北京大学 2004 年博士研究生入学考试试题
2006-08-16 10:56:00
Part One Part Two
Listening Comprehension ?(略)? Structure and Written Expression
Directions: Directions In each question decide which of the four choices given will most suitably complete the sentence if inserted at the place marked. Put the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET. (20%)?
  41. The beauty of the reflected images in the limpid pool was the poignant beauty of things that are, existing only until the sunset.? A. equitable B. ephemeral C. euphonious D. evasive ?

  42. Brooding and hopelessness are theof Indians in the prairie reservations most of the time. ? A. occupations B. promises C. frustrations D. transactions ?

  43. Whatabout that article in the newspaper was that its writer showed an attitude cool enough, professional enough and, therefore, cruel enough when facing that disaster-stricken family.? A. worked me out B. knocked me out C. brought me up D. put me forward

  44. considered the human body aesthetically satisfactory.? A. Neither prehistoric cave man nor late-industrial urban man ? B. Nor prehistoric cave man or late-industrial urban man ? C. No prehistoric cave man nor late-industrial urban man ? D. Neither prehistoric cave man or late-industrial urban man ?
  45. Not until the 1980'sin Beijing start to find ways to preserve historic buildings from destruction.? A. some concerned citizens ? B. some concerning citizens ? C. did some concerning citizens ? D. did some concerned citizens ?
  46. The buttocks aremost other parts in the body.? A. likely less to cause fatal damage than ? B. likely less causing fatal damage to ? C. less likely to cause fatal damage than ? D. less likey to cause fatal damage to ?
  47. The concept of internet,has intrigued scientists since the mid-20th century.? A. the transmission of images, sounds and messages over distances ? B. transmitting of images, sounds and messages along distances ? C. to transmit images, sounds and messages on distance ? D. the transmissibility of images, sounds and messages for distances ?
  48. Because of difficulties in getting a visa, the students had tothe idea of applying for study in the United States.A. reduce B. yield C. relinquish D. waver ?

  49. His request for a day offby the manager of the company.? A. was turned off B. was turned down C. was put down D. was put away ?

  50. The index of industrial productionlast year.? A. raised up by 4 per cent C.arose up with 4 per cent
  51. Pleaseif you ever come to Sydney.? A. look at me me ?
  52. British hopes of a gold medal in the Olympic Games sufferedyesterday, when Hunter failed to qualify during the preliminary heats.? A. a sharp set-back C. a severe blown-up B. severe set-back ? D. sharp blown-up ? B. look me up C. look me out D. look to B. rose up with 4 per cent ? D. went up by 4 per cent ?

  53. By the end of the year 2004, hein the army for 40 years.? A. will have served C. will be serving B. will serve ? D. will be served ?

  54. there was an epidemic approaching, Mr. Smiththe invitation to visit that area. ? A. If he knew, would have declined ? B. If he had known, would decline ? C. Had he known, would decline ? D. Had he known, would have declined ?
  55. In the dark they could not see anything clear, but could.? A. hear somebody mourn C. hear somebody mourned B. hear somebody mourning ? D. hear somebody had been mourning ?

  56. The team leader of mountain climbers marked out.? A. that seemed to be the best route C. which seemed to be the best route B. what seemed to be the best route ? D. something that to be the best route ?

  57. The scheme was so impracticable that I refused even.? A. to consider supporting it C. to considering to support it B. considering to support it ? D. considering supporting it ?

  58. Among the first to come and live in North America, who later prospered mainly in New England. ? A. had been Dutch settlers C. were Dutch settlers B. Dutch settlers were there ? D. Dutch settlers had been there ?

  59. The cargo box has a labelon it. Please handle it with care.? A. “flexible” “stiff”?
  60. we wish him prosperous, we have objections to his ways of obtaining wealth.? A. Much as Part Three Ⅰ. B. As much Reading Comprehension ? C. More as D. As well as ? B. “break” C. “fragile” D.
Directions: Each of the passages is followed by some questions. For each question four answers are Directions
given. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question. Put your answer on the ANSWER SHEET. (10%)?
Passage One ? What Makes a “Millennial Mind”?? Since 1000 AD, around 30 billion people have been born on our planet. The vast majority have come and gone unknown to all but their friends and family. A few have left some trace on history: a discovery made, perhaps, or a record broken. Of those, fewer still are remembered long after their death. Yet of all the people who have lived their lives during the last 1, 000 years, just 38 have achieved the status of “Millennial Minds” -that's barely one in a billion. Those whose lives Focus has chronicled have thus become members of possibly the most exclusive list of all time. And choosing who should be included was not easy.? From the beginning, the single most important criterion was that the “Millennial Minds” are those who did more than merely achieve greatness in their own time, or in one field. Thus mere winners of Nobel Prizes had no automatic right to inclusion, nor artists who gained fame in their own era, but whose reputation has faded with changing fashion. The achievements of the genuine “Millennial Mind” affect our lives even now, often in ways so fundamental that it is hard to imagine what the world was like before.? Not even transcendent genius was enough to guarantee a place in the Focus list. To rate as a “Millennial Mind”, the life and achievements also had to cast light on the complex nature of creativity: its origins, nature, and its personal cost.?
  61. The first paragraph tells us that.? A. Focus had a list of “Millennial Minds” worked out in secret ? B. Focus had compiled a biographical book of the lives of “Millennial Minds”? C. Focus 's list of the “Millennial Minds” consists of a strictly selected few ? D. Focus tried hard to exclude most of the famous lives from the list of the “Millennial Minds”?
  62. According to the second paragraph, which of the following statements is TRUE?? A. Nobel Prize winners are not qualified for the “Millennial Minds”.? B. A “Millennial Mind” needs only to have a great influence on the lives of the people of his time. ? C. Only those whose achievements still greatly affect our lives today can be included in the list of the “Millennial Minds”.? D. The “Millennial Minds” are those who have changed human lives so much that people of later generations can not remember what things were likein the past.?
  63. In the first sentence of the third paragraph, “transcendent genius” means.? A. people who are exceptionally superior and great in talent ? B. people whose achievements are not forgotten by later generations ? C. people whose genius has been passed down to the present time ? D. people who have guaranteed themselves a place in the Focus list ?
  64. In the third paragraph, the phrase “cast light on” can be replaced by.? A. shine over B. light up C. shed light on Passage Two ? Tribute to Dr. Carlo Urbani, Identifier of SARS ? On the 29th of March, 2003, the World Health Organization doctor Carol Urbani died of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, the fast-spreading pneumonia that had killed 54 people worldwide.? D. brighten up ?
The 46-year-old Italian doctor was the first WHO officer to identify the outbreak of this new disease in an American businessman. Dr. Urbani first saw the US businessman on Feb. 28, two days after the patient had been admitted to a hospital in Hanoi. Although Urbani had worn a mask, he lacked goggles and other protective clothing. He began demanding that Hanoi hospitals stock up on protective gear and tighten up infection control procedures. But he was frustrated at how long it was taking to teach infection-control procedures to people in hospitals. There were shortages of supplies, like disposable masks, gowns, gloves. ? After three weeks of round-the-clock effort, Urbani's superior urged him to take a few days off to attend a medical meeting in Bangkok, where he was to talk on childhood parasites. The day after he arrived, he began feeling ill-with symptoms of the new disease. He called his wife, now living in Hanoi with their three children. He said:“Go back to Italy and take the children, because this will be the end for me.” Dr. Urbani developed a fever and was put into isolation where he remained until his death. The WHO representative in Hanoi said:“He was very much a doctor, his first goal was to help people.”? He was buried on April 2, 2003 in Castelplanio, central Italy, leaving behind his wife and children. The measures he helped put in place before his death appear to have doused the SARS wildfire in Vietnam. ?
  65. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?? A. Dr. Urbani caught SARS from an American businessman who was hospitalized in Hanoi.? B. There were not enough disposable masks, gowns, gloves and protective equipment.? C. He knew he had little hope to survive after he was found infected.? D. Dr. Urbani had helped combating the new disease by putting in place a series of infection-control measures.?
  66. In the third paragraph, “three weeks of round-clock effort”means.? A. for three weeks the hospital was taking in SARS patients without stopping ? B. Dr Urbani worked day and night for three weeks, trying to get SARS under control ? C. for three weeks Dr. Urbani did not have any time to sleep, trying hard to fight the new disease ? D. After three weeks hard work to control SARS, the hospital superior thought it was time to stop the clock ?
  67. According to the context, the word “doused” in the last sentence of this passage could be best replaced with.? A. extinguished B. eliminated C. solved Passage Three ? Glass ? Since the Bronze Age, about 3000 B. C., glass has been used for making various kinds of objects. It was first made from a mixture of silica, lime, and an alkali such as soda or potash, and these remained the basic ingredients of glass until the development of lead glass in the seventeenth century.? When heated the mixture becomes soft and moldable and can be formed by various techniques into a vast array of shapes and sizes. The homogeneous mass thus formed by melting then cools to create glass, but in contrast to most materials formed in this way (metals, for instance), glass lacks the crystalline structure normally associated with solids, and instead retains the random molecular structure of a liquid. In effect, as molten D. deluged ?
glass cools, it progressively stiffens until rigid, but does so without setting up a network of interlocking crystals customarily associated with that process. This is why glass shatters so easily when dealt a blow. ?
Another unusual feature of glass is the manner in which its viscosity changes as it turns from a cold substance into a hot, ductile liquid. Unlike metals that flow or “freeze” at specific temperatures, glass progressively softens as the temperature rises, going through varying moldable stages until it flows like a thick syrup. Each of these stages allows the glass to be manipulated into various forms, by different techniques, and if suddenly cooled the object retains the shape achieved at that point. Glass is thus open to a greater number of heat-forming techniques than most other materials.?
  68. According to the passage glass cools and becomes rigid differently from metals because. ? A. it has an unusually low melting temperatrue ? B. it does not set up a network of interlocking crystals ? C. it has a random molecular structure of a liquid ? D. it is made from a mixture of silica, lime, and soda ?
  69. In the phrase “without setting up a network of interlocking crystals customarily associated with that process” in the second paragraph, a substitute for the word “customarily” may be.? A. continuously B. certainly C. eventually D. usually ?

  70. Glass can be easily molded into all kinds of forms because.? A. it melts like liquid when heated ? B. it softens gradually through varying stages when heated ? C. it retains the shape at the point when it is suddenly cooled ? D. various heating techniques can be used in making glass ? Ⅱ. Directions: Directions Read the following passage carefully and then explain in your own English the exact
meaning of the numbered and underlined parts. Put your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (15%)? No one gets out of this world alive, and few people come through life without at least one serious illness. (
  71) If we are given a serio



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