2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
公共英语等级考试三级(PETS
  3)学习笔记(五) 学习笔记( 公共英语等级考试三级 学习笔记
Unit 16 Places and locations Dialogues /monologues: 1, About a block down from here. 2, I went to the conference to register and to set up my exhibition stand. 3, I set out our brochures ready for the official opening. 4, Coal could be moved from Welsh mining villages right into the heart of London. 5, Britain's rail network is still second to none. 6, That doesn't necessarily follow. 7, There will be taxies to cross down, but it will naturally be more economical to use bicycles and buses or to work. Passage: Washington, D.C. serves as the seat of government for the United States of American. Over the 200 years, Washington, D.C. has grown with the nation, and it now represents the very best of America. From its majestic monuments to its incomparable museums, from the Mall to the steps of the Capital, Washington offers visitors one-of-a-kind attractions. The majestic capital building stands at the center of the city, allowing unobstructed views of the city's most famous attractions. The immense open space of the Mall is marked off by the various museums of the Smithsonian Institution, the largest cluster of museums in the world. The national Air and Space Museum celebrates the nation's achievements in flight and space exploration, from the Wright brother's first biplane to the Apollo moon mission and beyond. Visitors also line up for the Natural History Museum to learn about the sciences and to view the famous Hope Diamond. The Smithsonian Institution also includes the world-famous galleries. Art lovers should also appreciate the nearby National Portrait Gallery and National Museum of American Art. Looking past the Mall, the Washington Monument stands 505 feet above the city. It was the tallest man-made structure in America from its completion until the early 1900's. Behind this monument are the reflecting pool and the trio of memorials dedicated to remembering President Lincoln and the wounded and killed of the Vietnam and Korean conflicts. New to the area of the
2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
tidal basin, and facing the Jefferson Memorial, a memorial to Franklin Roosevelt lies on the Potomac River which hosts millions of visitors each year. The offices of the various government agencies take up most of the space of the city, and most offer free tours to the public. The White House also offers free tours to the public. Just outside of the city, the national zoo houses thousands of animals on 163 acres of park. Among its residents are two giant pandas given to the United States as gifts from the People's Republic of China. Across the river in Arlington, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier stands amidst the dim, grave and majestic Arlington National Cemetery. Washington has many other distractions from politics. Washington's theatre life is thriving; it is second only to New York in number of theatre seats. The National Symphony and other musical companies play four schedules. As a temporary home to diplomats from around the world, Washington's restaurant offerings are the finest and most diverse around. The beauty and grandeur of the nation's capital continue to captivate millions of American and foreign tourists who visit Washington, D.C. each year. 参考译文: 华盛顿特区(又称华盛顿哥伦比亚特区)是美利坚合众国政府所在地.在过去的 200 多年中,华盛顿特 区与美国一起成长,现在它是美国国家的象征.从宏伟的纪念牌到无与伦比的博物馆,从首都广场到国会 大厦的台阶,它以自己的特征吸引着游客. 宏伟的国会大厦耸立于市中心,人们能在此饱览华盛顿特区著名的风景.首都广场的硕大空间被世界 上最大的博物馆群??史密森博物馆院的各种博物馆划分开来.国家航空航天博物馆展示了美国在飞行和 宇宙探索方面取得的成就,从莱特兄弟的第一架双翼飞机到阿波罗号登月任务以及其他.游客们还排长队 参观自然历史博物馆,了解科学知识,欣赏著名的"希望之星".史密森博物院还包括世界著名的艺术馆. 艺术爱好者们肯定会钟情不远处的国立肖像馆和国立美国艺术博物馆. 首都广场过去,就是高 505 英尺的纪念碑.在二十世纪初以前,它曾是美国最高的人造建筑.纪念碑 之后是映像池,和林肯纪念堂及为在越南及朝鲜战争中受伤和阵亡的将士建造的纪念碑.位于潮汐湖畔, 与杰弗逊纪念堂正对的是新建的弗兰克林.罗斯福纪念堂,它座落在波托马克岸边,每年吸引数百万游客. 各种政府机关的办公用地占了城市大部分空间,多数政府机关都向公众提供免费参观时段,包括白宫 在内.城外不远处的占地 163 英亩的国家动物园里容纳了数千种动物.其中有两只是中华人民共和国作为 礼物赠送给美国的大熊猫.海对岸的阿灵顿,无名烈士墓坐落在昏暗,庄严肃穆的阿灵顿国家公墓里. 华盛顿特区除了政界机构以外还有许多其他娱乐场所.华盛顿的戏剧非常繁荣,剧院可容纳座位数仅 次于纽约.国家交响乐团和其它音乐团体全天候都有演出.作为来自世界各地的外交官们的临时家园,华 盛顿所提供的饭店档次最高,而且种类繁多. 作为国家首都的华盛顿, 其优美景色和宏大建筑将继续吸引每年数百万美国和外国游客到此参观浏览.
2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
Unit 17 Travel and Tourism Dialogues /monologues: 1, The acceptable standard is 15% of the tall bill. 2, You can stock up on something to have for later?for example, cheese and caviar in Mexico City. 3, Meditation room 4, When you walk in, relaxing music comes and pictures of clouds are projected on the wall. 5, Christen cruises are popular with those who are not interested in the drinking, gambling, and Las Vegas style shows that are a part of most cruising vacations. 6, Enjoying retracing the journeys of the apostle Paul in Turkey and Greece on a luxurious tall sailing ship. Passage: To attract tourism to one's country was once thought of as an unqualified success; there seemed to be no negative aspects to it. However, today we are coming to realize that tourism is a mixed blessing: it has advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, it can bring money to parts of the world that very much need it. People can earn a great deal through tourism. And this income can help to preserve the environment. Anything that helps to protect the ecosystem, the interrelated community of plants and animals that makes up the earth, is, of course, positive. A recent worry, however, is the fact that tourism can cause serious damage to the fragile environments they love to visit. Ecosystems are delicate and easily damaged. Around the world, areas are endangered by the large numbers of tourism who visit them. On every continent, tourism threatens the environment. Even trekkers who take difficult journeys on foot can cause damage. There are, then, serious dangers that come with the promise of tourism. Every advantages bring with it real disadvantages. This dilemma makes planning difficult for nations trying to decide what to do. Countries can make a good deal more money from the tourist industry than they need to put into attracting tourists. This financial profit can help nations protect habitats where endangered animals and plants live. It also may be that tourism can help strengthen local culture by encouraging awareness of traditions and ceremonies. Historic buildings thrive on tourism. These cultural locations enjoy great success with the money and respect brought by tourism. But there is a down side to all this. Because cultural sites are becoming too crowded, Disneyland-like reproductions are being created. These are not authentic cultural sites but copies
2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
of something that may or may not have ever really existed. Some people say, "what's the value of tradition if it's kept alive for profit, and bears little relation to real life?" Taken together, the negative effects of tourism grow larger over time. The cumulative effects of tourism are great because every time we use cars or planes to travel we contribute to one of the greatest disruptions in the history of the planet: global warming and climate change are interrupting what has been the normal climate pattern for centuries. New approaches to the problem are also being developed. One initiative has been the development of tourist opportunities in which the tourists both give and receive through working vacations. This kind of personal, small-scale tourism is meant to be a positive response with its large-scale organizing. Working tourism may not be for everyone, but the hope is that some kinds of travel can become more planet friendly. 参考译文: 吸引游客到某个国家旅游曾一度被认为是绝对成功的,因为这种做法似乎没有什么负面效应.然而, 今天我们开始意识到旅游业是福也是祸;它既能给我们带来有利的一面, 也会给我们带来不利之处. 一方面, 它可以为急需资金的国家带来财富.人们可以从旅游业赚到很多钱,这些收入足够用来保护环境.当然, 任何有助于保护生态系统??这个构成我们赖以生存的世界,由动物和植物组成的生物群落,都是值得肯 定的. 然而,最近令人们担心的一个事实是:游客会对自己钟爱的脆弱环境千万严重破坏.生态系统非常脆 弱,容易遭到破坏.全世界范围内游客云集的地区都面临着危险.无论在哪个洲,游客们都危胁着那里的 环境.就连喜欢艰苦跋涉的步行爱好者们也会对环境赞成危害. 那就是说旅游业给人们带来希望的同时,也给人类带来了危险.每个优点都伴随着缺点.这种两难境 地使得那些国家在做规划时难以抉择.这些国家从旅游业挣到的钱远比他们为吸引游客而投入的奖金多得 多.这部分财政收入可以帮助这些国家保护濒危动物和植物的栖息地.通过鼓励人们保持传统和风俗的意 识,旅游业还可以起到促进当地文化的作用.历史景点需要旅游业的支持才能得以繁荣.旅游业带来的奖 金和人们对历史的尊重会使这些文化景点越来越兴旺. 但是,除此以外,旅游业也有负面影响.因为文化景点变得越来越拥挤,类似迪尼斯乐园的娱乐场所 越来越多.而这些并不是真正的文化景点,只是可能存在或是可能不存在的某种东西的翻版而已.有些人 会问:"如果传统的存在只是为了盈利,而与真实生活无关,那么传统的价值又何在呢?" 归结起来,旅游业带来的负面效应随着时间的推移会越来越大.旅游业的累积效应是巨大的,因为每 次我们驾车或乘飞机出游,都会对我们所生活的星球造成破坏:全球气温升高和气候变化会打乱几世纪以 来一直正常的气候模式. 解决问题的新办法也正在陆续出台.其中一个首创就是在旅游者工作休假期间给其提供度假机会.这 种个人的,小规模旅游被认为是那种典型的,已经产业化的大规模旅游业的积极反应.工作旅游并非对所 有人适用,但是给人希望的是:有些旅游形式能够更有益我们生活在这个星球.
2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
Unit 18 Sightseeing and Travel Plans Dialogues /monologues: 1, Right after lunch, the tour makes a stop at St. Paul's. Then the rest of the afternoon is spent at the museum. "right"在这里表示"正好"的意思.makes a stop:停留,休息.. be at:从事于,做. 2, A:Anyway, is there still room? B:Yes, there is. Will this be for yourself only? "Will this be for yourself only?"的肯定形式是: This will be for yourself only,如果是一般现在时,就是:This is for you. Will this be for yourself only? ??"这是给你一个人的吗?",就是这么简单的意思. 3, When I started this company 20 years ago, we were commended, as a new kind of travel company, for putting travelers with flexible schedules in touch with fantastic bargains. "in touch with":同……有联系. 全句的意思:当我在 20 年前着手这家公司的时候,大伙受到了称赞.作为一个新型的旅游公司,用灵 活的时间安排赋予旅客们极大的实惠. 4, You'll also be able to get fast, free quotes online, including the very up-to-date specials, discounts and promotions. 你也可以得到快速,免费的网上报价,包括最新的特价,打折与促销. 5, Building a tradition of the extended family all going away together is a great way to build long-lasting family bonds. 这句话用在写作里可是相当实用哦. 我将它翻译成:让大家庭的所有成员一起外出旅行成为一种惯例,是维系一个家族长期亲密和谐的有 效方式. Passage: Anyone lucky enough to be going to Honolulu doesn't have to give a reason for going. They can just say, "We're going to Honolulu," and imagination will take care of the rest. Moreover, Honolulu can probably live up to and even surpass whatever we imagine. World-famous beaches and
2010 年 9 月公共英语三级保过 咨询 OO:409747714
tropical weather set the sce
 

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