全美篮球协会--NBA 全美篮球协会
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the major professional basketball league in the world, with teams from the United States and Canada. With the addition of the Toronto Raptors and the Vancouver Grizzlies prior to(在……之前,居先) the 1995-1996 season, the 之前, ( 之前 居先) NBA expanded to 29 teams competing in two conferences, the Eastern and Western, in four separate divisions. Each team conducts a training camp in October to determine its 12-player roster(花名册,执勤人员表) . Training camp allows each team to evaluate players, especially (花名册,执勤人员表) rookies (first-year players), to assess the team's strengths and weaknesses, and to prepare players for the upcoming 即将来临的) season through a series of on-court drills and practice (即将来临的) of offensive and defensive strategy. After a series of exhibition games, the NBA begins its game regular season in the first week of November. In the second week of February, the NBA interrupts its season to celebrate the annual NBA All-Star game, featuring the game's best players as selected by the general balloting(投票) (投票) of fans throughout the United States and Canada. After the NBA season concludes in the third week in April, a total of 16 teams qualify for the playoffs (8 teams from each conference). In each conference the two division winners are guaranteed a playoff(复赛,季后赛) spot. The (复赛,季后赛) remaining playoff spots in each conference are awarded on the basis of win-loss records to the six next- best teams, regardless of division. The playoffs start with the teams with better records playing the teams with worse records in a best-of-five series, in which the winner is the first team to win three games. In subsequent rounds best-of-seven series are played, with the first team to earn four victories winning the round. The playoffs continue in this elimination scheme until a conference champion is crowned. The champions from the Eastern and Western conferences then meet in a best-of-seven series to determine the NBA champion. Every June the league conducts its amateur draft(业余选秀) , in which each team obtains (业余选秀) the rights to the professional services of the best collegiate 学院的, 大学的) (学院的, 大学的)and international players. Any player who has graduated from high school and is at least 17 years old qualifies for the NBA draft if that player renounces intercollegiate eligibility(合格,适任) . To (合格,适任) determine the draft order the NBA uses a draft lottery, introduced in 19
  85. Those teams that failed to qualify for the playoffs the previous season are eligible for the lottery. The lottery determines the first three teams to select in the draft. The remaining teams draft according to their win-loss record of the previous season, so that teams with poorer records draft higher than those with better records. The NBA draft consists of only two rounds, with a total of 58 players chosen. Those players not selected in the draft can be invited to try out for(竞争, (竞争, 参加选拔) 参加选拔) a team and are sometimes signed to playing contracts. The NBA's official development league is the Continental(大陆的) Basketball Association (大陆的) (CBA). The league was founded in 1946 and now features 12 teams playing in two conferences. Many players, coaches, executives 主管, ( 主管,高管) , and referees 裁判员) have 高管) ( 裁判员) honed(磨光) their skills in the CBA before going on to NBA careers. (磨光)
Yi begins his quest for NBA career
Apr.12 - China's latest NBA prospect Yi Jianlian left for the US yesterday for a crash course ahead of the league's annual draft in June, and hopes to emerge from the shadows of his Chinese predecessors in the league. Yi would go through a few specially designed training camps under some of the most recognizable names in the game's history, possibly including the legendary Hakeem Olajuwon. "We want to do everything we can to better prepare him for an NBA career, which is always hard, especially for an overseas player," said Liu Hongjiang, a member of Yi's management team and an official with Yi's old Guangdong Winnerway club. "No previous Chinese NBA prospect went through such an orientation before. Hopefully, it would raise Yi's game that meets the NBA standards and eases his route to success in the US." Both Wang Zhizhi and Menke Bateer were thrown into high-octane NBA games without any counseling when they joined the league (Dallas Mavericks for Wang and Denver Nuggets for Bateer) as free agents. Yao Ming descended on the Houston Rockets as the top pick of the 2002 draft but he didn't even attend the career-defining draft meeting in person - his commitment to the Chinese national team left him watching the event on television in Beijing. But Yi has been luckier than the rest as the Chinese basketball authorities allowed the teenager to skip the national team's summer camps and a series of friendly matches in their preparation for next year's Olympic Games. "Yi getting off to a good start at the NBA is in our best interests ... He will definitely be allowed to attend the draft himself," Chinese Basketball
Association's deputy president Hu Jiashi was quoted as saying on the governing body's official Website. "He will join the national team in July but in the next two months he can hone his skills at what is supposed to be the best training regimes in the world. We reckon that will help his stint with the national team as well." Yi will be put through his paces under hall-of-famer Kiki Vandeweghe and former Portland Trailblazer's Chris Dudley, while talks are on to get Olajuwon in the fray as well, Liu said. At
  2.13 meters, it is inevitable that Yi draws comparisons with Yao Ming, a paint-dominating center. But Yi dismisses any such talk. "I can play from very close and power my way to the basket but I feel more comfortable from the mid range," Yi told the Guangdong Winnerway Website. "Yao dominates as a center but I am more of a power forward."
Basketball 篮球
ABA 和 NBA 的历史 The ABA, a former professional basketball league, lived for nine seasons (1967-19
  76). At the time of its inception, the NBA only had 10 teams. NBA expansion was needed but, due to enormous financial demands, wasn't happening. So, the ABA was formed. The ABA had major style. The basketball was wild, with patriotic red white and blue colors, as thought of by George Mikan, the first ABA commissioner. The players were wild as well, showcasing cool moves, fashionable (oft en ridiculously so) clothes and a bad attitude (in a good way). Many NBA stars first played in the ABA Julius Erving, Moses Malone, Connie Hawkins, Artis Gilmore, George Gervin and Dan Issel, to name an impressive handful. Other ABA stars were: Rick Barry, Spencer Haywood, Bobby Jones, Maurice Lucas, Billy Cunningham and Steve Jones. The ABA coaches list includes such stars as Larry Brown, Hubie Brown, K.C. Jones, Lou Carnesecca, Al Bianchi and Doug Moe. The ABA brought cool nicknames: Bad News. Slick. Dr. J. The Iceman. Fatty. The American Basketball Association had all the flair everyone wanted the NBA to have. ABA games were more wild. Lots of running. Fast breaks everywhere. The ABA had runners and gunners - guys would fly up and
down the court, attacking the basket one minute and firing 3-pointers the next (yes, the ABA had the 3-point basket while the NBA did not). The 3-point line tended to force defenders to step out and guard respectable outside shooters, opening up the lane for drives. The NBA only had the two-point shot, so defenses tended to huddle closer to the basket, encouraging outside shots and not allowing as much to develop close to the basket. Also, there was no fouling out in the ABA. So, while NBA stars would sometimes be forced to sit down due to foul trouble, ABA stars were on the court as much as their bodies and coaches would allow. ABA basketball was fun basketball. The NBA, however, had all the money. And therefore, it could advertise, bringing fans and media coverage. The ABA lacked funds, and therefore lacked the means to draw fans and receive the attention it deserved. The ABA was definitely not as good as the NBA when it was first created. Occasional ABA vs. NBA games were played, and NBA teams dominated. Over time, the quality of the ABA talent pool increased dramatically. While it's no longer a big deal for current NBA teams to draft high school players, NBA teams never did that years ago. ABA teams did, and therefore got the jump on a lot of talent that would have gone to the NBA if given the choice. In the later years of the ABA, ABA teams usually beat NBA teams in inter-league competition. Despite the rise in quality of the American Basketball Association teams as time went on, the NBA still had all the fame and fortune. The ABA was struggling. The league managed to prove itself in many ways - competitive, exciting games, and top notch basketball stars, but it was unable to prove itself as a business. The logical solution - merge with the NBA. The ABA - NBA merger took place in 1976, with four successful ABA teams - the San Antonio Spurs, New York Nets, Denver Nuggets and Indiana Pacers - joining the NBA. The rest of the ABA shut down for good. Almost half of the players in the first NBA All-Star game after the merger were former ABA players. ABA, 以前的专业篮球队,有九年的历史。在创建初期,只有十个队伍。NBA 的扩张虽然是有必要的, 但是由于当时的巨大财政短缺,没有成立,所以,只成立了 ABA。 NBA 是 National Basketball Association 的缩写(国家篮球协会)。成立于 1946 年 6 月 6 日。成 立时叫 BAA,即全美篮协会(Basketball Association of America),是由十一家冰球馆和体育馆的老 板为了让体育馆在冰球比赛以外的时间,不至于闲置而共同发起成立的。BAA 成立时共 11 支球队:纽约 尼克斯队、波士顿凯尔特人队、华盛顿国会队、芝加哥牡鹿队、克利夫兰叛逆者队、底特律猎鹰队、费城 武士队、匹兹保铁人队、普罗维登斯蒸气队、圣路易斯轰炸机队和多伦多爱斯基摩人队。1949 年 BAA 吞 并了当时的另外一个联盟(NBL),并改名为 NBA 。1949-50 赛季,NBA 共 17 支球队。1976 年 NBA 吞并了美国篮球协会(ABA),球队增加到 22 支。
1980 年达拉斯小牛队加入 NBA。1988 年,夏洛特黄蜂队和迈阿密热火队加入 NBA。1990 年奥兰 多魔术队和明尼苏达森林狼队加入 NBA。1995 年两支加拿大球队加入 NBA,多伦多猛龙队和温哥华灰熊 队,使 NBA 的球队达到 29 支。
篮球的历史 History of Basketball
Basketball. The world's greatest sport ever. But of course, it hasn't been around since the world began. No, somebody had to have invented it. And that somebody would be James Naismith. Born in Almonte, Ontario, Canada, this Canadian Gym Teacher and Physician would soon be the founder of basketball. It all started in December of 18
  91. Naismith was teaching in Springfield, Massachusetts and was asked by Luther H. Gulick, the Headmaster of the school for Christian Works to make a new sport. The main idea of the sport was mainly to be played inside when it was too cold to go outside. The new sport also had to keep athletes in their top conditions between the baseball and football season. Naismith began to work. The first game-ball was a soccer ball. The first baskets were peach baskets that Naismith cleverly thought of hanging on the wall. From there, the legacy of basketball began. Originally, there was 9 men to each team, but the objective was still the same; to pass the ball to other players on your team and put the ball in the opposing team's net, or basket back then. From there, basketball caught on like a wildfire. During 1885 highschools and colleges began to adopt the game, and by 1898, the first Pro League was founded. After the first game played, Naismith drafted 13 rules and regulations, but many more were yet to come. The hoops we know today were invented in 19
  06. They were steel, with a net hanging from it's rim. 篮球作为世界上最伟大的运动之一,并不是凭空而来,它一定有自己的发明者。这个发明者,就是 James Naismith。James 出生于加拿大的安大略,他曾是一个体育教师。在 1891 年他在马塞诸塞教授 体育的时候,学校的校长让他为基督教的活动想出一种运动,而这种运动一定要在室内进行,因为室外很 冷。这种运动,按照校长的要求,一定要使运动员保持棒球和足球比赛时的激情。于是,他就开始思考这 项运动。经过思考,他想出了一种方法:在墙上挂网子,然后把球扔向这个用网子做的篮子里。从此,篮 球得以产生。本来,每个队伍有 9 个队员,但是规则是:把球传向自己队伍的队员,然后设法投向对方的 筐子里。从此,篮球就很快传播开来。1885 年,高中和大学都开始采用这种运动方式,到 1898 年,第 一个篮球联盟成立。第一次比赛后,James 设计了 13 个比赛规则。篮球筐子的边缘框架是在 1906 年设
 

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