北京电大开放教育 本科公共英语入学水平测试辅导材料
第一部分 模拟测试题 试模拟题 1 英语知识运用
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.
  1. When we came out of the classroom, it was__D__ with rain. A) running B) dropping C) falling D) pouring
  2. I can’t B you do that.
A. ask
B. let
C. require
D. allow

  3. Before doing it, you'd betterB__ the advantages you can benefit from. A) look out B) sum up C) care for D) give up
  4. He__B__ over the letter and walked away without a word. A) saw B) glanced C) watched D) observed
  5. This case is rather heavy, but that one is__A__ light. A) fairly B) barely C) merely D) scarcely
  6. I failed in my job. If only I__B__ to my parents. A) listened B) had listened C) have listened D) would listen to
  7. This morning our water supply wasB__ because the pipe burst. A) cut out B) cut off C) cut down D) cut across
  8. Scientist will have to_A new methods of increasing the world's food supply in order to feed more hungry people. A) come up with B) keep up with C) put up with D) catch up with
  9. A from the moon, our earth water covering seventy percent of its surface, appears a “blue planet”. A. Seen B. seeing C. Having seen D. To see
  10.__A__ everybody is here, let's work out the traveling plan. A) Now that B) In that C) So that D) That
阅读理解
A What is happening in our weather? Of course we have never been able to predict exactly
what the weather wil1 be like, but now strange weather patterns are seriously affecting many parts of the world. Droughts in Mexico and Brazil have recently caused great crop losses in the United States they have even had to make their own snow for the Winter Olympics. Scientists have found that the cause of this strange weather is that air circulation pattern has changed and is now more variable than earlier in this century. This means that different regions of the world get long spells of the same type of weather, whether hot, co1d, wet or windy. However, weather experts have different views about why this has happened. One theory is that the temperature of the sea has increased. Another is that man's activities on earth have disturbed the balance of nature. Whatever the cause, the economies of many countries in the world depend upon the weather. And until we know exactly what effect man's activities are having on the weather, we can not make changes which might help. So for the moment, the only answer is wait and see!
  1. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the first paragraph? A A) It has always been impossible for man to predict the weather accurately. B) The strange weather has recently appeared only in some North American countries. C) We have never predicted the weather. D) Now man is ab1e to control the weather.
  2.The present weather patterns on the earth can be best described as__B. A) highly unpredictable but favorable to man B) very strange and likely to cause disasters C) steady and normal D) changeable but predictable
  3.The word "affecting" (Line 2, Para.
  1) means"C ". A) producing good effects on B) exerting favorable condition in C) having harmful effects on D) bringing about great changes in
  4. We can learn from paragraph 2 thatD__. A) weather patterns are likely to be predicted over a long period of time B) weather patterns are the same in different regions of the world C) the air circulation patterns remained unchanged in this century D) our weather depends on the changes in the air circulation pattern
  5. By saying "wait and see", the author implies that__D. A) no one is sure about the cause of the changing weather B) experts have similar opinions about the changing weather C) the weather will disturb the balance of nature D) the weather will become worse in the future B Space exploration supporters are angry about the insufficient space budget. They feel
the Americans have been shortsighted about the future of space exploration and have failed to appreciate the benefits from past space programs. They point out that the benefits of space research are not limited to knowledge about space and other planets; in fact, each of us benefits daily from the many byproducts of these programs. Improvements in radio, television, medical technology, watches, batteries, food processing, and clothing are some of the areas where the space programs have made valuable contributions. Perhaps the greatest benefits have come in the field of satellite technology. Most people think that satellites relay long-distance phone calls and live television broadcasts, but they may not be aware that satellites are becoming very important tools in solving the world's food energy problems. Satellites are now able to measure the amount of farmland and food production in the world. They can analyze the condition of soils and forests. They can also map weather patterns to give farmers information about the length of growing seasons. They can even search the earth for oil and minerals. None of these benefits were anticipated when the space programs began. They are, as space supporters are quick to point out, all byproducts from space exploration and research. Now the supporters of space exploration are asking what byproducts might be derived from future space programs.
  6. This passage suggests that the space exploration supporters are __A. A) dissatisfied with the U. S. government's 1imited investment in space exploration B) eager for getting benefits from the past space exploration C) proud of the benefits from past space exploration D) anxious about the insufficient benefits from the future's space exploration
  7. The space exploration supporters base their arguments onD__ A) scientific anticipation B) personal imagination C) sound judgment D) objective facts
  8.The space exploration supporters seem quite certain thatB__. A) man is always short-sighted about the development of science B) man benefit more from the future space programs. C) man would not have enjoyed TV programs without space exploration D) man would not have solved food problems without space programs
  9. All of the following are byproducts of space research EXCEPT__D. A) knowledge about space and other planets B) improvements in radio and television C) information of weather and farmland D) discoveries of more oils and minerals
  10.The space research supporters are upset because__C. A) they have missed many benefits from the past space exploration B) they fail to get any money for the research from the government C) some Americans fail to realize the benefits from the space research D) U. S. government is against the investment in space exploration
试模拟题 2
英语知识运用
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.
  1. She B__ in bed till 10 o’clock last Monday morning. A. lies B. lay C. laid D. lain
  2.If you don’t likeD of the two caps, I’ll show you another. A. neither B. either C. every D. none
  3.Tom’s father asked him __D go away until late in the evening. A. do not B. did not C. do D. not to
  4.“Let’s B__ about our quiz results.” A. stop to worry B. stop worrying C. stop worry D. to stop worrying
  5.The bridge C when I passed it. A.is repairing B. had repaired C. was being repaired D was repairing
  6.It`s a book of great value and which I’m sure you will be __D. A. interest B. interesting in C. interest in D. interested in
  7. A_ you get to know her, the more you like her. A. The more B. The most C. More D. Most
  8.The students are making full use of the time B do better in the final exam. A. as B. so as to C. in order that D. so that
  9.In our country every boy and every girl A__ the right to go to school. A. have B. has C. are D. is
  10. B, we had to stay at home. A. For a hot day B. Due to a hot day c. Being a hot day D. so that
阅读理解 A
One-room schools are part of the United States, and the mention of them makes people feel a vague longing for "the way things were." One-room schools are an endangered species, however. For more than a hundred years one-room schools have been systematically shut down and their students sent away to centralized schools. As recently as 1930 there were 149,000 one-room schools in the United States. By 1970 there were 1,8
  00. Today, of the nearly 800 remaining one-room schools, more than 350 are in Nebraska. The rest are scattered through a few other states that have on their road maps wide-spaces between towns. Now that there are hardly any left, educators are beginning to think that maybe there is something yet to be learned form one-room schools, something that served the pioneers that might serve as well today. Progressive educators have come up with progressive-sounding names like "peer-group teaching" and "multi-age grouping" for educational procedures that occur naturally in the one-room schools. In a one-room schools the children teach each other because the teacher is busy part of the Time teaching someone else. A fourth grader can work at a fifth-grade level in math and a third-grade level in English without the stigma associated with being left back or the pressures of being skipped ahead. A youngster with a learning disability can find his or her own level without being separated from the other pupils. In larger urban and suburban schools today, this is called "mainstreaming". A few
hours is a small school that has only one classroom and it becomes clear why so many parents feel that one of the advantages of living in Nebraska in their children have to go to a one-room school.
  1. It is implied in the passage that many educators and parents today feel that one-room schools D A) need to be shut down.
B) are the best in Nebraska. C) are a good example of the good old day. D) provide good education.

  2. Why are one-room schools in danger of disappearing? A) Because they all exist in one state. C
B) Because they skip too many children ahead. C) Because there is a trend towards centralization. D) Because there is no fourth-grade level in any of them.

  3. What is mentioned as a major characteristic of the one-room school in the second paragraph? D A) Some children have to be left back.
B) Teachers are always busy. C) Pupils have more freedom. D) Learning is not limited to one grade level at a time.

  4. Which of the following can best describe the author's toward one-room schools? A A) Praising.
B) Angry. C) Critical. D) Humorous.

  5. It can be inferred from the last sentence that parents living in Nebraska A) don't like centralized schools. A
B) received educational in one-room schools. C) prefer rural life to urban one. D) come from other states.
B In the last 500 years, nothing about peoplenot their clothes, ideas, or languageshas changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made form the seeds of the cocoa tree by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500's. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today. The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from
Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the "Potato Famine" of 1845-6, and thousands more were forced to emigrate to America. There are many other foods that have traveled from south America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world's largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400's. According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a goatherd named Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the "wide-awake" feeling that one-third of the world's population now starts the day with.
  6.According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years? A A) Food. B) Chocolate. C) Potato. D) Coffee
  7. "Some" in "Some still exist today" means A) some cocoa trees. B) some chocolate drinks. C) some shops. D) some South American Indians. C

  8. Thousands of Irish people starved during the "Potato Famine" because D A) they were so dependent on the potato that they refused to eat anything else. B) they were forced to emigrate to America. C) the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing the potato. D) the potato harvest was bad.
  9. Coffee originally came from C A) Brazil. B) Colombia. C) Ethiopia. D) Arabia.
  10. The Arabic legend is used to prove that coffee was first discovered by Kaldi. D A) coffee was first discovered by Kaldi. B) coffee was first discovered by Kaldi's goats. C) coffee was first discovered in south American countries. D) coffee drinks were first made by Arabs.
试模拟题 3 英语知识运用
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  1. I B a good film on TV at the moment. A. watch B. am watching C. watched watching
  2. I have given D eating meat.
D. was
A. over B. down C. of D. up
  3. If the Olympics A here, the city greatly improved
 

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