根据下面提示内容写一篇短文。 克里斯托弗?哥伦布于 1492 年 10 月 21 日发现了新大陆。为了筹划横跨太平
洋的航行,他花了 18 年时间。他同海员、学者、王子和国王辩论过。他说,向 西跨越大洋航行,肯定能达到欧洲人还没去过的大陆,但是几乎没有人相信他, 并被人嘲笑。最后,西班牙的国王、王后对打通通向印度的海上路线感兴趣,给 他提供了船只和海员,这样他实施了这一计划,发现了新大陆,认为这便是印度 的一部分。(字数:100 左右)
参考词语 哥伦布 Christopher Columbus 新大陆 the New World 花时间干 to spend time in doing 与……争辩 to argue with 被人嘲笑 to be laughed at 对……感兴趣 to be interested in 给……提供 to offer somebody something ⑨请用英语写一篇有关美国总统林肯的简介,必须包括以下主要内容: a.哪年出生,童年如何度过,上学情况; b.何年当选总统,内战的爆发,林肯领导北方战胜南方,奴隶得到了自由; c.何时何地遇刺; d.他是个伟大的领袖,一个明智、友好和诚实的人,今天他被认为是美国 最伟大的总统之一。 (字数:120 左右) 参考词语 美国总统 President of the United States 南北战争 the American Civil War 业余时间 in one's spare time
强烈反对 to be strongly against 为黑奴的自由 for the freedom of all slaves ⑩请你用英语写一篇瓦特?迪斯尼的生平简介。提示如下: a.出生年月:1901 年; b.年轻时想当画家; c.画画从画老鼠开始; d.后来成了成功的卡通制作人; e.于 1966 年去世。 (字数:80 左右) 参考词语 瓦特?迪斯尼 Walt Disney 成功的卡通制作人 a successful Cartoon-maker 看见……做……to see…doing (
  11)教师节期间《中国日报》要报道一些优秀教师的事迹,请你用英语写一
篇介绍你班班主任老师的短文。
a.张老师年近五十,1966 年来校任教、工作,一贯努力,曾多次受到表扬。 b.他知识丰富,教学有方,上课生动有趣,学生爱听他的课。 c.他与学生关系融洽,但对学生要求严格。他经常鼓励大家为祖国勤奋学
习。在他的帮助下大家进步很大。
d.他是学生的良师益友,受到大家的尊敬和爱戴。(字数:70 左右) 参考词语 有……知识 to have much knowledge in 相处好 to get on well with 严格要求 to be strict with/in
取得进步 to make much progress 不但……而且……not only…but also (
  12)鲁迅是我国伟大的革命家、思想家、文学家。 当鲁迅 13 岁时,他的父亲死于疾病。18 岁那年他决定到日本学医。1905 年
他已是医学专科学校二年级学生了。但国家被欺凌,人民受压迫,怎样才能拯救 祖国呢?经过一番深思,鲁迅决定用自己手中的笔来唤醒民众,改造中国。
1909 年夏天,鲁迅从日本回国教书,在这期间他接触到一些革命者,并尽力
支持他们。
1918 年,他的小说《狂人日记》发表了。小说无情地揭露了封建社会,抨击
了封建思想对青少年的毒害。在随后的岁月里,鲁迅极力帮助爱国青年从事革命 活动,对敌人的威胁不屑一顾。鲁迅先生受到朋友们的尊敬、学生们的爱戴,但 敌人却对他恨之入骨。
1936 年 10 月 18 日,鲁迅在与病魔的搏斗中停止了呼吸。(字数:120 左右) 参考词语 死于 to die of 学医 to study medicine 被统治 to be ruled by 受压迫 to be oppressed by 联系 to get in touch with 揭露 to expose 封建思想 feudal thoughts 与……抗争 to fight against 对……有害 to do harm to 谴责 to criticize (
  13)爱因斯坦于 1879 年出生在德国乌尔蒙(Ulm)。小时候人们认为他迟钝,
但在 14 岁时,他自学了高等数
 

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