公共英语等级考试三级(PETS
  3)学习笔记(六) 学习笔记( 公共英语等级考试三级 学习笔记
Unit 21 Services(
  1) Dialogues /monologues: 1, Hotel in London or in England specially, will ask for a credit card or a confirmation which will guarantee that your room is held, basically all night or for late arrival. 2, This could be a precise place for you. 关于:precise 与 accurate 是否有区别? accurate,correct,delicate,exact,precise 都含有一定的"正确,精确"之意 accurate 准确的,精确的,指某人或某事不仅不出错,而且与事实无出入,强调准确性 correct 正确的,指某人或某事合乎事实或公认的标准或规则,没有错误 delicate 精美,精细的,雅致的 exact 确切的,精确的,语气较 accurate 强,指某人或某事数量或质量完全符合事实或标准,而且在细 致末节上也丝毫不差 precise 精密的,指具有高度的精确性和准确性,强调范围界限的鲜明性或细节的精密,有时略带"吹毛 求疵"的贬义 3, Art-house. Art-house: 艺术电影院 指放映不属于商业主流电影的电影院.艺术电影院放映的影片,重视电影本身的品质,较不注重商业 吸引力, 如当代重要导演的影片, 独立制片影片, 影史的经典作品, 及发行有限的前卫及实验电影. 亦称 Art theater. 4, Your restaurant specializes in hamburgers and chicken, right? specializes in:擅长于,专攻. 5, As an unadvertised special, you can have a trip to the salad bar with your order for only a dollar more. 作为一个末做广告的特价餐,您可以多出一美元随意的在沙拉吧里定购.
6, Take my order out of this. out of:作为"根据"的意思.全句是:根据我点的去做吧. 7, No sooner do we start to look for a motel, when one appears. 每当我们想找汽车旅馆的想法一出现,都回恰逢其时的有一家跃入我们的视线. No sooner :一旦…立即… "when"=就在那个时候. Passage: The sale of alcohol in Britain is strictly controlled by licensing laws. These restrict where, when and by whom alcohol may be sold. In order to open a pub or wine bar the owner must obtain the approval of the local magistrates who must be satisfied that he or she is a suitable person to sell alcohol. If the application is approved the owner obtains a license to sell alcohol and becomes the license. The name of the licensee is displayed above the front door. If magistrates are not happy with the way a pub is being run they can cancel the license. The name of the licensee is displayed above the front door. If magistrates are not happy with the way a pub is being run they can cancel the license. Many pubs are licensed to sell alcohol for drinking on or off the premises. However, most people buy alcohol for drinking at home in a supermarket or an off-license. Shops and supermarket have to get a license, called on off-license before they can sell alcohol. Nobody under 18 is allowed to buy alcohol, either in a pub or in shop. Pubs are only allowed to sell alcohol during official opening hours. They are allowed to remain open all day from 11a.m. to 11p.m. though many close in the afternoon. If they wish to stay open after 11p.m., they must obtain a special late license pubs open for a shorter time on Sundays, and in some parts of Wales they are closed altogether. In the US, there are local laws about when and where alcohol can be sold. Some towns are dry, i.e., no alcohol can be sold there at all. In general, restaurants and bars need a license to sell beer and wine. In some states alcohol for drinking at home is sold only in special liquor stores; in other places it is sold in any food shop. There are fewer restrictions on when alcohol can be sold than there are in Britain, and bars can stay open very late. The most common restriction is that alcohol may not be sold early on Sunday mornings. 参考译文: 在英国经营酒是受酒类专卖法严格控制的.在哪卖,什么时间卖,由谁卖,都有严格的规定.想要开 酒吧或是葡萄酒吧,老板必须要得到地方官员的同意,而地方官员要觉得这个人合适才会同意他/她经营酒
类.如果申请批准了,老板拿到营业执照并成为执照持有人,他的名字就会被贴在正门上.一旦地方官员 不满意此人的经营方式,他就会被吊销执照. 在很多有执照的酒吧,客人可以在店里喝酒也可以买酒带走.但是,很多人在超市或者卖酒执照的商 店买酒回家去喝.商店和超市都必须拿到营业执照,在准许卖酒之前他们要申请卖酒经营执照.不管是在 酒吧还是在商店,18 岁以下的人都不准买酒. 酒吧只能在官方规定的营业时间卖酒,可以从上午 11 点开到晚上 11 点,但是很多酒吧在下午就关门 了.如果想到在晚上 11 点仍然营业的话就需要一个特殊的夜间营业执照.酒吧在礼拜天的营业时间一般很 短,在威尔士的一些地方,酒吧在礼拜天不营业. 在美国,卖酒的时间和地点也受地方法律的限制.一些城镇根本不允许卖酒.通常情况下,餐馆和酒 吧需要有执照才可以卖啤酒和葡萄酒. 在有些州, 家里喝的酒只能在酒类专卖店才能买得到;而在其他地方, 任何食品商店里都可以买得到酒.美国酒类经营店的营业时间比起英国要宽松的多,酒吧也可以营业到很 晚.两国最相近的规定是都不可以在礼拜天早上卖酒. Unit 22 Services(
  2) Dialogues /monologues: 1, He's now turning to Mary, his fellow student yet a native American, for help. turning to:在这里是"求助于"的意思. 2, I'm desperately in need of your help. in need of:需要. 3, EMS [邮政特快专递 (Express Mail Service)] 4, From the moment, when the service started, EMS constantly stick to serving the economic reform and opening to the outside world by reorganizing the operational procedures and accelerating the transmission of the items to meet the various need of the people, by increasing the investment to the production capacity and adopting high-tech to improve services, by offering 11185, the hotline and desk-to-desk, door-to-door service to qualify the services. meet one's need:满足某人的需要. 长句解析:从服务开始启动之后,特快专递坚持不懈地致力于为经济改革服务,并且通过改造运作程 序和加速项目传输为外面世界打开阀门,以此来满足人们各种不同需求.通过对产量的加大投资和采用高 科技来改善服务,通过提供 11185 热线以及点对点,面对面的服务来验证服务质量. Passage:
A modern bank provides many services other than checking accounts. One of the most important of these is regular passbook savings. If you went to a bank to open a savings account, you would go through almost the same procedures as followed in applying for a checking account. First you would be asked to fill out a signature card. Then you would be given a passbook in which your initial deposit would be recorded. All deposits and withdrawals from your account are entered into your passbook. This means that the passbook contains an actual record of all savings you have at any one time. With a regular passbook savings account, you would be able to withdraw money whenever you need it .all you would have to do is fill out a withdrawal order and present it, along with your passbook, to the teller. All banks pay interest on savings accounts. The interest rate varies from bank to bank, but the general range is from 4 to 6 percent. Banks also pay interest at different times. But the majority of them pay semiannually. Suppose, for example, that on January 1, you deposit $1000 in bank that paid 5 percent interest semiannually. By July 1, you would have earned $50 interest. The interest would automatically be credited to your account; and if you left it in the bank, along with your original deposit, you would receive interest on $1050 for the nest six-month period. That is, your interest would be compounded. If you knew that you could keep your money in the bank for a certain period of time, you could get a higher interest rate by buying a savings certificate. These certificates are for three months. You can also buy certificates for periods of one or two years. When you buy a savings certificate, you sign a contract with the bank stating that you will not be able to get your money back until the date when the certificate is due. Another important service that banks provide is traveler's checks. If you go on a vacation or traveled on business to another cit or state or country, you probably want to bring some traveler's checks along with you. They have two important advantages over cash. One is that your money is always safe. If the checks are lost or stolen, you can receive a refund for the total amount. Another is that they are more convenient. Many businesses are reluctant to cash personal checks on out-of-town banks. But with proper identification, you can readily cash traveler's checks almost anywhere in the United States or abroad. Every traveler's check has its own individual number. When you buy these checks (you must purchase at least $50 worth), the teller gives you a slip on which the number of every check is recorded. A copy of this slip is kept b the bank. If the checks are lost or stolen, you can bring this slip to the bank and your money will be returned. Before you are given the checks, you are asked to sign each one of them at the top. When you cash the check, you must sign it again in the presence of the person who gives you the money at the bottom. For this service, the bank charges 1 percent of the amount of the check. If you bought a $50 check, for example, you would have to pay $
  0.50 for it. 参考译文: 除了活期账户,银行还提供主许多其他的服务.其中最重要的是存折储蓄.
去银行开一个储蓄账户的过程和申请活期账户大致一样.首先是填一张签名卡.然后银行工作人员会 给你一个存折,上面有你第一笔的存款记录.以后每次存款或取款都会在存折上有记录,这就是说存折上 会显示你在任何需要的时候取钱.取钱的时候只需要填一张取款单,把它同存折一并交给出纳员. 所有的银行都付利息给储蓄账户.各个银行的利率不一样,但总体在 4%到 6%之间波动. 各银行,付利息的时间也不一样,但是大部分银行都是半年付一次.比如说你在 1 月 1 号存入了 1000 美元,利息为 5%,那么到 7 月 1 号,你就能得到 50 美元的利息,利息会自动存入你的账户.如果你将利 息和原来的存款一起留在账户里的话,下六个月你得到的利息是$1050 的基础上开出来的,就是说你所得 到的利息是以复利来计算的. 如果你确定自己的钱将会在银行存比较长的时间,你可以买一张储蓄单据,这样得到的利息就比较高. 你可以买$500 的储蓄单据或者更多.储蓄单据开出的时间越长,你得到的利息就越多.短期的储蓄单据是 三个月.你还可以买时间是一年或两年的储蓄单据.在买储蓄单据的时候,你要跟银行签一项合同,说明 在单据最后期限之前你不能从银行取钱. 银行的另一项重要服务是旅行支票.如果你去别的城市,别的州或国家度假或者是出差,你大概会想 带一些旅行支票.比起现金,旅行支票有两个重要优点:一是安全,如果你的支票丢了或是被偷了,上面 的钱还可以如数找回.另外是方便.有些私人支票在城镇的银行兑不到钱,但是只要有身份证明,旅行支 票在哪都能兑到钱,不管是在美国还是在国外.每一张旅行支票都有特定的号码.在买支票的时候(至少买 50 美元的),出纳员会给你一张记录所有支票号码的单子.银行也会将这张单子备份保存,如果支票丢了 或是被偷了你可以拿着这张单子到银行拿回支票上面的钱.在给你支票之前出纳员还会在每张支票上方签 上自己的名字,兑钱的时候还要在给你钱的出纳员那儿再签一次,这次是签在支票下方.银行会收取支票 面额的 1% 作为手续费,比方说,你买一张 50 元的支票要付
  0.5 美元的手续费. Unit 23 Making friends and communication Dialogues /monologues: 1,we lived with a cousin in Dallas for 2 years. lived with:与……同住(寄宿在…家) 2,I have to do a load of laundry today. 我今天还得洗完一筐衣服. 3,I think my parents would have liked to live overseas for at least 20 more years. 我想(要不是这样),父母可能还要在海外生活至少 20 年.(虚拟语气,实际上父母已经 回国了)
4,A lot of proposals floating around state legislatures are aimed at throwing the children of illegal immigrants out of public schools. Do you find such ideas helpful? 许多旨在从公立学校驱逐非法移民子女的提议日日涌向州立法团体,您认为这些办法有益 吗?(floating 是"未决定的") Passage: I got a chance to actually meet an online friend in real life when I went on vacation to San Francisco. I'd left a note in my live Journal telling everyone where I'd be going. When I went online at the hotel, I found a comment from my friend Kim telling me that she lived nearby in Palo Alto, and asking if I wanted to get together. After checking with my parents, I rushed back to the computer to let her know that I cloud meet her on my way back too Los Angeles. We exchange
 

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