公共英语考试三级英译汉经典试题集

  1、他这次考试失败使他意识到定期复习功课是多么重要。 He failed in the exam, which has made him aware of the importance of reviewing his lessons regularly.
  2、请一定不要忘记离家前你父母对你说过的话。 Be sure not to forget what your parents said to you before you left home.
  3、我确信她的英语知识对这项工作来说是足够的。 I’m sure her knowledge of English is adequate for the job.
  4、这篇文章的目的是告诉学生怎么培养良好的学习习惯。 The purpose of his article is to tell the students how to develop good study habits.
  5、在当今时代,人们越来越多地依靠计算机来解决各种各样的难题。 In our age, people depend more on computers to solve various kinds of difficult problems.
  6、略读不仅帮助你对将要阅读的东西有所了解,还帮助你读得快些,提高你的阅读理解力。 Skimming not only helps you get some idea of what you are going to read, but also helps you read faster and im prove your comprehension.
  7、有些人认为男孩子考试成绩总是比女孩子好。然而,事实未必如此。 Some people think that boys performance on tests is always better than girls. That is not necessarily the case, ho wever.
  8、即使智力一般的学生也可以通过改进学习习惯而成为优等生。 Even students of average intelligence can become top students by improving their study habits.
  9、幸好附近有家医院,我们立即把他送到了那里。 Fortunately there was a hospital nearby and we took him there at once.
  10、我们常常发现运用一个规律比懂得它要难的了。 We often find it much more difficult to apply a rule than to know it.
  11、他决心继续他的实验,不过这次他将用另一种办法来做。 He is determined to continue his experiment but this time he’ll do it another way.
  12、她读这部小说时,不禁想起了她在农村度过的那五年。 When she read the novel, she couldn’t help thinking the five years she had spent in the countryside.
  13、玛丽觉得单靠自己的力量执行她的计划是困难的。 Mary thought it difficult to carry out her plan all by herself.
  26、那名罪犯被从严判处十五年徒刑。 The criminal was given a stiff sentence of fifteen years.
  27、我祖父母说,发明电视的那个人曾住在他们的那个地段。 My grandparents said that the man who invented television had once lived in their neighborhood.
  28、我提议咱们会后马上去办公室找史密斯教授,邀请他参加我们的英语晚会。 I propose that we go to find Prof. Smith in his office after the meeting and invite him to our English evening.
  29、警察要求司机把事故讲述得更详细一些。 The policeman asked the driver to describe the accident in greater detail.
  30、彼得的数学不好,但要说到体育,他却是班上最好的。 Peter is not good at maths, but when it comes to sports, he is the best in the class.
  31、我真希望你能拿出一个比这更好的解决办法来。 I do hope that you can come up with a better solution than this one .
  32、巨额投资使这一些地区的经济得以迅速发展。 Vast amounts of investment have enabled the economy of the area to grow rapidly.

  33、史密斯医生从窗口望出去,突然看到一个年轻人正向他的诊所奔来。 Look out of the window, Dr. Smith caught sight of a young man running towards his clinic.
  34、艾米过去除了咖啡什么也不喝。 Amy used to drink nothing but coffee.
  35、迈拉得知丈夫在事故中受了伤便哭了起来。 Myra broke into tears when she learned that her husband had been injured in an accident.
  36、我们好几天没有看见怀特小姐了,她是病倒了还是怎么了? We haven’t seen Miss White for quite a few days. Has she fallen ill or something?
  37、研究所所长亲自查明一切都没有问题。 The director of the research institute came in person to make sure that everything was all right.
  38、伦尼今天早晨上学又迟到了。他应该早一点起床的。肯定是昨晚睡得太晚了。 Lennie was late for school again this morning. He ought to \should have got up earlier. He must have stayed up t oo late last night.
  39、整个上午他都在忙于写那篇故事,只是偶尔停下来喝杯茶。 He was busy writing the story all the morning, only breaking off occasionally to have a cup of tea.
  40、对护士来说,坚持这项规定是很重要的。 It is very important for nurses stick to this rule 据国外学者的调查统计,一个以句号结尾的英语句子,单词的数量最好不要超过 20 个,否则的话,句子 偏长,听话人的注意力有可能不集中,漏听一、两个单词,从而影响对整个句子的理解。为了避免句子冗 长,通常采取两种办法,一种是将一个长句子,划分为几个短句子,每个短句子之间有语气上的停顿,让 听话人有间歇的感觉,另外一种则是简化句子的单词构成,用一些简单的单词,代替一些复杂的单词。下 面我就给各位介绍三种常用的简化方法。 第一种方法是用一个单词代替一组意义相同的单词,比如: ①用 forget(忘记)代替 do not remember(没有记住) ②用 ignore(忽视)代替 do not pay attention to(不注意) ③用 now(现在)代替 at this point in time(此时此刻) ④用 because(由于)代替 due to the fact that(鉴于下列事实) 第二种方法是省略同义词或近义词, 比如在下面例句中, 形容词 important(重要的)和 significant(有重要 意义的),就是两个同义词(也可以说是近义词),我们可以省略 important,只保留 significant。 ①The government project is important and significant.(这项政府计划是重要的,有重要意义。) ②The government project is significant.(这项政府计划有重要意义。) 第三种方法是在不改变句子含义的前提下, 省略所有可以省略的单词, 比如在下面例句中, cover of the the book (书的封面)可以省略成 the book cover,is red in color(是红色的)可以省略成 is red。 ①The cover of the book is red in color.(书的封面是红色的) ②The book cover is red.(书的封面是红色的) 最后我们把这三种方法结合起来,将一个冗长、绕嘴的句子,改写成一个简短、易懂的句子。 ①University malls must be accessible and free from congestion in order that students, faculty and employees may have unobstructed passage through those areas of the campus.(校内道路必须是便于通行的, 不拥 堵的,以便让学生、教师和职员能够无阻碍地通过,到达校园的各处。) ②University malls must be free enough from congestion to allow people to walk through easily.(校内道路 不应当拥堵,以便人们顺利通行。) 邻居小孩打破我的车窗,索赔信。 Dear Sir, I am writing to complain that your son broke the window pane of my car by his soccer yesterday,I hope to get
proper compensation . I am Wang Ling and live in the same building with you , on the 15 Floor room 1503, in your vicinity. Yesterday ,my car was parked near the road behind our building ,as your son was play ing soccer with his friends at that time ,perhaps ,he was not intentional,but his ball hit my car window accidentally,i feel very sad about that . I understand you will give immediate attention to this matter . Yours sincerely, Wang Ling
全国公共英语三级写作命题规律
英语短文写作分为两部分,第一部分是根据情景提示写出简单的信件、便笺等;第二部分是根据图表、 图片、文字提示写出相应的作文。常见的写作题型有段首句提示作文,关键词提示作文,图表、图片提示 作文等。下面就这些题型做一简要分析。 (一)段首句命题作文 要求考生按所给每个段落的第一句续写,完成各段落。这种题型的关键在于审段首句。应首先找出各 段首句中的关键词,仔细斟酌每个段首句的内延和外延,联系文章的标题,分析段首句之间、段与段之间 的关系,再由段首句将段落展开。写作中应注意全文的中心思想与段首句在意义和文体上保持一致,形式 上互为统一,切忌偏离主题,前言不搭后语。 (二)关键词提示作文 要求考生根据提供的部分词和词组进行写作。写作时,应立足于关键词,紧扣文章主题,利用提供的 写作线索,发挥自己的想象力和创造力,构思出文章的轮廓。具体步骤如下:
  1.反复推敲关键词,弄清关键词属于几层意思,并据此分好段落。
  2.写出各段的主题句,并根据主题句选择正确的展开方法、恰当的逻辑关系来完成段落的写作,同时 应注意段与段之间的连贯性与统一性。
  3.应根据语言结构上的要求,使用关键词的适当形式(名词有单复数变化,动词有时态、语态等变化, 其他关键词不可变动),以增强文章的感染力和说服力。
  4.检查修改全文。 (三)看图作文考试大论坛 要求考生通过图画、照片所提供的信息,通过联想写出内容生动、图文一致和体裁正确的文章。考生 既要具有较强的语言表达能力,又要有一定的观察分析能力和_定的想象能力及逻辑思维能力。具体方法如 下:
  1.弄清作文标题和要求。
  2.分析画面,看明图意。一幅画有一个构思,能给人丰富的视觉效果和无限的想象空间。这就要求考 生对画面的环境、人物和事物间的关系有一个全面的了解,吃透其主题,说明画面的含义。
  3.观察画面,理解表达的含义,提炼作文中心。画面是静止的,考生应以画面为基础,体会画面的要 旨,围绕主题发挥联想,把画面的前因后果、来龙去脉补上去,把事件串联起来,从而清楚地说明图画的 含义。

  4.处理好画与文的关系。对画面上的细节不能事无巨细一一描述,应分清主次,对主要内容加以充分 叙述或说明,次要内容则一笔带过或略去。
  5.先纲后文。看图作文的写作方式常采用叙述与描写相结合,也常以解释说明为主。按先后顺序列出 短文的提纲,再按纲组织写作,将图画所表达的意思用文字写出来。 (四)图表作文 图表作文是将图表提供的数字或文字等信息转换成文字资料。它通常属于说明文。图表通常指表格、 棒形图、线形图、圆形图和树形图等。图表作文写作时,首先应对图表进行仔细认真的分析,弄清图表中 所含信息及其不同信息间的关系,并由此确定文章的主题:然后按试题要求对图表进行描述,说明图表中 反映的情况或对图表里显示的关系进行对比分析并做解释说明;最后在文章的结尾得出合乎情理的结论, 阐明自己的看法。
(五)中英文提示作文 提示作文又称规定情景作文或提纲作文,考生应根据已提供的提纲或情景(分中、英文两种)进行写作。 这种作文控制性、指导性较强,考生只能根据提示来写作,不能随意发挥。因此,认真分析中英文提 示,领会文章的主题尤为重要。只有按情景所给的内容构思文章,表达思想,才能有效地传递信息,展开 情景。提示作文写作应注意几点:
  1.必须包括所给提纲的内容;
  2.切忌逐字翻译汉语提示;
  3.提示作文类似于段首句作文,考生应根据提示写出主题句,然后扩展成段,完成全文
 

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