2010 年黑龙江省成人本科毕业生申请学士学位 英语考试试卷 (150 minutes) Paper One (90 minutes) Part I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points; 15 minutes) ? Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
  1. As preparations were not completed in time, the conference had to be till the next Tuesday. A. put away B. cancelled C. put aside D. postponed
  2. with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all. A. When compared B. Compare C. While comparing D. Comparing
  3. It’s only a short way to the station, so we might as walk. A. good B. now C. quick D. well
  4. Liquids are like solids they have a definite volume. A. in that B. for that C. with that D. at that
  5. Since she can speak Japanese fluently, she has an advantage other job applicants. A. to B. in C. over D. against
  6. Yesterday’s English examination looked simple, but it turned out to be easy. A. nothing but B. everything but C. something but D. anything but
  7. It was raining hard, but by the time class was over, the rain . A. stopped B. would stop C. had stopped D. might have stopped
  8. “Perhaps you should go home now.” “No, I on staying here for a while longer.” A. persist B. stick C. sit D. insist

  9. Hardly to the bus stop when the bus suddenly pulled away. A. did they get B. they had got C. they got D. had they got
  10. It is necessary that the plan before Thursday. A. were fulfilled B. was fulfilled C. be fulfilled D. would be fulfilled
  11. Not only our money, but we were also in danger of losing our lives. A. we lost B. lost we C. did we lose D. we did lose
  12. I a doctor now, if I had studied medical science in my youth. A. were B. should be C. had been D. should have been
  13. I knocked at the door several times an elderly lady came to answer it. A. before B. after C. unless D. then
  14. He seemed very young, but he was older than all of us. A. in nature B. in reality C. by nature D. in origin
  15. You may not have played very well today, but at least you’ve got through to the next round and . A. tomorrow never comes B. tomorrow is another day C. never put off till tomorrow D. there is no tomorrow
  16. It has been said that in no country Britain can one experience four seasons in the course of a single day. A. other than B. more than C. better than D. rather than
  17. you are familiar with the author’s ideas, try to read all the sections as quickly as you possibly can. A. Now that B. Ever since C. So that D. As long as
  18. ?Tom is so worried about the test that he said he was going to study all night. ?Tell him he should quit and get some help. A. to have worried B. to worry C. worrying D. from worrying
  19. The trees in the storm have been moved off the road. A. being blown down B. blown down C. blowing down D. to blow down
  20. The boy the teachers considered failed in the final exam, surprised them very much. A. to be the best; which B. as the best student; that C. to have been studying well; it D. such as a good student; which
Part II. Cloze Test (10 points;20 minutes)? ; Directions: Read the passage through. Then, go back and choose one suitable word or phrase marked A, B, C, or D for each blank in the passage. Blacken the corresponding letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the Answer Sheet. As it came near the corner, the taxi stopped suddenly. The driver got out looking very 21 . A big lorry which had been 22 the taxi stopped too. The taxi driver was now standing at the corner looking up at the sky 23 the lorry driver went to him. A number of cars behind were 25 to stop as well and soon a large 24 crowd of people 26 gathered at the corner. The 27 of all this trouble was a very strange 28 . It sounded as if thousands and thousands of 29 were singing together. The noise was quite 30 and many people looked disturbed. The most extraordinary thing was that, apart from was not a bird in sight. No one was able to solve the one or two pigeons, 31 mystery 32 two policemen arrived. They noticed a large advertisement 33 a film high up on a wall nearby. 34 the noise seemed to be coming 35 this direction, they climbed up and found that a tape-recorder had been hidden 36 the advertisement. The noise made by birds singing was being broadcast over powerful loudspeakers so as to 37 the attention of passers-by. The police asked to take the recorder away because the advertisement had attracted 39 the 38 much attention that it was 40 for a great many cars and buses to move freely in the street.
  21. A. puzzled B. unhappy C. tired D. guilty
  22. A. pushing B. leading C. following D. guiding
  23. A. but B. yet C. and D. so
  24. A. share B. connect C. join D. charge
  25. A. agreed B. determined C. forced D. persuaded
  26. A. having B. has C. have D. had
  27. A. result B. point C. effect D. cause
  28. A. case B. noise C. thing D. picture
  29. A. cocks B. children C. birds D. tape-recorders
  30. A. exciting B. interesting C. convincing D. frightening
  31. A. there B. here C. it D. that
  32. A. before B. until C. when D. after
  33. A. for B. in C. to D. by
  34. A. When B. Before C. After D. As
  35. A. in B. to C. into D. from
  36. A. behind B. over C. above D. on
  37. A. pay B. give C. attract D. attack
  38. A. managers B. advertisers C. drivers D. passers-by
  39. A. too B. this C. such D. so
  40. A. impassable B. impossible C. improper D. unnecessary
Part III. Reading Comprehension (40 points; 55 minutes)? ? Section 1 Directions: Each of the following three passages is followed by some questions. For each question there are four choices. Choose the best answer to each question. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. Passage One? ? Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage. For the past twenty years, poll-takers (民意测验者) have told us that the vast majority of Americans report that they are “satisfied” or “very satisfied” with their jobs. But, when the surveys pose a slightly different question?“If you had to do it over, would you choose the same line of work?”?sixty percent of working Americans say they would choose another occupation. This seems to tell us that Americans feel that they are supposed to like their jobs but, in reality, they don’t. Most of us are stuck in jobs we’d prefer not to have. And some of us actually hate what we do. How does this happen in a land where citizens are presumably free to do, and become, anything they want? First of all, some of us didn’t deliberately choose our jobs but simply fell into them. Later, there was never time to find out what we really wanted to do. Another reason people dislike their jobs is the result of a change in the American economy. A hundred years ago most Americans worked for themselves on farms or in small stores and workshops. Now, less than 10 percent of us are self-employed. Many of us work as cogs (轮牙) in the wheels of giant corporations. We don’t make a finished product with our own hands, and we feel that we are totally replaceable parts in the machine. Social scientists say that the happiest workers are the ones who are their own bosses?business owners, executives, and professionals. Working for a big company often results in a sense of powerlessness and malaise. Finally, being a member of the baby boom generation increases the chances of job dissatisfaction. In the struggle for careers among the members of this large population “bulge”, many people are losing out in the competition. These individuals may never achieve the standard of living their parents achieved, or go as far up the success ladder as they had hoped. The result is bitterness, and a feeling of being trapped in a “nowhere” job.
  41. The best title for this selection is . A. Job Satisfaction B. Why People Hate Their Jobs C. Nowhere Jobs D. A Change in the Workplace
  42. Which sentence best expresses the main idea of the selection? . A. Job burnout is a growing problem B. Large companies provide many benefits for workers C. Workers are unhappy because they no longer work with their hands D. There are several reasons why workers are unhappy with their jobs

  43. According to the passage, the majority of Americans . A. would choose another occupation if they could begin again B. are self-employed C. feel that they are supposed to dislike their jobs D. work in factories
  44. The author implies that . A. job dissatisfaction is a sign of laziness B. the baby-boomers despise their parents C. polls can be misleading D. working for a corporation is very satisfying
  45. The word “malaise” (Line7, Para.
  3) means . A. depression B. fulfillment C. contentment D. significance Passage Two Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage. Most forest fires are caused by human carelessness or ignorance. Forest fire prevention, therefore, is mainly a problem of creating better understanding of the importance of forests, an awareness of the danger of fire in the woods, and a sense of personal responsibility to safeguard the forests from danger. This is not an easy job. Careless smokers are responsible for thousands of forest fires each year. Many of these are started when cigarette butts ( 烟 蒂 ) and matches are thrown from automobiles. Others are caused by hunters, hikers (徒步旅行者), fishermen, or woods workers who are careless in disposing of their smoking materials. The Forest Service has posted rules in many of the National Forests that prohibit smoking except in certain designated areas. Many of the states have laws against throwing lighted materials from automobiles. The prevention of smoker-caused fires, however, depends upon changing the attitudes and behavior of millions of people who smoke in hazardous areas. The most important natural cause of fire is lightning (闪电). This accounts for 11 percent of forest fires on protected land for the entire nation. In the Western States, lightning causes a much higher percentage of fires than it does in the East. Advances in knowledge of fire weather are helping forest protection forces to know when to be alert to lightning-caused fires. Adequate and well-equipped forces can control them quickly and hold the damage to a minimum. Experiments in “seeding” thunder clouds to prevent or control the lightning itself have been in process for many years, but new breakthroughs are needed for any significant reduction in the fires lightning starts.
  46. This passage is chiefly about . A. smoking in forests B. changing the attitudes and behavior of millions of people C. the chief causes of forest fires and their prevention D. advances in knowledge of fire weather
  47. Preventing smoker-caused forest fires is mainly a problem of . A. building the proper knowledge and habits in human beings
B. safeguarding the forests from fire C. posting rules in forests D. holding the damage to a minimum
  48. Lightning-caused fires can be controlled quickly by . A. holding the fire damage to a minimum B. people who have changed their attitudes and behavior C. enough fire fighters with good fire-fighting devices D. carrying out experiments in “seeding” thunder clouds
  49. “Alert to” (Line 2, Para.
  4) most probably means . A. aware of B. watchful for C. responsible for D. busy with
  50. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? . A. It is difficult to prevent forest fires B. Smoking is allowed only in certain forests C. 11% of the forest fires in the Western States are caused by lightning D. Experiments in “seeding” thunder clouds have helped reduce lightning-caused forest fires Passage Three Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage. Some years ago industries had more freedom than they have now, and they did not need to be as careful as they must today. They did not need to worry a lot about the safety of the new products that they developed. They did not have to pay much attention to the health and safety of the people who worked for them. Often new products were dangerous for the people who used them;often conditions in the work place had very bad effects on the health of the workers. Of course sometimes there were real disasters(灾难) which attracted the attention of governments and which showed the need for changes.Also scientists who were doing research into the health of workers sometimes produced information which governments could not ignore.At such times, there were inquiries into the causes of the disasters or the problems. New safety rules were often introduced as a result of these inquiries;however, the new rules came too late to protect the people who died or who became seriously ill. Today many governments have special departments which protect customers and workers. In the U. S., for example, there is a department which tests new airplanes and gives warnings about possible problems. It also makes the rules that aircraft producers must follow. Another department controls the foods and drugs that companies sell.A third department looks at the places where people wor



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