第五档 (21~25 分) 完全完成了试题所规定的任务 任务。 ●完全完成了试题所规定的任务。 应用了正确的语法结构和词汇, ●应用了正确的语法结构和词汇,没有或 处错误( 有 1~2处错误 ( 为尽力使用较 复杂结构或 处错误 为尽力使用较复杂结构或 较高级词汇所致 所致) 拼写、标点、 较高级词汇所致)如:拼写、标点、大小 写等;具备较强的语言能力。 写等;具备较强的语言能力。 有效使用了词语间的连接成分 连接成分, ● 有效使用了词语间的 连接成分 , 使全 文结构紧凑,达到了预期的写作目的。 文结构紧凑,达到了预期的写作目的。
17
第四档 (16~2 0分) 分 ●完成了试题所规定的任务。 完成了试题所规定的任务。 任务 应用的语法结构和词汇 语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要 ●应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要 处不影响全文意思的错误。 求,有3~4处不影响全文意思的错误。 处不影响全文意思的错误 应用简单的语句间连接成分 连接成分, ●应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文内 容结构紧凑,达到了预期的写作目的。 容结构紧凑,达到了预期的写作目的。
18
第三档 (11~15分) 分 ◆基本完成了试题所规定的任务。 基本完成了试题所规定的任务。 任务 应用的语法结构和词汇 语法结构和词汇基本能满足任 ◆ 应用的 语法结构和词汇 基本能满足任 务的要求, 处错误, 务的要求,有5~6处错误,但不影响理解。 处错误 但不影响理解。 应用简单的语句间连接成分 连接成分, ◆ 应用简单的语句间 连接成分 , 使全文 内容连贯。整体而言, 内容连贯 。 整体而言 , 基本达到了预期 的写作目的。 的写作目的。
19
注意: 注意:
  1.要点, 词汇语法结构,连接成分(
  1.要点, 词汇语法结构,连接成分(连 要点 接词,过渡句) 接词,过渡句)
  2.字迹 , 字数 分段
  2.字迹
书面表达如何写? 书面表达如何写?
  1、审题 、 题材,格式、人称、时态、 文字信息 题材,格式、人称、时态、 图画信息 要点

  2、以词及点:用一两个单词或短语写出每句 话的 、以词及点: 细节要点。 细节要点。
  3、联词成句:用联词成句的方法将上述要点的词 、联词成句: 语扩展成句子。 语扩展成句子。 开头与结尾 注意: 注意: 4 联句成文: 语篇衔接 连接词 联句成文: 语篇衔接,连接词 背景(适当增加时间地点条件等) 背景 适当增加时间地点条件等) 适当增加时间地点条件等
  5、检查修改,规范抄写 、检查修改,
My uncle will never forget what happened to him yesterday. 开头 Towards evening, he was invited to an inn. He enjoyed his dinner with his friends, drinking a lot of beers. As a result, he got drunk. He insisted on driving home after the meal, although his friends tried to persuade him not to.
A few minutes later, he was winding his way on the street. And then his car ran into a tall tree. Fortunately, he was still alive, though seriously injured. The police came to the scene, and he was taken to hospital. Naturally, he had to stay in hospital for several days. Worse still, his driving license was revoked. How he regretted what he had done! 结尾
注意:字迹,字数,检查时态,语态, 注意:字迹,字数,检查时态,语态,人称等语 法错误。 法错误。
April 12th is memorable because our class had a meaningful experience. On that day, in the morning, we bicycled to the suburbs to plant trees, talking and laughing all the way. Upon arrival, we began to work immediately. Before leaving, we took some photos to record our green action. Seeing the lines of trees, we all had a sense of achievement.

  1.从句和句型

  1.很多学生沉溺于用手机玩游戏,这对他们的学习不 利.
  2.我觉得对于学生来说有更多休闲时间是必要的.
  1.Many students are addicted to playing computer games, which has a bad effect on their study.
  2.I hold the view that it is necessary for students to have more spare time.

  3.很多孩子深受劣质牛奶的危害的原因是政府没有 给予食品安全以足够的重视. The reason why many children suffered from bad milk was that the government didn’t attach much importance to the problem of food safety.
  4.无论多么困难,我们都要尽最大努力帮助那些需 要帮助的人. However difficult it is, we will go all out to help those who need help.

  5.他如此的重以至于我们根本抬不动他. He is so heavy that we can’t lift him up at all. I was in such a hurry that I forgot to briing my wallet with me.
  6.政府已经采取措施保护环境这样我们可以更好的 生活. The government has taken measures to protect the environment so that we can live better.
总结:
  1...., which make/attract…(定语从句)
  2.I hold the view that …(同位语)
  3.It is +adj.+ to do /that …(形式主语) find /feel /make /consider/think +it +adj.+ to do
  4.The reason why+ 从句 is/was that for + n. Is/was that

  5.However +adj./adv.+主语+谓语,...
  6.So …that… /Such …that… ; … so that…
其他句型:

  1.It is (high) time to do /that…
  2.It occurs/ed to me that …
  3.Child as/though he is ,he can…
  4. As is known to all, it is known to all that… what is known is that…
  5.There be …
  6. it is a place where we can do/ find …
  7.It is no use doing …
  8.There is no need to do …/there is no point in doing
  9.It is urgent that…

  2.倒装----only 只有你确立目标,你才能最终取得成功. Only if you set your aim can you succeed at last. Only by setting your aim can you succeed at last.

  3.非谓语动词
  1.天非常黑,这使营救工作变得很难. It was dark, making it hard to rescue the victims buried in ruins. 现在分词做状语表结果 结果
  2.他们支持看电视,认为那可以开阔他们的视野丰 富他们的知识. They are in favor of watching TV,saying that it can widen their horizen and enrich their knowledge. 表伴随

  3.为了改善他的口语,他经常和当地人谈话. To improve his spoken English, he often talks with native speakers. 不定式表目的
  4.一旦失去,机会就很难再得到. Once lost, opportunities can’t be gained easily.
典型例句:
  1.The students are loaded with too much work, resulting in lack of sleep, damage to eyesight…
  2.The subway train taking me home was crowded
  3.Seeing her tired,I offered my seat to the old man.
  4.I sat there quietly imagining father’s smiling face Receiving the gift.
  5.Having earned my trouble,my uncle advised me to talk with my mother.
  6.When receiving a gift,you should say thank you.

  4.介词
  1.大连占地25万平方公里,气候宜人,资源丰富, 每年吸引很多游客来此旅游. DL,with pleasant climate and rich resources, covering an area of 250 thousand square kilometres attracted many tourists every year.
  2.随着科技的发展,越来越多的人能够活到90 岁.With the development of technology,more and more people can live up to
  90. As technology develops,…
3.尽管几天没睡觉,他还是尽力营救埋在废墟中 的受害者. In spite of /despite the fact that he didn’t sleep for several days,he spared no effort to rescue the victims in ruins.
高考大纲中常用的连接词

  1. 表示递进 另外,还有 而且: 另外,还有, also; what is more; besides; moreover; in addition, furthermore
  2. 表示转折关系但是, 然而, 相反: 但是, 然而, but; however; yet; instead; on the other hand; on the contrary. in contrast(相反) (相反)
whereas(然而), while, 然而) 然而

  3. 表示因果关系 因为,因此,所以 因为,因此, : since; now that; as; because (of ); so; thus; therefore; as a result;
owing to, due to ,on account of ,介词 介词

  4. 表示条件关系如果,只要 如果,只要: if ;on condition ( that );as long as 除非: 除非 unless=if …not… 否则: 否则 or else,otherwise

  5. 表示时间关系 当… 的时候 : when ; while 之后: 在…之后 after, 之后 之前: 在…之前 before 之前 直到: 直到 until 一…就… : as soon as 就 后来, 然后: 后来, 然后 later; afterwards 不久: 不久 soon 近来: 近来 lately; recently 自从… 从那时起: 自从 :since 从那时起 from then on

  6.表示特定的顺序关系 表示特定的顺序关系 首先, 最主要的: above all 其次: secondly 然后: then; next 最后: finally; in the end
首先, 首先,开始 for a start, to begin with,

  7. 换一种方法表述 换句话说: in other words; that is to say; namely

  8. 进行举例说明 例如,比如: for instance; for example; like; such as,
  9. 用于陈述事实 实际上: in fact; actually; as a matter of fact 跟你说实话 : to tell you the truth

  10. 对一个话题进行总结
总而言之,总的来说:
on the whole; in short; all in all; in general; in a word,
  11. 表让步的连、介词 表让步的连、 ; although, while ; , 介词 in spite of ,despite,
  12.陈述自己观点
? Personally (speaking);as far as I am concerned, in my opinion …
议论式作文写法:
第一段:
  1.As we know,...(陈述现象).
  2.Recently ,we have had a discussion on whether it is +adj.+(for sb) to ….
  3. Opinions are divided as follows. /people hold different views. /opinions vary from person to person.
第二段: Some hold the view that it is +adj.+ to do , saying... /Some are in favor of +doing…, saying…(原因一) What’s more, In addition, besides, furthermore
第三段: However/On the contrary, others hold the opposite view that… …even worse, … worse still, … to make matters worse,…
第四段: As far as I am concerned, … In brief, in a nutshell , on the whole to sum up, to summarize, in brief …
书面表达常用语句

  1.书信
  1.书信 开 头
Thanks for your last letter. I am happy to hear from you and know you want to know sth about …,Now ,let me tell you. I am writing just to inform you…… I’m writing to ask whether /inquire about…
I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with/at
In reply to your last letter, I am writing to explain the two questions as follows: ……
书面表达常用语句

  1.书信
  1.书信 结 尾 Looking forward to your reply/hearing from you! Thanks for your consideration. Do remember me to your parents! Wish you success. Hope you will (find a good job)
表示请求: Is it convenient for you to … Can you do me the favor to … I will appreciate it if you … Would you like to … 求职信: 求职信: I happened to know a volunteer is wanted in your company from the newspaper . I think I will be fit for the job. I get along with others easily ,which is especially useful for a volunteer.

  2.表格: According to the chart/ a report/a survey /the data As we can see in the chart,the percentage of (nearsighted students) has increased from (78% in 20
  04) to (92% in 20
  07),while that of (overweight) from….to… As can be seen from the picture, most of the students are wearing glasses.

  3.通知 Attention please! A meeting will be held in Room 301 at 5 tomorrow afternoon.All the teachers are expected to attend it on time. We’re glad to tell you that there will be a applepicking activity next weekend. Now please let me inform you about some important things. The activity will begin at 8:00a.m. next Saturday morning and end at 11:00 am.The main thing we will do is to help farmes pick apples on the farm. You’re welcome to take part in it. I believe you will have a wonderful time.Good luck!
发言稿 Boys and girls,/ladies and gentlemen, May have your attention please! As for (pressure,...),I hold the view that… 结尾: That’s all,thanks for your listening.
其他: Measures/Action should be taken to… For the reasons given above, I feel that… Undoubtedly there is a long way to go before… We should always remember a fact that people can’t live without other living things. My suggestions on dealing with the problem is as follows. … I make it a rule to rise up early every morning.
常见错误: There are 50% of the students think that… Study with other is good for us.
  1.多个谓语 Studying Working in groups can solve the problem. By working~ ,we can
  2.主谓不一致 We can make progresses and get knowledges.
  3. n. 单复数可数不可数 主谓一致
you can do it by this way. in
  4.固定搭配
We should have the confident.
  5. 词性 confidence I will happy if you come to see me.
  6.少be动词 be

  7.We should avoid to make mistakes. making
  7.主谓一致
  8.Playing computers are bad. is
  8.动词用法
  9.They said it is good for us to do that. was
  9.时态
  10.They say we may punish if we make mistakes. they be ~ed
  10. 代词,语态
 

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