500 English sentences in the construction site 工程建设现场英语五百句
一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 九 十 十一 十二 十三 十四 十五 十六 十七 十八 十九 二十 附录 GREETING AND INTRUDUCTIONS 问候和介绍(36 句) TALKING ABOUT LANGUAGES 交谈语言(24 句) DATES AND TIMES 日期和时间(20 句) WEATHER AND ENVIROMENT 天气和环境(20 句) AT THE MEETING 在会议上(34 句) ENGINEERING PROJECT 工程项目(20 句) PLANNING AND SCHEDULING 计划与进度(20 句) TECHINICAL DOCUMENT DRAWINGS 技术资料与图纸(34 句) UTILITY 公用工程(20 句) AT JOBSITE 在施工现场(44 句) INSPECTION OF THE EQUIPMENT 设备检验(30 句) CIVIL ENGINEERING 土建工程(18 句) CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY 施工机械(18 句) COMMON TOOL 常用工具(22 句) ENGINEERING MACHINERY 工程材料(18 句) ERECTION OF THE EQUIPMENT 设备安装(24 句) PROCESS PIPING 工艺管道(22 句) QUALITY CONTROL 质量管理(20 句) TEST RUN AND START-UP 试车和开工(30 句) AT THE BANQUET 在宴会上(26 句) 基数词和序数词 …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 18 19 20 15 16 17 18
一、GREETINGS AND INTRODUTION 问候和介绍(36 句)
  1. How do you do?
  2. How are you? 你好吗?(初次见面)
你好吗?(日常见面)

  3. Fine, thanks. 我很好。
  4. I am very well, thank you.
  5. Good morning Mr. Jack. 我很好,谢谢你。 早上好,杰克先生。 午安,玛丽小姐。

  6. Good afternoon, Miss Mary.
  7. Good evening Dr. John.
晚上好,约翰大夫。 见到你很高兴,欢迎你。

  8. Very pleased to meet you, you are welcome.
  9. I am very glad to see you.
  10. Welcome to China. 我很高兴见到你。
欢迎你到中国来。 欢迎你到我们工地来。 为了

  11. Welcome to our job site.

  12. For our friendship and cooperation, I wish we shall have an amity cooperation in coming days. 我们的友谊与合作,希望今后友好共事。
  13. Let us working together for our common job.
  14. Happy new year! 新年快乐! 春节快乐! 让我们为我们的共同事业一起工作吧!

  15. Happy Spring Festival!
  16. Merry Christmas!
圣诞节快乐! 祝贺你们的国庆节!

  17. Congratulations to your National Day!
  18. Happy birthday to you!
祝你生日快乐! 请允许我介绍一下,我叫李汉。 请允许我介绍我的一位同事,李先生。

  19. Allow me to introduce myself, my name is LiHan!

  20. Please allow me to introduce a fellow of mine, Mr. Li.
  21. I am a manager.
我是经理。 (project manager-项目经理;resident construction general agent-驻工
地总代表;construction superintendent-工地主任; controller staff member-管理员;supervisor-监理、 检察员;foreman-工长) 。
  22. I work in the chemical Engineering Construction Company. 我在化工(化学工程)建设公司工作。 (Construction Department-施工部; Inspection Section-检查科)
  23. My technical speciality is civil engineering. 我的专业是土建工程。 (chemical engineering-化学工程;
process-工艺; mechanical equipment-机械设备; electrical-电气; instrumentation-仪表; piping-管道; welding- 焊 接 ; furnace building- 筑 炉 ; corrosion prevention- 防 腐 ; thermal-insulation- 保 温 ; heating-wentilation-采暖通风;quality control-质量管理) 。
  24. What is your speciality? 你的专业是什么?
1

  25. I am a mechanician.
我是一个机械师(钳工)(electrician 电工;pipe layer-管工;carpenter-木工; 。
turner-车工; blacksmith-锻工; builder-建筑工人; erector-安装工; riveter-铆工; rigger-起重工; concrete worker-混凝土工;engine driver-司机;repair worker-修理工) 。
  26. What is your nationality? Are you American?
  27. What is your name? 你叫什么名字? 请问你叫什么名字? 你在哪家公司工作?(belong to-属于) 你在哪个部门工作? 请多指教。 你是哪国人?你是美国人吗?

  28. Can I have your name, please?

  29. Which company do you belong to?

  30. Which department do you belong to?
  31. Kindly give us your advice, please?
  32. Thanks for your direction.
  33. Good-bye.
  34. See you again.
  35. See you later.
  36. See you tomorrow.
谢谢你的指教。 (谢谢你的指导)
二、TALKING ABOUT LANGUAGES
  37. Do you speak English?
  38. Let us talk English! 你能讲英语吗?
交谈语言(24 句)
让我们用英语交谈吧! 我只能说一点英语,你能听懂吗? 请原谅,我讲英语有时会说错。

  39. I can speak English only a little, do you understand me?

  40. Excuse me! Sometimes I make mistakes when I speak English.
  41. Speak slowly, please. I intend to learn to speak English.
请讲慢一点,我想学着讲一点英语。 我很抱歉,我

  42. I am very sorry, I can not speak English very well, but I can read document in English. 的英语说得不好,但是我能看懂英文资料。
  43. Please write down the English words of this for us.
  44. Write this word in English, please. 请把这个用英文写出来给我们看看。
请把这个字用英文写出来。 我不懂你讲的,请再说一遍。 你知道我们应该如何用英语表达这个意思吗?

  45. I can not understand you, say it again, please.

  46. Do you know how we should express the idea in English?
  47. What does this word mean? 这个字是什么意思?

  48. We should like to have an interpreter, let us call him.
  49. Is my pronunciation correct? 我的发音正确吗?
我们应该找他来当翻译。

  50. I have trouble with pronunciation.
我在发音方面有点困难。 你能讲几种语言?
2

  51. How many languages do you speak?

  52. I can read (speak) English only with the dictionary (tape recorder). 我只能借助词典(磁带录音机)阅 读(说、讲)英语。
  53. Do you speak Chinese? (Can you write Chinese character?) 你能讲汉语吗?(你会写汉字吗?)
  54. Please tell me how to spell the English word? 请告诉我怎样拼读这个英文字?

  55. I do not understand, can you repeat it? 我不懂,你能重复一遍吗?
  56. I can not catch up with you. 我赶不上你。
  57. I can follow you. 我能听懂你的话。

  58. Let the interpreter continue. 让翻译继续讲。
  59. Please put the sentence into Chinese.
  60. Have you a mind to learn Chinese? 请把这句话翻译成汉语。
你想学汉语吗?
三、DATES AND TIMES
  61. What month is this?
  62. This is January. 现在是几月份?
日期和时间(20 句)
现在是元月份。 今天是星期几? 今天是星期天。

  63. What day is today?
  64. Today is Sunday.

  65. What is the date today? 今天是几号?
  66. Today is April sixth, nineteen forty-two.
  67. What time is it?
  68. It is six o’clock. 现在是几点钟? 现在是六点钟。 现在是九点过七分。 现在是三点过几分。 今天是一九八二年四月六日。

  69. It is seven past nine.

  70. It is a few minutes after three.
  71. It is a quarter to ten.
现在是差一刻十点。 你明天八点钟到这里来,行吗? 我们七点半来,你什么时候来?

  72. Will you be there at eight o’clock tomorrow?

  73. We shall come at half past seven, when will you come?
  74. We shall be on time, I hope. 我希望我们将按时到达。

  75. We get to at seven thirty every morning and finish working at eleven thirty before noon. 七点三十分开始工作,到中午十一点三十分结束工作。
  76. We work from two until six o’clock afternoon every day.
  77. We have breakfast at seven. 我们七点钟吃早饭。 我们七点四十五分吃午餐。
我们每天早上
我们每天下午从两点工作到六点。

  78. We have dinner at eleven forty-five.
  79. We have supper at six afternoon.
我们下午六点吃晚餐。
3

  80. We have a day of rest on Sunday every week.
我们每周星期日休息。
四、WEATHER AND ENVIRONMENT
  81. It is very fine today, the weather is suitable for our work.
  82. It is not at all a nice day. It will get colder.
天气和环境(20 句) 今天天气很好,适合我们工作。
天气一点也不好,要变冷了。

  83. We can not continue the outdoor work, because it is raining (sleeting) now. 因为现在在下雨(雨夹雪) , 我们不能继续户外作业。
  84. It is going to snow (hail) tomorrow, some measures must be taken to prevent freezing. 明天将会下 雪(冰雹) ,为了预防冰冻必须采取一些措施。
  85. The lifting work on site will be compelled to stop, owing to the strong wind (a dense fog). 由于强风 (浓雾) ,现场的起重吊装工作将被迫停止。
  86. We have a nap (interval) after lunch in hot season. 热天午餐后,我们有一个午睡(午休)时间。 这里气候温和(寒冷) ,阳光充足(阴天多云) 。

  87. The weather is warm (cold) and sunny (cloudy) here.
  88. What’s the weather forecast for today?
今天天气预报怎么说?

  89. The weatherman says, the highest temperature during the day will be twenty one degree centigrade. 天气预报员说,今天白天最高气温为摄氏二十一度。
  90. The temperature will drop to five above (below) zero tonight.
  91. It is spring time now. 现在是春天。 这条路通到工厂。 (Post Office-邮局;Telegraph Office-电报局; 今晚气温将降到零上(零下)

  92. This road leads to the factory.
Telephone Booth-电话间; Travel Agency-旅行社; Custom House-海关; Restaurant-餐厅; Department Store-百货商店、超市;Book Store-书店;Hospital-医院;Theatre-戏院;Park-公园)
  93. There is an equipment in front of the building. 在建筑物的前面有一台设备。(behind the water tower-
在水塔后面;under the pipe rack-在管廊下面;on the floor-在地面上;inside the steel structure-在钢 结构里面;in the workshop-在车间内)。
  94. Our construction site is north of Nanking, near the Changjiang River. 江。
  95. It is only a short way, turn left at the next cross street, and then go straight on. 到下一个十字路口左转,然后一直向前就到了。
  96. It is about twenty-five kilometers from here to Nanking.
  97. It is very convenient from here to Shanghai.
  98. You can get there by train. 这里离南京约二十五公里。 离这里只有一小段路, 我们的工地在南京以北,靠近长
从这里到上海很方便。
你可以坐火车去。 如果明天下雨,工作将会推后几天。

  99. If it should rain tomorrow, the work be postponed for some days.
4
1
  00. The climate quite agrees with us.
这气候对我们很适宜。
五、AT THE MEETING 1
  01. Our meeting will be next Tuesday at eight o’clock.
在会议上(34 句) 我们的会议将在下星期二八点举行。 我们想把会议由星期一改为星期三。
1
  02. We want to change our meeting from Monday to Wednesday. 1
  03. Sit down please. Have a smoke and a cup of tea. 1
  04. Which problems shall we discuss today?
请坐。请抽烟、喝茶。
我们今天讨论哪些问题?
1
  05. Today we shall discuss the question of hydraulic (pneumatic) test. 今天我们将讨论水压试验问题。 1
  06. Please give us your opinion (point of view, ideas). 1
  07. We must know your opinion. 我必须知道你的意见。 我们乐意采纳你的建议(计划) 。 请把你的意见(观点、想法)告诉我们。
1
  08. We are willing to accept your suggestion (plan). 1
  09. Your suggestion suits us. We agree.
你的建议适合我们,我们同意。 请原谅。我们对此有
1
  10. Please forgive me. We have different (opposite) views on this. Our opinions… 不同的(相反的)看法。我们的意见是
  •  
 

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