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高中英语阅读理解专题训练
(广东专版 每篇 5 小题)
(第 11 套)
第一节:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A(words:225&2
  38) Unless action is taken immediately, there is a good chance that all the oceans of the world will be dead by the year 20
  10.How can this possibly happen?? We have already seen that people allow all sorts of waste products to flow into the sea. It is almost impossible to measure how much waste water and industrial waste end up in our oceans, but we can find out how much oil is poured into them legally and illegally. It is illegal to pour oil into the sea close to the shore, but when a ship is many miles out to sea there are no such rules. Scientists have different ideas as to the amount of oil put into the sea, but the lowest figure for oil poured in European waters alone is nearly 200 000 tons every year. Some people say the figure could be ten times as high.? It is not only our coasts that suffer from oil pollution. Among other things, many shell fish (creatures which live in water), and have a hard shell ? oysters and mussels, for example ? now have high amounts of poisonous substances. Next time you have shell fish to eat, how can you be sure that they are free from oil pollution? You cannot see the effects and you cannot taste them, either. It is really quite a problem.?
  41. This passage is mainly about.? A. pollution in the oceans B. the amounts of oil in the sea? C. the amounts of poison in shell fish D. oil pollution in the waters?
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  42. According to the passage, what is the main cause of oil pollution?? A. Oil ships which meet and strike each other.? B. Oil poured at sea when the oil tanks are cleaned out.? C. Oil coming out of the bottom of the sea.? D. Oil from waste water and industrial waste.?
  43. Which of the following is illegal? A. Pouring oil into the sea from land, especially when there is no other choice. B. Allowing waste materials to flow into the waters.? C. Pouring oil at seaside.? D. Going fishing when the water is polluted by oil.?
  44. What does the underlined word European waters' mean? A. The seas around Europe and Africa. B. The Atlantic Ocean.? C. The Arctic Ocean. D. The Black Sea and the Mediterranean mainly.?
  45. Which of the following statements is WRONG according to the passage?? A. All the Oceans in the world are polluted by oil.? B. The water body of the earth will be dead by the year 20
  10.? C. It's possible that all the creatures in the sea will die out if no action is taken. D. Some kinds of the living things in the waters have been poisoned and we must be careful of them.? 答案与解析】 【A 篇答案与解析】 41?45 DDCDA 答案与解析 本文说明的是海水的污染问题之一: 向海中倾倒油所导致的污染。 如果不立刻采取措施的话, 在 2010 年之前所有的海洋就极有可能都变成死水一潭。
  41.D。主旨大意题。短文说明的是海水的污染问题之一: 向海中倾倒油所导致的污染。所以正 确答案为选项 D。?
  42.D。细节理解题。根据第二段的第二句话“It is almost impossible to measure how much waste water and industrial waste end up in our oceans”?可知?。?
  43.C。 细节理解题。 根据第二段 “It is illegal to pour oil into the sea close to the shore” 可知。
  44.D。 猜测词义题。根据选项的内容,只有 D 项中的黑海和地中海是在欧洲,其他选项不完全是这样。
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?
  45.A。 是非判断题。 根据第一段可知,如果不立刻采取措施的话,在 2010 年之前所有的海洋就极 有可能都变成死水一潭,所以现在还没有出现这样情况。
B(words:303 & 1
  74)
A Plan For Exploring Mars (火星探索计划) NASA is moving ahead with plans to put a long-armed lander on Mars’ icy north pole to search for clues① for water and possible signs of life. The $386 million Phoenix Mars is planned to touch down in the Martian arctic in 20
  08. The stationary probe will use its robotic arm to dig into the icy land and pick up soil samples② to analyze. In 2002, the Mars Odyssey orbiter spotted evidence of ice-rich soil near the arctic surface. Scientists hope the Phoenix mission will find clues to the geologic history of water on the Red Planet and determine whether microbes③ existed in the ice. Phoenix will be the first mission of the Mars Scout program, a renewed, low-cost effort to study the Red Planet. “The Phoenix mission explores new territory in the northern plains of Mars analogous to the permafrost regions on Earth,” Peter Smith said. True to its name, Phoenix rose from the ashes of previous④ missions. The lander for Phoenix was built to fly as part of the 2001 Mars Surveyor program. But the program broke down after the well-known disappearance of the Mars Polar Lander in 19
  99. The Polar Lander lost contact during a landing attempt near the planet’s south pole after its rocket engine shut off prematurely, causing the spacecraft to fall about 130 feet to almost certain destruction. The Phoenix probe had been in storage at a Lockheed Martin clean room in Denver before it was reused for its present mission. It will carry science instruments that were designed for the Mars Surveyor program including an improved panoramic camera and a trench-digging robotic arm. Phoenix will lift off from the Kennedy Space Center in August 2007 and land on the planet nine months later. Notes:
① clue n. 线索 ② sample n. 标本,样品
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③ microbe n. 微生物 ④ previous adj. 先前的

  46. The passage mainly tells readers that . A. clues of water will be found in Phoenix B. Phoenix will be sent to find clues of water on Mars C. August 2007 will see Phoenix lift off D. the Mars Scout program will be carried out
  47. The underlined word “prematurely” (Paragraph
  5) means . A. on time B. behind the time C. out of work D. ahead of time

  48. According to the passage, we know Phoenix will land on Mars . A. in May 2008 B. in August 2007 C. in August 2008 D. in September 2008
  49. According to the passage, the name “Phoenix” is after the meaning of . A. rebirth B. death C. energy D. hope

  50. After Phoenix lands on Mars, we can infer it will firstly . A. find soil samples and send them to the earth B. look for the icy land to dig for the soil samples C. take photos and send them to the earth D. find the remains of the Mars Polar Lander 【答案与解析】 46?50 BDAAB 答案与解析】
  46. B 主旨大意题。文章的第一段就是该文章的主题句,由此可知文章要讲述的主要内容。
  47. D 词义猜测题。由后面的句子可知 Phoenix 是在空中离地面 120 英尺处坠向地面,因此 可以推测 rocket engine 提前结束工作。
  48. A 细节计算题。由文章最后一段最后一句可以计算出。
  49. A 推理判断题。由第五段的第一句可知。
  50. B 推理判断题。由文章的第二段可知,Phoenix 的目的就是要通过挖掘冰地,取出样本进 行研究。因此,它首先要寻找冰地。 C(words:269&1
  90)
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Protecting Copyright (版权保护) Having finished her homework, Ma Li wants some music for relaxation . As usual, she starts her computer and goes to Baidu.com to download music files. But this time she is surprised when an announcement about protecting songs’ copyright bursts onto the screen. The age of free music and movie downloads may have come to an end as Web companies like Baidu are accused of pirating copyright. Lawsuits
② ①
have been filed against four websites offering free downloads. In
September 2005, a Beijing court ordered Baidu to pay recording company Shanghai Push compensation for their losses. Baidu was also told to block the links to the pirated music on the website. This caused a heated discussion on Interact file sharing. “Baidu’s defeat in the lawsuit shows it is not right to get copyrighted songs without paying. Downloaders may face lawsuits or fines,” said an official. Like many teens, Huang Ruoru, an 18-year-old girl from Puning in Guangdong Province, doesn’t think that getting music from websites is wrong. She always shares her favourite songs downloaded from Baidu with her friends. When told about the lawsuit, she began to feel a little guilty about obtaining others’ work without paying. However, other teenagers have different ideas. Wang Yafei, a Senior 2 girl from Jinan, Shandong Province pointed out that file sharing is a good way to promote pop singers. “If I download a song and really like it, I will buy the CD,” she said. “So what the recording companies really should concentrate on is improving their music, rather than pursuing Notes:

file-sharers.”
① relaxation n. 娱乐 ② lawsuit n. 诉讼 ③ pursue vt. 追赶,追击

  51. Which of the following best describes the passage? A. Music on the Internet is of better quality. B. Downloading material can be illegal. C. It’s good to get free music on the Internet. D. Baidu is a popular web company.
  52. The four web companies were put to court because .
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A. they got copyrighted songs without paying B. they downloaded copyrighted music for people C. they make copyrighted files for free downloads D. they offer free music on line
  53. How do some of the teenagers feel while downloading free music after the lawsuit? A. A bit guilty. B. A little sad. C. Extremely angry. D. Awfully sorry.

  54. What’s the advantage of tile sharing for recording companies? A. Getting more money from web companies. B. Enabling people to download favorite songs. C. Helping to improve the music. D. Making pop singers more popular.
  55. It can be inferred from the text that . A. Web companies are still ignoring the copyright laws. B. Teenagers haven’t got money to buy CDs. C. Teenagers are probably still downloading free music. D. Teenagers prefer CDs with copyright to pirated music. 【答案与解析】 答案与解析】 51?55 BCADC

  51. B。主旨大意题。其他选项都太片面,只有 B 能较好概括文章的内容。
  52. C。 细节理解题。 根据第一段的句子 Lawsuits have been filed against four websites offering free downloads.可知这四家网络公司被起诉的原因。
  53. A。细节理解题。从第三段最后一句可知正确答案。
  54. D。细节理解题。从最后一段第二句…pointed out that file sharing is a good way to promote pop singers.可知正确答案。
  55. C。推理判断题。其他选项与文章内容不符。
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