Lesson 3
红岩寺中学
兰东方
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When wind comes from all directions, we can see many petals of cherry.
The grebe is swimming in the lake.
Li Bai is famous as a poet.
Matuo Basho is a Japanese poet.
An unexpected frog will jump In the river.
frog
重点单词

  1.direction 可数名词 all directions 四面八方
  2.cherry 复数形式 cherries
  3.Interruption名词 interrupt (动词) 打扰 动词) 名词
  4.clearly adv.清楚地 clear adj.明亮的 清楚地 明亮的
  5.sleepy adj. 静寂的,冷清的 sleep v. 静寂的,
  6.(un)expected adj. 出乎意料的 expect v.
  7.feeling n. feel v.
  8.simply adv. 仅只简单地 simple adj.简单的 简单的
  9.particular adj 独特的 particularly adv.
单词过关练习
sleepy
  1.That beer made me quite (sleep). simply
  2.Can you explain the question as (simple) as you can? unexpected
  3.His answer was quite (expect). We didn’t know how he got it. clearly
  4.It is too dark to see the blackboard (clear). You had better turn on the light.
  5.Ice is a (form) of water. form
Read the text and tell “T” or “F”.

  1.Haiku is an old form of Japanesepoetry. F America
  2.A Haiku is just a description of what is happening in this place ,at this moment. T
  3.Haiku always has only three lines. F four
  4.The last line of Haiku has five syllables. T T
  5.Haiku has the 5-7-5 pattern.
  6.A syllable is a letter of a word. F part
From all directions Winds bring petals of cherry Into the grebe lake - Matsuo Basho (1644-16
  94)
八方风吹暖 携来樱花一片片 入湖寻不见。 入湖寻不见。
This is an old poem. It is a Haiku.
This is a haiku .haiku is an old form of Japanese poetry. Usually Haikus are about nature. Often they are about a particular season. They don’t tell a story, as some poems do. A haiku is just a description of a scene. The Japanese poet said, ”Haiku is simply what is happening in this place, at this moment.”
What’s a syllable? Haiku follows a pattern. It always has three lines. Each line has a set number of syllables. What is the syllable? A syllable is apart of a word that you pronounce without interruption. The word “red,” for example, has one syllable. The word “middle” has two syllables: mid-dle. The word ” syllable” has three syllables: syl-la-ble.
The form of Haiku
The first line of a Haiku has five syllables. The middle line has seven syllables. The last line has five syllables again. Let’s look at the5-7-5 pattern of Haiku. Here it is with the syllables clearly shown.
Here is another example of Haiku.
Old , dark sleepy pool Quick unexpected frog goes Plop! Water splashes .
荒郊池塘边 倏忽青蛙跃其间 水花溅一片。 Old, dark slee-py pool Quick un-ex-pec-ted frog goes Plop! Wa-ter spla-shes.
frog
Language notes
Haiku is an old form of Japanese poetry a form of 一种…… 形式 form n. “体裁,形式” 体裁,形式” eg:Limerick(五行打油诗 is a form of poetry. 五行打油诗) 五行打油诗
  2. They do not tell a story, as some poems do. tell a story 讲故事 = tell stories as conj. “像,如同” 引导比较状语从句前后时 如同”

  1.
态要保持一致
eg:As the Chinese like table tennis, the British like soccer.
  3. The Japanese poet said, “Haiku is simply what is happening in this place, at this moment. eg:He is simply a teacher at this /that moment 在这时/那时 在这时 那时
Language notes:

  4. Each line has a set number of syllables
set adj. “固定的,规定的” 固定的, 固定的 规定的” . a set number of + 可数名词的复数形式 做主语谓 可数名词的复数形式,做主语谓 复数形式 固定数量的,一定数量的” 语动词用复数 语动词用复数 “固定数量的,一定数量的”. a (great/large )number of +可数名词的复数做主 可数名词的复数 可数名词的复数做主 语谓语动词用复数 语谓语动词用复数 “大量的” The number of +可数名词的复数做主语谓语动词 可数名词的复数做主语谓语动词 用单数 “……..的数量” eg: Each poem has a set of number of lines. A set number of students are boys. The number of the students is
  48.

  5.A syllable is a part of a word that pronounce without interruption.
Syllable:red,mid-dle,syl-la-ble,di-rec-tion, pe-tal,cher-ry,in-to a part of ……的一部分 的一部分 eg:Jinta is a part of Jiuquan.
Sum up:

  1.an old form of ┄ 一个┄ 一个┄ 的旧形式
  2.tell a story 讲故事
  3.a set number of 固定数量的 ┄
  4.a part of ┄ ┄的一部分
  5.at this moment 在这时, 在这时,现在
  6.as conj.“像,如同” 引导比较状语从 像 如同” 句
  7.simply=only/just
单词变变变

  1.He told me the same story as you (do). did
  2.li Bai is one of the most famouspoets (poem)in China.
  3.He is simply (simple)a worker.
  4.A set number of students in this school come (come)from the counry.
  5.In Singapour,most people are Chinese,so you can simply speak Putonghua.(A) A.just B.often C.easily
Project: We can also be poets. Let’s write pomes.
work in groups and find out the words that describe the followings: Feelings :happy ,pleased ,excited ,interesting sad, bored,glad …… Colours :white ,yellow,blank,red,dark,green bright…… Size :big,small, tall ,short ,great,huge,little…… Temperature :cold ,hot,cool,warm,…… Age :old ,young,…… Weight :height ,light……. Adv : slowly,quickly,high,happily, softly,loudly…..
Haiku
Haiiku white Snow is very, See me run through happily it, It makes me cold feel
Night,so quiet and, dark Small,bright ,stars, A cool wind blowssoftly on my face. It makes me want to sing an , happily interesting,old song.
Nature Poem
Limerick
I once saw a very cat, old It was wearing a big yellow hat, happily I jumped really , loudly And then I said, “Don’t you think you look In that?” heavy
Homework

  1.Finish the exercises on your exercise books.
  2.Preview lesson
  4.
Fill in the blanks with the given phrases.
a form of , a part of, a kind of , a group of ,a piece of a form of
  1.The novel is literature. a part of
  2.Taiwan is China. a kind of
  3.A dog is animal.
  4. Can you give me paper? a piece of a group of
  5.There are children near the lake.
 

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