广东省深圳市 2010?2011 学年度高三级第一次调研考试英语试题 (本试卷三大题,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 ) 注意事项:
  1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号填写在答题卡上, 并用 2B 铅笔将相应的信息点涂黑。不按要求填涂的,答卷无效。
  2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动, 用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。
  3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内 相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;请注意每题答题空间, 预先合理安排;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
  4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁,考试结束后,将答题卡交回。 I. 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1?15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 For many people today, reading is no longer relaxation. To keep up their work they must read letters, reports, trade publications, interoffice communications, not to mention newspapers and magazines: a never-ending flood of words. In 1 a job or advancing in one, the ability to read and comprehend 2 can mean the difference between success and failure. Yet the unfortunate fact is that most of us are 3 readers. Most of us develop poor reading 4 at an early age, and never get over them. The main deficiency 5 in the actual stuff of language itself ? words. Taken individually, words have little meaning until they are strung together into phrases, sentences and paragraphs. 6 , however, the untrained reader does not read groups of words. He laboriously reads one word at a time, often regressing(退回) to 7 words or passages. Regression, the tendency to look back over what you have just read, is a common bad habit in reading. Another habit which 8 down the speed of reading is vocalization ? sounding each word either orally or mentally as one reads. To overcome these bad habits, some reading clinics use a device called an 9 , which moves a bar (or curtain) down the page at a predetermined (预先确定的) speed. bar is set at The a slightly faster rate 10 the reader finds comfortable, in order to “stretch” him. The accelerator forces the reader to read fast, 11 word-by-word reading, regression and sub-vocalization(默读)practically impossible. At first 12 is sacrificed for speed.But when you learn to read ideas and concepts, you will not only read faster, but your comprehension will improve. Many people have found 13 reading skill drastically improved after some training . 14 Charlie Au, a business manager, for instance, his reading rate was a reasonably good 172 words a minute before the training, now it is an excellent 128 words a minute. He is delighted that how he can 15 a lot more reading material in a short period of time.
  1. A.applying B.doing C.offering D.getting
  2. A.quickly B.easily C.roughly D.decidedly
  3. A.good B.curious C.poor D.urgent
  4. A.training B.habits C.situations D.custom

  5. A.lies B.combines C.touches D.involves
  6. A.Fortunately B.In fact C.Logically D.Unfortunately
  7. A.reuse B.reread C.rewrite D.recite
  8.A.scales B.cuts C.slows D.measures
  9.A.accelerator B.actor C.amplifier D.observer
  10.A.then B.as C.beyond D.than
  11.A.enabling B.leading C.making D.indicating
  12.A.meaning B.comprehension C.gist D.regression
  13.A.our B.your C.their D.such a
  14.A.Look at B.Take C.Make D.Consider
  15.A.master B.go over C.present D.get through 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词 或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16?25 的相应位置上。 Although many high school dropouts leave school permanently, some dropouts later reenter school. __16(approximate) 10 percent of the sophomores (大二学生) 17 dropped out between 1980 and 1982 returned to school by 18 fall of 19
  82. Generally, high school reentrants differ 19 typical dropouts in several school and student characteristics. Background attributes and test score performance __20 (associate) with low dropout rates tend to be related to higher-than-average reentry rates. For example, reentry rates among 1980 sophomore dropouts were about one-fifth __21 (high) in the Northeast and North Central regions than in the South or West. Among whites, reentry rates in the West were one-third lower than in other regions. 22 blacks, reentry rates in the Northeast (14 percent) __23 (be) substantially higher than those in the South (6 percent). Hispanic dropouts in the North Central region were three times __24 likely to return to school as those in the Northeast or West. Hispanics in the South were twice as likely to reenter as __25 in the Northwest or West. II. 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文,从每题所给的 A、B,C 和 D 项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it, and to go in to their offices or schools every day by train, car or bus, even though this means they have to get up early in the morning and reach home late in the evening. One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper. Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent. With the same money, one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one’s own. Then, in the country one can rest from the noise and hurry of the town. Even though one has to get up earlier and spend more time in trains or buses, one can sleep better at night and during weekends and on summer evenings, one can enjoy the fresh, clean air of the country. If one likes gardens, one can spend one’s free time digging, planting, watering and doing the hundred and one other jobs which are needed in a garden. Then, when the flowers and vegetables come up, one has the reward of one who has shared the secret of Nature. Some people, however, take no interest in country things: for them, happiness lies in the town,
with its cinemas and theatres, beautiful shops and busy streets, dance-halls and restaurants. Such people would feel that their life was not worth living if they had to live it outside London. An occasional walk in one of the parks and a fortnight’s (two weeks) visit to the sea every summer is all the country they want: the rest they are quite prepared to leave to those who are glad to get away from London every night.
  26. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. People who like country things prefer to live outside the city. B. People who work in London prefer to live in the country. C. Because of certain disadvantages of living outside London, some people who work in London prefer to live inside London. D. Because of certain advantages of living outside London, many people who work in London prefer to live outside London.
  27. One can use the same money for to buy a little house with a garden in the country. A. getting a small flat with a garden B. having a small flat with a garden C. renting a small flat without a garden D. buying a small flat without a garden
  28. When the flowers and vegetables in the garden come up, those have the reward of one who has shared the secret of Nature. A. who live in the country B. who have spent time working in the garden C. who have a garden of their own D. who have been digging, planting and watering
  29. People who think happiness lies in the town would feel that if they had to live it outside London. A. their life was meaningless B. their life was invaluable C. they didn’t deserve a happy life D. they were not worthy of their happy life
  30. The underlined word rest in the last paragraph refers to . A. the rest time B. the rest people C. the rest of the country D. the rest of the parks and of the sea B “If there is one thing I’m sure about, it is that in a hundred years from now we will still be reading newspapers. It is not that newspapers are a necessity. Even now some people get most of their news from television or radio. Many buy a paper only on Saturday or Sunday. But for most people reading a newspaper has become a habit passed down from generation to generation. The nature of what is news may change. What basically makes news is what affects our lives ? the big political stories, the coverage of the wars, earthquakes and other disasters, will continue much the same. I think there will be more coverage of scientific research, though. It’s already happening in areas that may directly affect our lives, like genetic(基因) engineering. In the future, I think there will be more coverage of scientific explanations of why we feel as we do ? as we develop a better understanding of how the brain operates and what our feelings really are. It’s quite possible that in the next century newspapers will be transmitted(传送) electronically from Fleet Street and printed out in our own home. In fact, I’ pretty sure that how it will happen m in the future. You will probably be able to choose from a menu, making up your own newspaper by picking out the things you want to read ? sports and international news, etc. I think people have got it wrong when they talk about competition between the different media(媒
体). They actually feed off each other. Some people once foresaw that television would kill off newspapers, but that hasn’t happened. What is read on the printed page lasts longer than pictures on a screen or sound lost in the air. And as for the Internet, it’s never really pleasant to read something just on a screen.
  31. What is the best title for the passage? A. The Best Way to Get News B. The Changes of Media C. Make Your Own Newspaper D. The Future of Newspaper
  32. In the writer’s opinion, in the future, . A. more big political affairs, wars and disasters will make news B. newspapers will not be printed in publishing houses any longer C. newspapers will cover more scientific research D. more and more people will watch TV
  33. What will probably be on in the newspaper made by yourself? A. Sports and international news. B. A menu of important news. C. The most important news. D. What you are interested in.
  34. From the passage, we can infer . A. newspapers will win the competition among the different media B. newspapers will stay with us together with other media C. television will take the place of newspaper D. the writer believe some media will die out
  35. The phrase “feed off” in the last paragraph means . A. depend on B. compete with C. fight with D. kill off C June 26, 2000 ? the Human Genome(基因组) Project, a great $3 billion, 15-year task aimed at drawing the genetic(遗传的) map of humans, is now more than 90 percent completed. The scientific and medical communities(团体) are very excited about the chances genetic research provides for getting rid of diseases and prolonging(延长) human life. But those communities and policy(政策) makers also are careful about the scientific door they are opening as the project uncovers the mysteries of life. For the last few years, the genetic advances in the developing field of biotechnology(生物技术) have provides material for all kinds of work, but the developments of modern science in unlocking the secrets of the human genetic code(密码) have opened a world of possibilities for human health, as well as for the popular imagination. While European and Japanese researchers are making rapid progress in decoding(解码) human DNA, the leading organization for genetic research is in the United States, which began in 1990, is “unlocking the code” of the human body to learn how to defeat fatal(致命的)diseases. Already, the Human Genome Project has become widely known and praised for finding the genes(基因) connected with terrible diseases as yet(迄今), and making progress toward separating the genes that show a sign of breast cancer or AIDS. Once these genes are found and studied, researchers can develop new ways to attack infections(传 染), and genetic diseases. Medical companies are very interested in mapping the human genome, as they expect to develop a lot of new drugs for these illnesses.
  36. Why did the scientists work hard at mapping the human genome?
A. Because the human genome can destroy many illnesses. B. Because the human genome's completion can help them get rid of many diseases. C. Because they wanted to be better known than others. D. Because the human genome can provide a lot of chances of work.
  37. Which country studied the genes most rapidly in the world? A. Japan. B. Germany. C. The United States. D. China.
  38. Which of the
 

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