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广东省深圳市高级中学 2010?2011 学年度高三第一学期第三次测试
英 语 试 题
本试卷共四大题。请将客观题的答案用 2B 铅笔填涂在答题卡上,注意对好题目序号; 将主观题的答案用黑色签字笔写在答题卷上。 全卷共计 135 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 一、完形填空: (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1?15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In every cultivated language there are two greet classes of words which, taken together, comprise the whole vocabulary. First, there are those words 1 which we become acquainted in daily conversation, which we 2 ,that is to say, from the 3 of our own family and from our familiar associates, and 4 we should know and use we could not read or write. the common things of life, and are the stock in trade of all who 6 the They 5 language. Such words may be called “popular”, since they belong to the people 7 and are not the exclusive of a limited class. On the other hand, our language 9 a multitude of words which are comparatively used in ordinary conversation. Their meanings are known to every educated person, but there is little 10 to use them at home or in the market-place. Our acquaintance with them comes not from our mother's or from the talk of our school-mates, 11 from books that we read, lectures that we 12 ,or the more 13 conversation of highly educated speakers who are discussing some particular 14 in a style appropriately elevated above the habitual of everyday life. Such words are called “learned”, and the 15 between them and the “popular” words is of great importance to a right understanding of linguistic process.
  1. A.at B.with C.by D.through
  2. A.study B.imitate C.stimulate D.learn
  3. A.mates B.relatives C.members D.fellows
  4. A.which B.that C.those D.ones
  5. A.mind B.concern C.care D.involve
  6. A.hire B.apply C.adopt D.use
  7. A.in public B.at most C.at large D.at best
  8.A.consists B.comprises C.constitutes D. composes
  9. A.seldom B.much C.never D.often
  10.A.prospect B.way C.reason D. necessity
  11.A.primary B.first C.principal D.prior
  12.A.hear of B.attend C.hearfrom D.listen
  13.A.former B.formula C.formal D. formative
  14.A.theme B.topic C.idea D.point
  15.A.diversion B.distinction C.diversity D.similarity
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二、语法填空(共 10 小题,第小题
  1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连续的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为的相应位置上。 Roadside bomb explosions in southern Afghanistan have killed at least five civilians and five policemen. The attack came as NATO’s new Secretary General visited Kabul 16 (discuss) with Afghan officials and candidates ahead of the August 20 17 (president) election. Afghan officials in southern Helmans province said a group of civilians 18 (travel) to a wedding party when 19 big vehicle, which was being pulled by a tractor, hit a roadside bomb. Officials have blamed Taliban insurgents(叛乱分子)as part of efforts to discourage voters 20 taking part in the coming election. Five policemen were also killed in a separate roadside bomb burst in Helmand, 21 region is a known Taliban stronghold (据点) 22 thousands of US Marines and British soldiers are engaged 23 major anti-insurgency operations to improve security 24 Afghans go to vote. The security situation deteriorating 恶化) southern parts of the country has been a cause of ( in concern for both Afghan election officials and international observers since the 25 (remove) of the Taliban from power in 20
  01. 三、阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节:阅读理解(共 20 小题;繁上题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A He was just 12 years old when he died. But he brought courage and hope to people around the world. Nkosi Johnson, who died last June, is remembered today as an AIDS fighter. This young boy challenged his government’s AIDS policies and millions of South Africans in the fight against the disease. Johnson was the longest survivor born HIV positive(艾滋病病毒携带者).He survived with this deadly disease for 12 years before it claimed his life. At first, Johnson was expected to live for nine months when his foster mother, Gail Johnson took him in at the age of two. She now runs Nkosi’s Haven across town from her house in Melville. The Haven is home to 20 children living with HIV or AIDS, and 11 of their mothers. Johnson attracted the world’s attention and stole the hearts of thousands of people across the world at the 13th International AIDS Conference in Durban in July 20
  00. He stood in front of a large audience including South African President Thabo Mbeki. He told them that he wanted AZT, a drug used to treat AIDS patients, to be given to HIV-positive pregnant(怀孕的) women to prevent the disease being passed on to their unborn babies. He received a loud cheer at the end of his speech. Johnson’s speech was broadcast live across the world. With views beyond his age and even a sense of humor, Johnson soon became an international sign of the fight against AIDS and HIV.
  26.The underlined words “claimed his life” (Paragraph
  3) means . A.did harm to Johnson’s life B.helped Johnson to survive C.caused the death of Johnson D.made Johnson weak
  27.The main idea in paragraphs 5 and 6 is .
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A Johnson attracted the world’s attention B.Johnson stood in front of South African President Thabo Mbeki C.Johnson wanted AZT to treat AIDS pregnant women D.Johnson helped prevent the disease being passed on to an unborn baby
  28.The AIDS child gave the speech in order to . A.steal the hearts of thousands of people B.be an AIDS fighter C.get more help from the world D.fight against the government
  29.From the passage we can infer that . A.the government’s AIDS policies have to be improved B.the government did nothing to help those with HIV positive C.the boy’s speech changed the government’s policies D.no one lived longer than the boy
  30.The best title for this passage is . A.The Sad Story of an AIDS Child. B.The Courage of an AIDS Child C.AIDS, a Deadly Disease D.A Hero in South Africa B For a 400-year-old art form, operas had a bad fame: overweight actresses singing the words which are hard to understand in one of those romance languages you were supposed to learn in high school. And with tickets costing as much as $ 145 a performance, opera goers also have a certain appearance in people’s mind: rich, well-dressed and old. But now opera companies around the country are loosening their ties and kicking off their shoes in an attempt to bring the opera to the audience. It needs to keep it alive, the young and not-so-rich. Opera producers have found that to attract this crowd, they need to make the opera closer to common people. That means no formal suits, old-styled theatre or band-breaking ticket prices. And because young people don’t or won’t come to the opera, companies are bringing the opera to them, giving performances in such unusual places as parks, libraries and public schools. The Houston Grand Opera’s choice is the public library, where it performs “mobile operas” , shortened versions (剧本) of child-friendly operas. This summer’s production is Hansel & Gretel. By performing smaller versions of large productions, producers are able to make people interested while keeping costs at a reasonable level. The San Francisco Opera, which will be celebrating its 75th anniversary this year, is staging Cinderella free of charge, keeping costs down by employing students from its Young Artists’ Training Program.
  31.Which of the following is the main idea of this passage? A.Opera is famous for is history. B.Opera is only for rich people. C.Opera companies are trying to keep opera alive. D.Young people are not interested in opera.
  32.The underlined part in Paragraph 2 most probably means . A.breaking up the old rules B.changing the dresses C.making the audience at ease D.advertising themselves .
  33.Opera companies prefer to perform smaller versions because
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A.they can be performed in public libraries B.short versions are easy to perform C.it is hard to find long versions D.they can make people interested
  34.The San Francisco Opera employs young students in order to . A.attract young people B.reduce the cost th D.make Cinderella popular C.celebrate its 75 anniversary
  35.What can you infer from the passage? A.The tickets for opera are very expensive at present. B.Opera is performed in a language difficult to understand. C.Opera is not so popular an art form today. D.Students enjoy performing operas very much. C For most people, shopping is still a matter of wandering down the street or loading a cart in a shopping mall. Soon, that will change. Electronic commerce is growing fast and will soon bring people more choices. There will, however, be a cost: protecting the consumer from fraud will be harder. Many governments therefore want to extend highstreet regulations to the electronic world. But politicians would be wiser to see cyberspace as a basis for a new era of corporate self-regulation. Consumers in rich countries have grown used to the idea that the government takes responsibility for everything from the stability of the banks to the safety of the drugs, or their rights to refund when goods are faulty. But governments cannot enforce national laws on businesses whose only presence in their country is on the screen. Other countries have regulators, but the rules of consumer protection differ, as does enforcement. Even where a clear right to compensation exists, the online catalogue customer in Tokyo, say, can hardly go to New York to extract a refund for a dud purchase. One answer is for governments to cooperate more: to recognize each other’s rules. But that requires years of work and volumes of detailed rules. And plenty of countries have rules too fanciful for sober states to accept. There is, however, an alternative. Let the electronic businesses do the “regulation” themselves. They do, after all, have a self-interest in doing so. In electronic commerce, a reputation for honest dealing will be a valuable competitive asset. Governments, too, may compete to be trusted. For instance, customers ordering medicines online may prefer to buy from the United States because they trust the rigorous screening of the Food and Drug Administration; or they may decide that the FDA’s rules are too strict, and buy from Switzerland instead. Consumers will need to use their judgment. But precisely because the technology is new, electronic shoppers are likely for a while to be a lot more cautious than consumers of the normal sortand the new technology will also make it easier for them to complain noisily when a company lets them down. In this way, at least, the advent of cyberspace may argue for fewer consumer protection laws, not more.
  36.According to the author, what will be the best policy for electronic commerce? A.Self ? regulation by the business. B.Strict consumer protection laws. C.Close international cooperation. D.Government protection.
  37.In case an electronic shopper bought faulty goods from a foreign country, what could he do?
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A.Refuse to pay for the purchase. B.Go to the seller and ask for a refund. C.Appeal to consumer protection law. D.Complain about it on the Internet.
  38.In the author’s view, businesses would place a high emphasis on honest dealing because in the . electronic world A.international cooperation would be much more frequent B.consumers could easily seek government protection C.a good reputation is a great advantage in competition D.it would be easy for consumers to complain
  39.We can infer from the passage that in licensing new drugs the FDA in the United States is . A.very quick B.very cautious C.very slow D.rather careless
  40.If a customer buys something that does not meet his expectation, what is the advantage of dealing through electronic commerce over the present normal one? A.It will be easier for him to return the goods he is not satisfied with. B.It will be easier for him to attain
 

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