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2010学年高三教学质量检测( 广东省佛山市普通高中 2010-2011 学年高三教学质量检测(二) 英 语
本试卷共 10 页,满分 135 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项: 注意事项:
  1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考号填写在答题卡上用 2B 铅笔将答题卡试卷类型 (A) 填涂在答题卡上,并在答题卡右上角的“试室号”和“座位 号”栏填写试室号、座位号,将相应的试室号、座位号信息点涂黑。
  2. 速择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改 动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案答在试题卷上无效。
  3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答卷上各题目指定区 域内相应位置上; 如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案; 不准使用铅笔和涂改 液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
  4. 考试结束后,将答卷和答题卡一并交回。
20
  11.4
I 语言知识及应用 (共两节 满分 45 分) 共两节,满分 共两节
小题; 第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 共 满分 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从
  1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Which came first, the chicken or the egg? This is one of life’s 1 questions and people have been debating about it for thousands of years. Now scientists believe they have solved this
  2. Researchers from Sheffield and Warwick Universities in England discovered the answer
  3. They used a super computer to observe the shell-making process while a new shell was
  4. Then they found one protein called OC17 that is 5 for forming eggshell. This is only found inside a chicken’s body, which is proof that the 6 came first. The team was 7 looking at how animals and birds make eggshells but suddenly made their surprising
  8. The big question now is where chickens came from. The 9 is from dinosaurs. The research team said eggshells are one of nature’s most 10 creations. Professor John Harding from the team told reporters: “Understanding how chickens make eggshells is fascinating in itself, but it can also be 11 in designing new materials.” Eggshells are very lightweight but incredibly strong. Even the most up-to-date materials 12 by the world’s top engineers cannot produce anything as 13 as an eggshell. Professor Harding added that 14 eggshells could help to cure bone diseases and design materials for the construction industry. “Nature has found wonderful ways that 15 for all kinds of problems in materials science and technology ? we can learn a lot from them.” he said.
  1. A. strangest B. best C. oldest
  2. A. puzzle B. fact C. history
  3. A. on purpose B. by chance C. without hesitation
  4. A. breaking B. changing C. disappearing
  5. A. necessary B. easy C. kind
  6. A. egg B. eggshell C. chicken
  7. A. obviously B. originally C. thoughtfully
  8. A. invention B. mistake C. statement
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D. closest D. opinion D. at work D. forming D. impossible D. dinosaur D. surprisingly D. discovery
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  9. A. answer B. research C. road D. egg
  10. A. common B. ridiculous C. funny D. amazing
  11. A. interesting B. helpful C. normal D. correct
  12. A. bought B. cut C. designed D. carried
  13. A. brilliant B. ordinary C.1ight D. small
  14. A. finding B. watching C. studying D. making
  15. A. happen B. work C. wait D. look 语法填空(共 小题; 第二节 语法填空 共 10 小题;每小题 15 分,满分 15 分) 满分 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词 或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为
  16~25 的相应位置上。 During an 1899 F4 tornado (龙卷风) in Missouri, three people, Miss Moorehouse, Mrs. Webster, and her son were caught up in the storm. They 16 (carry) nearly one mile, but were let down so gently 17 none of the three was seriously injured. Here is Moorehouse’s 18 (describe)of her unbelievable flight. ‘‘I was conscious all the time when I was flying through the air, and 19 seemed a long time. I seemed to be lifted up, 20 (go) up to a great height. At one time I was far above the church towers, and seemed to be carried to a 21 (distance) place. As I was going through the air, I saw a horse, 22 was a white one and had a harness (马具) on, floating about with me. By the way 23 horse kicked and struggled as it was thrown about, I knew it was alive. I was afraid that it would knock into me, 24 it did not. Finally, I was mercifully landed 25 the ground unharmed, saved by luck.”
共两节,满分 Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节 满分 50 分) 共两节
阅读理解(共 小题; 第一节 阅读理解 共 20 小题;每小题 2 分, 满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。
A
While I was in my 4th month of pregnancy (妊娠期) with my second child, we were preparing for a trip to Louisiana, where Marshall’s family live, to celebrate Jane’s 2nd birthday. Two days before we were to leave, we got the shocking news that I was going to lose the baby. Not knowing when this would happen, we decided to continue with our trip. Since Marshall’s family lives on a 600-acre cattle farm, you often find that you have a lot of time to yourself to think when you are there. That is precisely what I did not want to do at this time. I told Marshall that I needed to get a good book to get lost in while I was there. I told him I heard the Harry Potter books were good, so he went out and got the first one for me. During that trip, I totally got lost in the book, which was of great help during a time when I needed a distraction to forget about the sadness. In the book, I noticed the name “Seamus”. I vaguely remembered it was pronounced “Shamus” and I liked the sound of that. I mentioned it to Marshall and he liked it too. Toward the end of the trip, I had just 5 chapters left and I knew I was about to finish the first book, which I was pretty excited about. Soon after we put Jane down to bed, I had started labor (分娩), so I was unable to read. The labor lasted 5 and 1/2 hours, but Marshall stayed there with me, sitting beside me and reading aloud the last 5 chapters of Harry Potter. I can never fully explain how much that helped me
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through the experience. And ever since then, Marshall and I both have been fans of the Harry Potter books. We remember how they helped us get through that time of our lives. We were sad to have lost the baby, but the name Seamus started our journey toward adoption. And we gave this name to our adopted son. Though our Seamus doesn’t have a drop of Irish blood in him, the name fits him perfectly.
  26. Why did the writer want a good book during the trip? A. Because the trip to Louisiana would take a long time. B. Because she didn’t want to think of losing her baby. C. Because she had nothing else to do except reading. D. Because a good book could help her enjoy her trip.
  27. According to the story, we can know that the Harry Potter books . A. made the family’s trip more exciting B. include five books all together C. have someone called Seamus in them D. can help people deal with their problems
  28. The writer named her son Seamus because . A. she wanted to keep her trip in memory B. she loved this name very much C. her son doesn’t have Irish blood D. it is a perfect name for a boy
  29. Which of the following is TRUE about the couple? A. They planned their trip after getting the shocking news. B. They thought the cattle farm was too large to do anything on. C. They felt excited when they almost finished the trip. D. They liked reading Harry Porter very much after the trip.
  30. Which is the best title for the passage? A. Funny Stories Of My Family B. Seamus And Harry Potter C. How We Got To Louisiana D. How My Son Got His Name
B
With large and small keyboards everywhere, neither children nor adults need to write much of anything by hand. That’s a big problem. Study after study suggests that handwriting is important for brain development ? helping kids get fine motor skills and learn to express and create ideas. Yet the time devoted to teaching penmanship in most schools has shrunk to just one hour a week. Is it time to give up handwriting? Have a look at the link between the brain and penmanship, and you may get the answer. A test among students in grades 2, 4 and 6 found that they not only wrote faster by hand than by keyboard, but also created more ideas when composing essays with handwriting. And other research shows that the finger movements required to write by hand activate brain areas involved with thought, language, and short-term memory. A recent Indiana University study had one group of children practice writing letters by hand while a second group just looked at those letters. Then, both groups of kids entered a functional MRI (核磁共振)that scanned their brains as the researchers showed them the same letters. Researchers found that the brain activity in the first group was far more advanced and “adult-like”. Handwriting also affects other people’s way they think of adults and children. Several studies have shown that the same average essay will score much higher if written with good penmanship and much lower if written out in poor handwriting. These studies have also found that people
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judge the quality of a person’s ideas based on his or her handwriting. And the consequences are real: On standardized tests with handwritten sections, like the SAT, all essay that is considered hard to recognize gets a big zero. Studies show that this isn’t only an English-language phenomenon. Chinese and Japanese youths are suffering from “character amnesia”. They can’t remember how to write characters, thanks to computers and text messaging. Some experts fear that Chinese writing and reading are so closely linked in the brain that China’s reading ability as a nation could suffer.
  31. According to the passage, it can be learned that . A. many researches have been done on handwriting B. essays can’t be composed without handwriting C. all children write faster by keyboard than by hand D. most schools are trying to teach more handwriting
  32. What does the Indiana University study imply? A. Children should practice writing letters B. Handwriting can increase brain activity C. It’s good for children to enter a functional MRI. D. Letters should often be shown to children
  33. What does the 4th paragraph mainly talk about? A. Handwriting affects both adults and children. B. Handwriting helps a person write better essays. C.SAT should be done with good handwriting. D. Good handwriting makes a person seem smarter.
  34. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Essays written with keyboards will get lower scores. B. The quality of your ideas depends on your handwriting. C. Chinese and Japanese youths don’t know how to write. D. Less handwriting may affect China’s reading ability.
  35. The passage tries to tell us that . A. keyboards are more popular than handwriting B. we shouldn’t judge people by their handwriting C. handwriting is of great importance D. it’s time to give up using keyboards
C
Most American schools have boys and gifts in the same classroom. But a public high school in the small, rural town of Boonsboro, Maryland, offers a special program called the Academy. Top students in the ninth and tenth grades can attend single-sex classes for math, science, English and social studies. The aim is to help teenagers keep their mind on their work by keeping males and females apart. What they really want to do is take that top group of kids and take them to the very highest level they can achieve there, so that they’re prepared for college. Students are invited to enter this program after they finish middle school, and placement in the Academy is voluntary. However, they need high marks and test scores and strong teacher recommendations. They also need to be involved m activities. Almost 350 students have taken part in the Academy. It began as an experiment in 20
  10.
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Michael Bair has been at Boonsboro High for twenty years and directs the Academy. His ninth-grade English class for boys centers on books that he believes boys find interestin
 

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