高中英语作文命题创新

做为一名在一线战斗多年的高中英语教师,平时接触使用了大量的高中英语考试资料,其质量良莠不齐,其中存在的重要问题就是作文部分雷同甚至完全抄袭照搬现象严重,用我的一位很擅长英语考试的学生的话来说,我们出的英语作文命题都逃不出他的手掌,他都可当如来佛祖了。
为什么会出现该现象呢?其中重要原因就是“拿来主义”思想太重,缺乏创新。我们常常拿来一套试卷,复印好就给学生们使用了。这样做的最大好处是省力,但试题质量尤其是英语作文命题质量很难保证。我认为大家完全可以提前先亲自做完这套题,不理想的部分可以灵活撤换,尤其是作文部分.作文从原创者手头产生到你使用该题的时间会有一定间隔,在内容和形式上经常会有陈旧过时嫌疑,我们可撤换该部分。做到这一点要求老师具有良好的英语业务素质,尤其要有创新命题精神。当代中国正处在大发展、大变革、大调整的时期,创新是时代各行各业的主潮流,对于英语教育工作者而言出一些有创新性的优质的英语命题作文也是基本的要求。
如何在高中英语命题中进行创新呢?首先我们谈谈内容方面的创新。社会存在决定社会文化意识,英语命题作文属于社会文化意识范畴,其必然是社会存在即当今社会所发生的事件尤其是最新最重大事件的自然反应。因此选择国内外发生的最新重大事件来做为我们创新作文命题的内容是必然选择。也许有人会问,按这一方法选完后,还有这么多事件到底选哪些呢?不要忘记我们还有一个原则,那就是该题材内容还必须是高中生熟知的。综合起来再用心精选一遍,完全符合要求剩下能用的不会太多,这些就是我们用来创新命题的最佳内容。通过这样做能确保我们命题的内容是新的且在高中生的认知范围内,让其有一肚子话可写,甚至乐于来写。其次,再谈谈如何在形式方面进行创新?内容决定形式,有了最新的内容即国内外最新发生的大事,你的作文命题就具有清新的时代气息,但形式对内容具有反作用,有好的形式对命题创新最终顺利完成具有重大作用。当前有很多的英语命题作文普遍存在规定过死的通病,甚至有些完全是翻译题,不利于中等生和优等生的水平发挥,也不利于英语作文教改的进行,在命题形式上创新势在必行。笔者建议从二个方面完成这项任务。其一,尽量多使用想象性发挥性作文,给不同英语水平的学生留下自由选择发挥的空间。本文后边有关网络红人冬奥会冠军周洋的命题作文,淋漓尽致的体现了这一要求;其二,从命题的角度进行创新。如有关世博会的命题,见过的资料中大多从志愿者角度来出题,本人重新收集整理材料,从举办世博的利与弊这一新角度来命题,效果也很不错。教师们在这方面还有一个顾虑,就是学生们能否适应顺利完成这类写作任务,答案是肯定的,而且这样做对提高英语语言综合运用能力具有重大意义。由于高中学生在英语学习方面有了一定的词汇积累、写作经验以及掌握了一些基本的语法规则,使他们已初步具备了将心中所思转化为英语文字的能力。在这个阶段的学生作文训练中大力发展学生思维的变通性和独创性,那么,学生想象力的提高将会成为可能。这样,既训练了他们书面的表达能力,又发挥了他们的想象和创造能力、思维表达能力,同时也让一篇作文的写作成功。笔者还想提请大家注意,英语通过多年在中国的普及,全民的英文水平已有很大提高,包括我们的高中生!
基于以上认识,本人对2010年的高中英语作文创新命题进行了一些尝试,一并放在这里,不妥之处请智者多多批评指正。
2010年英语作文命题创新精选
一、关于“玉树地震最感动你的事件”投票结果如下:
NO
  1:选A(香港义工黄福荣废墟中舍命救人)占43%
NO
  2:选D(为恢复灾区供电,电力职工劳动累过度因公殉职)占24%
NO
  3:选B(深圳街头卖艺老人两次捐款灾区)占20%
NO
  4:选C(全校无一人伤亡的“玉树最牛中学”复课)占13%
请根据以上提示,写一篇120词左右的英语短文,如是你本人,你会选择哪一项,并说明你选择的理由。
提示词:ruins(废墟);捐赠(donation)
An eathquake hit YuShu and destroyed it seriously.what is the event in YuShu that moved you most?There is a survy about this recently.The result can be listed as fowllows.
43% choose the event that HuangFurong who came from HongKong sacrificed his own life to save the students and teachers in ruins.24% support the electricity worker who died of over work to restore the electricity supply owing to public service.20% are in favor of an old man who made a living by performing in the street in shenzhen but donated his money to the disaster area twice.13% choose the event that the school at which nobody was wounded in the earthquake and was called the proudest _disibledevent=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%">cordially according to Chinese custom and will be remembered by all the Chinese people.In my view,Afu is a hero who can move me to tears .Only by learning from him and doing something
to help others,can we make contributions to a better society.
二、中国正在修建珠港澳垮海大桥,在社会上有人支持也不乏有反对之音。请你根据以下提示,就其利弊写一篇120词左右的英语短文,并提出自己的观点。
  1、创多项之最,最长(全长50公里),最难(技术难度极大);
  2、整体工程耗资巨大,该项目投资总额高达726亿元, 如果有这笔预算的话,投资在国内的贫困地区,可以帮助很多贫困的人们;3,对周围自然环境将产生负面影响;
  4、建成后可实现港珠澳一小时经济圈,有利于各自优势互补,加快本地区经济发展;
  5、对“一国二制”的顺利实施具有重大深远意义;
  6、建成后,要求其做到最靓,成为一座标志性建筑,并成为富有吸引力的景点。
提示词:一国二制One country, two systems;珠港澳大桥Zhuhai Hong Kong and Macao Bridge,一小时经济圈One-hour economic circle

It’s well-known to us that the Zhuhai Hong Kong and Macao Bridge is being built in China. Of course it is not _disibledevent=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT:
  15.8pt; mso-char-indent-count:
  1.5"> Some hold the view that it is 50 kilometers long(the longest bridge in the world)and it must be a big challenge for the engineers to overcome the technical problem . Besides, investment of the whole project is up to
  72.6 billion. If we use the huge money for the western poor area, we can help them to live a better life in some degree. Finally, it will have a negative effect _disibledevent=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"> However, it is true that some show much support to the project. They have sufficient resons for it.Firstly,after finishing the project, the _disibledevent=EN-US> Secondly,the bridge will be required to be the best _disibledevent="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"> spots. Most important of all, there will be a profound and significant meaning to carry out the _disibledevent=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT:
  21.1pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; mso-char-indent-count:
  2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"> Personally speaking, building the bridge brings more advantages than disadvantages, so I am in favor of it.
三、5月1日?10月31日第41届世博会在上海举行,在社会上引起了不少的赞同和质疑,请根据以下提示,写一篇120词左右的英语短文,并发表你自己的观点。
  1、世博轴造价约30亿,成最贵建筑,权威数据显示,世博建设总规模近220亿元;
  2、安全保卫任务艰巨;
  3、办世博可改进城市管理,改善群众生活质量,提高城市文明程度;
  4、长三角地区借世博积极实现产业升级;
  5、世博主题:城市,让生活更美好(Better City,Better Life);
  6、世博会是每个时代最先进文明成果和人类智慧的大汇聚,是全方位展示本国经济、社会以及文化的最好机会,是国力强盛的象征和国际地位提升的重要标志,对一个国家经济发展的推动作用不亚于奥运会。
提示词:世博会 Expo ;长三角Yangtze River Delta;文明Civilization
“ Better city,better life” becomes the theme of the 41st EXPO which is being hosted in Shanghai.Different people have different ideas about the event.I think there are both advangtages and disadvantages of holding EXPO.
Today EXPO is the economic and cultural Olympiad of the world among nations.At the same time ,it is about marketing countries internationally.Throuth its existence of more then 150 years,the EXPO will bring new knowledge from a specific perieod of time and trend of development,reflectinting the human civilization. Holding EXPO can showcase the fantastic growth of Chinese economy.It is also the symbol of a powerful country and means an improvement of a country international position. It plays an important role in improving the life quality , the standard of civilization as well as the management of city. More importantly,not _disibledevent=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT:
  27.75pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto" align=left>Howeve,holding EXPO has its own disadvantages.Fistly,It is reported that the main buildings of EXPO -the most expensive _disibledevent="mso-spacerun: yes"> hard job for the soldiers and the police to maitain the safety of it for so long a time.
In my opinion, it is a more powerful country than ever that China is now,thus making us have enough money and energy.Therefore, we should host EXPO and make it have its real effect.By doing this ,we can build up the confidence and accelerate the develpment of the whole nation.

四、虎年春晚重聚的“小虎队”大受欢迎,其表演的节目在最受欢迎歌舞类节目中当选为第一名,其成员是很多
  70、80甚至90后的偶象,请根据以下提示,写一篇120字左右的英语短文,发表你对崇拜明星偶像这一现象的看法。
  1、其成员有苏有朋AlecSu ,吴奇隆Nicholas ,陈志朋Benny ,是来自宝岛台湾的组合;
  2、早年给人们形象健康、积极进取的良好印象;
  3、歌舞具佳;
  4、参演多部高收视率影视作品,演技超群;
  5、今年是农历虎年,请“小虎队”上春晚符合中国人的风俗习惯,具有特殊意义;
  6、很多跟其同龄的观众,含泪观看节目,对青春岁月感慨万千,引起强烈共鸣.提示词:偶象(idol);小虎队 " Little Tigers ";90后the post-90s.
Many Chinese people know that Little Tigers is a Taiwanese pop music's most popular singing group.It was formed in early years and then dismissed a few yeas later. It is a great pity for the fans who like it.
To our excitement, they showed their talent _disibledevent="mso-spacerun: yes"> in the programme evalution. Why are they still so popular? The reasons for it are the follows. .
Firstly, the singing group, made up of Alec Su, Nicholas and Benny, are attractive . They made a good impression _disibledevent=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT:
  24.1pt; mso-char-indent-count:
  2.0">Secondly, According to Chinese traditional lunar custom,this year is the year of tiger.The programme which was performanced by little tigers had a special significance.
Finally, many audiences watched the show with tears .Becoming old was no longer a legend.They reminded the audiences who were of the same age of their past youth.
In my opinion, Little Tigers has a special unique personlaity affacting their fans positively. I think this is the main reason why they are still so popular. It is fortunate for us to have an outstanding idol. Having idols is not a bad thing. However, we should make it clear who are the real “heroes”. As far as I am concerned, the real heroes are those who are making the most contributions to our society, such as teachers, doctors and scientists. As young students we should learn from them. _disibledevent=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT:
  25.7pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 18pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; mso-char-indent-count:
  2.0">五、喜洋洋与灰太狼国产动画片,不但受到孩子们的喜爱,也意外受到成年人的追捧,在社会上引起轰动效应。请你根据以下提示,写一篇120词左右的英语短文,发表你本人对该片的看法。
  1、网络抽样调查表明,喜欢收看它的成年人中,65%认为该片故事轻松幽默,可用来排除压力;25%认为制作精美,故事吸引人;10%的认为孩子喜欢,所以我也跟着看;
  2、走红深层次原因:该片故事很有哲理,其宣扬的价值判断是,善良的总是获得胜利,简单的善恶关系
 

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