学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂!
When one looks back upon the fifteen hundred years that are the life span of the English language, he should be able to notice a number of significant truths. The history of our language has always been a history of constant change?at times a slow, almost imperceptible change, at other times a violent collision between two languages. Our language has always been a living growing organism, it has never been static. Another significant truth that emerges from such a study is that language at all times has been the possession not of one class or group but of many. 『At one extreme it has been the property of the common, ignorant folk, who have used it in the daily business of their living, much as they have used their animals or the kitchen pots and pans.』① At the other extreme it has been the treasure of those who have respected it as an instrument and a sign of civilization, and who have struggled by writing it down to give it some permanence, order, dignity, and if possible, a little beauty. As we consider our changing language, we should note here two developments that are of special and immediate importance to us. One is that since the time of the Anglo-Saxons there has been an almost complete reversal of the different devices for showing the relationship of words in a sentence. Anglo-Saxon (old English) was a language of many inflections. Modern English has few inflections. We must now depend largely on word order and function words to convey the meanings that the older language did by means of changes in the forms of words. Function words, you should understand, are words such as prepositions, conjunctions, and a few others that are used primarily to show relationships among other words. A few inflections, however, have survived. And when some word inflections come into conflict with word order, there may be trouble for the users of the language, as we shall see later when we turn our attention to such maters as WHO or WHOM and ME or I. The second fact we must consider is that as language itself changes, our attitudes toward language forms change also. 『The eighteenth century, for example, produced from various sources a tendency to fix the language into patterns not always set in and grew, until at the present time there is a strong tendency to restudy and re-evaluate language practices in terms of the ways in which people speak and write.』②
  1.In contrast to the earlier linguists, modern linguists tend to . A. attempt to continue the standardization of the language B. evaluate language practices in terms of current speech rather than standards or proper patterns
声明:本资料由听力课堂网站收集整理,仅供英语爱好者学习使用,资料版权属于原作者。 -1-
学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂!
C. be more concerned about the improvement of the language than its analysis or history D. be more aware of the rules of the language usage
  2.Choose the appropriate meaning for the word “inflection” used in line 4 of paragraph
  2. A. Changes in the forms of words. B. Changes in sentence structures. C. Changes in spelling rules. D. Words that have similar meanings.
  3.Which of the following statements is not mentioned in the passage? A. It is generally believed that the year 1500 can be set as the beginning of the modern English language. B. Some other languages had great influence on the English language at some stages of its development. C. The English language has been and still in a state of relatively constant change. D. Many classes or groups have contributed to the development of the English language.
  4. The author of these paragraphs is probably a(an) . A. historian B. philosopher C. anthropologist D. linguist
  5.Which of the following can be best used as the title of the passage?
声明:本资料由听力课堂网站收集整理,仅供英语爱好者学习使用,资料版权属于原作者。 -2-
学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂!
A. The history of the English language. B. Our changing attitude towards the English language. C. Our changing language. D. Some characteristics of modern English. Vocabulary
  1.span n. 跨度,范围,一段时间,期间
  2.imperceptible adj. 感觉不到的,觉察不到的,极细微的
  3.organism n. 生物体,有机体
  4.possession n. 拥有,占有,领土,领地
  5.ignorant adj. 无知的
  6.folk n. 人们,民族
  7.permanence n. 永久,持久
  8.Anglo-Saxons n. 盎格鲁?撒克逊语,盎格鲁?撒克逊人,地道的英国人
  9.reversal n. 颠倒,反向,逆转
  10.inflection n. 词尾变化
  11.preposition n. 前置词,介词
  12.conjunction n. 联合,关联,连接词
  13.in terms of 根据,按照,用……的话,在……方面 长难句解析 ① 【解析】“who”引导非限制性定语从句,修饰“the common, ignorant folk”。“much as”引导状语从句。“kitchen pots and pans”意为“锅碗瓢盆”。
声明:本资料由听力课堂网站收集整理,仅供英语爱好者学习使用,资料版权属于原作者。 -3-
学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂!
【译文】一方面它是那些普通人甚至无知民众的财产,他们每天都像使唤他们的牲畜和 锅碗瓢盆一样用着语言。 ② 【解析】 此句为一个复合倒装句。“until”引导一个并列句,前一句的主语是“a tendency”,“to fix the language into patterns not always set in and grew”作 “tendency”的定语,第二句的主语也是“a tendency”,“to”后面的句子作 “tendency”的定语,“in which”引导的定语从句修饰“ways”。 【译文】例如在 18 世纪一种产生于各种来源的趋势把语言固定在一个不常使用和不利 于语言发展的模式中, 而到了当今, 主流是要反复研究、 评价人们说话、 写作中的语言实践。 答案与详解 【短文大意】 本文主要讲述英语演变过程的一些特点, 指出了古英语与现代英语的不同, 以及语言学家对待语言形式的态度的变化。
  1.B 细节题。根据题干回原文中定位,阅读文章时注意首末段及各段开头的句子,这往往都 是考点所在。 这篇文章讲的主要是英语语言演变的一些特点, 指出了古英语与现代英语的不 同,以及语言学家态度的转变。本题问的正是现代语言学家与早期语言学家不同的倾向。根 据文章末尾 The eighteenth century, for example, produced from various sources a tendency to fix the language into patterns not always set in and grew, until at the present time there is a strong tendency to restudy and re-evaluate language practices in terms of the ways in which people speak and write. 现代语言学家倾向于根据人们 说和写的方式评价语言实践,而不是像早期的语言学家根据一定的模式评价语言。选项 B 符合文章的意思。
  2.A 词汇题。 要根据上下文的信息判断单词的意思。 文章在第二段中间再次提到 inflection 时说,A few inflections, however, have survived. 后面文章又举了 WHO/WHOM 和 ME/I 为例说明 inflection,这是一篇关于语言学的文章,从例子可以看出 inflection 的意思应 该是“单词的变形”,选项 A 正确。
  3.A
声明:本资料由听力课堂网站收集整理,仅供英语爱好者学习使用,资料版权属于原作者。
-4-
学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂!
细节题。根据文章的内容,选项 A“普遍认为 1500 年是现代英语的起点”在文章中没 有提及,故为正确答案。文章第二句说 The history of our language has always been a history of constant change - at times a slow, almost imperceptible change, at other times a violent collision between two languages. 我们语言的历史是一个不断变化的 历史??在一些时间里缓慢得几乎难以察觉, 在另一些时间里则是两种语言的激烈碰撞。 由 此可以推断一些其他的语言对英语的发展有重大影响,选项 B 符合文章的意思。
  4.D 词汇题。此题考查考生的推测能力和词汇量,文章讲述的是英国语言演进的具体细节, 最适当的答案应该是 D。 作者很可能是一位语言学家。 答案(历史学家)和 C 答案(人类学家) A 也可以有点迷惑性。B 答案(哲学家)是最不符合的。
  5.C 主旨题。 本文从各个方面谈及英语作为一种语言的发展变化, 但并不是讲述英语的历史。 所以选项 A 不对,选项 C 作为文章的题目最为贴切。选项 B 只是文章阐述的一个方面,不够 全面。 文章是在谈到英语的不断变化的时候谈到了现代英语的一些特点, 所以选项 D 也失之 于片面。
声明:本资料由听力课堂网站收集整理,仅供英语爱好者学习使用,资料版权属于原作者。
-5-
 

相关内容

全国公共英语等级(PETS)考试技巧大全

   全国公共英语等级(PETS)考试技巧大全 考试的重点同四六级有所不同, 它主要考查交际能力,但并不完全排斥对语言知识 (语法,词汇等)的考查.PETS 考查的内容包括:听力,语言知识,阅读,写作,口语. 要想在 PETS 中取得好成绩, 首先, 考生要对自己的能力有个估价, 根据自己的英语水 平选择参加其中任何一个级别的考试. PETS 不具有评价普通中学和大学校内英语教学水 平的功能;拒绝向考生的教学或辅导单位提供考生成绩; 因此, 考生应该实实在在的通过各 种方法在平时努力提高自身的英语 ...

公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(七)

   2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714 公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(七) 学习笔记( 公共英语等级考试三级 学习笔记 Unit 26 Find a Job Dialogues /monologues: 1, Once, everyday brought new challenges and experiences. Now, As far as your job's concerned, you've been there, seen it an ...

公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(五)

   2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714 公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(五) 学习笔记( 公共英语等级考试三级 学习笔记 Unit 16 Places and locations Dialogues /monologues: 1, About a block down from here. 2, I went to the conference to register and to set up my exhibition stand. 3, I s ...

公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(二)

   公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(二) 学习笔记( 公共英语等级考试三级 学习笔记 Unit 4 Environment Phrases and Sentences: 1、He is famous for vigorously opposing the use of chemicals to kill pets. PS:解析 vigorously opposing 并翻译这句话。 ==>vigorously opposing 积极反对 全句翻译:他因为积极反对用化学品杀宠物而 ...

公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(四)

   公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(四) 学习笔记( 公共英语等级考试三级 学习笔记 Unit 11 Entertainment and Sports Dialogues /monologues: 1, I am reading the garden column written by Steve Mann. 2, Gil was named the 2005 winner of the Polar Music Prize for his contributions to music ...

公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(六)

   公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(六) 学习笔记( 公共英语等级考试三级 学习笔记 Unit 21 Services(1) Dialogues /monologues: 1, Hotel in London or in England specially, will ask for a credit card or a confirmation which will guarantee that your room is held, basically all night or f ...

公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(六)

   2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714 公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(六) 学习笔记( 公共英语等级考试三级 学习笔记 Unit 21 Services(1) Dialogues /monologues: 1, Hotel in London or in England specially, will ask for a credit card or a confirmation which will guarantee that your roo ...

公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(五)

   公共英语等级考试三级(PETS3)学习笔记(五) Unit 16 Places and locations   Dialogues /monologues:   1、 About a block down from here.   2、 I went to the conference to register and to set up my exhibition stand.   3、 I set out our brochures ready for the official openin ...

2011年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解6

   2011 年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解 6 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题, 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题,如需完整题库请登录 http://news.bangkaow.com 英语四级考试免费练习题 Of the thousands of different kinds of animals that exist in the world man has learned to make friends with an enormous number. Some a ...

大学英语六级阅读理解模拟试题

   01 There was on shop in the town of Mufulira, which was notorious for its color bar. It was a drugstore. While Europeans were served at the counter, a long line of Africans queued at the window and often not only were kept waiting but, when their t ...

热门内容

服装英语词典

   GRADING 放码 GRAIN 布纹 GRAY CLOTH 胚布 GROMMET 凤眼 GROWN-ON SLEEVE 原身出袖 HALF OPENING 半开口 HANDBAG 手袋 HANDFEEL 手感 HANDLING 执手 HANGDLING TIME 执手时间 HANGER 衣架 HEAVY FABRIC 厚重面料 HEM 衫脚,下摆 HEM CUFF 反脚 HEMMING 卷边,还口 HEMMING WITH FOLDER 用拉筒卷边 HEMP 大麻 HERRINGBONE ...

PEP小学英语五年级第一单元测试

   PEP 小学英语五年级第一单元测试 一、 old 二、 写出下列单词的反义词(10) tall 完成句子(12) Miss Ye. thin quiet big 1. your new English teacher? 2. he like? He’s young and strong. Yes, . 3. Is your Chinese teacher strict? 4. Who’s that young man? 三、 ( ( ( ( is your P.E. teacher. 读一 ...

英语改写句子练习

   1. Mr. Smith wondered where he could buy a map of the city.(改为简单句) Mr. Smith wondered __where _to buy a map of the city. 2.The boy stood on the chair in order to reach the top of the bookshelf. (保持句义) The boy stood on the chair _so that he could re ...

2009年山东省德州德城区中考英语真题及答案(word版)

   山东省德州德城区 山东省德州德城区 2009 届初中毕业考试 德州 英 语 试 题 注:本试题备有答卷纸,请将答案直接写在答卷纸上,考试结束后只交答案卷. 本试题备有答卷纸,请将答案直接写在答卷纸上,考试结束后只交答案卷. 三个大题, 第Ⅰ卷(三个大题,共 80 分) 三个大题 小题, 一,听力部分(共 20 小题,计 20 分) 力部分( (一)材料中有五个句子,每个句子听两遍,然后从每小题 A,B,C 三个选项中选出 材料中有五个句子,每个句子听两遍, , , 能对每个句子做出适当反应的 ...

【英语】2010年高考试题分类汇编??连词

   知识改变命运, 知识改变命运,学习成就未来 2010 年高考英语试题分类汇编??连词 年高考英语试题分类汇编?? ??连词 (10 福建) 26 The girl had hardly rung the bell out to greet her.A. before 答案:A 考点:考连词的使用 解析:根据 "rung the bell" 和 "the door was opened "的发生先后,可以得出答案.句子的含 义是:女孩还没来得及按门铃,门 ...