广东高考英语卷基础写作指导(系列
  1) 第一讲 记叙文:如何写人 一、写作指导 高考英语基础写作中的写人侧重人物的介绍,可以用第一人称(如写求职信),也可 以用第三人称,时态常常用一般现在时和一般过去时,具体的人称和时态要依据写作的 要求来确定。写作过程中要注意以下几个方面的问题:
  1.人物写作通常需要介绍人物的姓名、年龄、外貌、学历、经历、专业、爱好、 特长、事迹、性格等多个方面,但英语基础写作需要严格按照写作要求来写,包括所给 的全部信息点,既不能遗漏,也不能随意添加。
  2.对题目所给的信息要进行适当重组,安排好写作顺序,突出重点信息。重点信 息通常是写作的目的所在, 比如求职要重点突出学历、 经历, 新闻报道要重点突出事迹, 介绍自己的老师、朋友要突出他们的特点,等等。
  3.正确运用描写人物的词汇和句型。
  4.注意运用正确的时态。描写人物的外貌、性格、兴趣等常用一般现在时,而描 写人物的出生、教育背景、经历、事迹常用一般过去时。 二、常用词语 外貌特征: beautiful, big nose, black eyes, fat, good-looking, handsome, healthy, near-sighted, ordinary-looking, pretty,short,strong, tall, thin, with a big nose, with a big smile, white-haired,
  1.80 metres tall, etc. 性格特点: absent-minded, attractive,bad-tempered,be ready to help others, bright,charming, confident, diligent,friendly, generous, have a good temper, humorous,independent, kind, kind-hearted,lazy,narrow-minded, naughty,patient,think of others, smart,talk ative, warm-hearted,wise,etc. 出生年龄: a twenty-five-year-old young man, as a boy of 15, at the age of 20, be born on February 12th, 1987 , during his childhood, in one’s fifties, live a happy/ hard life, spend his childhood in the countryside, the son of a poor family, when he was a small boy, etc. 兴趣爱好: be angry with sb for sth, be angry about, be delighted in doing, be good at singing, be interested in English, be fond of music, be crazy about, be pleased with, be sick for, be sorry for, be strict in one’s work, be worried about, do well in his research work, ,enjoy doing, expect to do, feel surprised at, have a strong desire to do, look forward to doing sth., long for (long to do), make rapid progress in, put one’s heart into, take a pleasure in doing; wish to do, work hard at his studies, etc. 教育背景: be admitted to Beijing University, be enrolled in, fail in the test, a master’s degree, get on well with one’s lessons, give sb. a passing grade, ,go abroad to further one’s study, graduate from Physics Department of Qinghua University, his father was very strict with him, lay a good foundation in English, major in history, receive a doctor’s degree, pass the examination, study hard at, take several courses at school, take an active part in classwhen at college, etc. 经历事迹: become a member of the team, concentrate oneself to doing sth., devote oneself to one’s business, do sth with great determination and perseverance, do research into this field, encourage sb to do sth, fight for our revolutionary course, give up one’s life for sth, have a good way of doing sth, have a talent for language, make up one’ s mind to do sth., overcome many difficulties, receive the Nobel Prize for physics, serve as nurse, set a new world record of 110 metre hurdling, try one’s best to do
1
sth., win the first prize in the competition, win a gold /silver/ bronze medal, etc. 他人评价: an inspiring leader, a model worker, an advanced teacher, be respected by all his students, be honored as, be considered as, be famous/known as, be regarded as, his hard work brought him great success, make great contributions to our country, one of the most important persons in the past ten years, consider sb. as a genius, consider sb. as the greatest leader, set a good example for all of us, speak highly of him, etc. 参考范文: Dear Manager, I am writing you a letter in order to apply for a position in your company. My name is Li Hua and I was born in Foshan City of Guangdong Province in August 19
  81. I studied in Foshan No. 1 Middle School from 1994 - 2000, and then I came to study in the Computer Department of Guangzhou University for four years.I studied computer science, Chinese, maths, English, P.E,and now I am working for a computer company. I like pop music and swimming very much, and I once won the first prize for swimming in the school competition. I am waiting for your reply. Thank you Yours Truely Li Hua 参考例文: Hi, everyone. I would like to introduce two famous sport stars, Yao Ming and Liu Xiang. Yao Ming, born in Shanghai in 1980, is a world famous basketball player. He is now one of the best players in Team Rocket in NBA, and he has been in AllStar Team for several times. Liu Xiang, who was also born in Shanghai but three years younger than Yao Ming, is a world champion in the 110-metre hurdls. He won the first prize in the Athens Olympic Games and broke the world record soon after that. Both of them love music, but Yao Ming likes listening to pop music while Liu Xiang likes singing. 参考范文
  1. Li Ming, the monitor of Class 1 Grade 2, is healthy and lively. She does well in all her subjects, and she is fond of sports, singing and dancing. When she came to school, she had quite a lot of difficulties with the language, but with great efforts she made a lot of progress in her English language study. In 2006 she took part in the National Physics Olympic Competition and won the first prize. Li Ming is very strict with herself in her work and daily life,and is always ready to help other people.
  2.请根据下面的英文短诗,展开适当的想象,写一篇短文。标题为:My Teacher Mr. Moore There’s a teacher Mr. Moore. Who is lovely and thirty-four. Always encouraging us to try. He leads us to a world of “why”. We all admire him more and more. 要求:
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4. 不得照抄短诗原文。 必须突出短诗的主题,结构完整,语意连贯。 短文不能写成诗歌形式。 只能使用价值个句子表达全部的内容。
2
广东高考英语卷基础写作指导(系列
  2) 高考英语基础写作指导(II) 第二讲 记叙文:如何叙事? 一、写作指导 叙事类记叙文通常要将时间、地点、人物、事件、原因和结果等六个要素交代清楚。 好的记叙文具有描述事件具体、人物逼真形象、故事生动感人、材料表现中心和写作主 旨明确等特征。高考英语基础写作中的叙事类短文也需要具有记叙文写作的一般特点, 但要求相对比较低,其考查重点在语言运用正确、句子连贯通顺、信息点表述完整等方 面。写作时要注意以下几个方面的问题:
  1. 严格按照基础写作的要求完成各个信息点,不要为了文章的生动而随意添加信 息。
  2. 信息点的表述不要完全按照题目所给的顺序,要适当重组信息点。
  3. 记叙文写作的时态多数是用一般过去时,但也要注意灵活运用其它时态。
  4. 叙事类记叙文的话题通常和中学生的生活阅历有关,如校园生活、旅游、交通、 交友等,平时要注意积累这些方面的词汇和短语。 二、常用语句
  1. 表达时间 a long time ago, at six o’clock in the morning, at the end of, at the weekend, before he came here, by the end of last term, during the summer holidays, in a few years’ time, in the past, in the old days, in the past ten years, in August 2002, in winter vacation, in weekdays, last month, next week, on Sunday morning, on October 1st, since early in the 20th century, so far, up to now, not…until, while , etc.
  2. 表达地点 at the crossing, at the end of the street, at the airport, at the village, at the foot of the mountain, at the bottom, at the top of, be located in, behind the park, be situated in, five kilometers to the north of Guangzhou, in the south of Guangdong Province, in the middle of the park, in Class 3 Grade 2, in the front of the bus, in front of the bus, in the tree, in Guangdong, in China, lies to the west of Sichuan, on the other side of the street, on both sides of the road,on the east coast of the Pacific Ocean ,on the right, etc.
  3. 表达因果 as, as a result, because, because of, for, in the end, cause, result in, consequentl y, originate from, since, so, therefore, It is clear that… , It turns out to be… , The primary reason is … , etc.
  4. 事件话题 (
  1)学校生活及学习成绩 be active in class, be interested in, be interesting to sb., be fond of, be good at , be poor at , be tired of one’s work, be weak in, do one’s homework, do sports after school,do well in; education for all-round development(素质教育), examination-oriented education system(应试教育), fail in the test, get a doctor’s degree, get on well with English, get an “A” in the exam, get 90 marks for English, give sb. a passing grade, have a good command of the language, have eight classes every day, help with each other, lay a good foundation in, learn…by heart, major in history, make friends with sb., make progress in, put one’s heart into, pass the examination, study in groups, succeed in doing sth., take an active part in the activity,take several courses at school, work out a problem, work on a maths problem , work hard at, etc. (
  2)师生关系及其活动 be friendly to sb., be kind to sb, be a strict teacher, be strict with one’s pupils, be strict in one’s work, be satisfied with , blame sb. for sth, correct the students’ homework carefully, devote all one’s time to work, form a good habit of, get on well with sb, give advice on, give sb a lot of work , help sb with sth, make one’s lessons lively and interesting, praise sb for sth., prepare for tomorrow’s lesson, question sb
3
on, teach sb. English , teach sb how to do sth., etc. (
  3)课余活动及周末生活 do some reading, enjoy a family trip, enjoy doing sth., go swimming, go for an outing, go to the cinema, have an outing at the seashore, have a swim, have dances on weekends, have a picnic at the weekend, have a party, hold a sports meeting, Internet bar, net friend, online love affair(网恋), play the piano, play chess (basketbal l), see the sights of Beijing, spend one’s time in many different ways, teach in a family, etc. (
  4)交通情况 a big traffic jam, a traffic accident, be very crowded in the street, be seriously injured, by bus (train / ship / boat), drive a car, flight No. 2130, in a small boat, give sb. a lift, keep right, lie on the street, meet sb. at the station, on the bus (train), on board, on one’s way to London, on the journey, one way only , pick up sb., ride a bike, ride a horse , see sb. off at the airport, self-service ticket , take a flight to New York, traffic light, travel through China, turn right, etc. (
  5)度假旅游 度假旅游 New Year’s Day, Women’s Day, May Day, Youth Day, Children’s Day, Teachers’ Day, Mid-Autumn Day, National Day, valentine’s Day, the Spring Festival, a hot spot, a place of interest, a tourist destination, a five-star hotel, a good restaurant, a return ticket, a single ticket, a city with a long history, a quiet village, a three-day tour, an experienced guide, Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, beautiful scenery, in peak tourist seasons, natural attraction, on one’s way to France, on the back way , one of the great wonders of the world, spend one’s holidays on the sea , the 11th Asian Games, travel agency, the tour route, the inner-ring road, travel to England, the Great Wall , the Summer Place , Zhongshan Park , etc. (
  6)环境保护 a good environment, area pollution, air pollution, air quality standard, Antarctic Circle, atmospheric chemistry, a heavy rain, a heavy snow, be polluted, be hot, be cold, be cool, be cloudy, be rainy, be sunny, be flooded, climate, carbon dioxide(CO
  2), chemical change, chemical cleaning of coal, climate change, dirty, drought, dry, flood, early warning system, environmental behavior, environmental quality, feel comfortable, global warming, minus 20 degrees centigrade(-20°), 30 degrees above zero(30°), level, warning center, wastes, water sea surface , water treatment, water pollution control, weather, windstorm , etc. 三、典型例文 参考范文: Dear Jane, I am very glad to tell you something about our school, Guangdong No. 3 Middle school. It lies in a small town about 15 kilometres away from the sea and it has a history of over 80 years. Our school, covering an area of nearly 150 thousand square meters, has more than 200 teachers and 3000 senior students It has three teaching buildings and six dormitory buildings, with many flowers and tall trees all around, so it’s very beautiful. In our school we learn Chinese, maths, science, English, computer, PE, arts and some other subjects. We warmly welcome you to visit our school in the summer holidays. Best wishes. Yours sincerely, Li Hua 参考范文:
4
A brief Introduction of the Chinese Spring Festival The Chinese Spring Festival comes on the first day of the Chinese Lunar Year, which is usually in February. There is a name for each year, such as the dog, the monkey, the tiger or one of
 

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