江苏省泰兴市第三高级中学高三英语第六单元词汇教案 江苏省泰兴市第三高级中学高三英语第六单元词汇教案 高三英语
高三年级 英语学科 教学案一体化(
  6) 备课组长 申继忠 Words and expressions 预习:根据要求写出相应的词.
  1.apply n.
  2.survival v.
  3.ox pl.
  4.salty n
  5.thirst adj.
  6.anxiety adj. 7assessment v.
  8.starvation v. 用法: Warming up listening and speaking:
  1.Failure happens when you quit. ●quit vt. (quitted/quit, quitted/quit, quitting) (
  1)从…离去,离开; 停止;辞职 (to eave; to give up; to stop) +n./doing I've quit my job. 我辞职了. Quit in this room, please.请不要在这个房间吸 烟 Quit around! 别胡闹了! (
  2)to rid oneself of by paying 偿清 quit a debt (
  3)举止;以一种特定的方式表现(自己) Quit yourself like adults. (
  4) be quit of sb./sth: 摆脱某人/某物 I was glad to the troublesome job.
  2. I can quickly adapt myself to new circumstances. ● circumstances n.情况,环境;情势 I would have resigned immediately.在正常情况 下,我本会马上辞职的. under no circumstances ,in no circumstances,无论如何不;决不 词组:under the circumstances 或 in the circumstances 在这些情 况下;情况既然如此 The circumstances forced me to accept. Maybe we may say that man can conquer nature.
也许在这样的情况下我们可以说人定胜天. It depends on [upon] circumstances. 这要视情况而定. Under no circumstances out of the house.
  3.Imagine that you are cast away on a desert island in the Pacific Ocean like Robinson Crusoe. ●cast away ( 通常用于被动语态) Reading?Going west Read the text and finish the following questions: Scan the passage and decide which of the following sentences is true or false and correct it if false.
  1. In the spring of 1845, my father read a book about New York. ( )
  2. Indian Creek in Kansas was the meeting place for people moving to the east. ( )
  3. On November 4,1846, we entered the Salt Lake Desert and soon lost our way. ( )
  4. A young man in their group suggested that the writer stay behind with the children and wait for help. ( )
  5. At three o'clock in the morning of New Year's Day, we reached the edge of the desert. ( ) Read the passage again, and try to find the topic sentence of each paragraph or summarize the main idea of each paragraph . After 5", check the answers,. P
  1. My father decided to go west after reading a book about California. 1 When did my father read a book? 2 What did he react to this account? 3 What did he react to this account? 4 When did they set off? P
  2. We get ready for the journey westward by reaching the first destination of Indian Greek in Kansas.
  1. How many states did we travel through? And then what did we decide to do?
  2. What was our first destination?
  3. What was our starting day toward west? P3 We experienced the hard journey across the Salt Lake Desert.
  1. What did we do with the wagons at night when we camped?

  2. What was the most trying part?
  3. What was the hard ship in the Salt Lake Desert?
  4. How did we get through the "long drive"? P4 We made the hard and bitter journey through the Death Valley
  1. What did we see during our journey for many weeks?
  2. Did we can help each other? Why? P5 I was very tried but persisted on the journey. Did I give up when a young man suggested me giving up? Why? P
  6. We at last arrived at the promised land When did we reached the edge of the desert? And what's the end of the hard journey? Language points: Paragraph 1
  1. This account of the wonderful land beyond the Rocky Mountains gave him the idea to move there. 落矶山脉上这片美丽土地的描述,使他产生 了移居到那儿的想法.
  1)account n.描述 the account of the person 拓展: account n. (
  1)(c) 帐目 (
  2)(关于事件,人物等的)报道,叙述, 描写.(
  3)(u)理由
  4)(u)好处;利益;利润 find one's account in?在――中得到好处 vi.(与 for 连用)说出――的用途;是――的原因. vt.(+宾+宾补) We account him honest.我们认为他诚实.
  2)beyond 作介词时,主要用法有: (
  1)(表示位置) 在……的那边;在…… 之外.如: My uncle lives . 我叔叔住在河的对岸. The airport is 40 miles . 机场在离城 40 英里以外的地方. (
  2) (表示时间) 过了,比……晚.如: My father arrived . 我父亲过了八点钟才到. He came home. 他比平时回家晚. (
  3) (表示范围,限度) 超出;为……所不及.如: If the work is beyond Tom, it is certainly. 如果汤姆干不了这项工作,我也干不了. They live. 他们的生活入不敷出. This problem is far beyond me / my comprehension. The TV is beyond repair. (
  4) (常用于含疑问或否定意义的结构中) 除……之外.如: I didn't notice anything beyond his rather strange accent.
除了他那颇为古怪的口音以外,我没有注意到别的. I know nothing of it beyond what he told me. I cannot say anything beyond that. I'm sorry it's my power to make a final decision on the project. (上海 2004 春) A. over B. above C. off D. beyond beyond all praise beyond belief beyond compare beyond description beyond hope beyond sb's grasp ; beyond my power/reach. beyond my control beyond words
  2. It was not easy to decide what to take and what to leave behind. 决定什么带走什么留下是不容易的. ●Leave behind 忘带;留下 I\'ve 我忘了带笔. I'm afraid we must.恐怕我们得把小林留下. When he went to work in Saudi Arabia, he had to . 他前往沙特阿拉伯工作时,他不得不留下他的家人. leave sth aside 不考虑 leave alone 让..独自呆着 . leave…at the mercy of 任由..摆布 . leave off 停止 leave out 遗漏,漏掉 Paragraph 3:
  3.The journey through the mountains and desert in the central part of the continent was the most trying part. 通过大陆中央的山脉和沙漠的旅程是最艰难的. ●trying a.难受的;难堪的;费劲的;恼人的 a situation 尴尬的局面;难处的境况
  4. and the long walk through the sand was hard on the oxen. ●此处 be hard on 意为"够…受,使…难以忍受".另外,它还可意为 "磨得厉害;对…过于严厉,苛刻;紧跟等".如:
These rough roads your shoes. 这些崎岖的道路把鞋磨得 厉害. Don't be too hard on your little son. 不要对你的儿子过于苛刻. When I arrived there, I found that he me. 我到那儿时,发现他紧跟在我的后面. Work hard at 竭尽全力 She is working hard at her term paper. 她正在用心撰写学期论文. take a hard look at 冷眼看待 We need to take a long hard look at the whole system of welfare payments 我们需要长期冷静的审视整套福利支付制度.
  5. The animals dragged their legs, too weak to pull their burden, and their tongues hung out in desperate need of water.这些动物拖着他们的 腿,太虚 弱了而不能拉动负担,他们的舌头由于极度缺少水而在外搭了着. ●desperate adj 极度渴望的 .
  1)令人绝望的,危急的 in a desperate state 在绝境中 The situation was so
  2)(因绝望而)孤注一掷,拼死的 make a desperate effort 拼命的 努力 The thief shot at the policeman.
  3) 极度渴望的 be desperate for――极度想要―― He was desperate for fame. in desperate need of 很渴望的 He is desperate to pass the entrance exam.
  4)极端的; (气候)险要的 a desperate fool 大傻瓜 desperately adv.拼命地, 绝望地 Paragraph 4:
  6. For many weeks we had been accustomed to seeing horses and oxen, suffering from heat, thirst, and starvation.许多个星期,我们 习惯于看到马,牛受热,渴和饥饿之苦. (
  1) be accustomed to (+n.或 V-ing 形式)习惯于(比 be used to 正 式) . be / get / become accustomed to =be/get/become used to You will soon the job.你将会很快习惯这个工作 的. I am accustomed to cold weather/ walking long distances.
You'll soon get accustomed to cold weather. (
  2) suffer from(v.+prep.=vt.)受――之苦;患―― She often headaches.她常头痛. suffer from floods 遭受洪水
  7. In anxiety of reaching a place of safety, no one stopped to look or help. ●anxiety
  1). 焦虑,挂念[U][C][(+about/for)] The mother about her daughter\'s health. 母亲 为女儿的健康忧心忡忡.
  2) 焦虑的原因;令人焦虑之事[C][(+to)] That is a great anxiety to me. 那是一件使我深感焦虑的事情.
  3). 渴望[C][(+for)][+to-v] was obvious. 他们想去的急切心情是显而易见的. with great anxiety 非常担忧, 十分焦急地 Paragraph 6
  8.When we saw the valley with fat cattle and horses, we thought we had reached the promised land.当我们看到牛肥马壮的山谷时,我们 知道我们到了一个有指望的土地. ●promised 过去分词作定语,有希望的. the promised land 期望中的乐土或安乐境界 promise 有希望,有――可能. This year a good harvest.今年有丰收的希望. Promising 有出息的,有前途的 a promising young pianist The results of the first experiments are very. 第一 次实验的结果充满了希望
  9. Our day of hardship had come to an end. 我们苦难的日子结束了. ●come to end =end 结束 bring sth to an end =end sth 结束…. eg:
  1.) The meeting came to an end at midnight.
  2.) I wonder how I bring their dispute (纷争)to an end. 类似短语:
  1. come to a conclusion 得出结论
  2. come to a decision 做出决定
  3. come to a stop 停了下来
  4. come to one's aid =aid sb 援助某人
  5. come to an agreement 达成协议

  6. come to power 开始执政, 上台
  7. come to oneself 苏醒,恢复知觉
  8. come to nothing 完全失败,终成泡影 Integrating skills
  1.Scanning Find some information to fill in chart: The brief introduction to the story The time The place The plot
The result

  2. Further reading Judge whether the following statements are true or false: (
  1) The first dog race was a race against time. ( ) (
  2) The disease which struck the Nome was called flu. ( ) (
  3) If doctors couldn't get enough vaccine, the children would die quite soon. ( ) (
  4) The doctors could do nothing but use the dog team to deliver the vaccine because there were not enough ships and planes. ( ) (
  5) During the journey, the dogs and their drivers should fight against the hot weather. ( ) (
  6) When the dogs and their drivers arrived on time, they were warmly welcomed. ( ) Language points
  1. Our program today is about the eightieth anniversary of the Anchorage-to-Nome dog sled race. 我 们 今 天 的 节 目 是 关 于 安 克 雷 奇 诺姆狗雪橇赛 80 周年纪念日的. ●anniversary 周年纪念(日) Tomorrow is the anniversary of the first day we dated.
A wedding anniversary They celebrated their 10th wedding.他们在庆祝他们结 婚十周年
  2. We have here with us Miss Welch, who is a granddaughter of Dr.Welch 韦尔奇小姐就在我们现场,她是韦尔奇医生的孙女. 为了句子结构的平衡,本句中宾语 Miss Welch(其后有一个非限制性定语 从句)的位置移到了句子末尾. 正常语序是:We have Miss Welch with us. .
  3.Tough 强壮的;坚强的;吃苦耐劳的 ;坚韧的;困难的;费力的;难切 难吃的; 残暴的;严酷的;苛刻的: a tough winter( severe; harsh) This steak is too tough 咬不动 He looked ( to be) the toughest of all the challengers. Tough policies 强硬的政策 a tough guy[美]无赖 a tough job 棘手的工作 a tough customer 难伺候的客人 have a tough time of it 日子不好过
  4. The doctor in Anchorage wrapped the medicine in a quilt and tied it up. ●tie up (
  1) 绑好,包扎 this package.将这包裹包扎好. (
  2) (交通)阻塞 The accident all traffic.这件意外使交通全都阻塞了 tie to 把….系到…..去 He tied his dog to the fence.他把他的狗系到栅栏上去. Tie with sb in ….game (match)打成平手 We the basketball match.我们与客队在这场篮球赛 不分胜负. tie n.同分,打平手 The game ended in a tie.
  5.But he knew that lives were at stake. 但是他知道好多人正生命垂危. ●stake n.桩,水刑柱,赌注 v.系于柱上,打赌 tie sth to a stake 把…拴在柱子上 be at stake 生死攸关 Thousands of lives will if emergency aid does not arrive in the city soon.如果紧急救援不能马上到达该市,千万人的生命危在
旦夕. 孩子们的生命濒临危险.
  6.a memorial to all who risked their lives to save those of others. 以纪念所有那些冒险援救他人生命的人命 (
  1) memorial n.纪念物;纪念碑 the men who died in the war 为在战争中牺牲的 士兵而立的纪念碑. the key(answer) to the entrance to the note to junior to senior to the wish to the decision to the refusal to (
  2) risk vt.冒…….的危险 n.风险, 保险对象 do sth at the risk of one's life=risk one's life to do sth
 

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