高中英语作文指导如何用英文写信 高中英语作文要求学生在充分领会"提示"的前提下,用自己的语言组织成一篇内容充 实,语言正确,句子连贯,用词贴切的短文.但由于各种原因,学生们在写作的时候经常会 出现审题不清,论证无效,思维混乱,结构松散等问题,因此,除了以一定的词汇,句式, 语法结构为基础,在写作时学生还应该掌握一定的方法,深思熟虑,精心构思,最终成文. 下面以一篇作文为例谈谈笔者在作文教学中的一些想法. -作文要求: 作文要求: 作文要求 假如你是某中学学生李博文.最近,你班同学正在参加 21 世纪英文报组织的一个讨论. 话题为:"父母有没有必要陪读?"请你根据下表所列情况给报社写一封信,客观介绍讨论情况. 70%的同学认为 的同学认为: 的同学认为
  1.父母不该陪读;
  2.父母陪读让我们养成依赖的习惯,不利于自控能力的培养,不利于培 养良好的学习习惯;
  3.父母陪读影响了他们的工作,学习和休息. 30%的同学认为 的同学认为: 的同学认为
  1.父母应该陪读;
  2.父母陪读能使我们腾出时间专心学习,使我们身体更健康;
  3.父母 陪读能帮助我们确立学习目标,督促我们完成学业,鼓励我们独立解决困难,培养我们养成良 好学习习惯. 一,分析要求 写作的要求尽管都比较简洁扼要, 但却包含着不少的信息, 比如说文体, 格式, 中心等, 所以同学们在写作时必须通过仔细阅读要求, 找到中心词以明确任务, 在本篇作文的开头要 求中,可确定:
  1)以书信格式给报社写信
  2)父母要不要陪读(中心话题)
  3)客观介绍(客观结果的叙述,无须主观的论证) 分析材料本篇材料以表格形式出现,内容还是比较丰富的,所以同学们应就表格 二,分析材料本篇材料以表格形式出现 内容进行分析和梳理.可得到以下信息:
  1)双方观点对立,具有辩论性(表格第 1 点)
  2)各自理由的陈述(表格 2,3 点) 三,组织结构 对材料进行了一定的分析后,同学就比较容易确定所写文章的结构组织. 第一段:介绍写信目的 第二段:70%同学的观点及理由陈述 第三段:30%同学的观点及理由陈述 第四段:结尾 简单收尾 四,关键句式及词汇 对文章结构了解清晰之后,同学们应对在文章中需要运用的一些句式和词汇进行整理, 这样在用词用句上就更有把握,同时还可以避免一些词句上的错误.以本篇为例:
  1.关键句式 关键句式 引入句:i'm writing to tell you the discussion we've had about… i'm very glad to write to you about… 过渡句(第一段与第二段):there have been different opinions. opinions are divided on the question. it is certain that we do have different opinions on this matter. 不同观点引入:……同学认为(赞同/反对) …students think…
students hold(the belief)that …students have argued that …students are against the idea …students don't accept the idea …students feel strongly about the idea …students are in favor of
  2.中心词汇 陪读:accompany sb.studying at school 养成依赖的习惯:form/get into /fall into the habit of dependence 自控能力:the ability of controlling ourselves 对……有所影响:have a…effect(influence)on,affect 腾出时间 spare more time 督促 urge 鼓励……做……encourage sb.to do sth. 独立 independently/by oneself/on ones own/alone 五,完成全文 完成了所有的准备工作,大家就可以胸有成竹地进行写作了. 六,注意点 在写作当中有一些要点同学们应谨记在心:
  1.不要将文章处理为三句翻译的集合体. 有些同学在处理这类信息类的作文时只是简单 地将所给三类信息进行翻译,这是不可取的,应将所给信息进行处理和丰富.
  2.句句之间逻辑联系的确立和正确的词与词组的选择. 好的逻辑联系可以使作文内容连 续,结构清晰,所以要正确使用一些表示逻辑联系的词和词组.
  3.避免句词的多次重复,可选用多种表达形式. 有些相同或相似的内容应尽量避免重复, 使作文句式更灵活多样. 作文训练并非一朝一夕的事,只有在长期的练习中,认真构思,细心体会,不断总结, 才能有所收获,做到处变而不惊. -本文范文:dear editor, 本文范文: 本文范文 i'm writing to tell you about the discussion we recently had about whether our parents should accompany us studying at school. it is certain that we do have different opinions on this matter.most of us hold that our parents should not accompany us studying at school since it makes us fall into the habit of dependence,so that we won't form the good habit of studying.what'smore,it is harmful for us to form the habit of controlling ourselves.at the same time it affects our parents' work,studies and rest. while the rest of the students think it necessary for our parents to accompany us studying at school,which may let us have more time to spare for our studies.besides,we shall be much healthier for their concern.on the other hand,our parents canhelp us set up our aim,urge us to finish our task,totell the truth,it is our parents that en-courage us to overcome difficulties in life and get us into the good habit of studying. hopefully,we may get some aDVice from your newspaper,from which we can really benefit a lot and have a clear mind about it.thank you very much. yours truly,li bowen
 

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