工程硕士研究生英语基础教程 英译汉 (Unit 1-
  11) 标签: 工程硕士研究生英语基础教 程 分类: 英语 2008-05-28 12:38Unit 1
  1. Two noted Americans explain why it’s not what you earn-it’s what you learn. 两位美国名人解释为什么不是你所挣的而是你所学的更重要。
  2. I have never thought I was better than anyone else, but I have always believed I couldn’t be outworked. 我从不认为我那时比其他任何人强,但我一直相信我当时干的活儿别人都赶不上。
  3. Watching my money grow was more rewarding than anything I could have bought. 看着存款数增加比我当时原本可以买到的任何东西都更让我满足。
  4. I took a genuine interest in their questions and was able to translate what they wanted into makeup ideas. 我发自内心地关心她们的问题,并能理解她们的愿望,给她们出些该如何化妆的点子。
  5. I ended up selling a record amount of cosmetics. 结果我创下了化妆品销售的最好成绩。 Unit 2
  1. With the click of a mouse, information from the other end of the globe will be transported to your computer screen at the extremely fast speed of seven-and-a-half times around the earth per second. 只要用鼠标点击一下, 在地球另一端的信息马上就会以每秒钟绕地球七周半的惊人速度传输 到你的电脑屏幕上。
  2. Besides, if everyone shops on the Net , what will happen to the hundreds and thousands of shopping malls? 此外,如果大家都在网上购物,那么成千上万的购物中心该怎么办呢?
  3. The huge power of electronic commerce (e-commerce) will change the face of trade dramatically. 电子商务的惊人威力会使贸易的局面发生激动人心的巨变。
  4. The development of e-commerce may well bring the world into a brand new era of “electronic currency” . 电子商务的发展很可能会把世界带进一个“电子货币”的崭新时代。
  5. As the Net pushes the economy ahead rapidly, the economy is also bringing the Net market forward , resulting in the Internet itself becoming the world’s largest emerging market. 在网络化高速地推动经济发展的同时, 经济也反过来促进网络市场的发展, 其结果是国际互 联网本身将成为全球最大的新兴市场。 Unit 3
  1. So, if you lose a key species, you might cause a whole flood of other extinctions. 所以,如果失去一个重要的物种,那也许会引起大量其他物种的绝迹。
  2. Instead of depending on largely ineffective laws against illegal hunting, it gives local people a good economic reason to preserve and animals. 这种办法使当地人们可以为了经济上的原因而去保护动、 植物, 而不是依靠在很大程度上难 以奏效的那些反非法偷猎的规章制度。
  3. With corruption popular in many developing countries, some observers are suspicious that the money will actually reach the people it is intended for.
由于许多发展中国家普遍存在腐败, 一些观察家对这些钱财实际上能否到达应该接受这笔财 物的人们手中表示怀疑。
  4. Sustainable management of forests requires controls on the number of trees which are cut down, as well as investment in replacing them. 森林的可持续管理既需要投资种植新树以取代被砍伐的树木, 也需要对被砍伐树木的数量进 行控制。
  5. In theory, consumers would buy only this wood and so force logging companies to go “green” or go out of business. 理论上讲,消费者只能购买这些获得认可的木材,这将迫使伐木公司开始保护“绿色” ,否 则将无生意可做。 Unit 4
  1. The trend began in earnest in 1995, when the Queen of England admitted that the Maori people of New Zealand had been shamefully treated, when the country was a British colony. 这个潮流是从 1995 年才真正开始的。当时英国女王承认当新西兰还是英国的殖民地时,新 西兰的土著毛利人曾遭到英国人的羞辱。
  2. Many political leaders, like most of their citizens, belong to post-war generations, who now look on the conflict as more than simply the victory of good over evil. 许多政治领袖,和他们的国民一样,属于战后的一代,他们现在认为那次战争并不是简单的 正义战胜邪恶的战争。
  3. But it’s not just a sense of conscience, nor demands from pressure groups, which lies behind these apologies. 支撑这些道歉的并不仅仅是良心的发现,也不仅仅是压力群体的要求。
  4. The Swiss government is still trying to put right the public-relations disaster that resulted from their partial apology from Switzerland’s dealings with the Nazis in the 1930s and the 1940s. 瑞士政府仍然还在摆平一场公共关系的彻底失败,其发生的原因在于他们对他们国家在 20 世纪 30 和 40 年代与纳粹分子的交往所做的道歉是有失公允的。
  5. So academic, in fact, that there is a concern that “sorry” might turn out to be the easiest word after all. 事实上,这些风险是如此的空泛,以至于有一种担心,认为“对不起”这个词居然会成为一 个脱口而出的说辞。 Unit 5
  1. The irony is that children start out as natural scientists, instinctively eager to investigate the world around them. 有讽刺意义的是,孩子就是天生的自然科学家,本能地渴望探索周围的世界。
  2. This began a barrage of questions that lasted nearly two hours. 一下子一大堆这样的问题就提了出来,时间持续了将近两个小时。
  3. Science is not just facts but the meaning that people give to them-by weaving information into a story about how nature probably operates. 科学不仅仅是事实, 而是人们赋予它的内涵??即各项信息汇总成为大自然的有根据地运行 实况。
  4. Studies over the past three decades have shown that, after asking a question, adults typically wait only one second or less for a response ? no time for a child to think.
过去 30 年代研究也表明了这一点,当问了一个问题后,成年人一般等待回答的时间也就是 1 秒钟甚至更少,没有留出时间让孩子进行思考。
  5. Instead, keep the ball rolling by saying, “That’s interesting” or “I’d never thought of that way before”, or coming up with more questions or ideas. 反过来,要鼓励他们继续讨论,可以这样说“这个想法很有意思! ”或者“我以前从来就没 有这样想过。 ”或者,提出更多的问题和观点。
  6. Real-life impressions of nature are far more memorable than any lesson children can extract from a book or TV program. 对孩子们来说, 从书本和电视节目上学到的课程一点也没有他们对自然的亲身体会那么记忆 深刻。
  7. By sharing your children’s curiosity, you can give them a valuable lesson that extends far beyond the realm to experiment, in the face of difficulties. 通过分享孩子的好奇心, 通过分享孩子的好奇心,你还能给他们提供超出科学试验领域之外的如何面对困难的有价 值的教诲。 值的教诲。 Unit 6
  1. Engineers have had a direct role in the creation of most of modern technology ? the tools, materials, techniques, and power sources that make our lives easier. 工程师在绝大部分现代科技的创新中发挥直接的作用,例如,为使生活更轻松自如,我们靠 他们才有了工具、材料、技术和能源等。
  2. They develop complex scientific equipment to explore the reaches of outer space and the depths of the oceans. 他们开发复杂的科学设备来勘探外层空间和海洋深处。
  3. They may work to reduce environmental pollution, increase the world’s food supply, and take transportation faster and safer. 他们致力于减少环境污染,增加世界粮食的供应,以及使运输更加快捷和安全。
  4. The construction of the gigantic Egyptian pyramids at Giza during the 2500s B. C. was one of the greatest engineering feats of ancient times. 公元前 26 世纪,在吉扎建造的巨大的埃及金字塔是古代最伟大的工程奇迹之一。
  5. Then growing interest in new types of machines and new sources of power to drive them helped bring about the Industrial Revolution of the 1700s and 1800s, during which, their role expanded rapidly. 对新型机械和驱动这些机械的动力源不断增长的兴趣引发了 18 和 19 世纪的工业革命。 在工 业革命时期,工程师的作用得到迅速扩展。 Unit 7
  1. In this essay, Greene regrets that people can no longer trust each other and have to resort to elaborate security systems to protect themselves and their valuables. 在本文中, 格林遗憾地指出人们已经不再彼此信任, 不得不求助于各种复杂的安全设施来保 护自身及其财产。
  2. Statistics show the crime rate is rising more dramatically in those allegedly tranquil areas than in cities. 统计数字表明在那些据称是平静的地区,犯罪率的上升较之城市还要显著。
  3. The ad pointed out that, yes, it is the insurance companies that pay for stolen goods, but who is
going to pay for what the new atmosphere of distrust and fear is doing to our way of life? 诚然, 广告显示的是保险公司会为你失窃的东西负责, 但是又有谁会补偿这种不信任和恐惧 的气氛给我们生活方式带来的改变呢?
  4. It simply didn’t occur to managers that the proper thing to do was to distrust people. 经理们从没想过怀疑别人是正常行为。
  5. It was such a relief to solve this problem that we did not think much about what such a state of affairs says about the quality of our lives. 解决这样的问题使我们松了一口气, 解决这样的问题使我们松了一口气,以至于我们不去考虑这种情况对我们的生活质量意味 着什么。 着什么。 Unit 8
  1. As she stood in front of her 5th grade class on the very first day of school, she told the children an untruth. 开学第一天,当她站在五年级班级的面前,她对孩子们说了一句不实在的话。
  2. Mrs. Thompson had watched Teddy the year before and noticed that he didn’t play well with the other children, that this clothes were messy and that he constantly needed a bath. 汤普森女士一年前就见到泰蒂莲, 还注意到他无法和其他孩子融洽地在一起玩, 他衣服很脏, 总是一副没洗澡的样子。
  3. Teddy is an excellent student, well liked by his classmates, but he is troubled because his mother has a terminal illness and life at home must be a struggle. 泰蒂是很优秀的学生,很受同学们喜爱。但他母亲得了绝症,他为此而困扰,家里的生活一 定很艰苦。
  4. But she stifled the children’s laughter when she exclaimed how pretty the bracelet was, putting it on, and dabbing some of the perfume on her wrist. 但她惊喜地称赞手镯的漂亮,把它戴到手上,并把香水轻拍在她首位上。这些动作止住了孩 子们的笑声。
  5. Four years after that, she got another letter, saying that while things had been tough at times, he’s stayed in school, had stuck with it, and would soon graduate from college with the highest of honors. 四年以后,她收到另一封信,说他尽管时常遇到困难,他仍留在学校学习,坚持了下来,他 即将以优异的成绩大学毕业。
Unit 9
  1. The globalization of the world’s capital markets that has occurred in the past 10 years will be replicated right across the economy in the next decade. 过去 10 年世界资本市场出现的全球化在未来 10 年中,也将在整个经济中重现。
  2. Demography and changing social mores mean that white males will become a smaller fraction of the work force as women and minorities grow in importance. 人口统计和不断变化中的社会习俗意味着, 随着妇女和少数民族重要性的增加, 白人男子在 劳动力群体中所占比例将会减少。
  3. In addition, the need to produce goods and services at quality levels previously thought impossible to obtain in mass production and the spreading use of participatory management techniques will require a work force with much higher levels of education and skills.
此外, 提供有质量的产品和服务的需要 (而过去则认为大批量生产是不可能做到这一点的) , 以及参与型管理技术的推广应用,都将要劳动力具有更高的教育和技术程度。
  4. In a very real sense the world was not technologically competitive. 完全可以说,当时世界上不存在技术竞争。
  5. Today we live in a world where American firms no longer have automatic technological superiority. 今天,在我们所生活的世界中,美国公司已不再是自然而然地具有技术上的优势。
Unit 10
  1. Taxes put a big dent in family fortunes, and unless the heirs are careful and invest wisely, they can lose their millions as fast as their ancestors mad them. 遗产税大大削弱家族的财富, 获取遗产的后人如果不小心或不谙投资, 他们失去财富的速度 就将像其先辈当年获得它一样快。
  2. Today’s Horatio Alger heroes often come from modest backgrounds and rise to the top on pluck, luck and a clear idea of what they want. 今天的具有霍雷肖?艾尔格笔下主人公特
 

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