第十五张 考点 海上业务写作 共计176题(重庆交通大学 07级航海技术四班 魏洪涛)
二三副阅读练习176题
阅读一
Merchant ships are designed to carry cargo.Some are also designed to carry passengers.They can operate as liners.These are employed on regular routes on a fixed timetable.A list of their arrival and departure dates is published in advance and they sail whether full or not.Liners can be classed as either deep-sea liners or short-sea liners.The former carry mainly containerized cargo across the oceans of the world;the later carry containerized or conventional cargo on shorter routes.Ferries are also classed as liners.These offer a daily or weekly service for passengers and vehicles across channels and narrow seas.A few ships are still employed as passenger liners.They not only carry passengers but also some cargo on routes from Europe to North America and to the Far East.Nowadays the passenger trade is very small and passenger liners usually operate as cruise ships for part of the year.

  1.The deep-sea liners A.
A.carry mainly containerized cargo
B.carry mainly conventional cargo
C.offer a daily or weekly service for passengers and vehicles
D.sail across channels and narrow seas

  2.The Liners B.
A.always sail full B.sail regularly even not full
C.always sail in ballast D.will not sail if not full

  3.A list of the arrival and departure dates of liners D.
A.will be published weekly
B.will be published when they sail,whether full or not,from Europe to North America and to the Far East
C.will not be published even they sail fully loaded
D.is published prior to their departure

  4.It is implied in the passage that A.
A.the number of passenger ships is small
B.all passenger ships will carry some cargo in near future
C.it is not necessary for liners to sail in regular time
D.container carriers should carry some passengers
阅读二(重庆交通大学 07级航海技术四班 魏洪涛)
Nowadays,most merchant ships are built to carry cargoes.And they mainly operate as tramps.These vessels do not sail on regular routes or keep to a fixed timetable,but are employed where there is cargo for them to carry.Tramps can be classed as deep-sea tramps or short-sea tramps.A number are classed as coasters.These ply on coastal routes and up rivers to inland ports.The traditional tramp cargoes are dry bulk cargoes,but some are designed to carry general cargoes.
A large number of merchant ships operate as specialized vessels.These are designed to carry a particular type of cargo.There are several types of specialized vessel.The most common are oil tankers.They are owned by the major oil companies or by independent operators.Two other types of liquid bulk carrier of growing importance are chemical carriers and liquefied natural gas(LNG)carriers.

  1.The deep-sea tramps A.
A.carry bulk and general cargo across the high seas
B.are built to carry passengers
C.are mainly coasters
D.are specialized vessel

  2.The coasters D.
A.always sail across the high seas
B.commonly carry oil cargo
C.are mainly tankers
D.sail on coastal routes and up rivers to inland ports

  3.The importance of LNG carriers A.
A.is growing B.is not mentioned in passage
C.is decreasing D.will be discussed further if necessary

  4.It is implied in the passage that A.
A.the number of specialized vessels is not small
B.all oil tankers will carry some chemicals in near future
C.the tramps and specialized vessels are the basic type of merchant ships
D.container carriers should not be classed as tramps
阅读三(重庆交通大学 07级航海技术四班 魏洪涛)
Cargo ships can be divided into two basic types.One type carries dry cargo,the other carries liquid cargo;however,an OBO ship is designed to carry both.A traditional dry cargo ship is the multi-deck vessel.Her holds are divided horizontally by one or two tween decks,because these make stowage of individual packages easier.Dry bulk cargo is carried in bulk carriers.These do not have 'tween decks as cargo is carried loose.The most modern type of dry cargo carrier is the container ship.They carry containers of standard dimensions,consequently stowage is easier.Fruit,meat and dairy produce are carried in refrigerated ships.Oil tankers are the most common type of liquid cargo carrier.They are often very large,because huge quantities of oil need to be transported and one large vessel is more economical to operate than two smaller ones.Two other types of liquid bulk carrier of growing importance are the liquefied natural gas(LNG)carrier and the chemical carrier,although chemical can also be carried in drums in general cargo ships.

  1.There are B types of liquid bulk carrier.
A.2 B.3 C.4 D.5

  2.A multi-deck vessel has D tween decks.
A.has many B.no
C.only one D.has up to two

  3.Fruit,meat and dairy produce are carried inD.
A.containers carriers B.traditional ships
C.OBO ships D.refrigerated ships

  4.The types of dry cargo carriers mentioned in the passage are D.
A.tween deckers,OBO ships
B.traditional dry cargo ship and multi-deck vessel
C.OBO ships,oil tankers,chemical tankers and LNG carriers
D.dry cargo ship,dry bulk cargo carrier,container carriers and refrigerated ships
阅读四(重庆交通大学 07级航海技术四班 魏洪涛)
The axial thrust of the propeller is the force working in a fore and aft direction.This force causes the ship to move ahead through the water or to go astern.Because of her shape,a ship will move ahead through the water more easily than going astern.
The transverse thrust is the sideways force of the propeller as it rotates.The transverse effect of the propeller blades at the top near the surface of the water is not strong enough to counteract the opposite effect of the lower blades.For right-handed propellers this cants the ship's stern to starboard and her bow to port,when the ship is going ahead.The effect is small and can be corrected by the rudder.When the engines are put astern,the effect is the opposite and the stern cants to port.This effect is stronger and cannot easily be corrected.Vessels with left-handed propellers behave in the opposite way.

  1.The force that causes the ship to move ahead through the water or to go astern is known asA.
A.axial thrust
B.transverse thrust
C.the transverse effect of the propeller blades at the top near the surface of the water
D.the transverse effect of the lower blades of the propeller near the bottom of the water

  2.A left-handed propellers,when the ship is going ahead,will cant ship's stern toB.
A.starboard B.port
C.to move ahead D.move astern

  3.The transverse thrust of the propeller is stronger when the ship isA.
A.going a stern B.going ahead
C.stopped D.making no way through the water

  4.The transverse thrust of the propeller can mainly be overcome by A.
A.the rudder B.the propeller itself
C.the nautical instrument D.wind and tide
阅读五(重庆交通大学 07级航海技术四班 魏洪涛)
The Chief Officer,or First Mate as he is often called,is the Master's chief officer and head of the Deck Department.He is assisted by a Second Officer(Mate),a Third Officer(Mate),and sometimes a Fourth Officer(Mate).Several companies employ a First Officer as well as a Chief Officer.The Deck Department also includes a Boatswain(Bosun)and a Carpenter,both petty officers,and a number of ratings.These made up of Able Seamen(AB),Ordinary Seamen(OS)and a middle grade known as Efficient Deck Hands(EDH).There are other grades of seamen.On some ships Navigating Cadets are carried for training purposes.
The Chief Engineer is head of the Engine Department.He is assisted by a Second,Third,Fourth and sometimes Fifth Engineer.An Electrical Officer may also be carried.The engine room petty officers are the Storekeeper and Donkeyman.On tankers there is also a Pumpman.He is also a petty officer.The engine room ratings are Firemen and Greasers.There may also be Engineer Cadets.
The Catering Department is under the Chief Steward.It is divided into a saloon and galley section.The former is headed by the Second Steward,the latter by the Ship's Cook.They are both usually petty officers.They are assisted by several stewards and cooks,and by a number of junior ratings.
The Radio Department often consists of only one man:the Radio Officer.On ships where continuous radio watches are kept there may be three radio officers:a Chief,Second and Third.

  1.C is not a petty officer.
A.Boatswain B.Second Steward
C.Radio Officer D.Storekeeper

  2.EDH is rank which is higher than C.
A.Second Steward B.AB
C.OS D.Chief Engineer

  3.Storekeeper belong to B.
A.Deck Dept B.Engine Dept
C.Catering Dept D.Radio Dept

  4.There are D departments on bard a big ship according to the passage.
A.two B.three C.four D.five
阅读六(重庆交通大学 07级航海技术四班 魏洪涛)
While every effort is made to ensure that the data provided through the Notices to Mariners service is accurate,the user needs to be aware of the risks to corruption of data.It is important that the user should only use the data on suitable equipment and that,other applications should not be running on the user's machine at the same time.Users should exercise their professional judgement in the use of data,and also consult the Mariners Handbook(NP1
  00)for further details.The user needs to be aware that there is a possibility that data could be corrupted during transmission,or in the process of display or printing on the user's equipment,or if converted to other software formats,and is accordingly advised that the UKHO cannot accept responsibility for any such change,or any modifications or unauthorised changes,made by licensees,or other parties.

  1.The data may become corrupted in any of the following process except D.
A.during transmission
B.in the display or printing on the user's equipment
C.in converting to other software formats
D.in air mail delivery to the readers

  2.The user of the data is advised to consult A for further details.
A.Mariners Handbook B.Sailing Directions
C.Guide to Port Entry D.Notices to Mariners

  3.Of the following items D is not mentioned for which UKHO will accept no responsibility.
A.change in the process of display or printing
B.unauthorised changes made by licensees or other parties
C.modifications made by licensees or other parties
D.professional amendments

  4.It is implied that C.
A.the data are incorrect
B.the data are to be corrected intensively
C.although the data are accurate enough,you are still advised to use it with caution
D.not to use it if you have not enough time or proper equipment to effect necessary correction
阅读七(重庆交通大学 07级航海技术四班 魏洪涛)
The container ship is different from the conventional type and is an innovation noted for easier handling and quicker turnover of cargoes.Cargoes to be carried by this type of ship are pre-packed into containers before being loaded aboard the ship.
Containers are sealed after being packed with cargoes.Made of metal or other durable materials,they are watertight after sealing and can therefore be stowed on deck whilst being carried.One of the features of container ships is that some of the containers are usually stowed on deck.
The container ship is becoming increasingly popular in trading circles,and the trend is that the tonnage thereof will grow at a faster pace in future.

  1.What does”innovation”in the first paragraph mean C.
A.making changes
B.the introduction of an antigenic substance into the body against a specific disease
C.The act of introducing something new.
D.revolution

  2.Containers are sealed after being packed with cargoes.D
A.filled B.loaded
C.stuffed D.closed officially or under the supervision of notary public

  3.Of the following,C is not the feature of the container ship?
A.Some of the containers are usually stowed on deck
B.It is easy for handling and quick turnover of the cargo
C.The container ship is becoming increasingly safer
D.Cargoes are pre-packed into the container

  4.The tonnage of container ship is B.
 

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