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  1)简单句间关系及场景关系词和结构 )

  1.个人爱好与经历 put one’s heart into… be interested in … be fond of like chemistry best be good at …; be poor at …; do well in …; be weak in make progress in …; fail in …, be tired of … pass the examination; give sb. a passing grade; major in history He has the best record in school. get a doctor’s degree learn about; succeed in…; be active in class (work); take an active part in …; learn… by heart; work out a (maths) problem; improve oneself in …; get 90 marks for (English); get an “A” in the exam; have a good command of… lay a good foundation in (language study)

  2、师生关系 get on well with sb; like to be with students;
be gentle with us; be kind to sb; be a strict teacher; be strict with one’s pupils; be strict in work We think of him (her) as …; help sb with sth; praise sb for sth …; blame sb for sth.. give advice on …; question sb on … be satisfied with … correct the students’ homework carefully and prepare for the next day; give sb a lot of work; try to teach sb good study habits; make one’s lessons lively and interesti ng; teach sb. sth.; teach sb to do sth. devote all one’s time to work; admire (sb.for) his devotion to the cause of education 佩服他对于教育事业的献身精神。

  3、课余活动及周末生活 spend one’s time in many different ways; enjoy doing things by oneself; go swimming; go for an outing; have an outing at (the seashore); see the sights of Beijing; play the piano (violin); play chess (basketball); have a swim; have dances on weekends; have a picnic over the weekend;
go to the cinema; have a party; hold a sports meeting; do some reading; help sb do sth; enjoy a family trip; get everything ready for; ride one’s bike with sb.to(the park); There are a lot of activities at (the beach). We enjoy a change from our busy life in the city. She would like to bring sth. to the picnic. It was a very relaxing Sunday. There are good programmes on TV on weekends.

  4、彼此沟通信息 take a message for sb; send a message to sb; hear from sb; talk about/of sth; tell sb to do sth; get information about…; express one’s idea (feelings) in English; Write sb a letter saying…; apologize to sb for …; thank you for …; make a speech t at the meeting; explain sth to s; look upon sb as …; think sb to be …; take sb’s side

  5、事件中人的态度 would like to do; allow sb to do;
keep sb from doing (prevent sb. from doing); call on sb to do; be afraid to do (be afraid of …); fee like doing; insist on doing; drive sb. off; speak highly of sb; speak ill of sb; think highly of sb; force sb to do; offer to do; refuse to do; agree to do; regret doing; prefer to do A rather than do B; had better do; would rather (not) do.

  6、事情过程 have the habit of doing…; have no trouble doing; make up one’ mind to do; s prepare sb for …; give up doing…; do sth as usual; do what he wants us to do; set about doing; try one’s best to do…=go all out to do; get into trouble; help sb out; do one’s bit for New China; wait for sb to do; find a way to do; make friends with sb; show (tell) sb. how to do…; take (send) sb to …; I’m trying to find…; I’m afraid we are out of …; pass the time doing; feel a little excited about doing…; can’t help doing…; do some good deeds to people; ard work; Some are doing A, others are doing B, and still others are doing C. be prepared for more h

  7、感官活动与思维活动 look around for …; look up (down) at …; catch sight of …; take a look at …; hear sb do (doing); take notice of …; take view of …; have a good understanding of …; consider sb (sth) to be …; come to know…; realize that …; know that +从句

  8、情感与欲望 be pleased with …; be delighted in doing…; take a pleasure in doing; be worried about; feel surprised at … be sorry for …; be angry with sb for sth; be angry about …; look forward to doing…; wish to do; expect to do; long for (long to do); be sick for one’s home; have a strong desire to do …;

  9、健康状况及治疗 be in good shape; be in good (poor )health; feel weak (well, terrible, sick); have got a high (slight ) fever; have a slight (bad) cold; take one’s temperature; have got a pain in …; be good (bad) for one’s health(eyes);
It’s nothing serious. stay in bed until…; save one’s life

  10、其它 It (take)sb. some time to do…; It is said that …; be fit for; be short of; be well dressed; miss the lecture (train); change…into…; waste time doing; spend time doing; be busy doing; have no choice but to do; I can’t help it. be in need of…; be mistaken about …; fall behind…; catch up with; on behalf of; instead of; be welcome to do…; Running, biking and swimming are popular in summer. Skiing and skating are my favorite winter sports.

  11、信件开头常用语 You letter came to me this morning. I have received your letter of July the 20th. I’m writing to you about the lecture to be given next Monday. I’m writing to ask if you can come next week. How time flies! It’s three months since I saw you last. Thank you for your letter. In reply to your letter about (the exhibition this year)…;
Let me tell you that…

  12、信件结尾常用语 Give my best regards (wishes) to your mother. Best wishes. With love. Wish you a pleasant journey. Wish you success. Wish you the best of health. (luck) Looking forward to your next visit to China. Looking forward to the pleasure of meeting you. Expecting to hear from you as soon as possible.

  2)范文面面观: )范文面面观:
  3)常用句型: 常用句型: 常用句型 一、 the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, ~ etc) ~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。 Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。 二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V 例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.没有比接受教育更重要的事。 三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么强调……的重要性也 不为过。) 例 We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.我们再怎么强调 保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。 四、There is no denying that + S + V ……(不可否认的……) 例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.不 可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。 五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道……)
例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.全世界都知道树木 对我们是不可或缺的。 六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的……) 例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.毫无 疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。 七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (……的优点是……) 例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create (produce) any pollution.使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。 八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (……的原因是……) 例句: The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air. The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.我们必须种树的 原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。 九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此……以致于……) 例句:So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it.时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪 费它。 十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然……) 例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝 对令人不满意。 十一、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~ The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~(愈……愈……) 例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.你愈努力,你愈进步。 The more books we read, the more learned we become.我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。 十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着……,……能够…… 例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健 康。 十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (……使……能够……) 例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。 十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能……) 例句: no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。 On 十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是……的时候了) 例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems. 该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。 十六、Those who ~~(……的人……) 例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.违反交通规定的人应该受 处罚。 十七、There is no one but ~~没有人不……) 例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.没有人不渴望上大学。 十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不……) 例句: Since the examination is around the corner,I am compelled to give up doing sports. 既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。
十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的) 例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.可想而知,知识 在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。 二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是……的原因) 例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don't like it.夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢 它的原因。
二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式……(过去……年来,……一直……) 例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.过去两年 来,我一直忙着准备考试。 二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。 例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.自从他上高中,他 一直很用功。 二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (……是值得的。)例句:It pays to help others.帮助别人是值 得的。 二十四、be based on (以……为基础) 例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。 二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的) We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环 境。 二十六、bring home to + 人 + 事 (让……明白……事) 例句:We should bring home to people the value of working hard.我们应该让人们明白努 力的价值。 二十七、be closely related to ~~ (与……息息相关) 例句:Taking exercise is closely related t o health.做运动与健康息息相关。 二十八、Get into the habit of + Ving = make it a rule to + V (养成……的习惯) We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。 二十九、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~~ (因为……) 例句:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.因为他的鼓励,我终于 实现我的梦想。 三十、What a + Adj + N + S + V!= How + Adj + a + N + V!(多么……!) 例句:What an important thing it is to keep our promise! How important a thing it is to keep our promise!遵守诺言是多么重要的事! 三十一、Leave much to be desired (令人不满意) 例句:The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.我们的交通状况令人不满意。 三十二、Have a great influence on ~~~ (对……有很大的影响) 例句:Smoking has a great influence on our health.抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。 三十三、do good to (对……有益),do harm to (对……有害)
例句:Reading does good to our mind.读书对心灵有益。Overwork does harm to health. 工作过度对健康有害。 三十四、Pose a great threat to ~~ (对……造成一大威胁) 例句:Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.污染对我们的生存造成一大威胁。 三十五、do one's utmost to + V = do one's best (尽全力去……) 例句:We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.我们应尽全力去达成我们的人生 目标。二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V 例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。 三、 ~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much. (再怎么强调...的重要



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