2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
公共英语等级考试三级(PETS
  3)学习笔记(七) 学习笔记( 公共英语等级考试三级 学习笔记
Unit 26 Find a Job Dialogues /monologues: 1, Once, everyday brought new challenges and experiences. Now, As far as your job's concerned, you've been there, seen it and done it too. As far as… concerned:就……而言.如: As far as we're concerned you can go whenever you want. 就我们而言,随时想走都可以走. 2,My experience it that if you have a control of several languages, then you put it in, you put that to use only occasionally?but the occasion is often a highly critical one! put sth in 花时间(精力)做某事.如: Thank you for all the hard work you've put in.??谢谢你的这一切努力. 全句翻译:我的经验是如果你确实已经掌握了几种语言,也要花很多时间去练习,因为在某些场合你 会用到这些语言??而这些场合通常都是至关重要的! Passage: How to find freelance administrative work If you have good office management and computer sills, you might consider looking for freelance administrative work. As a general category, this includes word processing, data entry, calendar or appointment planning, basic billing and other administrative support tasks. If you have administrative experience, then all the better for showing prospective employers that you are knowledgeable, skilled and reliable. Your first step to finding freelance administrative work is to craft a list of services. Write something up yourself, then research online and in newspaper classified ads to get ideas about services to add to your list or other ways to word your offerings. The goal is to present a comprehensive list of services that leaves no questions in the reader's mind.
2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
Once you have this list, you can add your hourly fees. If you've unsure about what your rates should be, call several local temp agencies to learn what they charge their clients. You can also use the salaries advertised in the newspaper as a guild?simply divide the annual salary into an hourly rate. You'll also need a current resume. Even if you go through temp agencies or Web sites to find work, having both a resume and a list of services will help you look professional and easily fill out all the forms and paperwork. There are many sources for finding work. You many want to target one source at a time, or make up lists of companies from all sources and start with a few from each. Either way, you will be making lots of phone calls and visiting lots of local businesses to make your pitch. You may talk to any previous employers and let them know you are freelancing. Inform the human resources or temp workers. If you are working now, consider starting your freelance business on the side and working slowly toward independence. You may even be able to get freelance work from your company. You may also do some research at your local library, the chamber of commerce and through the local paper to target small businesses that might need occasional or ongoing part-time work. Small operations such as landscaping, construction, food or catering and painting are sometimes too small to pay for a full-time office helper and too busy to do the work themselves. These companies could use someone in the office for a few hours a week or a monthly billing session. No matter where you get your work, remember that your performance will impact whether a company wants to hire you again and recommend you to other people. Work-of-mouth is an important resource for getting work, so make the best of any work and networking opportunities. 参考译文: 怎样找到行政方面的自由职业 如果你有很强办公室管理能力和电脑技术,也许可以考虑找一份行政管理方面的自由职业.根据一般 分类,这种工作包括:文字处理,数据输入,制定日程表或者安排会面,开账单或者是其他支持性质的行 政事务.如果你有行政管理的工作经验,能向未来的雇主展示你是有知识有技巧,并且可靠的那就更好了. 要找一份自由职业性质的行政管理工作,第一步是要列一张包含服务内容的清单,首先自己写一些, 然后在网上或是报纸小广告上找找,看还有什么可以添加的服务内容,或者是用文字把自己的能力和所能 做的事情表达出来.这样做的目的是要做一张一目了然的清单,不要让看清单的人心存疑问. 清单做好之后你可以在上面加上自己每小时想要多少工钱.如果你不确定自己处在哪个标准,可以打 电话去当地的临时事务咨询所问问看他们收取客户多少钱.你也可以参照报纸上的薪水建议??只需要简 单地把薪水换算成小时费率就可以了.
2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
你还需要一份现在的简历.即使你是去临时工作事务所的网站上找工作,有简历和清单也会使你看上 去很专业,并且能使你很快就能填完所有的表格和书面材料. 你可以从很多地方找工作.也许你每次以一种渠道为目标,或者把各种渠道打听到的公司列下来,从 其中一些入手.无论是这两种方法中的哪一种,都需要你打很多电话,并且不停地去各个当地的公司推销 自己. 你可以跟以前的任何雇主交谈,让他们知道你现在从事自由职业.通知人力资源部门,因为不管是自 由职业者还是临时员工的工作都是他们安排的.如果你现在有工作也可以考虑做点自由职业作为副业,慢 慢地走向独立.你甚至可以从自己的公司接到活干. 你还可以在当地图书馆,商会做些调查,或者是通过当地的报纸来找一些小型的公司,这样的公司可 能会有不定时的兼职工作或者正有兼职工作.一些像搞园林美化,建设,食品和承办酒席的小公司承担不 了全职的员工自己又忙不过来,这样的公司可能会需要人手一个礼拜工作几个小时或是一个月工作一段时 间. 不管你是在哪找到的工作,都要记住你的表现,这关系到以后这家公司还会不会用你或者会不会推荐 你去别的公司.口头宣传对于找工作是很重要的,所以要充分地利用每一次的工作和人际关系带来的机会. Unit 27 Education Dialogues /monologues: 1,I would have thought they'd be very useful for children without brothers and sisters. would/should have +过去分词,表示"应该做某事",而实际没有. 本句可以翻译为:我应该想到它们对独生子女是很有用的. 2,The reality is that people learn subjects such as languages and mathematics at different speeds. Speed:【俚语】在这里应翻译为: 嗜好,个性:适合某人的兴趣,技能或性格的东西: E.G. Living in a large city is not my speed. 住在大城市里不是我所喜欢的 1, My parents recognized that the best learning is learning-by-doing, and they facilitated a lot of interesting experiences for me, whether it was driving me across town, paying for courses and lessons, or just including me in their lives. 我的父母认识到,最好的学习方法是边干边学.为此,他们让我体会了许多有趣的经历:或者开车带 我在镇里转转,或者花钱让我让各种班,或者干脆将我直接纳入他们的生活.
2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
本句解析:My parents recognized that the best learning is learning-by-doing, and they facilitated a lot of interesting experiences for me, (前半部分是具有递进意义的两个并列分 句)whether it was driving me across town, paying for courses and lessons, or just including me in their lives. (后半部分是样态状语从句,其中由三个现在分词短语作表语). 2, interacting with a large group of people my own age was one of the joys I derived from school. Derive sth from sth. <1> 得到,获得.如: She derived no benefit from the course of drugs. 用药疗程后她并无好转. <2>对某事物穷本穷源.如: We can derive the word 'derelict' from the Latin 'derelictus' derelict 一词的起源可追溯到拉丁词 derelictus. Passage: China's education system The development of education is of primary importance in china. Under the policy of "developing the country through science and education," each child is offered free education for a compulsory nine years and the education system is constantly being improved. "oriented towards modernization, the world, and the future" is the guiding principle for the development of the Chinese education system, both in the long and the short term. China's education system can be divided into the following stages: Pre-school education is for 3-5 year olds and takes place in kindergartens. Primary education is from 6-
  11. Primary schools are usually run by local educational authorities and over free tuition, although there are some private schools owned by enterprises and individuals. Secondary schooling is for children from 12-17 years of age. Education of this kind is run by local governments and various business authorities. State-run secondary schools include junior middle schools and senior middle schools, both with three grades or years. The first three years of secondary school are compulsory and tuition is free. Senior middle school is not compulsory and students must pay minimal tuition fees. Private secondary schools often offer specialized education and have a more vocational bent, but the qualifications they offer are considered to
2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
be on the same level as those of state-run middle schools. However, graduates from secondary professional schools are seen to have achieved a higher level in some ways akin to a university education. Students graduating from junior middle schools usually go on to senior middle schools, although some move to vocational high schools or secondary professional schools for 3-5 years of study. For higher education there are vocational courses as well as undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral degrees. Bachelor's degrees usually require 4-5 years of study, master's degrees need 2-3 years and Ph.D.s are granted after 3 years. Higher education is offered in universities, colleges, institutes, and vocational colleges. These institutes conduct academic and scientific research and provide social services as well as offering courses to students. To enter a university or college, students have to take the national entrance examination, which takes place every July and is now open to people of all ages. Selection is based on each student's marks in this exam, and due to the number of people sitting the exam, getting into university is highly competitive. Those who fail to get selected have to go to private colleges if they want to continue their education. Tuition at such colleges is more expensive than at the state-run universities. Those who have missed out on higher education can continue their studies as adults in the workplace. 参考译文: 中国的教育制度 在中国,教育的发展是至关重要的.在"科教兴国"的方针政策下,每个孩子都有权利享受 9 年义务 教育并且教育体系也在不断完善.无论是从长期还是从短期来说,"面向现代化,世界和未来"是中国教 育体制的指导原则. 中国的教育体系可分为以下几个阶段. 3-5 岁为幼儿园学前教育阶段. 小学教育是从 6 岁到 11 岁. 小学是由当地教育部门开办, 实行免费. 也有由企业和个人办的私立学校. 中学教育时间为 12-17 岁.中学是由当地政府和各种商业机构办的.公立的中学包括初中和高中两个 阶段,各三年.初中是免费义务教育,高中不是义务教育,学生要交少量的学费.私立中学一般提供专业 性的教育,学生的职业技能强一些,但是私立中学所发的文凭和公立中学所发的是同一水平.然而,在某 些方面从专业学校毕业的学生与接受过大学教育的学生是差不多的.初中毕业生一般接着上高中,有些会 去上职业高中或者是去技校学习 3-5 年. 高等教育包括高职,本科,硕士,博士.拿到学士学位一般需要 4-5 年时间,硕士学位需要 2-3 年, 博士学位需要 3 年.提供高等教育的机构有大学,专科学院,研究所和职业学院.这些机构开展学术和科 学研究,给学生提供学习课程和社会服务.要进大学,考生们必须参加每年平 7 月举行的全国高考,现在 高考面向所有年龄的人开放.大学对学生的挑选是看高考成绩,由于参加高考的人数很多,所以竞争很激
2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
烈.那些没考上的人如果想要进大学学习的话只能去私立大学,私立大学的学费比设立大学高的多.没有 接受高等教育的人可以在工作之后继续学习. Unit 28 Popular Science Dialogues /monologues: 1,what does the gravity has to do with the planets staying in orbit around the sun? has to do with:V. 与……有关 2,It may be a case of communicating knowledge, drawing attention to new issues or enteraining on the basis of science subjects?and there is no reason why the same program cannot combine all three. draw sb attention to sth:令某人注意某事.如: She draw my attention to the boy who is crying on the road. 3,The fil
 

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