公共英语三词组
be able to do 能够,会 be about to do 刚要,即将 above all 首先,首要,尤其是 be absorbed in sth.专心致力于… be absorbed in doing sth.专心致力于… be abundant in…富于,…丰富 by accident 偶然,碰巧 (=by chance) in accordance with 依照,根据,与…一致 according toprep.据/照…(所说,所写);按…,视… accuse sb. of sth.控告(某人某事) be accustomed to 习惯于,惯常的 act as(临时)担任,充当,起…作用 act on 遵照…行动,奉行;作用于,影响 put sth. into action 付诸实施 put sth. out of action 使……停止工作或活动 take action 采取行动;开始工作 adapt to 适应 add up 加起来;说得通 in additionconj.另外,加之 in addition to 加之;又;除…之外;并且 admit of 容许有,有…余地 be on the advance(物价)在上涨中 in advance 预先,事先;在前面 in advance of 在…的前面;超过 gain an advantage over 胜过,优于 have an advantage over 比...更有利 take advantage of sth.利用(时机,他人的弱点等) afford to(买)得起(某物) agree with 同意;赞成; (与某人)意见一致 agree to sth.同意某事 ahead of 在…前面,先于;胜过 go ahead 说吧,走吧,做吧(口语),走在前面 aim for 瞄准;以…为目标 aim at 瞄准,针对;在,旨在 by air 通过航空途径;用无线电 in the air 在空中,在流行中,悬而未决 on the air(用无线电,电视)播送 after all 毕竟,终究;虽然这样 at all(用于否定句)丝毫(不),一点(不) in all 总共,一共,合计 all out 全力以赴,竭尽全力
1
all over 到处,遍及;结束;(相貌)非常像 all but 几乎,差一点;除…之外其余都 all right 令人满意的,不错的;(健康)良好的/行/可以 not at all(用来加强 not 的语气)一点也不;根本不 all along 一直,始终;从一开始就 amount to 达到,总计;相当于,等于 in large amounts 大量地 and so on 等等 (=and so forth) and so forth 等等,如此等等 and the like 等等,以及诸如此类 and that 而且 and then 而且,其次,于是,然后 and yet 可是,然而 one after another 一个接一个地,接连地 one another 彼此(指三者或三者以上) answer for 对…负责;承受…之后果 answer back 应答 not any longer 不再 not any more(=no more)不再 nothing but 除了…以外没有什么;仅仅,只不过 apart from 除...之外(别无);除…之外(尚有) apologize to sb. for sth.为某事向某人道歉 appeal to sb. to do sth.恳求……做…… apply for 提出申请(或要求等) apply...to 把…应用于;涂,抹 apply oneself to 致力于 approve of 赞赏,同意;批准,通过 arm in arm 臂挽着臂;协同 under arms 持有武器,武装起来的 all around 四处,到处 arrive at 得出,做出,达到 arrive in 到达;抵达 as...as 像...一样 not so...as 不如…那样 such...as 诸如...之类的 so far as(表示程度,范围)就…;尽… as good as 和...几乎一样,实际上等于 as if 同义于 as though 好象,仿佛 as though 好像,似乎,仿佛 as it is 事实上,既然如此 as long as 只要,如果;既然,由于 (=so long as) as much 也 as suchin itself or in themselves 同样的,同量的 as toprep.至于…;关于…
2
as well 也,又,以及,和...一样,除...之外 so as to 以便;为…(目的) as well as 也,又,以及,和…一样,除…之外 aside from 除…之外(别无);除…之外(尚有) ask after 探问,问候 ask for 请求,向…要;寻找 assist in 帮助(做某事) assist sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 attach to 使属于,使参加;认为有(责任等) attach oneself to 依附;参加党派 be attached to(变得)喜欢,依恋,对...有感情 attend to one's work 专心工作 pay attention to 注意;留心;关心 be available for 有效 on an average 平均起来,一般说来 up to the average 达到一般水平 be aware of 知道,意识到,认识到 right away 立即,马上,立刻 be at the back of sb.支持某人 behind sb's back 暗中 put one's back into sth.专心致志于某事 be back 回来 back and forth 来回,往返,来来往往地 keep one's balance 保持平衡,保持冷静 lose one's balance 失去平衡,跌倒 base oneself on 根据,基于 be based on 以...为基础,以...为根据 bear away 夺得;赢得(奖品等) bear off 赢得;使离开;驶离 bear down 竭尽全力;(on)压倒,击败 bear upon 对……施加压力,有关,瞄准 bear up 支持,拥护;打起精神 bear with 宽容;耐心等待 beat about 四处闲逛, [航海]迎风斜驶 beat down(太阳等)强烈地照射下来;打倒,平息 beat off 击退,打退(进攻) beat up 痛打,狠揍 begin at 从……开始 begin with 以…开始,以…为起点 to begin with 首先,第一;起初,本来 in behalf of 代表...一方,作为...的发言人 on behalf of sb.代表某人 believe in 相信…的存在,相信…的真实性 belong to 归……所有,属于,是……的一员
3
at best 就最乐观的一方面看,充其量 be at one's best 全盛时期,最好状态 do one's best 竭尽全力;尽某人最大的努力 try one's best 尽力,努力 make the best of 充分利用,尽量利用,善于处理(不幸等) all the better 反而更(好) ,却更 had better 应该做某事;最好做某事 get the better of 战胜,在...中占上风 have the better of 战胜……,超过…… bill of fare 菜单 a bit(作状语用)少许;一点 do one's bit 尽自己的一份力量 not a bit 一点也不 black and blue(被打得)遍体鳞伤 black out 用墨涂掉;封锁(新闻) be to blame 该受责备的,应承担责任的 blow off 吹掉,将(热水等)放出 blow out 吹熄(灯火等) blow over(云等)消散; (风暴等)平息 blow up 爆炸,(被)炸飞;充气;大发脾气,大怒 be on board 在船上 border on 接界,接壤;近似,接近 both...and 不仅…而且,…和…(两者)都 from the bottom of one's heart 从心底 at the bottom 在底端 be bound up in 忙于,对...有兴趣 be bound up with 有赖于;与…有关系 break away 突然离开;逃跑,脱身 break down 机器坏了=go wrong 身体垮了/终止谈话 break into 打断,突然开始;闯入 break in 打断谈话;训练;使驯服;通过使用使逐渐适用 break off 忽然停止讲话/断绝,结束/暂停工作,休息 break out(战争等)爆发;使逃脱,使逃生 break up 打碎,粉碎;散开,驱散;终止,结束 catch one's breath(因惊恐或激动)一时屏住呼吸;歇口气 hold one's breath(由于激动,害怕等)不出气;屏住呼吸 lose one's breath 喘不过气来,呼吸困难 out of breath 喘不过气来,上气不接下气 in briefin short;to sum up 简言之;以简洁的形式 bring down 使倒下;使下降;使受挫折 bring forward 提出建议=put forward/提前 brush up 擦亮;重新学习;复习 blow bubbles 吹泡泡,说空话 in bud 发芽
4
build up 逐步建立;增进;逐渐积聚,集结 the bulk of……的大部分 be a burden to 对……是一个负担 burn away 烧着,燃完,烧掉 burn down 焚毁(建筑物),把…烧成平地 burn out 烧光,烧毁…的内部;熄灭 burn up 烧掉,烧毁;烧起来,旺起来;(使)发怒 burst into 突然开始;闯入,非法进入 burst out laughing 突然笑了起来 burst out 突发,突然发作;喊出来 on business 办事,因公出差 but for 除…以外,倘没有,除非 cannot but 不得不,不会不 by oneself 顺便地;在途中,在路上 by the way(用于转入新话题)顺便问一下,顺便说 by and by 不久;以后;后来 call for 去取(某物);去接(某人);要求;号召 call on 访问,拜访;号召,呼吁 (=call upon) call upon 探访;请求(某人)做某事,号召 cannot help 不得不;忍不住 capable of 能…的,可…的;有…能力(或技能)的 take care 小心;照料;保管 in the care of 由……照应 take care oftake care of (everything)好好照料(一切) care for 喜欢,对…中意;对…担心;照顾,照料 carry away 使某人冲动而失去自制力;冲昏...的头脑 carry off 成功地处理或应付;拿走,夺走 carry on 继续,坚持下去;从事,经营 carry out 进行;开展;执行(计划,命令);实现 in case 万一;在…情况下; 以防 in case of 假如,如果发生;防备 in no case 决不,无论如何不 catch up 赶上;赶上某人或某事 catch up with 赶上;指出…出了差错 stand on ceremony 客气,讲客套 stand upon ceremony 讲究礼节 by chance 偶然,碰巧,无意中 change hands 转手,转换所有者 in charge of 主管,掌管,照管 take charge of 负责(被)看;接管 give chase 追赶 in chase of 追逐 check up 校对,检验,检查 (check on) check in(住宾馆时)办理登记手续,入住 check out(住宾馆时)办理退房手续,结帐离开
5
cheer up 使高兴,使振奋;高兴起来,振作起来 cheer sb. up 使某人高兴 chew over 深思,细想;仔细商量 take one's choice 随意选择 under the circumstances 在这种情况下,(情况)既然如此 in the circumstances 在这种情况下,(情况)既然如此 under no circumstances 决不;无论在任何情形下都不 in no circumstances 决不;无论在任何情形下都不… clean out 把…打扫干净 clean up(把…)收拾干净;清理,清除(犯罪现象等) keep clear of 不接触;避开 clear away 把…清除掉;(云)消失 clear off 消除(积雪)等障碍,把...拆掉,擦掉,清除 clear up 整理,收拾;解释,清除(误会等);天气放睛 climb down 爬下,让步,撤回 close down(工厂等)关闭,倒闭 close up 塞满;封闭;停止或暂停营业 catch a cold 伤风,感冒 have a cold 患着感冒 come about 发生;(风等)改变方向 come of 出身于;由…引起,是…的结果 come off 发生,举行;成功;脱落;成为;表现 come on 快点(口),开始,到来,举行,走吧,一起去 come out(日,月,星等)出现;(花)开放;出版;发表 come round(非正式的)绕道而来;过访;重又来到;苏醒 in common 共用,共同处,公有 in company with(和...)一道 be composed of 由...组成 concern oneself with 研究的对象是… concern oneself in 关心,忙于 concern oneself about 关心,忙于 in concert with sb.与……一致 in conclusion 最后(用在结束语中) on this condition 在此条件下 on condition that 在...条件下,如果... to be in condition 健康 to be out of condition 不健康 in conflict with(和...)有矛盾,不一致 in connection with 关于,与…有关 come in contact with 接触,碰上 out of contact 推动联系,没有接触 on the contrary 与此相反,正相反 out of control 失去控制 get under control 反……控制住
6
turn the corner 有了转机,好转;拐弯 at the cost of 以…为代价,用...换来的 count on 依靠,料想,指望 count upon 指望;料想;依靠 count up 算出…总数,共计,把…相加 in course of 正在…中 in the course of 在…期间,在…的过程中 of course 当然;自然;无疑 under cover of 在……之掩护之下 cut across 绕近道穿过,对直通过;超越;遮住 cut off 切断;切掉;(突然)中断;阻隔,隔绝;删掉 cut out 切去,删去;戒除,停止服用 cut up(牲口等)宰后得肉 be in danger of 有危险 be out of danger 脱离危险 keep sth. dark 保守秘密 keep sb. in the dark 把某人蒙在鼓里 dash off 迅速离去;迅速写(或画) out of date 过时的,过期的,失效的;陈旧的 all the day 整天地 one day(过去或将来)有一天;某一天 some day(将来)总有一天,(日后)某天 at the present day 目前,在现代 in these days 当前 in those days 那时候 in the daytime 在白天,在白昼 a good deal of 大量(的),许多(的) a great deal of 许多(后接不保数名词) deal with 对付,处理,安排;论述,涉及;做生意 in debt 负债;欠帐 out of debt 不欠债 declare for 表明赞成(拥护) declare against 表态反对 be in great demand 需要很大,销路很好 deserve well of 应受到某人好的对待 go into details 详细叙述,逐一说明 in detail 详细地 die away 声音变弱,渐渐消失/停息,消失 die down 逐渐减弱,逐渐消失,平息 die outbecome extinct 消失,灭绝,不复存在 never say die 不要灰心 make a difference 区别对待;起(重要)作用;有影响 make no difference 没有...作用或影响 be in difficulty 处境困难
7
dig up 开垦(荒地等);查出,发现 in the distance 在远处,远方的 do away with=get rid of 废除,去掉,取消 do without 没有…也行,用不着,将就 have something to do with 和…有(点)关系 have nothing to do with 和...毫无关系 out of doors 在户外 double up 弯着身子;把…对折 in doubt 不能肯定的,可怀疑的 without doubt 无疑地,很可能 no doubtwithout doubt;certainly 无疑地,必定 up and down 来回,上上下下;前前后后;到处 draw in(火车,汽车)到达,到站;吸收;紧缩开支 draw out 拉长;掏出(手帕等) draw up 画出,草拟出;(使)停住,逼近 drop in 顺便来访,非正式访问 drop on 训斥,惩罚 drop off 入睡;(让…)下车,把…放下;下降,减少 dry up(使)干涸,(使)干透;(使)枯竭 due to 因为;由…引起,由于 be on duty 值班,当班 be off duty 下班 do one's duty 尽职,尽本分 each other 彼此(指两者之间) take it easy 不慌不忙,别紧张,放松 come into effect 开始生效,开始实行 go into effect 使生效;起作用 take effect 生效,起作用 in effect 实质上,实际上;正在实行,有效 in the employ of 受……的雇佣 pull away(把…)开走,(使)离开 be regarded as 被认为 be attributable to 归于,归功于 shut out 遮住;把…挡在外面, 排斥 by means of 通过...手段;借用
 

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