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广东省揭 广东省揭阳一中 2011 届高三级第一次学情摸底考试英语试题

语言知识及应用(共两节, Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分)

(本试卷共三大题,满分 135 分;考试用时 120 分钟。 )
完形填空(共 小题; 第一节 完形填空 共 15 小题;每小题 2 分.满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意.然后从 1?15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Shopping habits in the United States have changed greatly in the last quarter of the 20th century. Early in the 1900s most American towns and cities had a Main Street. Main Street was always in the heart of a town. This street was 1 on both sides with many 2 businesses.
Here, shoppers walked into stores to look at all sorts of merchandise: clothing, furniture, hardware, groceries. 3 ,some shops offered 4 .These shops included drugstores, restaurants, in the 1950s, a change began to
shoe-repair stores, and barber or hairdressing shops. 5 6 were 7
.Too many automobiles had crowded into Main Street while too few parking places shoppers. Because the streets were crowded, merchants began to look with interest the city limits. Open space is what their car-driving customers needed.
at the open spaces 8
And open space is what they got when the first shopping centre was built. Shopping centres, or rather malls, 9 as a collection of small new stores 10 crowded city centres. 11 by
hundreds of free parking space, customers were drawn away from 11 areas to outlying malls. And the growing 12 of shopping centres led 13 to the building of bigger and better stocked
stores. By the late 1970s, many shopping malls had almost developed into small cities themselves. In addition to providing the 15 of one stop shopping, malls were transformed into landscaped
parks, with benches, fountains, and outdoor entertainment.
  1. A. built
  2. A. varied
  3. A. Apart from
  4. A. medical care
  5. A. suddenly B. designed B. various B. However B. food B. Abruptly C. intended C. sorted C. In addition C. cosmetics C. Contrarily C. be taken place D. lined D. mixed up D. As well D. services D. But D. have taken place

  6. A. be taking place B. take place
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  7. A. available for
  8. A. over
  9. A. started
  10. A. out of
  11. A. Attracted
  12. A. inner
  13. A. distinction
  14. A. on
  15. A. cheapness
B. available to B. from B. founded B. away from B. Surprised B .central B. fame B. in turn B. readiness
C. used by C. out of C. set up C. next to C. Delighted C. shopping C. popularity C. by turns C. convenience
D. ready for D. outside D. organized D. near D. Enjoyed D. downtown D. liking D. further D. handiness
语法填空(共 小题; 第二节 语法填空 共 10 小题;每小题 l 5 分.满分 l5 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16?25 的相应位置上。 The Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth month according to the Chinese calendar. For thousands of years, the festival __16 (mark) by eating zong zi and racing dragon boats in honour of Qu Yuan, who is said to have committed suicide(自杀) by drowning himself. Qu was a minister of the State of Chu 17 (situate) in the present-day Hunan and Hubei provinces, during the Warring States Period(战国时期). He was upright, loyal and highly respected. 18, he was dismissed from office. __19 (realize) that the country was in the hands of evil officials, Qu leapt into River Miluo on the fifth day of the fifth month. Nearby fishermen rushed over to save him but were 20 (able) to recover his body. The people of Chu 21 mourned Qu’s death threw rice into the river to feed his ghost 22 year on the day of his death. But one year, the spirit of Qu appeared and told the mourners that a huge reptile (爬行动物) the river had stolen the rice. The spirit then advised in __23 to wrap the rice and bind it _24 throwing it into the river. During the Duanwu Festival, zong zi is eaten to symbolize(象征,表示) the rice offerings to Qu. And the dragon-boat races symbolize __25 many attempts to rescue and recover Qu's body. 阅读(共两节 共两节, Ⅱ 阅读 共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节:阅读理解( 小题; 第一节:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
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阅读下列短文, 项中,选出最佳选项, 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 、 、 项涂黑。 项涂黑。 A Microwaves may be great at warming up food, but what about warming people? Using microwaves to directly heat owners of a room would save much of the energy wasted by heating walls and furniture. And despite popular ideas about microwaves, this technique would be safe, according to Charles R. Burlier of the Microwave Research Center in Marlborough, New Hampshire. Low-power microwaves only penetrate (贯穿) the skin (low-power microwave penetration in a ham is about
  0.2 inches, for example) and with no negative effects. To test this idea, Buffler subjected himself to microwaves in a special room using a standard 500-watt, 2459 MHz magnetron (磁控管). He found that a person will start to feel warmth at about 20 milliwatts per square centimeter (mw. / sq. cm. ) ; a satisfactory feeling of warmth occurs between 35 and 50mw. / sq. cm. By comparison, a person standing in noonday summer sun feels the amount of 85 mw. / sq. cm. And a frozen meat pie in your microwave oven receives about 1000 mw. / sq. cm. In houses of the future, each room could be provided with its own magnetron, says Buffler. When you stepped into the living room, for example, a motion detector (运动感应器)would turn on the magnetron, filling the room with low-power microwaves. In the same way that a microwave oven heats up a hamburger, but not the plate it’s on, you would feel warmth from the microwaves without changing the temperature of your coffee table. (You could, however, make your favorite easy chair even more comfortable by treating it with a radiation-absorbing chemical.) While it might be some time before homeowners are comfortable enough with the idea to set up whole-body microwave heaters in houses, Buffler says microwaves may attract livestock(家畜) farmers. Lambs that are born outdoors in winter, for example, are frequently lost to cold. Microwaves could warm the lambs safely and quickly.
  26. Which of the following can tell the main idea of the passage? A. A new heating system. C. A popular technique. B. A new microwave oven. D. The magnetron.

  27. According to Paragraph 2, which of the following does not describe the characteristics of a
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microwave heater? A. It directly heats people in a room. C. It is safe. B. It heats walls and furniture in a room. D. It saves energy.

  28. The test conducted by Buffler shows that when a person feels comfortable warmth, he receives about . A. 20 mw. / sq. cm. B. 40 mw. / sq. cm. C. 60 mw. / sq. cm. D. 85 mw. / sq. cm.

  29. According to Paragraph 4, which of the following fills the room with low-power microwaves? A. The magnetron. C. The microwave oven. B. The motion detector. D. The radiation-absorbing chemical.

  30. Which of the following statements about microwave heaters would Buffler most probably agree with? A. Microwave heaters will soon be widely used by homeowners. B. Microwave heaters sometimes make people feel uncomfortable. C. Perhaps microwave heaters will be first used by livestock farmers, who wish to protect their lambs in winter. D. Microwave heaters cannot be accepted by the public because they are somewhat unsafe. B Everywhere man is altering the balance of nature.He is facilitating the spread of plants and animals into new regions, sometimes deliberately, sometimes unconsciously.He is covering huge areas with new kinds of plants, or with houses, factories, slag-heaps and other products of his civilization.He exterminates some species on a large scale, but favors the multiplication of others. brief, he has done more in five thousand years to alter the biological aspect of the planet In than has nature in five million. Many of these changes which he has brought about have had unforeseen consequences.Who would have thought that the throwing away of a piece of Canadian waterweed would have caused half the waterways of Britain to be blocked for a decade, or that the provision of pot cacti for lonely settlers’ wives would have led to Eastern Australian being overrun with forests of Prickly Pear? Who would have prophesied that the cutting down of forests on the Adriatic coasts, or in parts of Central Africa, could have reduced the land to a semi desert, with the very soil washed away from the bare rock? Who would have thought that improved communications would have
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changed history by the spreading of disease-sleeping sickness into East Africa, measles into Oceania, very possibly malaria into ancient Greece? These are spectacular examples; but examples on a smaller scale are everywhere to be found. make a nature sanctuary for rare birds, prescribing absolute security for all species; and We we may find that some common and hardy kind of bird multiplies beyond measure and ousts the rare kinds in which we were particularly interested.We see, owing to some little change brought about by civilization, the starling spread over the English country-side in hordes.We improve the yielding capacities of our cattle; and find that now they exhaust the pastures which sufficed for less exigent stock.
  31.The following examples except reflect man altering the balance of nature. A.man is covering huge areas with new kinds of plants B.man is facilitating the spread of animals into new regions. C.man is killing some species on a large scale D.man is getting to know the importance of keeping the balance of nature.
  32.What had a piece of Canadian waterweed cause? A.Eastern Australian was overrun with forests. B.Half the waterways of Britain blocked for a decade. C.In parts of central Africa, the land reduced to a semi desert. D.Disease-sleeping has been caused.
  33.What have spread diseases? A.Disease-sleeping sickness. C.Improved communications. B.Measles. D.Malaria.

  34.We make a nature sanctuary for rare birds but . A.some common and hardy kind of bird multiplies C.all bird multiply
  35.The main idea of the passage is . A.that man is deliberately destroying the balance of nature B.that man has foreseen the consequences of altering the balance old nature C.that improved communications have changed history D.that man is altering the balance of nature B.rare kinds multiply D.no bird multiply
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C The way people hold to the belief that a fun-filled, pain free life equals happiness actually reduces their chances of ever attaining real happiness. If fun and pleasure are equal to happiness then pain must be equal to unhappiness. But in fact, the opposite is true: more often than not things that lead to happiness involve some pain. As a result, many people avoid the very attempts that are the source of true happiness. They fear the pain inevitably brought by such things as marriage, raising children, professional achievement, religious commitment (预担的义务), self - improvement. Ask a bachelor (单身汉) why he resists marriage even though he finds dating to be less and less satisfying. If he is honest he will tell you that he is afraid of making a commitment. For commitment is in fact quite painful. The single life is filled with fun, adventure, excitement. Marriage has such moments, but they are not its most distinguishing features. Couples with infant children are lucky to get a whole night’s sleep or a three - day vacation. I don’t know any parent who would choose the word fun to describe raising children. But couples who decide not to have children never know the joys of watching a child grow up or of playing with a grandchild. Understanding and accepting that true happiness has nothing to do with fun is one of the most liberating realizations. It liberates time: now we can devote more hours to activities that can genuinely increase our happiness. It liberates money: buying that new car or those fancy clothes that will do nothing to increase our happiness now seems pointless. And it liberates us from envy: we now understand that all those who are always having so much fun actually may not be happy at all.
  36.According to the author, a bachelor resists marriage chiefly because . A. he is reluctant to take on family responsibilities B. he believes that life will be more cheerful if he remains single C. he finds more fun in dating than in marriage D. he fears it will put an end to all his fun adventure and excitement
  37.Raising children, in the author’s opinion i
 

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