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高中英语阅读理解专题训练
(广东专版 每篇 5 小题)
(第 10 套)
第一节:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A (words:291&1
  82)
Ruben lived in a small village. There was no school there and he had to study in a school in the town. It was nearly five kilometres away from his village. His father couldn't buy a bike for him and he had to go to school on foot. He got up early in the morning. Usually he had to run there in order not to miss the first class. He kept running every day and it was helpful to him. He’s strong and tall now and he ran faster than any other man in his village. He took part in several sports meetings and won some medals. The young man is proud of and always wants to have a race with others.
One day his mother was ill and his father told him to buy some medicine for headache in the town. The young man got there soon. There were many people in the chemist's shop while he was waiting there. And when his turn came, he couldn’t find his money. An old woman hinted(暗示)a young man had stolen it. He saw the thief had already left the shop. He ran towards him quickly. The thief found it and began to run. He was happy and tried to catch up with him.
“Let’s have a race and see who will run faster, ”Ruben called out behind. Soon after that he caught up with the thief. But he didn't stop and went on running. At a crossing one of his friends asked, “What are you running for, Ruben? ” “I’m running after(追)a thief. ” “Where’s the thief, then? ” “He wants to show that he’ll run faster than me, but he’s fallen behind!”
  41. Ruben had to run to school because .
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A. he had no bike B. he hoped to win some medals C. his village was a little far from the school D. he was afraid to be late for class
  42. , so he won some medals. A. Ruben is good at running B. Ruben went to school on time C. Ruben often took part in the sports meetings. D. Ruben likes to have a race with others
  43. The phrase “a chemist’s shop” in the story means . A. 化工商店 B. 药店 C. 化工厂 D. 制药厂

  44. Ruben’s money was stolen . A. on his way to the town B. before he went in the shop C. when he was waiting in the shop D. after he had left the shop
  45. Ruben was happy because . A. he could easily catch the thief B. he had a chance(机会)to have a race C. he knew who had stolen his money D. he would win another medal that day
【答案与解析】 41?45 DABCB 答案与解析】
  41. D。细节理解题。在所给的几个原因当中, Ruben 怕迟到才是最主要的。
  42. A。细节理解题。Ruben 赢得奖牌是因为他跑得快。
  43. B。猜测词义题。Ruben 要买的是零售药品。自然在药店, 因此, B 项是正确选项。
  44. C。细节理解题。
  45. B。 。推理判断题。
B(words:220&2
  37)
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1970 was “World Conservation Year”. The United Nations wanted everyone to know that the world was in danger. They hoped that the governments would act quickly in order to conserve nature. Here is one example of the problem. At one time there were 1300 different plants, trees and flowers in Holland, but now only 860 remain. The others have been destroyed by modern man and his technology. We are changing the earth, the air and the water, and everything that grows and lives. We can’t live without these things. If we continue like this, we shall destroy ourselves.? What will happen in the future? Perhaps it is more important to ask “What must we do now?” The people who will be living in the world of tomorrow are the young of today. A lot of them know that conservation is necessary. Many are hoping to save our world. They plant trees, build bridges across rivers in forests and so on. In a small town in the United States a large group of girls cleaned the banks of eleven kilometres of their river. Young people may hear about conservation through a record called “No, One’s Going to Change our World. ” It was made by Scatles, Cliff Richard and other singers. The money from it will help to conserve wild animals.?
  46. There are few plants, trees and flowers in Holland now because . A. there has been a lot of conservation in Holland? B. Holland does not need so many plants, trees and flowers? C. many plants, trees and flowers don't grow there any more? D. some plants, trees and flowers are dangerous?
  47. We shall destroy ourselves if we don't . A. improve our technology in planting trees? B. hear about the record called “No, One’s Going to Change our World”? C. try our best to save the world? D. change the earth?
  48. “No, One’s Going to Change our World. ” was . A. an important book published in 1970? B. a record calling on people to conserve nature? C. an idea that nobody would accept? D. a rule worked out by the United States?
  49. What is the most important thing for us to do to save our world? A. We should clean the banks of our rivers.?
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B. We should know what will happen in the future.? C. We should know what we should do and do it now.? D. We should plant more trees and flowers.?
  50. What’s the main idea of the passage?? A. 1970 was “World Conservation Year”.? B. The United Nations wanted everybody to know that the world is in danger.? C. Conservation is necessary.? D. It is the young people who are helping to save our world . 【答案与解析】 46?50 CCBCC 答案与解析】
  46.C。推理判断题。根据第一自然段内容可知。?
  47.C。细节理解题。根据第一自然段最后两句 We can't live without these things. If we continue like this, we shall destroy ourselves.可知。?
  48.B。 推理判断题。 根据文章最后一自然段倒数第三句 Young people may hear about conservation through a record called “No, One's Going to Change our World. ”可知。
  49.C。推理判断题。根据文章第二自然段可推出此答案。?
  50.C。主旨大意题。文章最后一自然段中点明了主题:A lot of them know that conservation is necessary.
C(words:190&2
  03) Artificial(假的) flowers are used for scientific as well as for decorative purposes. They are made from a variety of materials, such as wax and glass, so skillfully that they can scarcely be distinguished from natural flowers. In making such models, painstaking and artistry are called for, as well as thorough knowledge of plant structure. The collection of glass flowers in the Botanical Museum of Harvard University is the most famous in North America and is widely known throughout the scientific world. In all, there are several thousand models in colored glass, the work of two artist-naturalists, Leopold Blaschka and his son Rudolph.? The intention was to have the collection represent at least one member of each flower family native to the United States. Although it was never completed. It contains more than seven hundred species representing 164 families of flowering plants, a group of fruits showing the effect of fungus diseases, and thousands of flower parts and magnified details. Every detail of these is accurately
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reproduced in color and structure. The models are kept in locked cases as they are too valuable and fragile for classroom use.?
  51. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?? A. An Extensive Collection of Glass Flowers ? B. The Lives of Leopold and Rudolph? C. Flowers Native to the United States? D. Material Used for Artificial Flowers?
  52. It can be inferred from the passage that the goal of Leopold and Rudolph was to .? A. create a botanical garden where only exotic flowers grew? B. do a thorough study of plant structure? C. make a copy of one member of each United States flower family? D. show that glass are more realistic than wax flowers?
  53.The underlined word “it” refers to .? A. the intention B. the collection C. one member D. each flower family?

  54. Which of the following is NOT included in the display at the Botanical Museum of Harvard University?? A. Models of 164 families of flowering plants.? B. Magnified details of flower parts.? C. Several species of native birds.? D. A group of diseased fruits.?
  55. Which of the following statements is true of the flowers at Harvard University? A. They form a completed collection.? B. They have a marvelous fragrance.? C. They are loaned to schools for classroom use.? D. They use authentic representations. 【答案与解析】 51?55 ACBCD 答案与解析】
  51.A。细节理解题。短文说明了美国 the Botanical Museum of Harvard University 收藏玻璃花的 目的、收藏品的丰富、精致的细节等内容,所以用 An Extensive Collection of Glass Flowers 作标 题最合适。?
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  52.C。推理判断题。根据第二段的“The intention was to have the collection represent at least one member of each flower family native to the United States.”可知收藏的目的是把美国所有的花都 复制一种。?
  53.B。推理判断题。根据它前后的内容:目的是使收藏能代表美国的每一类花,尽管还没有完成, 只能是收藏还没有完成。?
  54.C。细节理解题。信息来自第二段的内容,C 项的内容在第二段中没有提及,其他各项的内容 都有相关的说明。?
  55.D。推理判断题。根据第二段的“Every detail of these is accurately reproduced in color and structure.”可知这些玻璃花的每一个细节都制作得很精致,都是真实的再现。
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