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揭阳市 2011 年高中毕业班高考第一次模拟考

注意事项: 注意事项

本试卷共三部分,满分 135 分,考试用时 120 分钟。
  1. 答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名、考生号、试室号和座 位号填写在答题卡上。
  2. 选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改 动, 用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。
  3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域 内相 应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案,不准使用铅笔和涂 改 液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
  4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁,考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。
I . 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 语言知识及应用(共两节, 第一节: 小题; 第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1―15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项 中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 An English padre(神父) wanted to become a member of a certain club in Africa. In order to become a member, each person had to 1 at least one lion. The padre had never shot an animal for his life. So, armed with a rifle and led by a young African boy, the padre set out one evening for a pool in the jungle where he was told a lion came each evening to 2 . He waited patiently for a few 3 until shortly before midnight when he heard a rustling(沙沙声) noise. Sure enough a few feet away the head of the lion appeared above a bush that separated the padre and the pool. He aimed and fired. The head of the lion 4 fell behind the bush but a moment later 5 . So the padre aimed and 6 again. The head of the lion fell behind the bush and once more reappeared. The padre fired again: the same 7 . He remained calm because he 8 he had brought sixteen bullets with him. After his fourth try, his aim seemed to become more and more 9 : in fact, after his 10 try the African boy had to 11 him: “This is your last chance. If you 12 this time, we are in trouble.” The padre then realized how 13 the situation was, so he took a deep breath, aimed very carefully and fired. They waited for a moment, and then slowly 14 up to twenty: the head of the lion did not reappear. The forward together to padre was certain that at last he had shot his lion. They 15
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the spot behind the bush. And what do you think they found? Sixteen lions!
  1. A. shoot B. kill C. catch D. hurt
  2. A. eat
  3. A. minutes
  4. A. fast
  5. A. turned
  6. A. killed
  7. A. result
  8. A. acknowledged
  9. A. inaccurate 10 A. last
  11. A. tell
  12. A. fell
  13. A. difficult
  14. A. counted
  15. A. drove B. walk B. seconds B. immediately B. reappeared B. jumped B. situation B. understood B. unnecessary B. fifteenth B. frighten B. shot B. serious B. waited B. rushed C. drink C. days C. once C. returned C. fired C. answer C. believed C. impossible C. sixteenth C. warn C. fired C. exciting C. added C. wandered D. hunt D. hours D. directly D. moved D. tied D. problem D. knew D. indirect D. many D. remain D. missed D. mad D. named D. climbed
第二节: 语法填空( 小题; 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题; 每小题
  1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一 个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16-25 的相应位置上。 Research has shown that motivation is very important in learning a language; you need to be enthusiastic at it and to be interested in it. Different people will have different motives(动机)?the desire 16 promotion, the hope of being able to study abroad, and the pure intellectual enjoyment are only some of the possible motives. But actually wanting to learn is 17 most important motive of all. Courage is an essential attribute in learning a language. 18 takes a lot of courage to speak a foreign language either in front of your friends 19 to native speakers, but don’t be afraid of making mistakes?that is the way we learn. Nowadays there are many different forms of English, each with its own construction and accent, and so long as you can make yourself 20 (understand) and can understand what is said to you, you have succeeded in communicating, which is the purpose of any language. Curiosity is not only a possible motivation, it is also of great help in your learning. Remember that a language is not just a grammatical system. It is the outcome of a certain culture or different cultures. It is no good 21 (learn) strings of words and lists of grammatical rules unless you know as much as possible about the background of the language. So learn as much as 22 can about the different cultures which influence English? watch television programs, listen to the radio, try to obtain
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newspapers which 23 (write) by native speakers. They will show you 24 a language is really used. English language is not an abstract system. Instead, it is a living form of 25 (express). II.阅读(共两节,25 题,满分 50 分) .阅读(共两节, 第一节: 小题; 第一节 阅读理解 (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Most young people enjoy some forms of physical activity. It may be walking, cycling, or swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be a game of some forms ?football, basketball, hockey, golf or tennis. It may be mountaineering. Those who have a passion of climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon with astonishment. Why are men and women willing to suffer cold and hardship, and to take risks in high mountains? This astonishment is caused, probably, by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to which men give their leisure. Mountaineering is a sport and not a game. There are no man-made rules, as others, as there are for such games as golf and football. There are, of course, rules of different kinds which would be dangerous to ignore, but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineering attractive to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods. If we compare mountaineering with other more familiar sports we might think that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a “team game”. We should be mistaken in this. There are, it is true, no “ matches” between “teams” of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may depend, there is obviously teamwork. The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of nature. His sport requires high mental and physical qualities.
A mountain climber continues to improve in skill year by year. A skier is probably past his best by the age of thirty. But it is not unusual for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps. They may take more time than younger men, but they
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perhaps climb with more skills and less waste of effort, and they certainly experience equal enjoyment.
  26. What sports are popular among people in winter in the passage? A. Soccer and golf. B. Skiing and skating. C. Cycling and hockey. D. Mountaineering.
  27. The underlined word “passion” in Paragraph 2 could best be replaced by . A. strong emotion B. good way C. better feeling D. enough affection
  28. Mountaineering is a sport, not a game because. A. it has man-made rules B. it is too dangerous for climbers C. it can’t bring people joy or leisure D. it is free for climbers to use their own methods
  29. We know from the passage that . A. mountaineering has no appeal for people B. physical quality is more important than mental one for climbers C. a mountain climber passes his best by the age of thirty D. it is possible for an old man of fifty or sixty to climb the Alps 30 . What is the best title for the passage? A. Sports in winter B. Team work in climbing C. Mountaineering D. The quality for mountaineering B Before astronauts can go into space, they have to have the right suit. That’s why NASA(美国国家航天和航空局)scientists are developing a new kind of space suit? ?lighter and more flexible than before. These new space suits will have lots of mobility(灵活性) for the astronauts, but will not need much maintenance. NASA wants the suits to include new technology that can help astronauts be safe in outer space. Right now, the American space suit weighs about 275 pounds and is big and massive. But the suit is also easy to work in for long periods of time. The Russian space suit is less complicated, but is used only a few times and then gets thrown away. “Finding the right balance is always going to be a challenge,” said a long-time astronaut Jeff Williams. Williams has worn both types of suits. Space suits protect astronauts from both extreme heat and freezing temperatures. They carry life-packs with oxygen for the astronauts. They also shield astronauts from radiation, or particles that send out harmful rays. Scientists are using computers to design the new suits. This allows them to change the design again and again, and to even test the design out before actually making
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anything. “There’s a lot more capable tools and technology to get the job done??a lot more knowledge, as well,” said Joe Kosmo. Kosmo helped design, develop, and test suits during the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, Skylab, and shuttle periods. These new space suits will be much lighter and use a new kind of complex material. They also will have a smaller life support backpack, thanks to tiny electronics. NASA hopes to have the first prototypes(原型) in development by 2010 and certify(证明) the suit by 20
  12. This will be in time for the launch of the Orion spaceship in 20
  14.
  31. What characteristic does the new space suit have? A. The new space suit will need much maintenance. B. The new space suit will be heavier than before. C. The new space suit will have less mobility than before. D. The new suit will use new technology to help astronauts be safe in outer space.
  32. What’s the disadvantage of the Russian space suit? A. The Russian space suit is big and massive. B. The Russian space suit is much complicated. C. The Russian space suit is merely used a few times. D. The Russian space suit is easy to work in for long periods of time.
  33. The underlined word “shield” in the third paragraph might mean. A. harm B. protect C. help D. warn
  34. Why can scientists test the design out before actually making the new space suits? A. Because designing the new space suit is not a complex task. B. Because computers are being used to help scientists design the new space suits. C. Because it needs little knowledge to design the new space suits. D. Because the scientists only change the old space suits a little and make them into the new ones.
  35. How long will it take scientists to put the new space suits from prototypes into the first practical use? A. Two years. B. Three years. C. Four years. D. Six years. C Next Hot Language to Study: Chinese The fourth-graders at Chicago’s McCormick Primary School are unaware of the difficulty in learning Chinese. For most, who speak Spanish at home, it’s becoming their third language. They’ve been learning and using Chinese words since kindergarten, and it’s now second nature to give a hearty “ni hao” when strangers enter the classroom. The classroom scene at McCormick is unusual, but it may soon be a common fixture(固定物) in American schools, where Chinese is rapidly becoming the hot new language. Government officials have long wanted more focus on security?useful languages like Chinese, and pressure from them?as well as from business leaders,
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politicians, and parents?has driven a quick growth in the number of programs. Chicago itself is home to the largest effort to include Chinese in US public schools. The program here has grown to include 3,000 students in 20 schools, with more schools on a waiting list. Programs have also spread to places like Houston, Los Angeles, New York City, and North Carolina. It’s true that the number of students learning Chinese is tiny compared with how many study Spanish or French. Advocates (提倡者,拥护者) see knowledge of the Chinese language and culture as a help in a global economy where China is growing in importance. “This is an interesting way to begin to engage with the world’s next superpower,” says Michael Levine, director of educa
 

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